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PDFTK(1)		    General Commands Manual		      PDFTK(1)

       pdftk - A handy tool for	manipulating PDF

       pdftk _input PDF	files |	- | PROMPT_
	    [ input_pw _input PDF owner	passwords | PROMPT_ ]
	    [ _operation_ _operation arguments_	]
	    [ output _output filename |	- | PROMPT_ ]
	    [ encrypt_40bit | encrypt_128bit ]
	    [ allow _permissions_ ]
	    [ owner_pw _owner password | PROMPT_ ]
	    [ user_pw _user password | PROMPT_ ]
	    [ flatten ]	[ need_appearances ]
	    [ compress | uncompress ]
	    [ keep_first_id | keep_final_id ] [	drop_xfa ] [ drop_xmp ]
	    [ verbose ]	[ dont_ask | do_ask ]
	    _operation_	may be empty, or:
	    [ cat | shuffle | burst | rotate |
	      generate_fdf | fill_form |
	      background | multibackground |
	      stamp | multistamp |
	      dump_data	| dump_data_utf8 |
	      dump_data_fields | dump_data_fields_utf8 |
	      dump_data_annots |
	      update_info | update_info_utf8 |
	      attach_files | unpack_files ]

       For Complete Help: pdftk	--help

       If PDF is electronic paper, then	pdftk is an electronic staple-remover,
       hole-punch, binder, secret-decoder-ring,	and X-Ray-glasses.  Pdftk is a
       simple tool for doing everyday things with PDF documents.  Use it to:

       * Merge PDF Documents or	Collate	PDF Page Scans
       * Split PDF Pages into a	New Document
       * Rotate	PDF Documents or Pages
       * Decrypt Input as Necessary (Password Required)
       * Encrypt Output	as Desired
       * Fill PDF Forms	with X/FDF Data	and/or Flatten Forms
       * Generate FDF Data Stencils from PDF Forms
       * Apply a Background Watermark or a Foreground Stamp
       * Report	PDF Metrics, Bookmarks and Metadata
       * Add/Update PDF	Metrics, Bookmarks or Metadata
       * Attach	Files to PDF Pages or the PDF Document
       * Unpack	PDF Attachments
       * Burst a PDF Document into Single Pages
       * Uncompress and	Re-Compress Page Streams
       * Repair	Corrupted PDF (Where Possible)

       A summary of options is included	below.

       --help, -h
	      Show this	summary	of options.

       <input PDF files	| - | PROMPT>
	      A	list of	the input PDF files. If	you plan to combine these PDFs
	      (without using handles) then list	files in the order you want
	      them combined.  Use - to pass a single PDF into pdftk via	stdin.
	      Input files can be associated with handles, where	a handle is
	      one or more upper-case letters:

	      _input PDF handle_=_input	PDF filename_

	      Handles are often	omitted.  They are useful when specifying PDF
	      passwords	or page	ranges,	later.

	      For example: A=input1.pdf	QT=input2.pdf M=input3.pdf

       [input_pw <input	PDF owner passwords | PROMPT>]
	      Input PDF	owner passwords, if necessary, are associated with
	      files by using their handles:

	      _input PDF handle_=_input	PDF file owner password_

	      If handles are not given,	then passwords are associated with in-
	      put files	by order.

	      Most pdftk features require that encrypted input PDF are accom-
	      panied by	the ~owner~ password. If the input PDF has no owner
	      password,	then the user password must be given, instead.	If the
	      input PDF	has no passwords, then no password should be given.

	      When running in do_ask mode, pdftk will prompt you for a pass-
	      word if the supplied password is incorrect or none was given.

       [<operation> <operation arguments>]
	      Available	operations are:	cat, shuffle, burst, rotate, gener-
	      ate_fdf, fill_form, background, multibackground, stamp, multi-
	      stamp, dump_data,	dump_data_utf8,	dump_data_fields,
	      dump_data_fields_utf8, dump_data_annots, update_info, up-
	      date_info_utf8, attach_files, unpack_files. Some operations
	      takes additional arguments, described below.

