Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages

  
 
  

home | help
pg(1)			    General Commands Manual			 pg(1)

NAME
       pg - file perusal filter	for soft-copy terminals

SYNOPSIS
       number] string] linenumber] pattern] [file ...]

   Remarks
       and are both used in similar situations (see more(1)).  Text highlight-
       ing features supported by are not available from	However, has some use-
       ful features not	provided by

DESCRIPTION
       is  a text file filter that allows the examination of files one screen-
       ful at a	time on	a soft-copy terminal.  If is used as a file  argument,
       or  detects  NULL  arguments  in	the comand line, the standard input is
       used.  Each screenful is	followed by a prompt.  To display a new	 page,
       press Return.  Other possibilities are enumerated below.

       This  command is	different from other paginators	such as	in that	it can
       back up for reviewing something that has	already	 passed.   The	method
       for doing this is explained below.

       In  order to determine terminal attributes, scans the data base for the
       terminal	type specified by the environment variable (see	 terminfo(4)).
       If is not defined, terminal type	is assumed.

   Options
       recognizes the following	command	line options:

	      number	     is	 an  integer specifying	the size (in lines) of
			     the window	that is	to use instead of the  default
			     (on  a  terminal containing 24 lines, the default
			     window size is 23).

	      Causes	     to	use string  as	the  prompt.   If  the	prompt
			     string  contains a	the first occurrence of	in the
			     prompt is replaced	by  the	 current  page	number
			     when  the	prompt	is issued.  The	default	prompt
			     string is a colon

	      Home the cursor and clear	 the  screen  before  displaying  each
	      page.
			     This  option  is ignored if is not	defined	in the
			     data base for this	terminal type.

	      Causes	     to	pause at the end of each file.

	      Normally,	     splits lines longer than the  screen  width,  but
			     some  sequences  of  characters in	the text being
			     displayed (such as	escape sequences for underlin-
			     ing)  generate  undesirable  results.  The	option
			     inhibits from splitting lines.

	      Normally,	commands must be terminated by a new-line character.
			     This option causes	an automatic end-of-command as
			     soon as a command letter is entered.

	      Restricted mode.	The shell escape is disallowed.
			     will print	an error message but does not exit.

	      Causes	     to	 print	all  messages  and prompts in standout
			     mode (usually inverse video).

	      Start display at
			     linenumber.

	      Start up at the first line
			     containing	text that matches the regular  expres-
			     sion pattern.

       looks in	the environment	variable to preset any flags desired.  For ex-
       ample, if you prefer to view files using	the  mode  of  operation,  the
       POSIX-shell  command sequence or	the C-shell command causes all invoca-
       tions of	including invocations by programs such	as  and	 to  use  this
       mode.   The command sequence to set up the environment variable is nor-
       mally placed in the user	or file. No form of quoting  is	 provided,  so
       the string and pattern arguments	are limited to single word.

       The  responses  that can	be typed when pauses can be divided into three
       categories: those causing further perusal, those	that search, and those
       that modify the perusal environment.

       Commands	 that cause further perusal normally take a preceding address,
       an optionally signed number indicating the  point  from	which  further
       text  should be displayed.  This	address	is interpreted either in pages
       or lines, depending on the command.  A signed address specifies a point
       relative	 to the	current	page or	line; an unsigned address specifies an
       address relative	to the beginning of the	file.  Each command has	a  de-
       fault address that is used if none is provided.

       Perusal commands	and their defaults are as follows:

	      (+1)<newline> or <blank>
			     Displays  one  page.  The address is specified in
			     pages.

	      With a relative address,
			     simulates scrolling the screen, forward or	 back-
			     ward, the number of lines specified.  With	an ab-
			     solute address prints a  screenful	 beginning  at
			     the specified line.

	      Simulates	scrolling a half-screen	forward	or backward.

	      Skip	     screens of	text.

	      Same as newline except that
			     ,	if  present, becomes the new default number of
			     lines per screenful.

       The following perusal commands take no address:

	      Typing a single period causes the	current	page of	text
			     to	be redisplayed.

	      Displays the last	windowful in the file.
			     Use with caution when the input is	a pipe.

