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PF(4)                  FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                  PF(4)

NAME
     pf - packet filter

SYNOPSIS
     device pf

DESCRIPTION
     Packet filtering takes place in the kernel.  A pseudo-device, /dev/pf,
     allows userland processes to control the behavior of the packet filter
     through an ioctl(2) interface.  There are commands to enable and disable
     the filter, load rulesets, add and remove individual rules or state table
     entries, and retrieve statistics.  The most commonly used functions are
     covered by pfctl(8).

     Manipulations like loading a ruleset that involve more than a single
     ioctl call require a so-called ticket, which prevents the occurrence of
     multiple concurrent manipulations.

     Fields of ioctl parameter structures that refer to packet data (like
     addresses and ports) are generally expected in network byte-order.

FILES
     /dev/pf  packet filtering device.

IOCTL INTERFACE
     pf supports the following ioctl(2) commands:

     DIOCSTART
             Starts the packet filter.

     DIOCSTOP
             Stops the packet filter.

     DIOCSTARTALTQ
             Starts the ALTQ bandwidth control system.

     DIOCSTOPALTQ
             Stops the ALTQ bandwidth control system.

     DIOCBEGINADDRS struct pfioc_pooladdr

             struct pfioc_pooladdr {
                     u_int32_t               action;
                     u_int32_t               ticket;
                     u_int32_t               nr;
                     u_int32_t               r_num;
                     u_int8_t                r_action;
                     u_int8_t                r_last;
                     u_int8_t                af;
                     char                    anchor[PF_ANCHOR_NAME_SIZE];
                     char                    ruleset[PF_RULESET_NAME_SIZE];
                     struct pf_pooladdr      addr;
             };

             Clears the buffer address pool and returns a ticket for
             subsequent DIOCADDADDR, DIOCADDRULE and DIOCCHANGERULE calls.

     DIOCADDADDR struct pfioc_pooladdr

             Adds pool address addr to the buffer address pool to be used in
             the following DIOCADDRULE or DIOCCHANGERULE call.  All other
             members of the structure are ignored.

     DIOCADDRULE struct pfioc_rule

             struct pfioc_rule {
                     u_int32_t       action;
                     u_int32_t       ticket;
                     u_int32_t       pool_ticket;
                     u_int32_t       nr;
                     char            anchor[PF_ANCHOR_NAME_SIZE];
                     char            ruleset[PF_RULESET_NAME_SIZE];
                     struct pf_rule  rule;
             };

             Adds rule at the end of the inactive ruleset.  Requires ticket
             obtained through preceding DIOCXBEGIN call, and pool_ticket
             obtained through DIOCBEGINADDRS call.  DIOCADDADDR must also be
             called if any pool addresses are required.  The optional anchor
             and ruleset names indicate the anchor and ruleset in which to
             append the rule.  nr and action are ignored.

     DIOCADDALTQ struct pfioc_altq
             Adds

             struct pfioc_altq {
                     u_int32_t       action;
                     u_int32_t       ticket;
                     u_int32_t       nr;
                     struct pf_altq   altq;
             };

     DIOCGETRULES struct pfioc_rule
             Returns ticket for subsequent DIOCGETRULE calls and nr of rules
             in the active ruleset.

     DIOCGETRULE struct pfioc_rule
             Returns rule number nr using ticket obtained through a preceding
             DIOCGETRULES call.

     DIOCGETADDRS struct pfioc_pooladdr
             Returns ticket for subsequent DIOCGETADDR calls and nr of pool
             addresses in the rule specified with r_action, r_num, anchor and
             ruleset.

     DIOCGETADDR struct pfioc_pooladdr
             Returns pool address addr number nr from the rule specified with
             r_action, r_num, anchor and ruleset using ticket obtained through
             a preceding DIOCGETADDRS call.

     DIOCGETALTQS struct pfioc_altq
             Returns ticket for subsequent DIOCGETALTQ calls and nr of queues
             in the active list.

     DIOCGETALTQ struct pfioc_altq
             Returns altq number nr using ticket obtained through a preceding
             DIOCGETALTQS call.

     DIOCGETQSTATS struct pfioc_qstats
             Returns statistics on a queue.

             struct pfioc_qstats {
                     u_int32_t        ticket;
                     u_int32_t        nr;
                     void            *buf;
                     int              nbytes;
                     u_int8_t         scheduler;
             };

             A pointer to a buffer of statistics buf of length nbytes for the
             queue specified by nr.

