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PANDOC(1)		    General Commands Manual		     PANDOC(1)

       pandoc -	general	markup converter

       pandoc [options]	[input-file]...

       Pandoc  is  a  Haskell library for converting from one markup format to
       another,	and a command-line tool	that uses this library.	 It  can  read
       Markdown, CommonMark, and (subsets of) Textile, reStructuredText, HTML,
       LaTeX, MediaWiki	markup,	TWiki  markup,	Haddock	 markup,  OPML,	 Emacs
       Org-mode, DocBook, txt2tags, EPUB and Word docx;	and it can write plain
       text, Markdown,	reStructuredText,  XHTML,  HTML	 5,  LaTeX  (including
       beamer  slide  shows),  ConTeXt,	RTF, OPML, DocBook, OpenDocument, ODT,
       Word docx, GNU Texinfo,	MediaWiki  markup,  DokuWiki  markup,  Haddock
       markup,	EPUB (v2 or v3), FictionBook2, Textile,	groff man pages, Emacs
       Org-Mode, AsciiDoc, InDesign ICML, and Slidy, Slideous,	DZSlides,  re-
       veal.js or S5 HTML slide	shows.	It can also produce PDF	output on sys-
       tems where LaTeX	is installed.

       Pandoc's	enhanced version of markdown includes  syntax  for  footnotes,
       tables,	flexible  ordered lists, definition lists, fenced code blocks,
       superscript, subscript, strikeout, title	blocks,	 automatic  tables  of
       contents,  embedded  LaTeX  math,  citations,  and markdown inside HTML
       block elements.	(These enhancements, described	below  under  PANDOC'S
       MARKDOWN,  can  be  disabled  using the markdown_strict input or	output

       In contrast to most existing tools for  converting  markdown  to	 HTML,
       which use regex substitutions, Pandoc has a modular design: it consists
       of a set	of readers, which parse	text in	a given	format and  produce  a
       native representation of	the document, and a set	of writers, which con-
       vert this native	representation into a target format.  Thus, adding  an
       input or	output format requires only adding a reader or writer.

   Using pandoc
       If  no  input-file  is specified, input is read from stdin.  Otherwise,
       the input-files are concatenated	(with a	blank line between  each)  and
       used as input.  Output goes to stdout by	default	(though	output to std-
       out is disabled for the odt, docx, epub,	 and  epub3  output  formats).
       For output to a file, use the -o	option:

	      pandoc -o	output.html input.txt

       By default, pandoc produces a document fragment,	not a standalone docu-
       ment with a proper header and footer.  To produce  a  standalone	 docu-
       ment, use the -s	or --standalone	flag:

	      pandoc -s	-o output.html input.txt

       For more	information on how standalone documents	are produced, see TEM-
       PLATES, below.

       Instead of a file, an absolute URI may be given.	 In this  case	pandoc
       will fetch the content using HTTP:

	      pandoc -f	html -t	markdown

       If  multiple  input  files  are given, pandoc will concatenate them all
       (with blank lines between them) before parsing.	This feature  is  dis-
       abled for binary	input formats such as EPUB and docx.

       The  format  of	the input and output can be specified explicitly using
       command-line options.  The input	format	can  be	 specified  using  the
       -r/--read  or -f/--from options,	the output format using	the -w/--write
       or -t/--to options.  Thus, to convert hello.txt from markdown to	LaTeX,
       you could type:

	      pandoc -f	markdown -t latex hello.txt

       To convert hello.html from html to markdown:

	      pandoc -f	html -t	markdown hello.html

       Supported  output  formats  are	listed below under the -t/--to option.
       Supported input formats are listed below	under  the  -f/--from  option.
       Note  that  the rst, textile, latex, and	html readers are not complete;
       there are some constructs that they do not parse.

       If the input or output format is	not specified explicitly, pandoc  will
       attempt	to  guess it from the extensions of the	input and output file-
       names.  Thus, for example,

	      pandoc -o	hello.tex hello.txt

       will convert hello.txt from markdown to LaTeX.  If no  output  file  is
       specified  (so that output goes to stdout), or if the output file's ex-
       tension is unknown, the output format will default to HTML.  If no  in-
       put file	is specified (so that input comes from stdin), or if the input
       files' extensions are unknown, the input	format will be assumed	to  be
       markdown	unless explicitly specified.

       Pandoc uses the UTF-8 character encoding	for both input and output.  If
       your local character encoding is	not UTF-8, you should pipe  input  and
       output through iconv:

	      iconv -t utf-8 input.txt | pandoc	| iconv	-f utf-8

       Note  that  in  some output formats (such as HTML, LaTeX, ConTeXt, RTF,
       OPML, DocBook, and Texinfo), information	about the  character  encoding
       is  included in the document header, which will only be included	if you
       use the -s/--standalone option.

   Creating a PDF
       Earlier versions	of pandoc came with a program, markdown2pdf, that used
       pandoc  and pdflatex to produce a PDF.  This is no longer needed, since
       pandoc can now produce pdf output itself.  To  produce  a  PDF,	simply
       specify an output file with a .pdf extension.  Pandoc will create a la-
       tex file	and use	pdflatex (or another engine,  see  --latex-engine)  to
       convert it to PDF:

	      pandoc test.txt -o test.pdf

       Production  of  a  PDF  requires	 that a	LaTeX engine be	installed (see
       --latex-engine, below), and assumes that	the following  LaTeX  packages
       are  available:	amssymb,  amsmath, ifxetex, ifluatex, listings (if the
       --listings option is used), fancyvrb, longtable,	booktabs, url,	graph-
       icx  and	grffile	(if the	document contains images), hyperref, ulem, ba-
       bel (if the lang	variable is set), fontspec (if xelatex or lualatex  is
       used as the LaTeX engine), xltxtra and xunicode (if xelatex is used).