       The following commands are available for	searching for text patterns in
       the  text.  The Basic Regular Expression	syntax (see regexp(5)) is sup-
       ported. The terminal or can be omitted from  the	 pattern  search  com-
       mands.	Regular	 expressions  must  always be terminated by a new-line
       character, even if the option is	specified.

	      Search forward for the
			     ith (default i=1) occurrence of pattern.  Search-
			     ing begins	immediately after the current page and
			     continues to the end of the current file, without
			     wrap-around.

	      Search backwards for the
			     ith (default i=1) occurrence of pattern.  Search-
			     ing begins	immediately before  the	 current  page
			     and  continues  to	 the  beginning	of the current
			     file, without wrap-around.	 The notation is  use-
			     ful  for Adds 100 terminals which cannot properly
			     handle the

       After searching,	normally displays the line found at  the  top  of  the
       screen.	 This can be modified by appending or to the search command to
       leave the line found in the middle or at	the bottom of the window  from
       now on.	The suffix can be used to restore the original situation.

       users can modify	the perusal environment	with the following commands:

	      Begin perusing the
			     ith  next	file in	the command line.  The i is an
			     unsigned number, default value is 1.

	      Begin perusing the
			     ith previous file in the command line.  i	is  an
			     unsigned number, default is 1.

	      Display another window of	text.
			     If	i is present, set the window size to i.

	      Save the input in	the named file.
			     Only  the	current	 file  being perused is	saved.
			     The white space between the and filename  is  op-
			     tional.   This  command must always be terminated
			     by	a new-line character, even if  the  option  is
			     specified.

	      Help by displaying an abbreviated	summary	of available commands.

	      Quit	     pg.

	      command	     is	 passed	to the shell, whose name is taken from
			     the environment variable.	If this	is not	avail-
			     able,  the	 default  shell	is used.  This command
			     must always be terminated by a  new-line  charac-
			     ter, even if the option is	specified.

       At any time when	the output is being sent to the	terminal, the user can
       press the quit key (normally CTRL-\), the interrupt (break) key or  the
       DEL  key.  This	causes to stop sending output, and display the prompt.
       The user	may then enter one of the commands in the normal manner.   Un-
       fortunately,  some  output  is  lost when this is done, due to the fact
       that any	characters waiting in the terminal's output queue are  flushed
       when the	quit signal occurs.

       If the standard output is not a terminal, is functionally equivalent to
       (see cat(1)), except that a header is printed before each file if  more
       than one	file is	specified.

EXTERNAL INFLUENCES
   Environment Variables
       determines  the	collating  sequence used in evaluating regular expres-
       sions.

       determines the interpretation of	text as	single and/or multi-byte char-
       acters,	and  the  characters matched by	character class	expressions in
       regular expressions.

       determines the language in which	messages are displayed.

       If or is	not specified in the  environment  or  is  set	to  the	 empty
       string, the value of is used as a default for each unspecified or empty
       variable.  If is	not specified or is set	to the empty string, a default
       of  "C"	(see  lang(5))	is used	instead	of If any internationalization
       variable	contains an invalid setting, behaves as	if all	international-
       ization variables are set to "C".  See environ(5).

   International Code Set Support
       Single- and multi-byte character	code sets are supported.

EXAMPLES
       To use when reading system news:

WARNINGS
       If terminal tabs	are not	set every eight	positions, undesirable results
       may occur.

       When using as a filter with another command that	changes	 the  terminal
       I/O  options  (such as crypt(1)), terminal settings may not be restored
       correctly.

       While waiting for terminal input, responds to and by terminating	execu-
       tion.   Between	prompts, however, these	signals	interrupt pg's current
       task and	place the user in prompt mode.	These should be	used with cau-
       tion  when  input  is  being  read from a pipe, because an interrupt is
       likely to terminate the other commands in the pipeline.

       Users of	will find that the and commands	are available,	and  that  the
       terminal	or can be omitted from the pattern search commands.

FILES
       terminal	information data base
       temporary file when input is from a pipe

SEE ALSO
       crypt(1),  grep(1),  more(1),  terminfo(4),  environ(5),	 lang(5), reg-
       exp(5).

STANDARDS CONFORMANCE
									 pg(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXTERNAL INFLUENCES | EXAMPLES | WARNINGS | FILES | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS CONFORMANCE

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=pg&sektion=1&manpath=HP-UX+11.22>

home | help