	      If this optional argument	is omitted, then pdftk runs in 'fil-
	      ter' mode.  Filter mode takes only one PDF input and creates a
	      new PDF after applying all of the	output options,	like encryp-
	      tion and compression.

	  cat [<page ranges>]
		 Assembles (catenates) pages from input	PDFs to	create a new
		 PDF. Use cat to merge PDF pages or to split PDF pages from
		 documents. You	can also use it	to rotate PDF pages. Page or-
		 der in	the new	PDF is specified by the	order of the given
		 page ranges. Page ranges are described	like this:

		 _input	PDF handle_[_begin page	number_[-_end page num-
		 ber_[_qualifier_]]][_page rotation_]

		 Where the handle identifies one of the	input PDF files, and
		 the beginning and ending page numbers are one-based refer-
		 ences to pages	in the PDF file.  The qualifier	can be even or
		 odd, and the page rotation can	be north, south, east, west,
		 left, right, or down.

		 If a PDF handle is given but no pages are specified, then the
		 entire	PDF is used. If	no pages are specified for any of the
		 input PDFs, then the input PDFs' bookmarks are	also merged
		 and included in the output.

		 If the	handle is omitted from the page	range, then the	pages
		 are taken from	the first input	PDF.

		 The even qualifier causes pdftk to use	only the even-numbered
		 PDF pages, so 1-6even yields pages 2, 4 and 6 in that order.
		 6-1even yields	pages 6, 4 and 2 in that order.

		 The odd qualifier works similarly to the even.

		 The page rotation setting can cause pdftk to rotate pages and
		 documents.  Each option sets the page rotation	as follows (in
		 degrees): north: 0, east: 90, south: 180, west: 270, left:
		 -90, right: +90, down:	+180. left, right, and down make rela-
		 tive adjustments to a page's rotation.

		 If no arguments are passed to cat, then pdftk combines	all
		 input PDFs in the order they were given to create the output.

		 * _end	page number_ may be less than _begin page number_.
		 * The keyword end may be used to reference the	final page of
		 a document instead of a page number.
		 * Reference a single page by omitting the ending page number.
		 * The handle may be used alone	to represent the entire	PDF
		 document, e.g., B1-end	is the same as B.
		 * You can reference page numbers in reverse order by prefix-
		 ing them with the letter r. For example, page r1 is the last
		 page of the document, r2 is the next-to-last page of the doc-
		 ument,	and rend is the	first page of the document. You	can
		 use this prefix in ranges, too, for example r3-r1 is the last
		 three pages of	a PDF.

		 Page Range Examples without Handles:
		 1-endeast - rotate entire document 90 degrees
		 5 11 20 - take	single pages from input	PDF
		 5-25oddwest - take odd	pages in range,	rotate 90 degrees
		 6-1 - reverse pages in	range from input PDF

		 Page Range Examples Using Handles:
		 Say A=in1.pdf B=in2.pdf, then:
		 A1-21 - take range from in1.pdf
		 Bend-1odd - take all odd pages	from in2.pdf in	reverse	order
		 A72 - take a single page from in1.pdf
		 A1-21 Beven A72 - assemble pages from both in1.pdf and
		 Awest - rotate	entire in1.pdf document	90 degrees
		 B - use all of	in2.pdf
		 A2-30evenleft - take the even pages from the range, remove 90
		 degrees from each page's rotation
		 A A - catenate	in1.pdf	with in1.pdf
		 Aevenwest Aoddeast - apply rotations to even pages, odd pages
		 from in1.pdf
		 Awest Bwest Bdown - catenate rotated documents

	  shuffle [<page ranges>]
		 Collates pages	from input PDFs	to create a new	PDF.  Works
		 like the cat operation	except that it takes one page at a
		 time from each	page range to assemble the output PDF.	If one
		 range runs out	of pages, it continues with the	remaining
		 ranges.  Ranges can use all of	the features described above
		 for cat, like reverse page ranges, multiple ranges from a
		 single	PDF, and page rotation.	 This feature was designed to
		 help collate PDF pages	after scanning paper documents.

	  burst	 Splits	a single input PDF document into individual pages.
		 Also creates a	report named doc_data.txt which	is the same as
		 the output from dump_data.  The output	section	can contain a
		 printf-styled format string to	name these pages.  For exam-
		 ple, if you want pages	named page_01.pdf, page_02.pdf,	etc.,
		 pass output page_%02d.pdf to pdftk. If	the pattern is omit-
		 ted, then a default pattern g_%04d.pdf	is appended and	pro-
		 duces pages named pg_0001.pdf,	pg_0002.pdf, etc.  Encryption
		 can be	applied	to the output by appending output options such
		 as owner_pw, e.g.:

		 pdftk in.pdf burst owner_pw foopass

	  rotate [<page	ranges>]
		 Takes a single	input PDF and rotates just the specified
		 pages.	 All other pages remain	unchanged.  The	page order re-
		 mains unchaged.  Specify the pages to rotate using the	same
		 notation as you would with cat, except	you omit the pages
		 that you aren't rotating:

		 [_begin page number_[-_end page number_[_qualifier_]]][_page

		 The qualifier can be even or odd, and the page	rotation can
		 be north, south, east,	west, left, right, or down.