     DIOCADDSTATE struct pfioc_state
             Adds a state entry.

     DIOCGETSTATE struct pfioc_state

             struct pfioc_state {
                     u_int32_t        nr;
                     struct pf_state  state;
             };

             Extracts the entry with the specified number from the state
             table.

     DIOCKILLSTATES struct pfioc_state_kill
             Removes matching entries from the state table.  Returns the
             number of killed states in psk_af.

             struct pfioc_state_kill {
                     int                     psk_af;
                     int                     psk_proto;
                     struct pf_rule_addr     psk_src;
                     struct pf_rule_addr     psk_dst;
                     char                    psk_ifname[IFNAMSIZ];
             };

     DIOCCLRSTATES struct pfioc_state_kill
             Clears all states.  It works like DIOCKILLSTATES, but ignores the
             psk_af, psk_proto, psk_src and psk_dst fields of the
             pfioc_state_kill structure.

     DIOCSETSTATUSIF struct pfioc_if

             struct pfioc_if {
                     char             ifname[IFNAMSIZ];
             };

             Specifies the interface for which statistics are accumulated.

     DIOCGETSTATUS struct pf_status

             struct pf_status {
                     u_int64_t       counters[PFRES_MAX];
                     u_int64_t       fcounters[FCNT_MAX];
                     u_int64_t       scounters[SCNT_MAX];
                     u_int64_t       pcounters[2][2][3];
                     u_int64_t       bcounters[2][2];
                     u_int64_t       stateid;
                     u_int32_t       running;
                     u_int32_t       states;
                     u_int32_t       src_nodes;
                     u_int32_t       since;
                     u_int32_t       debug;
                     u_int32_t       hostid;
                     char            ifname[IFNAMSIZ];
             };

             Gets the internal packet filter statistics.

     DIOCCLRSTATUS
             Clears the internal packet filter statistics.

     DIOCNATLOOK struct pfioc_natlook
             Looks up a state table entry by source and destination addresses
             and ports.

             struct pfioc_natlook {
                     struct pf_addr   saddr;
                     struct pf_addr   daddr;
                     struct pf_addr   rsaddr;
                     struct pf_addr   rdaddr;
                     u_int16_t        sport;
                     u_int16_t        dport;
                     u_int16_t        rsport;
                     u_int16_t        rdport;
                     sa_family_t      af;
                     u_int8_t         proto;
                     u_int8_t         direction;
             };

     DIOCSETDEBUG u_int32_t
             Sets the debug level.

             enum    { PF_DEBUG_NONE=0, PF_DEBUG_URGENT=1, PF_DEBUG_MISC=2 };

     DIOCGETSTATES struct pfioc_states

             struct pfioc_states {
                     int     ps_len;
                     union {
                             caddr_t psu_buf;
                             struct pf_state *psu_states;
                     } ps_u;
             #define ps_buf          ps_u.psu_buf
             #define ps_states       ps_u.psu_states
             };

     DIOCCHANGERULE struct pfioc_rule
             Adds or removes the rule in the ruleset specified by rule.action.

             enum    { PF_CHANGE_ADD_HEAD=1, PF_CHANGE_ADD_TAIL=2,
                       PF_CHANGE_ADD_BEFORE=3, PF_CHANGE_ADD_AFTER=4,
                       PF_CHANGE_REMOVE=5, PF_CHANGE_GET_TICKET=6 };

             The type of operation to be performed is indicated by action.

             ticket must be set to the value obtained with
             PF_CHANGE_GET_TICKET for all actions except PF_CHANGE_GET_TICKET.
             pool_ticket must be set to the value obtained with the
             DIOCBEGINADDRS call for all actions except PF_CHANGE_REMOVE and
             PF_CHANGE_GET_TICKET.

             anchor and ruleset indicate which anchor and ruleset the
             operation applies to.  nr indicates the rule number against which
             PF_CHANGE_ADD_BEFORE, PF_CHANGE_ADD_AFTER or PF_CHANGE_REMOVE
             actions are applied.

     DIOCCHANGEADDR struct pfioc_pooladdr
             Adds or removes a pool address addr from a rule specified with
             r_action, r_num, anchor and ruleset.

     DIOCSETTIMEOUT struct pfioc_tm

             struct pfioc_tm {
                     int              timeout;
                     int              seconds;
             };

     DIOCGETTIMEOUT struct pfioc_tm

     DIOCCLRRULECTRS
             Clear per-rule statistics.