       A  user	who  wants  a drop-in replacement for may create a
       symbolic	link to	the pandoc executable called hsmarkdown.  When invoked
       under  the  name	 hsmarkdown,  pandoc  will  behave  as if invoked with
       -f markdown_strict --email-obfuscation=references, and all command-line
       options	will  be treated as regular arguments.	However, this approach
       does not	work under Cygwin, due to problems with	its simulation of sym-
       bolic links.

   General options
       -f FORMAT, -r FORMAT, --from=FORMAT, --read=FORMAT
	      Specify  input  format.	FORMAT can be native (native Haskell),
	      json (JSON version of native AST), markdown  (pandoc's  extended
	      markdown), markdown_strict (original unextended markdown), mark-
	      down_phpextra (PHP  Markdown  Extra  extended  markdown),	 mark-
	      down_github  (github  extended markdown),	commonmark (CommonMark
	      markdown),  textile  (Textile),  rst  (reStructuredText),	  html
	      (HTML),  docbook	(DocBook),  t2t	 (txt2tags), docx (docx), epub
	      (EPUB), opml (OPML), org (Emacs Org-mode), mediawiki  (MediaWiki
	      markup),	twiki (TWiki markup), haddock (Haddock markup),	or la-
	      tex (LaTeX).  If +lhs is appended	to markdown,  rst,  latex,  or
	      html,  the input will be treated as literate Haskell source: see
	      LITERATE HASKELL SUPPORT,	below.	Markdown syntax	extensions can
	      be  individually	enabled	or disabled by appending +EXTENSION or
	      -EXTENSION  to  the  format  name.   So,	for   example,	 mark-
	      down_strict+footnotes+definition_lists  is  strict markdown with
	      footnotes	and definition lists  enabled,	and  markdown-pipe_ta-
	      bles+hard_line_breaks  is	 pandoc's markdown without pipe	tables
	      and with hard line breaks.  See PANDOC'S MARKDOWN, below,	for  a
	      list of extensions and their names.

       -t FORMAT, -w FORMAT, --to=FORMAT, --write=FORMAT
	      Specify  output  format.	FORMAT can be native (native Haskell),
	      json (JSON version of native AST), plain (plain text),  markdown
	      (pandoc's	 extended  markdown),  markdown_strict (original unex-
	      tended markdown),	markdown_phpextra (PHP Markdown	extra extended
	      markdown),  markdown_github  (github extended markdown), common-
	      mark (CommonMark markdown), rst (reStructuredText), html	(XHTML
	      1),  html5  (HTML	 5), latex (LaTeX), beamer (LaTeX beamer slide
	      show), context (ConTeXt),	man (groff man), mediawiki  (MediaWiki
	      markup),	dokuwiki  (DokuWiki  markup),  textile	(Textile), org
	      (Emacs Org-Mode),	texinfo	(GNU Texinfo),	opml  (OPML),  docbook
	      (DocBook),  opendocument	(OpenDocument),	 odt  (OpenOffice text
	      document), docx (Word docx), haddock (Haddock markup), rtf (rich
	      text  format),  epub  (EPUB v2 book), epub3 (EPUB	v3), fb2 (Fic-
	      tionBook2	e-book), asciidoc (AsciiDoc),  icml  (InDesign	ICML),
	      slidy (Slidy HTML	and javascript slide show), slideous (Slideous
	      HTML and javascript slide	 show),	 dzslides  (DZSlides  HTML5  +
	      javascript  slide	 show),	revealjs (reveal.js HTML5 + javascript
	      slide show), s5 (S5 HTML and javascript slide show), or the path
	      of  a  custom lua	writer (see CUSTOM WRITERS, below).  Note that
	      odt, epub, and epub3 output will not be directed to  stdout;  an
	      output  filename must be specified using the -o/--output option.
	      If +lhs is appended to markdown, rst, latex,  beamer,  html,  or
	      html5,  the  output will be rendered as literate Haskell source:
	      see LITERATE HASKELL SUPPORT, below.  Markdown syntax extensions
	      can  be individually enabled or disabled by appending +EXTENSION
	      or -EXTENSION to the format name,	as described above under -f.

       -o FILE,	--output=FILE
	      Write output to FILE instead of stdout.  If FILE	is  -,	output
	      will  go	to  stdout.   (Exception: if the output	format is odt,
	      docx, epub, or epub3, output to stdout is	disabled.)

	      Specify the user data directory to search	for pandoc data	files.
	      If this option is	not specified, the default user	data directory
	      will be used.  This is


	      in unix,

		     C:\Documents And Settings\USERNAME\Application Data\pandoc

	      in Windows XP, and


	      in Windows 7.  (You can find the default user data directory  on
	      your  system  by	looking	 at the	output of pandoc --version.) A
	      reference.odt, reference.docx, default.csl, epub.css, templates,
	      slidy,  slideous,	 or s5 directory placed	in this	directory will
	      override pandoc's	normal defaults.

	      Give verbose debugging output.  Currently	this only has  an  ef-
	      fect with	PDF output.

       -v, --version
	      Print version.

       -h, --help
	      Show usage message.

