Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
PDFOPEN(1)							    PDFOPEN(1)

       pdfopen,	pdfclose - open	or close a PDF file viewer

       pdfopen [ options ]  [ --file ]	file.pdf
       pdfclose	[ --file ]  file.pdf

       -h, --help, -?
	       output help and exit.

       -v, --version, -V
	       output the version number and exit.

       -p <n>, --page <n>
	       when  starting  the  viewer,  display  page <n> of the document
	       (notes: not all viewers support this feature, and even in those
	       cases  this  option  only  has effect when the document is ini-
	       tially loaded).	This option is over-ridden by -g.

       -g <named destination>, --goto <named destination>
	       when starting the viewer, display the page of the document con-
	       taining	the  named destination (notes: not all viewers support
	       this feature, and even in those cases this option only has  ef-
	       fect when the document is initially loaded).

       -r, --reset_focus
	       after  sending commands to the PDF viewer, attempt to reset the
	       input focus to the window which had focus before	 the  commands
	       were sent.

       -viewer,	--viewer <ar9|ar9-tab|ar8|ar7|ar5|xpdf|evince>
	       use  (respectively)  Adobe  Reader  9  (in a new	window), Adobe
	       Reader 9	(in a new tab of a running AR9,	if any), Adobe	Reader
	       8,  Adobe  Reader  7, Adobe Reader 5, xpdf or evince as the PDF
	       viewer program.	Adobe Reader 9 (in a new window)  is  the  de-

       At  certain  points  of	TeX document preparation, many people repeat a
       "edit-compile-view" cycle.  Since PDF viewers such as  Adobe's  Acrobat
       Reader  ("acroread")  do	not automatically refresh the display when the
       PDF file	changes, this cycle can	be more	cumbersome than	desired.   The
       pdfopen	program	 provides the ability to automate the reloading	of the
       PDF document when it is changed.

       Note: there seems to be little need for pdfclose	under GNU/Linux, since
       (unlike	the  situation	for MS windows)	acroread does not lock the PDF
       file, which would prevent pdftex	(or a DVI to PDF converter) from  cre-
       ating  a	new version of the PDF output file.  However, pdfclose is pro-
       vided in	case someone finds it useful.

       pdfopen searches	for an instance	of  the	 specified  (or	 default)  PDF
       viewer  displaying  the specified PDF file.  If there is	already	an in-
       stance of the given viewer displaying the given file, the viewer	is in-
       structed	to reload the file.  If	no such	instance is found, pdfopen at-
       tempts to run the specified viewer on the specified document.

       The default viewer is "acroread", which could start any one of a	number
       of  versions  of	Acrobat	Reader,	depending on what is installed on your
       system.	However, the commands to reload	the current document vary from
       one  version  of	 acroread to another; consequently, if you are using a
       version of acroread other than AR9, you should explicitly  specify  the
       viewer program.

       This version of pdfopen accepts the following viewer options:
       ar9, ar9-tab, ar8, ar7, ar5, xpdf, and evince.
       The  difference between ar9 and ar9-tab is significant when there is no
       instance	of AR9 already displaying the  requested  document.   In  this
       situation,  while ar9 will request acroread to create a new instance of
       acroread	(and thus open a new window) by	using  the  -openInNewInstance
       argument,  ar9-tab  starts  acroread without this argument; if there is
       already an instance of acroread running,	a new tab will be opened in an
       existing	window.

       pdfclose	searches for one of the	above PDF viewers displaying the given
       file and	instructs the viewer to	"close"	the window.   In  most	cases,
       the  PDF	 viewer	continues to run, possibly now displaying just a blank
       window.	(This behaviour	varies somewhat	from one  PDF  viewer  to  an-

       These  programs	have been tested on Slackware64	Version	14.1 and a few
       other versions /	distributions of GNU/Linux.  The  code	is  reasonably
       generic	and should work	out of the box using most recent X11 implemen-
       tations.	 (Reports to the contrary are welcome,	particularly  if  they
       come with robust	fixes.)

       These programs are designed for X11-based systems.  If you somehow find
       compiled	versions of these programs on a	system	using  another	window
       system, they are	very unlikely to be of any use to you.

       Source  and binaries of the programs can	be downloaded from CTAN://sup-
       port/xpdfopen/ (e.g.,

       If you use ar9-tab to reload the	 PDF  document	and  the  instance  of
       acroread	 with  the  given  document is currently displaying some other
       document, the command causes your document to  be  displayed,  but  not

       pdfopen works by	looking	for a window with a name (window title)	match-
       ing that	expected for the given viewer and document.  If	for some  rea-
       son  your viewer's window name is not as	expected, pdfopen may not work
       for you.

       With at least AR9 and some window managers, using pdfopen to reload the
       document	gives focus to the acroread window, even though	the mouse cur-
       sor is not necessarily in that window.  This can	be annoying.  The -re-
       set_focus option	can be used to deal with this problem.

       This  manual  page was written by Jim Diamond <>.
       I am the	current	maintainer of the X11 versions	of  pdfopen  and  pdf-
       close.	Report	any bugs you find to me.  Feature enhancement requests
       are welcome, coded enhancements even more so.

       Past authors: Fabrice Popineau wrote the	MS-windows versions of pdfopen
       and  pdfclose  upon  which  these programs were originally based.  Taco
       Hoekwater created the GNU/Linux versions, up to Version 0.61 (including
       some  documentation which inspired parts	of this	man page).  Peter Bre-
       itenlohner has contributed both code and	suggestions to versions	 later
       than 0.61.

pdfopen	0.86			  2014-05-24			    PDFOPEN(1)


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help