     DIOCSETLIMIT struct pfioc_limit
             Sets hard limits on the memory pools used by the packet filter.

             struct pfioc_limit {
                     int             index;
                     unsigned        limit;
             };

     DIOCGETLIMIT struct pfioc_limit

     DIOCRCLRTABLES struct pfioc_table
             Clear all tables.  All the IOCTLs that manipulate radix tables
             use the same structure described below.  For DIOCRCLRTABLES,
             pfrio_ndel contains on exit the number of tables deleted.

             struct pfioc_table {
                     struct pfr_table         pfrio_table;
                     void                    *pfrio_buffer;
                     int                      pfrio_esize;
                     int                      pfrio_size;
                     int                      pfrio_size2;
                     int                      pfrio_nadd;
                     int                      pfrio_ndel;
                     int                      pfrio_nchange;
                     int                      pfrio_flags;
                     int                      pfrio_ticket;
             };
             #define pfrio_exists    pfrio_nadd
             #define pfrio_nzero     pfrio_nadd
             #define pfrio_nmatch    pfrio_nadd
             #define pfrio_naddr     pfrio_size2
             #define pfrio_setflag   pfrio_size2
             #define pfrio_clrflag   pfrio_nadd

     DIOCRADDTABLES struct pfioc_table
             Creates one or more tables.  On entry, pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size]
             contains a table of pfr_table structures.  On exit, pfrio_nadd
             contains the number of tables effectively created.

             struct pfr_table {
                     char                     pfrt_anchor[PF_ANCHOR_NAME_SIZE];
                     char                     pfrt_ruleset[PF_RULESET_NAME_SIZE];
                     char                     pfrt_name[PF_TABLE_NAME_SIZE];
                     u_int32_t                pfrt_flags;
                     u_int8_t                 pfrt_fback;
             };

     DIOCRDELTABLES struct pfioc_table
             Deletes one or more tables.  On entry, pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size]
             contains a table of pfr_table structures.  On exit, pfrio_nadd
             contains the number of tables effectively deleted.

     DIOCRGETTABLES struct pfioc_table
             Get the list of all tables.  On entry, pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size]
             contains a valid writeable buffer for pfr_table structures.  On
             exit, pfrio_size contains the number of tables written into the
             buffer.  If the buffer is too small, the kernel does not store
             anything but just returns the required buffer size, without
             error.

     DIOCRGETTSTATS struct pfioc_table
             Like DIOCRGETTABLES, but returns an array of pfr_tstats
             structures.

             struct pfr_tstats {
                     struct pfr_table pfrts_t;
                     u_int64_t        pfrts_packets
                                          [PFR_DIR_MAX][PFR_OP_TABLE_MAX];
                     u_int64_t        pfrts_bytes
                                          [PFR_DIR_MAX][PFR_OP_TABLE_MAX];
                     u_int64_t        pfrts_match;
                     u_int64_t        pfrts_nomatch;
                     long             pfrts_tzero;
                     int              pfrts_cnt;
                     int              pfrts_refcnt[PFR_REFCNT_MAX];
             };
             #define pfrts_name      pfrts_t.pfrt_name
             #define pfrts_flags     pfrts_t.pfrt_flags

     DIOCRCLRTSTATS struct pfioc_table
             Clears the statistics of one or more tables.  On entry,
             pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains a table of pfr_table
             structures.  On exit, pfrio_nzero contains the number of tables
             effectively cleared.

     DIOCRCLRADDRS struct pfioc_table
             Clear all addresses in a table.  On entry, pfrio_table contains
             the table to clear.  On exit, pfrio_ndel contains the number of
             addresses removed.

     DIOCRADDADDRS struct pfioc_table
             Add one or more addresses to a table.  On entry, pfrio_table
             contains the table id and pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains the
             list of pfr_addr structures to add.  On exit, pfrio_nadd contains
             the number of addresses effectively added.

             struct pfr_addr {
                     union {
                             struct in_addr   _pfra_ip4addr;
                             struct in6_addr  _pfra_ip6addr;
                     }                pfra_u;
                     u_int8_t         pfra_af;
                     u_int8_t         pfra_net;
                     u_int8_t         pfra_not;
                     u_int8_t         pfra_fback;
             };
             #define pfra_ip4addr    pfra_u._pfra_ip4addr
             #define pfra_ip6addr    pfra_u._pfra_ip6addr

     DIOCRDELADDRS struct pfioc_table
             Delete one or more addresses from a table.  On entry, pfrio_table
             contains the table id and pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains the
             list of pfr_addr structures to delete.  On exit, pfrio_ndel
             contains the number of addresses effectively deleted.