   Reader options
       -R, --parse-raw
	      Parse  untranslatable  HTML  codes and LaTeX environments	as raw
	      HTML or LaTeX, instead of	ignoring them.	Affects	only HTML  and
	      LaTeX input.  Raw	HTML can be printed in markdown, reStructured-
	      Text, HTML, Slidy, Slideous, DZSlides, reveal.js,	and S5 output;
	      raw  LaTeX  can be printed in markdown, reStructuredText,	LaTeX,
	      and ConTeXt output.  The default is for the readers to omit  un-
	      translatable  HTML  codes	 and  LaTeX  environments.  (The LaTeX
	      reader does pass through untranslatable LaTeX commands, even  if
	      -R is not	specified.)

       -S, --smart
	      Produce  typographically	correct	 output,  converting  straight
	      quotes to	curly quotes, --- to em-dashes,	-- to  en-dashes,  and
	      ...  to ellipses.	 Nonbreaking spaces are	inserted after certain
	      abbreviations, such as "Mr." (Note: This option  is  significant
	      only when	the input format is markdown, markdown_strict, textile
	      or twiki.	 It is selected	automatically when the input format is
	      textile  or  the	output	format	is  latex  or  context,	unless
	      --no-tex-ligatures is used.)

	      Selects the pandoc <= behavior for parsing smart dashes:
	      -	 before	 a  numeral is an en-dash, and -- is an	em-dash.  This
	      option is	selected automatically for textile input.

	      Specify the base level for headers (defaults to 1).

	      Specify classes to use for indented  code	 blocks--for  example,
	      perl,numberLines	or haskell.  Multiple classes may be separated
	      by spaces	or commas.

	      Specify a	default	extension to use when image paths/URLs have no
	      extension.   This	 allows	you to use the same source for formats
	      that require different kinds of images.  Currently  this	option
	      only affects the markdown	and LaTeX readers.

	      Specify  an  executable  to be used as a filter transforming the
	      Pandoc AST after the input is parsed and before  the  output  is
	      written.	 The  executable should	read JSON from stdin and write
	      JSON to stdout.  The JSON	must be	formatted  like	 pandoc's  own
	      JSON  input  and	output.	 The name of the output	format will be
	      passed to	the filter as the first	argument.  Hence,

		     pandoc --filter ./ -t latex

	      is equivalent to

		     pandoc -t json | ./	latex |	pandoc -f json -t latex

	      The latter form may be useful for	debugging filters.

	      Filters may be written in	any  language.	 Text.Pandoc.JSON  ex-
	      ports  toJSONFilter  to  facilitate  writing filters in Haskell.
	      Those who	would prefer to	write filters in python	 can  use  the
	      module	pandocfilters,	  installable	 from	 PyPI.	   See for the module  and  several
	      examples.	  There	are also pandoc	filter libraries in PHP, perl,
	      and javascript/node.js.

	      Note that	the EXECUTABLE will be sought in the user's PATH,  and
	      not  in  the working directory, if no directory is provided.  If
	      you want to run a	script in the working directory,  preface  the
	      filename with ./.

       -M KEY[=VAL], --metadata=KEY[:VAL]
	      Set  the metadata	field KEY to the value VAL.  A value specified
	      on the command line overrides a value specified in the document.
	      Values  will  be parsed as YAML boolean or string	values.	 If no
	      value is specified, the value will be treated as	Boolean	 true.
	      Like --variable, --metadata causes template variables to be set.
	      But unlike --variable, --metadata	affects	the  metadata  of  the
	      underlying document (which is accessible from filters and	may be
	      printed in some output formats).

	      Normalize	the document after reading: merge adjacent Str or Emph
	      elements,	for example, and remove	repeated Spaces.

       -p, --preserve-tabs
	      Preserve	tabs  instead  of  converting  them to spaces (the de-
	      fault).  Note that this will only	affect tabs  in	 literal  code
	      spans  and  code blocks; tabs in regular text will be treated as

	      Specify the number of spaces per tab (default is 4).

	      Specifies	what to	do with	insertions and deletions  produced  by
	      the  MS Word "track-changes" feature.  accept (the default), in-
	      serts all	insertions, and	ignores	all deletions.	reject inserts
	      all  deletions  and ignores insertions.  all puts	in both	inser-
	      tions and	deletions, wrapped in spans with insertion  and	 dele-
	      tion  classes,  respectively.   The author and time of change is
	      included.	 all is	useful for scripting: only  accepting  changes
	      from  a  certain	reviewer, say, or before a certain date.  This
	      option only affects the docx reader.

	      Extract images and other media contained in a docx or epub  con-
	      tainer to	the path DIR, creating it if necessary,	and adjust the
	      images references	in the document	so they	point to the extracted
	      files.  This option only affects the docx	and epub readers.

   General writer options
       -s, --standalone
	      Produce  output  with  an	appropriate header and footer (e.g.  a
	      standalone HTML, LaTeX, or RTF file, not a fragment).  This  op-
	      tion  is	set automatically for pdf, epub, epub3,	fb2, docx, and
	      odt output.

	      Use FILE as a custom template for	the generated  document.   Im-
	      plies  --standalone.   See  TEMPLATES below for a	description of
	      template syntax.	If no extension	 is  specified,	 an  extension
	      corresponding  to	 the  writer  will  be	added,	so that	--tem-
	      plate=special looks for special.html for HTML  output.   If  the
	      template	is  not	 found,	 pandoc	will search for	it in the tem-
	      plates subdirectory of the user data directory (see --data-dir).
	      If  this	option is not used, a default template appropriate for
	      the output format	 will  be  used	 (see  -D/--print-default-tem-

       -V KEY[=VAL], --variable=KEY[:VAL]
	      Set  the	template  variable KEY to the value VAL	when rendering
	      the document in standalone mode.	This is	generally only	useful
	      when the --template option is used to specify a custom template,
	      since pandoc automatically sets the variables used  in  the  de-
	      fault  templates.	 If no VAL is specified, the key will be given
	      the value	true.

