# FreeBSD Manual Pages

PCLARZ(l) ) PCLARZ(l)NAMEPCLARZ - applie a complex elementary reflector Q to a complex M-by-N distributed matrix sub( C ) = C(IC:IC+M-1,JC:JC+N-1), from either the left or the rightSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE PCLARZ( SIDE, M, N, L, V, IV, JV, DESCV, INCV, TAU, C, IC, JC, DESCC, WORK ) CHARACTER SIDE INTEGER IC, INCV, IV, JC, JV, L, M, N INTEGER DESCC( * ), DESCV( * ) COMPLEX C( * ), TAU( * ), V( * ), WORK( * )PURPOSEPCLARZ applies a complex elementary reflector Q to a complex M-by-N distributed matrix sub( C ) = C(IC:IC+M-1,JC:JC+N-1), from either the left or the right. Q is represented in the form Q = I - tau * v * v' where tau is a complex scalar and v is a complex vector. If tau = 0, then Q is taken to be the unit matrix. Q is a product of k elementary reflectors as returned by PCTZRZF. Notes ===== Each global data object is described by an associated description vec- tor. This vector stores the information required to establish the map- ping between an object element and its corresponding process and memory location. Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array. Such a global array has an associated description vector DESCA. In the following comments, the character _ should be read as "of the global array". NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION --------------- -------------- -------------------------------------- DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case, DTYPE_A = 1. CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating the BLACS process grid A is distribu- ted over. The context itself is glo- bal, but the handle (the integer value) may vary. M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global array A. N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global array A. MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute the rows of the array. NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute the columns of the array. RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first row of the array A is distributed. CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process column over which the first column of the array A is distributed. LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local array. LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)). Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix, and as- sume that its process grid has dimension p x q. LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would re- ceive if K were distributed over the p processes of its process column. Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would receive if K were distributed over the q processes of its process row. The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the ScaLAPACK tool function, NUMROC: LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ), LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ). An upper bound for these quantities may be computed by: LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A Because vectors may be viewed as a subclass of matrices, a distributed vector is considered to be a distributed matrix. Restrictions ============ If SIDE = 'Left' and INCV = 1, then the row process having the first entry V(IV,JV) must also own C(IC+M-L,JC:JC+N-1). Moreover, MOD(IV-1,MB_V) must be equal to MOD(IC+N-L-1,MB_C), if INCV=M_V, only the last equality must be satisfied. If SIDE = 'Right' and INCV = M_V then the column process having the first entry V(IV,JV) must also own C(IC:IC+M-1,JC+N-L) and MOD(JV-1,NB_V) must be equal to MOD(JC+N-L-1,NB_C), if INCV = 1 only the last equality must be satisfied.ARGUMENTSSIDE (global input) CHARACTER = 'L': form Q * sub( C ), = 'R': form sub( C ) * Q. M (global input) INTEGER The number of rows to be operated on i.e the number of rows of the distributed