     DIOCRSETADDRS struct pfioc_table
             Replace the content of a table by a new address list.  This is
             the most complicated command, which uses all the structure
             members.  On entry, pfrio_table contains the table id and
             pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains the new list of pfr_addr
             structures.  In addition to that, if size2 is nonzero,
             pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size..pfrio_size2] must be a writeable buffer,
             into which the kernel can copy the addresses that have been
             deleted during the replace operation.  On exit, pfrio_ndel,
             pfrio_nadd and pfrio_nchange contain the number of addresses
             deleted, added and changed by the kernel.  If pfrio_size2 was set
             on entry, pfrio_size2 will point to the size of the buffer used,
             exactly like DIOCRGETADDRS.

     DIOCRGETADDRS struct pfioc_table
             Get all the addresses of a table.  On entry, pfrio_table contains
             the table id and pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains a valid
             writeable buffer for pfr_addr structures.  On exit, pfrio_size
             contains the number of addresses written into the buffer.  If the
             buffer was too small, the kernel does not store anything but just
             return the required buffer size, without returning an error.

     DIOCRGETASTATS struct pfioc_table
             Like DIOCRGETADDRS, but returns an array of pfr_astats
             structures.

             struct pfr_astats {
                     struct pfr_addr  pfras_a;
                     u_int64_t        pfras_packets
                                          [PFR_DIR_MAX][PFR_OP_ADDR_MAX];
                     u_int64_t        pfras_bytes
                                          [PFR_DIR_MAX][PFR_OP_ADDR_MAX];
                     long             pfras_tzero;
             };

     DIOCRCLRASTATS struct pfioc_table
             Clears the statistics of one or more addresses.  On entry,
             pfrio_table contains the table id and pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size]
             contains a table of pfr_addr structures to clear.  On exit,
             pfrio_nzero contains the number of addresses effectively cleared.

     DIOCRTSTADDRS struct pfioc_table
             Test if the given addresses match a table.  On entry, pfrio_table
             contains the table id and pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains a
             table of pfr_addr structures to test.  On exit, the kernel
             updates the pfr_addr table by setting the pfra_fback member
             appropriately.

     DIOCRSETTFLAGS struct pfioc_table
             Change the const or persist flag of a table.  On entry,
             pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains a table of pfr_table
             structures, and pfrio_setflag contains the flags to add, while
             pfrio_clrflag contains the flags to remove.  On exit,
             pfrio_nchange and pfrio_ndel contain the number of tables altered
             or deleted by the kernel.  Yes, tables can be deleted if one
             removes the persist flag of an unreferenced table.

     DIOCRINADEFINE struct pfioc_table
             Defines a table in the inactive set.  On entry, pfrio_table
             contains the table id and pfrio_buffer[pfrio_size] contains the
             list of pfr_addr structures to put in the table.  A valid ticket
             must also be supplied to pfrio_ticket.  On exit, pfrio_nadd
             contains 0 if the table was already defined in the inactive list,
             or 1 if a new table has been created.  pfrio_naddr contains the
             number of addresses effectively put in the table.

     DIOCXBEGIN struct pfioc_trans

             #define PF_RULESET_ALTQ         (PF_RULESET_MAX)
             #define PF_RULESET_TABLE        (PF_RULESET_MAX+1)
             struct pfioc_trans {
                     int              size;  /* number of elements */
                     int              esize; /* size of each element in bytes */
                     struct pfioc_trans_e {
                             int             rs_num;
                             char            anchor[PF_ANCHOR_NAME_SIZE];
                             char            ruleset[PF_RULESET_NAME_SIZE];
                             u_int32_t       ticket;
                     }               *array;
             };

             Clears all the inactive rulesets specified in the struct
             pfioc_trans_e array.  For each ruleset, a ticket is returned for
             subsequent "add rule" IOCTLs, as well as for the DIOCXCOMMIT and
             DIOCXROLLBACK calls.

     DIOCXCOMMIT struct pfioc_trans
             Atomically switch a vector of inactive rulesets to the active
             rulesets.  Implemented as a standard 2-phase commit, which will
             either fail for all rulesets or completely succeed.  All tickets
             need to be valid.  Returns EBUSY if a concurrent process is
             trying to update some of the same rulesets concurrently.

