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paste(1)			 User Commands			      paste(1)

NAME
       paste - merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files

SYNOPSIS
       paste [-s] [-d list] file...

DESCRIPTION
       The paste utility will concatenate the corresponding lines of the given
       input files, and	write the resulting lines to standard output.

       The default operation of	paste will concatenate the corresponding lines
       of the input files. The NEWLINE character of every line except the line
       from the	last input file	will be	replaced with a	TAB character.

       If an EOF (end-of-file) condition is detected  on  one  or  more	 input
       files, but not all input	files, paste will behave as though empty lines
       were read from the files	on which  EOF  was  detected,  unless  the  -s
       option is specified.

OPTIONS
       The following options are supported:

       -d list	Unless a backslash character (\) appears in list, each charac-
		ter in list is an element specifying a delimiter character. If
		a backslash character appears in list, the backslash character
		and one	or more	characters following it	are an element	speci-
		fying  a  delimiter  character as described below.  These ele-
		ments specify one or more delimiters to	use,  instead  of  the
		default	TAB character, to replace the NEWLINE character	of the
		input lines. The elements in list are  used  circularly.  That
		is,  when  the	list  is exhausted, the	first element from the
		list is	reused.

		When the -s option is specified:

		  o  The last newline character	in a file will	not  be	 modi-
		     fied.

		  o  The  delimiter will be reset to the first element of list
		     after each	file operand is	processed.

		When the option	is not specified:

		  o  The NEWLINE characters in the file	specified by the  last
		     file will not be modified.

		  o  The  delimiter will be reset to the first element of list
		     each time a line is processed from	each file.

		If a backslash character appears in list, it and the character
		following it will be used to represent the following delimiter
		characters:

		\n	 Newline character.

		\t	 Tab character.

		\\	 Backslash character.

		\0	 Empty string (not a null character). If \0 is immedi-
			 ately	followed  by the character x, the character X,
			 or any	character defined by the LC_CTYPE  digit  key-
			 word, the results are unspecified.

		If  any	other characters follow	the backslash, the results are
		unspecified.

       -s	Concatenate all	of the lines of	each separate  input  file  in
		command	line order. The	NEWLINE	character of every line	except
		the last line in each input file will be replaced with the TAB
		character, unless otherwise specified by the -d	option.

OPERANDS
       The following operand is	supported:

       file	A  path	 name  of  an input file. If - is specified for	one or
		more of	the files, the standard	input will be used. The	 stan-
		dard  input  will  be read one line at a time, circularly, for
		each instance of -.  Implementations  support  pasting	of  at
		least 12 file operands.

USAGE
       See  largefile(5)  for  the  description	 of the	behavior of paste when
       encountering files greater than or equal	to 2 Gbyte ( 2**31 bytes).

EXAMPLES
       Example 1: Listing a directory in one column

       example%	ls | paste -d" " -

       Example 2: Listing a directory in four columns

       example%	ls | paste - - - -

       Example 3: Combining pairs of lines from	a file into single lines

       example%	paste -s -d"\ t\ n" file

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       See environ(5) for descriptions of the following	environment  variables
       that  affect  the  execution  of	paste: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MES-
       SAGES, and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values are returned:

       0	Successful completion.

       >0	An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |      ATTRIBUTE	TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Availability		     |SUNWesu			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |CSI			     |Enabled			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Interface Stability	     |Standard			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+

SEE ALSO
       cut(1), grep(1),	pr(1), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5),	 stan-
       dards(5)

DIAGNOSTICS
       "line too long"	       Output  lines are restricted to 511 characters.

       "too many files"	       Except for -s option, no	 more  than  12	 input
			       files may be specified.

       "no delimiters"	       The -d option was specified with	an empty list.

       "cannot open file"      The specified file cannot be opened.

SunOS 5.10			  20 Dec 1996			      paste(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | OPERANDS | USAGE | EXAMPLES | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | EXIT STATUS | ATTRIBUTES | SEE ALSO | DIAGNOSTICS

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