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PERLFAQ2(1)	       Perl Programmers	Reference Guide		   PERLFAQ2(1)

       perlfaq2	- Obtaining and	Learning about Perl

       version 5.021011

       This section of the FAQ answers questions about where to	find source
       and documentation for Perl, support, and	related	matters.

   What	machines support Perl? Where do	I get it?
       The standard release of Perl (the one maintained	by the Perl
       development team) is distributed	only in	source code form. You can find
       the latest releases at <>.

       Perl builds and runs on a bewildering number of platforms. Virtually
       all known and current Unix derivatives are supported (perl's native
       platform), as are other systems like VMS, DOS, OS/2, Windows, QNX,
       BeOS, OS	X, MPE/iX and the Amiga.

       Binary distributions for	some proprietary platforms can be found
       <> directory. Because these are not part of
       the standard distribution, they may and in fact do differ from the base
       perl port in a variety of ways. You'll have to check their respective
       release notes to	see just what the differences are. These differences
       can be either positive (e.g. extensions for the features	of the
       particular platform that	are not	supported in the source	release	of
       perl) or	negative (e.g. might be	based upon a less current source
       release of perl).

   How can I get a binary version of Perl?
       See CPAN	Ports <>

   I don't have	a C compiler. How can I	build my own Perl interpreter?
       For Windows, use	a binary version of Perl, Strawberry Perl
       <> and	ActivePerl
       <> come with a bundled C compiler.

       Otherwise if you	really do want to build	Perl, you need to get a	binary
       version of "gcc"	for your system	first. Use a search engine to find out
       how to do this for your operating system.

   I copied the	Perl binary from one machine to	another, but scripts don't
       That's probably because you forgot libraries, or	library	paths differ.
       You really should build the whole distribution on the machine it	will
       eventually live on, and then type "make install". Most other approaches
       are doomed to failure.

       One simple way to check that things are in the right place is to	print
       out the hard-coded @INC that perl looks through for libraries:

	   % perl -le 'print for @INC'

       If this command lists any paths that don't exist	on your	system,	then
       you may need to move the	appropriate libraries to these locations, or
       create symbolic links, aliases, or shortcuts appropriately. @INC	is
       also printed as part of the output of

	   % perl -V

       You might also want to check out	"How do	I keep my own module/library
       directory?" in perlfaq8.

   I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic
       loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make	it work?
       Read the	INSTALL	file, which is part of the source distribution.	 It
       describes in detail how to cope with most idiosyncrasies	that the
       "Configure" script can't	work around for	any given system or

   What	modules	and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN?
       CPAN stands for Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, a multi-gigabyte
       archive replicated on hundreds of machines all over the world. CPAN
       contains	tens of	thousands of modules and extensions, source code and
       documentation, designed for everything from commercial database
       interfaces to keyboard/screen control and running large web sites.

       You can search CPAN on <> or

       The master web site for CPAN is <>,
       <>	lists all mirrors.

       See the CPAN FAQ	at <> for
       answers to the most frequently asked questions about CPAN.

       The Task::Kensho	module has a list of recommended modules which you
       should review as	a good starting	point.

   Where can I get information on Perl?
       o   <>

       o   <>

       o   <>

       The complete Perl documentation is available with the Perl
       distribution.  If you have Perl installed locally, you probably have
       the documentation installed as well: type "perldoc perl"	in a terminal
       or view online <>.

       (Some operating system distributions may	ship the documentation in a
       different package; for instance,	on Debian, you need to install the
       "perl-doc" package.)

       Many good books have been written about Perl--see the section later in
       perlfaq2	for more details.

   What	is Perl Mongers?	<> used to be part of the O'Reilly
       Network,	a subsidiary of	O'Reilly Media.	Although it retains most of
       the original content from its O'Reilly Network, it is now hosted	by The
       Perl Foundation <>.

       The Perl	Foundation is an advocacy organization for the Perl language
       which maintains the web site <> as a	general
       advocacy	site for the Perl language. It uses the	domain to provide
       general support services	to the Perl community, including the hosting
       of mailing lists, web sites, and	other services.	There are also many
       other sub-domains for special topics like learning Perl and jobs	in
       Perl, such as:

       o   <>

       o   <>

       o   <>

       o   <>

       Perl Mongers <> uses the domain	for services
       related to local	Perl user groups, including the	hosting	of mailing
       lists and web sites. See	the Perl Mongers web site <>
       for more	information about joining, starting, or	requesting services
       for a Perl user group.

       CPAN, or	the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network <>,
       is a replicated,	worldwide repository of	Perl software.	See What is

   Where can I post questions?
       There are many Perl mailing lists for various topics, specifically the
       beginners list <> may be of

       Other places to ask questions are on the	PerlMonks site
       <> or stackoverflow

   Perl	Books
       There are many good books on Perl

   Which magazines have	Perl content?
       There's also $foo Magazin, a German magazine dedicated to Perl, at (
       <> ). The Perl-Zeitung is another German-
       speaking	magazine for Perl beginners (see <>

       Several Unix/Linux related magazines frequently include articles	on

   Which Perl blogs should I read?
       Perl News <>	covers some of the major events	in the
       Perl world, Perl	Weekly <>	is a weekly e-mail
       (and RSS	feed) of hand-picked Perl articles.

       <>	hosts many Perl	blogs, there are also several
       blog aggregators: Perlsphere <> and IronMan
       <> are two of	them.

   What	mailing	lists are there	for Perl?
       A comprehensive list of Perl-related mailing lists can be found at

   Where can I buy a commercial	version	of Perl?
       Perl already is commercial software: it has a license that you can grab
       and carefully read to your manager. It is distributed in	releases and
       comes in	well-defined packages. There is	a very large and supportive
       user community and an extensive literature.

       If you still need commercial support ActiveState
       <> offers this.

   Where do I send bug reports?
       (contributed by brian d foy)

       First, ensure that you've found an actual bug. Second, ensure you've
       found an	actual bug.

       If you've found a bug with the perl interpreter or one of the modules
       in the standard library (those that come	with Perl), you	can use	the
       perlbug utility that comes with Perl (>=	5.004).	It collects
       information about your installation to include with your	message, then
       sends the message to the	right place.

       To determine if a module	came with your version of Perl,	you can
       install and use the Module::CoreList module. It has the information
       about the modules (with their versions) included	with each release of

       Every CPAN module has a bug tracker set up in RT, <>.
       You can submit bugs to RT either	through	its web	interface or by	email.
       To email	a bug report, send it to bug-<distribution-name> .
       For example, if you wanted to report a bug in Business::ISBN, you could
       send a message to .

       Some modules might have special reporting requirements, such as a
       Github or Google	Code tracking system, so you should check the module
       documentation too.

       Copyright (c) 1997-2010 Tom Christiansen, Nathan	Torkington, and	other
       authors as noted. All rights reserved.

       This documentation is free; you can redistribute	it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

       Irrespective of its distribution, all code examples here	are in the
       public domain. You are permitted	and encouraged to use this code	and
       any derivatives thereof in your own programs for	fun or for profit as
       you see fit. A simple comment in	the code giving	credit to the FAQ
       would be	courteous but is not required.

perl v5.28.3			  2020-05-14			   PERLFAQ2(1)


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