submatrix sub( C ). M >= 0. N (global input) INTEGER The number of columns to be operated on i.e the number of col- umns of the distributed submatrix sub( C ). N >= 0. L (global input) INTEGER The columns of the distributed submatrix sub( A ) containing the meaningful part of the Householder reflectors. If SIDE = 'L', M >= L >= 0, if SIDE = 'R', N >= L >= 0. V (local input) COMPLEX pointer into the local memory to an array of dimension (LLD_V,*) containing the local pieces of the distributed vectors V representing the Householder transformation Q, V(IV:IV+L-1,JV) if SIDE = 'L' and INCV = 1, V(IV,JV:JV+L-1) if SIDE = 'L' and INCV = M_V, V(IV:IV+L-1,JV) if SIDE = 'R' and INCV = 1, V(IV,JV:JV+L-1) if SIDE = 'R' and INCV = M_V, The vector v in the representation of Q. V is not used if TAU = 0. IV (global input) INTEGER The row index in the global array V indicating the first row of sub( V ). JV (global input) INTEGER The column index in the global array V indicating the first column of sub( V ). DESCV (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_. The array descriptor for the distributed matrix V. INCV (global input) INTEGER The global increment for the elements of V. Only two values of INCV are supported in this version, namely 1 and M_V. INCV must not be zero. TAU (local input) COMPLEX, array, dimension LOCc(JV) if INCV = 1, and LOCr(IV) otherwise. This array contains the Householder scalars related to the Householder vectors. TAU is tied to the distributed matrix V. C (local input/local output) COMPLEX pointer into the local memory to an array of dimension (LLD_C, LOCc(JC+N-1) ), containing the local pieces of sub( C ). On exit, sub( C ) is overwritten by the Q * sub( C ) if SIDE = 'L', or sub( C ) * Q if SIDE = 'R'. IC (global input) INTEGER The row index in the global array C indicating the first row of sub( C ). JC (global input) INTEGER The column index in the global array C indicating the first column of sub( C ). DESCC (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_. The array descriptor for the distributed matrix C. WORK (local workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (LWORK) If INCV = 1, if SIDE = 'L', if IVCOL = ICCOL, LWORK >= NqC0 else LWORK >= MpC0 + MAX( 1, NqC0 ) end if else if SIDE = 'R', LWORK >= NqC0 + MAX( MAX( 1, MpC0 ), NUMROC( NUMROC( N+ICOFFC,NB_V,0,0,NPCOL ),NB_V,0,0,LCMQ ) ) end if else if INCV = M_V, if SIDE = 'L', LWORK >= MpC0 + MAX( MAX( 1, NqC0 ), NUM- ROC( NUMROC( M+IROFFC,MB_V,0,0,NPROW ),MB_V,0,0,LCMP ) ) else if SIDE = 'R', if IVROW = ICROW, LWORK >= MpC0 else LWORK >= NqC0 + MAX( 1, MpC0 ) end if end if end if where LCM is the least common multiple of NPROW and NPCOL and LCM = ILCM( NPROW, NPCOL ), LCMP = LCM / NPROW, LCMQ = LCM / NPCOL, IROFFC = MOD( IC-1, MB_C ), ICOFFC = MOD( JC-1, NB_C ), ICROW = INDXG2P( IC, MB_C, MYROW, RSRC_C, NPROW ), ICCOL = INDXG2P( JC, NB_C, MYCOL, CSRC_C, NPCOL ), MpC0 = NUMROC( M+IROFFC, MB_C, MYROW, ICROW, NPROW ), NqC0 = NUMROC( N+ICOFFC, NB_C, MYCOL, ICCOL, NPCOL ), ILCM, INDXG2P and NUMROC are ScaLAPACK tool functions; MYROW, MYCOL, NPROW and NPCOL can be determined by calling the subrou- tine BLACS_GRIDINFO. Alignment requirements ====================== The distributed submatrices V(IV:*, JV:*) and C(IC:IC+M-1,JC:JC+N-1) must verify some alignment properties, namely the following expressions should be true: MB_V = NB_V, If INCV = 1, If SIDE = 'Left', ( MB_V.EQ.MB_C .AND. IROFFV.EQ.IROFFC .AND. IVROW.EQ.ICROW ) If SIDE = 'Right', ( MB_V.EQ.NB_A .AND. MB_V.EQ.NB_C .AND. IROFFV.EQ.ICOFFC ) else if INCV = M_V, If SIDE = 'Left', ( MB_V.EQ.NB_V .AND. MB_V.EQ.MB_C .AND. ICOFFV.EQ.IROFFC ) If SIDE = 'Right', ( NB_V.EQ.NB_C .AND. ICOFFV.EQ.ICOFFC .AND. IVCOL.EQ.ICCOL ) end if ScaLAPACK version 1.7 13 August 2001 PCLARZ(l)

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