		 Each option sets the page rotation as follows (in degrees):
		 north:	0, east: 90, south: 180, west: 270, left: -90, right:
		 +90, down: +180. left,	right, and down	make relative adjust-
		 ments to a page's rotation.

		 The given order of the	pages doesn't change the page order in
		 the output.

		 Reads a single	input PDF file and generates an	FDF file suit-
		 able for fill_form out	of it to the given output filename or
		 (if no	output is given) to stdout.  Does not create a new

	  fill_form <FDF data filename | XFDF data filename | -	| PROMPT>
		 Fills the single input	PDF's form fields with the data	from
		 an FDF	file, XFDF file	or stdin. Enter	the data filename af-
		 ter fill_form,	or use - to pass the data via stdin, like so:

		 pdftk form.pdf	fill_form data.fdf output form.filled.pdf

		 If the	input FDF file includes	Rich Text formatted data in
		 addition to plain text, then the Rich Text data is packed
		 into the form fields as well as the plain text.  Pdftk	also
		 sets a	flag that cues Reader/Acrobat to generate new field
		 appearances based on the Rich Text data.  So when the user
		 opens the PDF,	the viewer will	create the Rich	Text appear-
		 ance on the spot.  If the user's PDF viewer does not support
		 Rich Text, then the user will see the plain text data in-
		 stead.	 If you	flatten	this form before Acrobat has a chance
		 to create (and	save) new field	appearances, then the plain
		 text field data is what you'll	see.

		 Also see the flatten and need_appearances options.

	  background <background PDF filename |	- | PROMPT>
		 Applies a PDF watermark to the	background of a	single input
		 PDF.  Pass the	background PDF's filename after	background
		 like so:

		 pdftk in.pdf background back.pdf output out.pdf

		 Pdftk uses only the first page	from the background PDF	and
		 applies it to every page of the input PDF.  This page is
		 scaled	and rotated as needed to fit the input page.  You can
		 use - to pass a background PDF	into pdftk via stdin.

		 If the	input PDF does not have	a transparent background (such
		 as a PDF created from page scans) then	the resulting back-
		 ground	won't be visible -- use	the stamp operation instead.

	  multibackground <background PDF filename | - | PROMPT>
		 Same as the background	operation, but applies each page of
		 the background	PDF to the corresponding page of the input
		 PDF.  If the input PDF	has more pages than the	stamp PDF,
		 then the final	stamp page is repeated across these remaining
		 pages in the input PDF.

	  stamp	<stamp PDF filename | -	| PROMPT>
		 This behaves just like	the background operation except	it
		 overlays the stamp PDF	page on	top of the input PDF docu-
		 ment's	pages.	This works best	if the stamp PDF page has a
		 transparent background.

	  multistamp <stamp PDF	filename | - | PROMPT>
		 Same as the stamp operation, but applies each page of the
		 background PDF	to the corresponding page of the input PDF.
		 If the	input PDF has more pages than the stamp	PDF, then the
		 final stamp page is repeated across these remaining pages in
		 the input PDF.

		 Reads a single	input PDF file and reports its metadata, book-
		 marks (a/k/a outlines), page metrics (media, rotation and la-
		 bels),	data embedded by STAMPtk (see STAMPtk's	embed option)
		 and other data	to the given output filename or	(if no output
		 is given) to stdout.  Non-ASCII characters are	encoded	as XML
		 numerical entities.  Does not create a	new PDF.

		 Same as dump_data excepct that	the output is encoded as

		 Reads a single	input PDF file and reports form	field statis-
		 tics to the given output filename or (if no output is given)
		 to stdout. Non-ASCII characters are encoded as	XML numerical
		 entities. Does	not create a new PDF.

		 Same as dump_data_fields excepct that the output is encoded
		 as UTF-8.

		 This operation	currently reports only link annotations.
		 Reads a single	input PDF file and reports annotation informa-
		 tion to the given output filename or (if no output is given)
		 to stdout. Non-ASCII characters are encoded as	XML numerical
		 entities. Does	not create a new PDF.

	  update_info <info data filename | - |	PROMPT>
		 Changes the bookmarks,	page labels, page sizes, page rota-
		 tions,	and metadata in	a single PDF's Info dictionary to
		 match the input data file. The	input data file	uses the same
		 syntax	as the output from dump_data. Non-ASCII	characters
		 should	be encoded as XML numerical entities.

