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PASSWD(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		     PASSWD(1)

NAME
     passwd -- modify a	user's password

SYNOPSIS
     passwd [user]

DESCRIPTION
     passwd changes the	user's password.  If no	user is	specified, the user's
     login name	is used	(see logname(1)).  First, the user is prompted for
     their current password.  If the current password is correctly typed, a
     new password is requested.	 The new password must be entered twice	to
     avoid typing errors.

     The new password should be	at least six characters	long and not purely
     alphabetic.  Its total length must	be less	than _PASSWORD_LEN (currently
     128 characters).  A mixture of both lower and uppercase letters, numbers,
     and meta-characters is encouraged.

     The quality of the	password can be	enforced by specifying an external
     checking program via the "passwordcheck" variable in login.conf(5).

     The superuser is not required to provide a	user's current password	if
     only the local password is	modified.

     Password encryption parameters depend on the configuration	of the
     "localcipher" capability in login.conf(5).	 If none is specified then
     blowfish is used, with the	number of rounds selected based	on system per-
     formance.

FILES
     /etc/login.conf	 configuration options
     /etc/master.passwd	 user database
     /etc/passwd	 user database,	with confidential information removed
     /etc/passwd.XXXXXX	 temporary copy	of the password	file
     /etc/ptmp		 lock file for the passwd database

DIAGNOSTICS
     Attempting	to lock	password file, please wait or press ^C to abort

     The password file is currently locked by another process; passwd will
     keep trying to lock the password file until it succeeds or	you hit	the
     interrupt character (control-C by default).  If passwd is interrupted
     while trying to gain the lock the password	change will be lost.

     If	the process holding the	lock was prematurely terminated	the lock file
     may be stale and passwd will wait forever trying to lock the password
     file.  To determine whether a live	process	is actually holding the	lock,
     the admin may run the following:

	   $ fstat /etc/ptmp

     If	no process is listed, it is safe to remove the /etc/ptmp file to clear
     the error.

SEE ALSO
     chpass(1),	encrypt(1), logname(1),	login.conf(5), passwd(5), pwd_mkdb(8),
     vipw(8)

     Robert Morris and Ken Thompson, "Password security: a case	history",
     Communications of the ACM,	Issue 11, Volume 22, 594-597, Nov. 1979.

HISTORY
     A passwd command appeared in Version 3 AT&T UNIX.

BSD				August 19, 2016				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | DIAGNOSTICS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY

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