       -D FORMAT, --print-default-template=FORMAT
	      Print the	system default template	for an output FORMAT.  (See -t
	      for  a list of possible FORMATs.)	Templates in the user data di-
	      rectory are ignored.

	      Print a system default data file.	 Files in the user data	direc-
	      tory are ignored.

	      Disable  text  wrapping  in output.  By default, text is wrapped
	      appropriately for	the output format.

	      Specify length of	lines in characters (for text wrapping).

       --toc, --table-of-contents
	      Include an automatically generated table of contents (or,	in the
	      case  of	latex, context,	and rst, an instruction	to create one)
	      in the output document.  This option has no effect on man,  doc-
	      book, slidy, slideous, s5, docx, or odt output.

	      Specify  the number of section levels to include in the table of
	      contents.	 The default is	3 (which means that level 1, 2,	and  3
	      headers will be listed in	the contents).

	      Disables	syntax	highlighting for code blocks and inlines, even
	      when a language attribute	is given.

	      Specifies	the coloring style to be used  in  highlighted	source
	      code.   Options  are  pygments  (the default), kate, monochrome,
	      espresso,	zenburn, haddock, and tango.  For more information  on
	      syntax highlighting in pandoc, see SYNTAX	HIGHLIGHTING, below.

       -H FILE,	--include-in-header=FILE
	      Include  contents	 of  FILE, verbatim, at	the end	of the header.
	      This can be used,	for example, to	include	special	CSS  or	 java-
	      script in	HTML documents.	 This option can be used repeatedly to
	      include multiple files in	the header.  They will be included  in
	      the order	specified.  Implies --standalone.

       -B FILE,	--include-before-body=FILE
	      Include contents of FILE,	verbatim, at the beginning of the doc-
	      ument body (e.g.	after the <body> tag  in  HTML,	 or  the  \be-
	      gin{document}  command  in  LaTeX).  This	can be used to include
	      navigation bars or banners in HTML documents.  This  option  can
	      be  used repeatedly to include multiple files.  They will	be in-
	      cluded in	the order specified.  Implies --standalone.

       -A FILE,	--include-after-body=FILE
	      Include contents of FILE,	verbatim, at the end of	 the  document
	      body (before the </body> tag in HTML, or the \end{document} com-
	      mand in LaTeX).  This option can be be used  repeatedly  to  in-
	      clude multiple files.  They will be included in the order	speci-
	      fied.  Implies --standalone.

   Options affecting specific writers
	      Produce a	standalone HTML	file with  no  external	 dependencies,
	      using  data: URIs	to incorporate the contents of linked scripts,
	      stylesheets, images, and videos.	The resulting file  should  be
	      "self-contained,"	 in  the sense that it needs no	external files
	      and no net access	to be displayed	properly by a  browser.	  This
	      option  works  only  with	 HTML  output formats, including html,
	      html5, html+lhs, html5+lhs, s5, slidy, slideous,	dzslides,  and
	      revealjs.	  Scripts,  images,  and  stylesheets at absolute URLs
	      will be downloaded; those	at relative URLs will be sought	 rela-
	      tive  to	the working directory (if the first source file	is lo-
	      cal) or relative to the base URL (if the first  source  file  is
	      remote).	--self-contained does not work with --mathjax.

	      Deprecated synonym for --self-contained.

       -5, --html5
	      Produce  HTML5  instead of HTML4.	 This option has no effect for
	      writers other than html.	(Deprecated: Use the html5 output for-
	      mat instead.)

	      Use <q> tags for quotes in HTML.

	      Use  only	 ascii characters in output.  Currently	supported only
	      for HTML output (which uses numerical entities instead of	 UTF-8
	      when this	option is selected).

	      Use  reference-style links, rather than inline links, in writing
	      markdown or reStructuredText.  By	default	inline links are used.

	      Use ATX style headers in markdown	and asciidoc output.  The  de-
	      fault  is	 to  use setext-style headers for levels 1-2, and then
	      ATX headers.

	      Treat top-level headers as chapters in LaTeX, ConTeXt, and  Doc-
	      Book  output.  When the LaTeX template uses the report, book, or
	      memoir class, this option	is implied.  If	beamer is  the	output
	      format, top-level	headers	will become \part{..}.

       -N, --number-sections
	      Number section headings in LaTeX,	ConTeXt, HTML, or EPUB output.
	      By default, sections are not numbered.  Sections with class  un-
	      numbered	will  never  be	numbered, even if --number-sections is

	      Offset for section headings in HTML  output  (ignored  in	 other
	      output  formats).	 The first number is added to the section num-
	      ber for top-level	headers, the second for	second-level  headers,
	      and  so  on.   So,  for example, if you want the first top-level
	      header in	your document  to  be  numbered	 "6",  specify	--num-
	      ber-offset=5.   If  your	document  starts with a	level-2	header
	      which you	want  to  be  numbered	"1.5",	specify	 --number-off-
	      set=1,4.	Offsets	are 0 by default.  Implies --number-sections.

	      Do  not  convert quotation marks,	apostrophes, and dashes	to the
	      TeX ligatures when writing LaTeX or ConTeXt.  Instead, just  use
	      literal  unicode	characters.  This is needed for	using advanced
	      OpenType features	with XeLaTeX  and  LuaLaTeX.   Note:  normally
	      --smart  is selected automatically for LaTeX and ConTeXt output,
	      but it must be specified explicitly if --no-tex-ligatures	is se-
	      lected.	If  you	use literal curly quotes, dashes, and ellipses
	      in your source, then you	may  want  to  use  --no-tex-ligatures
	      without --smart.