		 This operation	does not change	the metadata stored in the
		 PDF's XMP stream, if it has one. (For this reason you should
		 include a ModDate entry in your updated info with a current
		 date/timestamp, format: D:YYYYMMDDHHmmSS, e.g.	D:201307241346
		 -- omitted data after YYYY revert to default values.)

		 For example:

		 pdftk in.pdf update_info output out.pdf

	  update_info_utf8 <info data filename | - | PROMPT>
		 Same as update_info except that the input is encoded as

	  attach_files <attachment filenames | PROMPT> [to_page	<page number |
		 Packs arbitrary files into a PDF using	PDF's file attachment
		 features. More	than one attachment may	be listed after	at-
		 tach_files. Attachments are added at the document level un-
		 less the optional to_page option is given, in which case the
		 files are attached to the given page number (the first	page
		 is 1, the final page is end). For example:

		 pdftk in.pdf attach_files table1.html table2.html to_page 6
		 output	out.pdf

		 Copies	all of the attachments from the	input PDF into the
		 current folder	or to an output	directory given	after output.
		 For example:

		 pdftk report.pdf unpack_files output ~/atts/

		 or, interactively:

		 pdftk report.pdf unpack_files output PROMPT

       [output <output filename	| - | PROMPT>]
	      The output PDF filename may not be set to	the name of an input
	      filename.	Use - to output	to stdout.  When using the dump_data
	      operation, use output to set the name of the output data file.
	      When using the unpack_files operation, use output	to set the
	      name of an output	directory.  When using the burst operation,
	      you can use output to control the	resulting PDF page filenames
	      (described above).

       [encrypt_40bit |	encrypt_128bit]
	      If an output PDF user or owner password is given,	output PDF en-
	      cryption strength	defaults to 128	bits.  This can	be overridden
	      by specifying encrypt_40bit.

       [allow <permissions>]
	      Permissions are applied to the output PDF	only if	an encryption
	      strength is specified or an owner	or user	password is given.  If
	      permissions are not specified, they default to 'none,' which
	      means all	of the following features are disabled.

	      The permissions section may include one or more of the following

		     Top Quality Printing

		     Lower Quality Printing

		     Also allows Assembly


		     Also allows ScreenReaders


		     Also allows FillIn


		     Allows the	user to	perform	all of the above, and top
		     quality printing.

       [owner_pw <owner	password | PROMPT>]

       [user_pw	<user password | PROMPT>]
	      If an encryption strength	is given but no	passwords are sup-
	      plied, then the owner and	user passwords remain empty, which
	      means that the resulting PDF may be opened and its security pa-
	      rameters altered by anybody.

       [compress | uncompress]
	      These are	only useful when you want to edit PDF code in a	text
	      editor like vim or emacs.	 Remove	PDF page stream	compression by
	      applying the uncompress filter. Use the compress filter to re-
	      store compression.

	      Use this option to merge an input	PDF's interactive form fields
	      (and their data) with the	PDF's pages. Only one input PDF	may be
	      given. Sometimes used with the fill_form operation.

	      Sets a flag that cues Reader/Acrobat to generate new field ap-
	      pearances	based on the form field	values.	 Use this when filling
	      a	form with non-ASCII text to ensure the best presentation in
	      Adobe Reader or Acrobat.	It won't work when combined with the
	      flatten option.

       [keep_first_id |	keep_final_id]
	      When combining pages from	multiple PDFs, use one of these	op-
	      tions to copy the	document ID from either	the first or final in-
	      put document into	the new	output PDF. Otherwise pdftk creates a
	      new document ID for the output PDF. When no operation is given,
	      pdftk always uses	the ID from the	(single) input PDF.

	      If your input PDF	is a form created using	Acrobat	7 or Adobe De-
	      signer, then it probably has XFA data.  Filling such a form us-
	      ing pdftk	yields a PDF with data that fails to display in	Acro-
	      bat 7 (and 6?).  The workaround solution is to remove the	form's
	      XFA data,	either before you fill the form	using pdftk or at the
	      time you fill the	form. Using this option	causes pdftk to	omit
	      the XFA data from	the output PDF form.

