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PASTE(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		      PASTE(1)

NAME
     paste -- merge corresponding or subsequent	lines of files

SYNOPSIS
     paste [-s]	[-d list] file ...

DESCRIPTION
     The paste utility concatenates the	corresponding lines of the given input
     files, replacing all but the last file's newline characters with a	single
     tab character, and	writes the resulting lines to standard output.	If
     end-of-file is reached on an input	file while other input files still
     contain data, the file is treated as if it	were an	endless	source of
     empty lines.

     The options are as	follows:

     -d	list	 Use one or more of the	provided characters to replace the
		 newline characters instead of the default tab.	 The charac-
		 ters in list are used circularly, i.e., when list is ex-
		 hausted the first character from list is reused.  This	con-
		 tinues	until a	line from the last input file (in default op-
		 eration) or the last line in each file	(using the -s option)
		 is displayed, at which	time paste begins selecting characters
		 from the beginning of list again.

		 The following special characters can also be used in list:

		 \n    newline character
		 \t    tab character
		 \\    backslash character
		 \0    Empty string (not a null	character).

		 Any other character preceded by a backslash is	equivalent to
		 the character itself.

     -s		 Concatenate all of the	lines of each separate input file in
		 command line order.  The newline character of every line ex-
		 cept the last line in each input file is replaced with	the
		 tab character,	unless otherwise specified by the -d option.

     If	`-' is specified for one or more of the	input files, the standard in-
     put is used; standard input is read one line at a time, circularly, for
     each instance of `-'.

EXIT STATUS
     The paste utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an	error occurs.

EXAMPLES
     List the files in the current directory in	three columns:

	   ls |	paste -	- -

     Combine pairs of lines from a file	into single lines:

	   paste -s -d '\t\n' myfile

     Number the	lines in a file, similar to nl(1):

	   sed = myfile	| paste	-s -d '\t\n' - -

     Create a colon-separated list of directories named	bin, suitable for use
     in	the PATH environment variable:

	   find	/ -name	bin -type d | paste -s -d : -

SEE ALSO
     cut(1), lam(1)

STANDARDS
     The paste utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 ("POSIX.2") compati-
     ble.

HISTORY
     A paste command appeared in Version 32V AT&T UNIX.

BSD				 June 25, 2004				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXIT STATUS | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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