	      Use listings package for LaTeX code blocks

       -i, --incremental
	      Make  list  items	 in  slide shows display incrementally (one by
	      one).  The default is for	lists to be displayed all at once.

	      Specifies	that headers with the specified	 level	create	slides
	      (for beamer, s5, slidy, slideous,	dzslides).  Headers above this
	      level in the hierarchy are used to divide	the  slide  show  into
	      sections;	 headers  below	 this  level  create subheads within a
	      slide.  The default is to	set the	slide level based on the  con-
	      tents of the document; see STRUCTURING THE SLIDE SHOW, below.

	      Wrap  sections  in  <div>	tags (or <section> tags	in HTML5), and
	      attach identifiers to the	enclosing <div>	(or <section>)	rather
	      than the header itself.  See SECTION IDENTIFIERS,	below.

	      Specify  a  method  for  obfuscating mailto: links in HTML docu-
	      ments.  none leaves mailto: links	as they	are.   javascript  ob-
	      fuscates	them  using javascript.	 references obfuscates them by
	      printing their letters as	decimal	or hexadecimal character  ref-

	      Specify  a  prefix  to  be  added	to all automatically generated
	      identifiers in HTML and DocBook output, and to footnote  numbers
	      in  markdown  output.   This  is useful for preventing duplicate
	      identifiers when generating fragments to be  included  in	 other

       -T STRING, --title-prefix=STRING
	      Specify  STRING  as  a prefix at the beginning of	the title that
	      appears in the HTML header (but not in the title as  it  appears
	      at the beginning of the HTML body).  Implies --standalone.

       -c URL, --css=URL
	      Link  to	a CSS style sheet.  This option	can be be used repeat-
	      edly to include multiple files.  They will be  included  in  the
	      order specified.

	      Use the specified	file as	a style	reference in producing an ODT.
	      For best results,	the reference ODT should be a modified version
	      of  an ODT produced using	pandoc.	 The contents of the reference
	      ODT are ignored, but its stylesheets are used in	the  new  ODT.
	      If  no  reference	 ODT  is specified on the command line,	pandoc
	      will look	for a file reference.odt in the	 user  data  directory
	      (see  --data-dir).   If  this  is	not found either, sensible de-
	      faults will be used.

	      Use the specified	file as	a style	reference in producing a  docx
	      file.  For best results, the reference docx should be a modified
	      version of a docx	file produced using pandoc.  The  contents  of
	      the reference docx are ignored, but its stylesheets and document
	      properties (including margins, page size,	 header,  and  footer)
	      are  used	in the new docx.  If no	reference docx is specified on
	      the command line,	pandoc will look for a file reference.docx  in
	      the  user	data directory (see --data-dir).  If this is not found
	      either, sensible defaults	will be	used.	The  following	styles
	      are  used	 by pandoc: [paragraph]	Normal,	Compact, Title,	Subti-
	      tle, Authors, Date, Abstract, Heading 1, Heading 2,  Heading  3,
	      Heading  4,  Heading 5, Block Text, Definition Term, Definition,
	      Bibliography, Body Text, Table Caption, Image  Caption,  Figure,
	      FigureWithCaption; [character] Default Paragraph Font, Body Text
	      Char, Verbatim Char, Footnote Reference, Hyperlink.

	      Use the specified	CSS file to style the EPUB.  If	no  stylesheet
	      is  specified,  pandoc will look for a file epub.css in the user
	      data directory (see --data-dir).	If it is not found there, sen-
	      sible defaults will be used.

	      Use  the	specified  image as the	EPUB cover.  It	is recommended
	      that the image be	less than 1000px in width  and	height.	  Note
	      that  in	a  markdown  source  document  you  can	 also  specify
	      cover-image in a YAML metadata block (see	EPUB METADATA, below).

	      Look in the specified XML	file for metadata for the  EPUB.   The
	      file  should  contain a series of	Dublin Core elements, as docu-
	      mented at	For example:

		      <dc:rights>Creative Commons</dc:rights>

	      By default, pandoc will include the following metadata elements:
	      <dc:title>  (from	 the  document	title),	<dc:creator> (from the
	      document authors), <dc:date>  (from  the	document  date,	 which
	      should  be  in  ISO  8601	 format), <dc:language>	(from the lang
	      variable,	or, if	is  not	 set,  the  locale),  and  <dc:identi-
	      fier id="BookId">	(a randomly generated UUID).  Any of these may
	      be overridden by elements	in the metadata	file.

	      Note: if the source document is markdown,	a YAML metadata	 block
	      in the document can be used instead.  See	below under EPUB META-

	      Embed the	specified font in the EPUB.  This option  can  be  re-
	      peated to	embed multiple fonts.  Wildcards can also be used: for
	      example, DejaVuSans-*.ttf.  However, if you use wildcards	on the
	      command  line,  be sure to escape	them or	put the	whole filename
	      in single	quotes,	to prevent them	from being interpreted by  the
	      shell.  To use the embedded fonts, you will need to add declara-
	      tions like the following to your CSS (see	--epub-stylesheet):

		     @font-face	{
		     font-family: DejaVuSans;
		     font-style: normal;
		     font-weight: normal;
		     @font-face	{
		     font-family: DejaVuSans;
		     font-style: normal;
		     font-weight: bold;
		     @font-face	{
		     font-family: DejaVuSans;
		     font-style: italic;
		     font-weight: normal;
		     @font-face	{
		     font-family: DejaVuSans;
		     font-style: italic;
		     font-weight: bold;
		     body { font-family: "DejaVuSans"; }

	      Specify the header level at which	to split the EPUB  into	 sepa-
	      rate  "chapter" files.  The default is to	split into chapters at
	      level 1 headers.	This option only affects the internal composi-
	      tion  of	the  EPUB,  not	the way	chapters and sections are dis-
	      played to	users.	Some readers may be slow if the	chapter	 files
	      are  too large, so for large documents with few level 1 headers,
	      one might	want to	use a chapter level of 2 or 3.