	      This option is only useful when running pdftk on a single	input
	      PDF.  When assembling a PDF from multiple	inputs using pdftk,
	      any XFA data in the input	is automatically omitted.

	      Many PDFs	store document metadata	using both an Info dictionary
	      (old school) and an XMP stream (new school).  Pdftk's up-
	      date_info	operation can update the Info dictionary, but not the
	      XMP stream.  The proper remedy for this is to include a ModDate
	      entry in your updated info with a	current	date/timestamp.	The
	      date/timestamp format is:	D:YYYYMMDDHHmmSS, e.g. D:201307241346
	      -- omitted data after YYYY revert	to default values. This	newer
	      ModDate should cue PDF viewers that the Info metadata is more
	      current than the XMP data.

	      Alternatively, you might prefer to remove	the XMP	stream from
	      the PDF altogether -- that's what	this option does.  Note	that
	      objects inside the PDF might have	their own, separate XMP	meta-
	      data streams, and	that drop_xmp does not remove those.  It only
	      removes the PDF's	document-level XMP stream.

	      By default, pdftk	runs quietly. Append verbose to	the end	and it
	      will speak up.

       [dont_ask | do_ask]
	      Depending	on the compile-time settings (see ASK_ABOUT_WARNINGS),
	      pdftk might prompt you for further input when it encounters a
	      problem, such as a bad password. Override	this default behavior
	      by adding	dont_ask (so pdftk won't ask you what to do) or	do_ask
	      (so pdftk	will ask you what to do).

	      When running in dont_ask mode, pdftk will	over-write files with
	      its output without notice.

       Collate scanned pages
	 pdftk A=even.pdf B=odd.pdf shuffle A B	output collated.pdf
	 or if odd.pdf is in reverse order:
	 pdftk A=even.pdf B=odd.pdf shuffle A Bend-1 output collated.pdf

       Decrypt a PDF
	 pdftk secured.pdf input_pw foopass output unsecured.pdf

       Encrypt a PDF using 128-bit strength (the default), withhold all	per-
       missions	(the default)
	 pdftk 1.pdf output 1.128.pdf owner_pw foopass

       Same as above, except password 'baz' must also be used to open output
	 pdftk 1.pdf output 1.128.pdf owner_pw foo user_pw baz

       Same as above, except printing is allowed (once the PDF is open)
	 pdftk 1.pdf output 1.128.pdf owner_pw foo user_pw baz allow printing

       Join in1.pdf and	in2.pdf	into a new PDF,	out1.pdf
	 pdftk in1.pdf in2.pdf cat output out1.pdf
	 or (using handles):
	 pdftk A=in1.pdf B=in2.pdf cat A B output out1.pdf
	 or (using wildcards):
	 pdftk *.pdf cat output	combined.pdf

       Remove page 13 from in1.pdf to create out1.pdf
	 pdftk in.pdf cat 1-12 14-end output out1.pdf
	 pdftk A=in1.pdf cat A1-12 A14-end output out1.pdf

       Apply 40-bit encryption to output, revoking all permissions (the	de-
       fault). Set the owner PW	to 'foopass'.
	 pdftk 1.pdf 2.pdf cat output 3.pdf encrypt_40bit owner_pw foopass

       Join two	files, one of which requires the password 'foopass'. The out-
       put is not encrypted.
	 pdftk A=secured.pdf 2.pdf input_pw A=foopass cat output 3.pdf

       Uncompress PDF page streams for editing the PDF in a text editor	(e.g.,
       vim, emacs)
	 pdftk doc.pdf output doc.unc.pdf uncompress

       Repair a	PDF's corrupted	XREF table and stream lengths, if possible
	 pdftk broken.pdf output fixed.pdf

       Burst a single PDF document into	pages and dump its data	to
	 pdftk in.pdf burst

       Burst a single PDF document into	encrypted pages. Allow low-quality
	 pdftk in.pdf burst owner_pw foopass allow DegradedPrinting

       Write a report on PDF document metadata and bookmarks to	report.txt
	 pdftk in.pdf dump_data	output report.txt

       Rotate the first	PDF page to 90 degrees clockwise
	 pdftk in.pdf cat 1east	2-end output out.pdf

       Rotate an entire	PDF document to	180 degrees
	 pdftk in.pdf cat 1-endsouth output out.pdf

       This is a port of pdftk to java.	See
       The original program can	be found at

       Original	author of pdftk	is Sid Steward (sid.steward at pdflabs dot

				 June 3, 2020			      PDFTK(1)


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