     DIOCXROLLBACK struct pfioc_trans
             Clean up the kernel by undoing all changes that have taken place
             on the inactive rulesets since the last DIOCXBEGIN.
             DIOCXROLLBACK will silently ignore rulesets for which the ticket
             is invalid.

     DIOCFPFLUSH
             Flush the passive OS fingerprint table.

     DIOCFPADD struct pf_osfp_ioctl

             struct pf_osfp_ioctl {
                     struct pf_osfp_entry {
                             SLIST_ENTRY(pf_osfp_entry) fp_entry;
                             pf_osfp_t               fp_os;
                             char                    fp_class_nm[PF_OSFP_LEN];
                             char                    fp_version_nm[PF_OSFP_LEN];
                             char                    fp_subtype_nm[PF_OSFP_LEN];
                     }                       fp_os;
                     u_int16_t               fp_mss;
                     u_int16_t               fp_wsize;
                     u_int16_t               fp_psize;
                     u_int8_t                fp_ttl;
                     u_int8_t                fp_wscale;
                     u_int8_t                fp_flags;
                     int                     fp_getnum;
             };

             Add a passive OS fingerprint to the table.  Set fp_os.fp_os to
             the packed fingerprint, fp_os.fp_class_nm to the name of the
             class (Linux, Windows, etc), fp_os.fp_version_nm to the name of
             the version (NT, 95, 98), and fp_os.fp_subtype_nm to the name of
             the subtype or patchlevel.  The members fp_mss, fp_wsize,
             fp_psize, fp_ttl, and fp_wscale are set to the TCP MSS, the TCP
             window size, the IP length and the IP TTL of the TCP SYN packet
             respectively.  The fp_flags member is filled according to the
             net/pfvar.h include file PF_OSFP_* defines.  The fp_getnum is not
             used with this ioctl.

             The structure's slack space must be zeroed for correct operation;
             memset the whole structure to zero before filling and sending to
             the kernel.

     DIOCFPGET struct pf_osfp_ioctl

             struct pf_osfp_ioctl {
                     struct pf_osfp_entry {
                             SLIST_ENTRY(pf_osfp_entry) fp_entry;
                             pf_osfp_t               fp_os;
                             char                    fp_class_nm[PF_OSFP_LEN];
                             char                    fp_version_nm[PF_OSFP_LEN];
                             char                    fp_subtype_nm[PF_OSFP_LEN];
                     }                       fp_os;
                     u_int16_t               fp_mss;
                     u_int16_t               fp_wsize;
                     u_int16_t               fp_psize;
                     u_int8_t                fp_ttl;
                     u_int8_t                fp_wscale;
                     u_int8_t                fp_flags;
                     int                     fp_getnum;
             };

             Get the passive OS fingerprint number fp_getnum from the kernel's
             fingerprint list.  The rest of the structure members will come
             back filled.  Get the whole list by repeatedly incrementing the
             fp_getnum number until the ioctl returns EBUSY.

     DIOCGETSRCNODES struct pfioc_src_nodes

             struct pfioc_src_nodes {
                     int     psn_len;
                     union {
                             caddr_t          psu_buf;
                             struct pf_src_node      *psu_src_nodes;
                     } psn_u;
             #define psn_buf         psn_u.psu_buf
             #define psn_src_nodes   psn_u.psu_src_nodes
             };

             Get the list of source nodes kept by the sticky-address and
             source-track options.  The ioctl must be called once with psn_len
             set to 0.  If the ioctl returns without error, psn_len will be
             set to the size of the buffer required to hold all the
             pf_src_node structures held in the table.  A buffer of this size
             should then be allocated, and a pointer to this buffer placed in
             psn_buf.  The ioctl must then be called again to fill this buffer
             with the actual source node data.  After the ioctl call psn_len
             will be set to the length of the buffer actually used.

     DIOCCLRSRCNODES struct pfioc_table
             Clear the tree of source tracking nodes.