	      Use the specified	LaTeX engine when producing PDF	 output.   The
	      default  is  pdflatex.   If  the engine is not in	your PATH, the
	      full path	of the engine may be specified here.

	      Use the given string as a	command-line argument to the latex-en-
	      gine.   If  used multiple	times, the arguments are provided with
	      spaces between them.  Note that no check for  duplicate  options
	      is done.

   Citation rendering
	      Set  the	bibliography field in the document's metadata to FILE,
	      overriding any value set in the metadata,	and process  citations
	      using pandoc-citeproc.  (This is equivalent to --metadata	bibli-
	      ography=FILE --filter pandoc-citeproc.)  If --natbib or --bibla-
	      tex  is  also supplied, pandoc-citeproc is not used, making this
	      equivalent to --metadata bibliography=FILE.  If you supply  this
	      argument	multiple  times, each FILE will	be added to bibliogra-

	      Set the csl field	in the document's metadata to FILE, overriding
	      any  value  set in the metadata.	(This is equivalent to --meta-
	      data csl=FILE.)  This  option  is	 only	relevant   with	  pan-

	      Set  the citation-abbreviations field in the document's metadata
	      to FILE, overriding any value set	in  the	 metadata.   (This  is
	      equivalent  to --metadata	citation-abbreviations=FILE.) This op-
	      tion is only relevant with pandoc-citeproc.

	      Use natbib for citations in LaTeX	output.	 This  option  is  not
	      for  use with the	pandoc-citeproc	filter or with PDF output.  It
	      is intended for use in producing a LaTeX file that can  be  pro-
	      cessed with pdflatex and bibtex.

	      Use  biblatex for	citations in LaTeX output.  This option	is not
	      for use with the pandoc-citeproc filter or with PDF output.   It
	      is  intended  for	use in producing a LaTeX file that can be pro-
	      cessed with pdflatex and bibtex or biber.

   Math	rendering in HTML
       -m [URL], --latexmathml[=URL]
	      Use the LaTeXMathML script to display embedded TeX math in  HTML
	      output.	To insert a link to a local copy of the	LaTeXMathML.js
	      script, provide a	URL.  If no URL	is provided, the  contents  of
	      the  script will be inserted directly into the HTML header, pre-
	      serving portability at the price of efficiency.  If you plan  to
	      use  math	 on several pages, it is much better to	link to	a copy
	      of the script, so	it can be cached.

	      Convert TeX math to MathML (in  docbook  as  well	 as  html  and
	      html5).	In  standalone	html  output, a	small javascript (or a
	      link to such a script if a URL is	 supplied)  will  be  inserted
	      that allows the MathML to	be viewed on some browsers.

	      Use jsMath to display embedded TeX math in HTML output.  The URL
	      should  point   to   the	 jsMath	  load	 script	  (e.g.	   js-
	      Math/easy/load.js);  if  provided,  it  will be linked to	in the
	      header of	standalone HTML	documents.  If a URL is	not  provided,
	      no  link	to the jsMath load script will be inserted; it is then
	      up to the	author to provide such a link in the HTML template.

	      Use MathJax to display embedded TeX math in  HTML	 output.   The
	      URL should point to the MathJax.js load script.  If a URL	is not
	      provided,	a link to the MathJax CDN will be inserted.

	      Enclose TeX math in <eq> tags in HTML output.  These can then be
	      processed	 by  gladTeX to	produce	links to images	of the typeset

	      Render TeX math using the	mimeTeX	CGI script.   If  URL  is  not
	      specified,  it  is  assumed that the script is at	/cgi-bin/mime-

	      Render TeX formulas using	an external script that	 converts  TeX
	      formulas	to  images.  The formula will be concatenated with the
	      URL provided.  If	URL is not specified,  the  Google  Chart  API
	      will be used.

	      Use  KaTeX to display embedded TeX math in HTML output.  The URL
	      should point to the katex.js load	script.	 If a URL is not  pro-
	      vided, a link to the KaTeX CDN will be inserted.

	      The  URL	should point to	the katex.css stylesheet.  If this op-
	      tion is not specified, a link to the KaTeX CDN will be inserted.
	      Note that	this option does not imply --katex.

   Options for wrapper scripts
	      Print  information  about	command-line arguments to stdout, then
	      exit.  This option is intended  primarily	 for  use  in  wrapper
	      scripts.	The first line of output contains the name of the out-
	      put file specified with the -o option, or	- (for stdout)	if  no
	      output file was specified.  The remaining	lines contain the com-
	      mand-line	arguments, one per line, in  the  order	 they  appear.
	      These do not include regular Pandoc options and their arguments,
	      but do include any options appearing after a -- separator	at the
	      end of the line.

