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PFLOGD(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		     PFLOGD(8)

     pflogd -- packet filter logging daemon

     pflogd [-DragonFly] [-d delay] [-f	filename] [-i interface] [-s snaplen]

     pflogd is a background daemon which reads packets logged by pf(4) to a
     pflog(4) interface, normally pflog0, and writes the packets to a logfile
     (normally /var/log/pflog) in tcpdump(1) binary format.  These logs	can be
     reviewed later using the -r option	of tcpdump(1), hopefully offline in
     case there	are bugs in the	packet parsing code of tcpdump(1).

     pflogd closes and then re-opens the log file when it receives SIGHUP,
     permitting	newsyslog(8) to	rotate logfiles	automatically.	SIGALRM	causes
     pflogd to flush the current logfile buffers to the	disk, thus making the
     most recent logs available.  The buffers are also flushed every delay

     If	the log	file contains data after a restart or a	SIGHUP,	new logs are
     appended to the existing file.  If	the existing log file was created with
     a different snaplen, pflogd temporarily uses the old snaplen to keep the
     log file consistent.

     pflogd tries to preserve the integrity of the log file against I/O
     errors.  Furthermore, integrity of	an existing log	file is	verified
     before appending.	If there is an invalid log file	or an I/O error, the
     log file is moved out of the way and a new	one is created.	 If a new file
     cannot be created,	logging	is suspended until a SIGHUP or a SIGALRM is

     The options are as	follows:

     -D	     Debugging mode.  pflogd does not disassociate from	the control-
	     ling terminal.

     -d	delay
	     Time in seconds to	delay between automatic	flushes	of the file.
	     This may be specified with	a value	between	5 and 3600 seconds.
	     If	not specified, the default is 60 seconds.

     -f	filename
	     Log output	filename.  Default is /var/log/pflog.

     -i	interface
	     Specifies the pflog(4) interface to use.  By default, pflogd will
	     use pflog0.

     -s	snaplen
	     Analyze at	most the first snaplen bytes of	data from each packet
	     rather than the default of	116.  The default of 116 is adequate
	     for IP, ICMP, TCP,	and UDP	headers	but may	truncate protocol
	     information for other protocols.  Other file parsers may desire a
	     higher snaplen.

     -x	     Check the integrity of an existing	log file, and return.

	     Selects which packets will	be dumped, using the regular language
	     of	tcpdump(1).

     /var/run/  Process ID of	the currently running pflogd.
     /var/log/pflog	  Default log file.

     Log specific tcp packets to a different log file with a large snaplen
     (useful with a log-all rule to dump complete sessions):

	   # pflogd -s 1600 -f suspicious.log port 80 and host evilhost

     Log from another pflog(4) interface, excluding specific packets:

	   # pflogd -i pflog3 -f network3.log "not (tcp	and port 23)"

     Display binary logs:

	   # tcpdump -n	-e -ttt	-r /var/log/pflog

     Display the logs in real time (this does not interfere with the operation
     of	pflogd):

	   # tcpdump -n	-e -ttt	-i pflog0

     Tcpdump has been extended to be able to filter on the pfloghdr structure
     defined in	<net/if_pflog.h>.  Tcpdump can restrict	the output to packets
     logged on a specified interface, a	rule number, a reason, a direction, an
     IP	family or an action.

     ip		      Address family equals IPv4.
     ip6	      Address family equals IPv6.
     ifname kue0      Interface	name equals "kue0".
     on	kue0	      Interface	name equals "kue0".
     ruleset authpf   Ruleset name equals "authpf".
     rulenum 10	      Rule number equals 10.
     reason match     Reason equals match.  Also accepts "bad-offset", "frag-
		      ment", "bad-timestamp", "short", "normalize", "memory",
		      "congestion", "ip-option", "proto-cksum",	"state-mis-
		      match", "state-insert", "state-limit", "src-limit", and
     action pass      Action equals pass.  Also	accepts	"block".
     inbound	      The direction was	inbound.
     outbound	      The direction was	outbound.

     Display the logs in real time of inbound packets that were	blocked	on the
     wi0 interface:

	   # tcpdump -n	-e -ttt	-i pflog0 inbound and action block and on wi0

     tcpdump(1), pcap(3), pf(4), pflog(4), pf.conf(5), newsyslog(8)

     The pflogd	command	appeared in OpenBSD 3.0.

     pflogd was	written	by Can Erkin Acar <>.

FreeBSD	11.1			 July 9, 2001			  FreeBSD 11.1


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