     DIOCIGETIFACES struct pfioc_iface
             Gets the list of interfaces and interface drivers known to pf.
             All the IOCTLs that manipulate interfaces use the same structure
             described below:

             struct pfioc_iface {
                     char                     pfiio_name[IFNAMSIZ];
                     void                    *pfiio_buffer;
                     int                      pfiio_esize;
                     int                      pfiio_size;
                     int                      pfiio_nzero;
                     int                      pfiio_flags;
             };

             #define PFI_FLAG_GROUP     0x0001  /* gets groups of interfaces */
             #define PFI_FLAG_INSTANCE  0x0002  /* gets single interfaces */
             #define PFI_FLAG_ALLMASK   0x0003

             If not empty, pfiio_name can be used to restrict the search to a
             specific interface or driver.  pfiio_buffer[pfiio_size] is the
             user-supplied buffer for returning the data.  On entry,
             pfiio_size represents the number of pfi_if entries that can fit
             into the buffer.  The kernel will replace this value by the real
             number of entries it wants to return.  pfiio_esize should be set
             to sizeof(struct pfi_if).  pfiio_flags should be set to
             PFI_FLAG_GROUP, PFI_FLAG_INSTANCE, or both to tell the kernel to
             return a group of interfaces (drivers, like "fxp"), real
             interface instances (like "fxp1") or both.  The data is returned
             in the pfi_if structure described below:

             struct pfi_if {
                     char                             pfif_name[IFNAMSIZ];
                     u_int64_t                        pfif_packets[2][2][2];
                     u_int64_t                        pfif_bytes[2][2][2];
                     u_int64_t                        pfif_addcnt;
                     u_int64_t                        pfif_delcnt;
                     long                             pfif_tzero;
                     int                              pfif_states;
                     int                              pfif_rules;
                     int                              pfif_flags;
             };

             #define PFI_IFLAG_GROUP         0x0001  /* group of interfaces */
             #define PFI_IFLAG_INSTANCE      0x0002  /* single instance */
             #define PFI_IFLAG_CLONABLE      0x0010  /* clonable group */
             #define PFI_IFLAG_DYNAMIC       0x0020  /* dynamic group */
             #define PFI_IFLAG_ATTACHED      0x0040  /* interface attached */
             #define PFI_IFLAG_REFERENCED    0x0080  /* referenced by rules */

     DIOCICLRISTATS struct pfioc_iface
             Clear the statistics counters of one or more interfaces.
             pfiio_name and pfrio_flags can be used to select which interfaces
             need to be cleared.  The filtering process is the same as for
             DIOCIGETIFACES.  pfiio_nzero will be set by the kernel to the
             number of interfaces and drivers that have been cleared.

EXAMPLES
     The following example demonstrates how to use the DIOCNATLOOK command to
     find the internal host/port of a NATed connection.

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>
     #include <sys/ioctl.h>
     #include <sys/fcntl.h>
     #include <net/if.h>
     #include <netinet/in.h>
     #include <net/pfvar.h>
     #include <err.h>
     #include <stdio.h>
     #include <stdlib.h>

     u_int32_t
     read_address(const char *s)
     {
             int a, b, c, d;

             sscanf(s, "%i.%i.%i.%i", &a, &b, &c, &d);
             return htonl(a << 24 | b << 16 | c << 8 | d);
     }

     void
     print_address(u_int32_t a)
     {
             a = ntohl(a);
             printf("%d.%d.%d.%d", a >> 24 & 255, a >> 16 & 255,
                 a >> 8 & 255, a & 255);
     }

     int
     main(int argc, char *argv[])
     {
             struct pfioc_natlook nl;
             int dev;

             if (argc != 5) {
                     printf("%s <gwy addr> <gwy port> <ext addr> <ext port>\n",
                         argv[0]);
                     return 1;
             }

             dev = open("/dev/pf", O_RDWR);
             if (dev == -1)
                     err(1, "open(\"/dev/pf\") failed");

             memset(&nl, 0, sizeof(struct pfioc_natlook));
             nl.saddr.v4.s_addr      = read_address(argv[1]);
             nl.sport                = htons(atoi(argv[2]));
             nl.daddr.v4.s_addr      = read_address(argv[3]);
             nl.dport                = htons(atoi(argv[4]));
             nl.af                   = AF_INET;
             nl.proto                = IPPROTO_TCP;
             nl.direction            = PF_IN;

             if (ioctl(dev, DIOCNATLOOK, &nl))
                     err(1, "DIOCNATLOOK");

             printf("internal host ");
             print_address(nl.rsaddr.v4.s_addr);
             printf(":%u\n", ntohs(nl.rsport));
             return 0;
     }

SEE ALSO
     ioctl(2), bridge(4), pflog(4), pfsync(4), pfctl(8)

HISTORY
     The pf packet filtering mechanism first appeared in OpenBSD 3.0.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE       September 26, 2001       FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | IOCTL INTERFACE | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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