	      Ignore  command-line  arguments  (for  use  in wrapper scripts).
	      Regular Pandoc options are not ignored.  Thus, for example,

		     pandoc --ignore-args -o foo.html -s foo.txt -- -e latin1

	      is equivalent to

		     pandoc -o foo.html	-s

       When the	-s/--standalone	option is used,	pandoc uses a template to  add
       header and footer material that is needed for a self-standing document.
       To see the default template that	is used, just type

	      pandoc -D	FORMAT

       where FORMAT is the name	of the output format.  A custom	 template  can
       be  specified  using  the --template option.  You can also override the
       system default templates	for a given output format FORMAT by putting  a
       file   templates/default.FORMAT	 in   the  user	 data  directory  (see
       --data-dir, above).  Exceptions:	For  odt  output,  customize  the  de-
       fault.opendocument template.  For pdf output, customize the
       tex template.

       Templates may contain variables.	 Variable names	are sequences  of  al-
       phanumerics,  -,	 and  _, starting with a letter.  A variable name sur-
       rounded by $ signs will be replaced by its  value.   For	 example,  the
       string $title$ in


       will be replaced	by the document	title.

       To write	a literal $ in a template, use $$.

       Some  variables	are  set automatically by pandoc.  These vary somewhat
       depending on the	output format, but include metadata  fields  (such  as
       title, author, and date)	as well	as the following:

	      contents	specified by -H/--include-in-header (may have multiple

       toc    non-null value if	--toc/--table-of-contents was specified

	      contents specified by -B/--include-before-body (may have	multi-
	      ple values)

	      contents specified by -A/--include-after-body (may have multiple

       body   body of document

       lang   language code for	HTML or	LaTeX documents

	      base    URL     for     Slidy	documents     (defaults	    to

	      base URL for Slideous documents (defaults	to slideous)

       s5-url base URL for S5 documents	(defaults to s5/default)

	      base URL for reveal.js documents (defaults to reveal.js)

       theme  reveal.js	or LaTeX beamer	theme

	      reveal.js	transition

	      font size	(10pt, 11pt, 12pt) for LaTeX documents

	      document class for LaTeX documents

	      option  for  LaTeX documentclass,	e.g.  oneside; may be repeated
	      for multiple options

	      options for LaTeX	geometry class,	e.g.  margin=1in; may  be  re-
	      peated for multiple options

	      adjusts line spacing (requires the setspace package)

	      font package to use for LaTeX documents (with pdflatex): TeXLive
	      has bookman (Bookman), utopia  or	 fourier  (Utopia),  fouriernc
	      (New  Century Schoolbook), times or txfonts (Times), mathpazo or
	      pxfonts or mathpple  (Palatino),	libertine  (Linux  Libertine),
	      arev (Arev Sans),	and the	default	lmodern, among others.

       mainfont, sansfont, monofont, mathfont, CJKmainfont
	      fonts  for  LaTeX	 documents (works only with xelatex and	luala-
	      tex).  Note that if CJKmainfont is used, the xeCJK package  must
	      be available.

	      colortheme for LaTeX beamer documents

	      fonttheme	for LaTeX beamer documents

	      color  for  internal  links  in LaTeX documents (red, green, ma-
	      genta, cyan, blue, black)

	      color for	links in table of contents in LaTeX documents

	      color for	external links in LaTeX	documents

	      color for	citation links in LaTeX	documents

	      causes links to be printed as footnotes in LaTeX documents

       toc    include table of contents	in LaTeX documents

	      level of section to include in table of contents in LaTeX	 docu-

	      title of table of	contents (works	only with EPUB and docx)

       lof    include list of figures in LaTeX documents

       lot    include list of tables in	LaTeX documents

	      bibliography to use for resolving	references

	      bibliography style in LaTeX, when	used with --natbib

	      section number in	man pages

       header header in	man pages

       footer footer in	man pages

       Variables  may  be  set at the command line using the -V/--variable op-
       tion.  Variables	set in this way	override metadata fields with the same

       Templates may contain conditionals.  The	syntax is as follows:


       This  will  include X in	the template if	variable has a non-null	value;
       otherwise it will include Y.  X and Y are placeholders  for  any	 valid
       template	 text,	and may	include	interpolated variables or other	condi-
       tionals.	 The $else$ section may	be omitted.

       When variables can have multiple	 values	 (for  example,	 author	 in  a
       multi-author document), you can use the $for$ keyword:

	      <meta name="author" content="$author$" />

       You  can	 optionally specify a separator	to be used between consecutive

	      $for(author)$$author$$sep$, $endfor$

       A dot can be used to select a field of a	variable that takes an	object
       as its value.  So, for example:

	      $$ ($author.affiliation$)

       If  you	use  custom  templates,	 you may need to revise	them as	pandoc
       changes.	 We recommend tracking the changes in the  default  templates,
       and  modifying  your  custom  templates accordingly.  An	easy way to do
       this	is     to     fork     the     pandoc-templates	    repository
       (	 and  merge  in	 changes after
       each pandoc release.

       Pandoc understands an extended and slightly  revised  version  of  John
       Gruber's	 markdown  syntax.   This document explains the	syntax,	noting
       differences from	standard markdown.  Except where noted,	these  differ-
       ences  can be suppressed	by using the markdown_strict format instead of
       markdown.  An extensions	can be enabled by  adding  +EXTENSION  to  the
       format  name  and  disabled  by	adding -EXTENSION.  For	example, mark-
       down_strict+footnotes is	strict markdown	with footnotes enabled,	 while
       markdown-footnotes-pipe_tables  is  pandoc's markdown without footnotes
       or pipe tables.

       Markdown	is designed to be easy to write, and, even  more  importantly,
       easy to read:

	      A	 Markdown-formatted  document  should be publishable as-is, as
	      plain text, without looking like it's been marked	up  with  tags
	      or formatting instructions.  -- John Gruber

       This  principle has guided pandoc's decisions in	finding	syntax for ta-
       bles, footnotes,	and other extensions.

       There is, however, one respect in which	pandoc's  aims	are  different
       from  the  original  aims of markdown.  Whereas markdown	was originally
       designed	with HTML generation in	mind, pandoc is	designed for  multiple
       output  formats.	  Thus,	while pandoc allows the	embedding of raw HTML,
       it discourages it, and provides other, non-HTMLish ways of representing
       important document elements like	definition lists, tables, mathematics,
       and footnotes.

       A paragraph is one or more lines	of text	followed by one	or more	 blank
       lines.	Newlines  are  treated as spaces, so you can reflow your para-
       graphs as you like.  If you need	a hard line break,  put	 two  or  more
       spaces at the end of a line.

   Extension: escaped_line_breaks
       A  backslash followed by	a newline is also a hard line break.  Note: in
       multiline and grid table	cells, this is the only	way to create  a  hard
       line break, since trailing spaces in the	cells are ignored.

       There are two kinds of headers, Setext and atx.

   Setext-style	headers
       A  setext-style	header	is a line of text "underlined" with a row of =
       signs (for a level one header) or - signs (for a	level two header):

	      A	level-one header

	      A	level-two header

       The header text can contain inline formatting, such  as	emphasis  (see
       INLINE FORMATTING, below).

   Atx-style headers
       An  Atx-style header consists of	one to six # signs and a line of text,
       optionally followed by any number of # signs.  The number of # signs at
       the beginning of	the line is the	header level:

	      ## A level-two header

	      ### A level-three	header ###

       As with setext-style headers, the header	text can contain formatting:

	      #	A level-one header with	a [link](/url) and *emphasis*

   Extension: blank_before_header
       Standard	markdown syntax	does not require a blank line before a header.
       Pandoc does require this	(except, of course, at the  beginning  of  the
       document).   The	 reason	for the	requirement is that it is all too easy
       for a # to end up at the	beginning  of  a  line	by  accident  (perhaps
       through line wrapping).	Consider, for example:

	      I	like several of	their flavors of ice cream:
	      #22, for example,	and #5.

   Header identifiers in HTML, LaTeX, and ConTeXt
   Extension: header_attributes
       Headers	can be assigned	attributes using this syntax at	the end	of the
       line containing the header text:

	      {#identifier .class .class key=value key=value}

       Thus, for example, the following	headers	will all be assigned the iden-
       tifier foo:

	      #	My header {#foo}

	      ## My header ##	 {#foo}

	      My other header	{#foo}

       (This syntax is compatible with PHP Markdown Extra.)

       Note  that  although  this  syntax  allows  assignment  of  classes and
       key/value attributes, writers generally don't use all of	this  informa-
       tion.   Identifiers, classes, and key/value attributes are used in HTML
       and HTML-based formats such as EPUB and slidy.	Identifiers  are  used
       for  labels  and	link anchors in	the LaTeX, ConTeXt, Textile, and Asci-
       iDoc writers.

       Headers with the	class unnumbered will not be numbered, even if	--num-
       ber-sections is specified.  A single hyphen (-) in an attribute context
       is equivalent to	.unnumbered, and preferable in non-English  documents.

	      #	My header {-}

       is just the same	as

	      #	My header {.unnumbered}

   Extension: auto_identifiers
       A  header  without an explicitly	specified identifier will be automati-
       cally assigned a	unique identifier based	on the header text.  To	derive
       the identifier from the header text,

       o Remove	all formatting,	links, etc.

       o Remove	all footnotes.

       o Remove	all punctuation, except	underscores, hyphens, and periods.

       o Replace all spaces and	newlines with hyphens.

       o Convert all alphabetic	characters to lowercase.

       o Remove	 everything  up	to the first letter (identifiers may not begin
	 with a	number or punctuation mark).

       o If nothing is left after this,	use the	identifier section.

       Thus, for example,

       Header			    Identifier
       Header identifiers in HTML   header-identifiers-in-html
       Dogs?--in my house?	    dogs--in-my-house
       HTML, S5, or RTF?	    html-s5-or-rtf
       3.  Applications		    applications
       33			    section

       These rules should, in most cases, allow	one to determine  the  identi-
       fier  from the header text.  The	exception is when several headers have
       the same	text; in this case, the	first will get an  identifier  as  de-
       scribed	above;	the  second  will  get the same	identifier with	-1 ap-
       pended; the third with -2; and so on.

       These identifiers are used to provide link targets in the table of con-
       tents  generated	 by  the  --toc|--table-of-contents option.  They also
       make it easy to provide links from one section of  a  document  to  an-
       other.  A link to this section, for example, might look like this:

	      See the section on
	      [header identifiers](#header-identifiers-in-html-latex-and-context).

       Note,  however,	that  this method of providing links to	sections works
       only in HTML, LaTeX, and	ConTeXt	formats.

       If the --section-divs option is specified, then each  section  will  be
       wrapped	in  a  div  (or	 a section, if --html5 was specified), and the
       identifier will be attached to the enclosing <div> (or  <section>)  tag
       rather  than  the header	itself.	 This allows entire sections to	be ma-
       nipulated using javascript or treated differently in CSS.

   Extension: implicit_header_references
       Pandoc behaves as if reference links have been defined for each header.
       So, instead of

	      [header identifiers](#header-identifiers-in-html)

       you can simply write

	      [header identifiers]


	      [header identifiers][]


	      [the section on header identifiers][header identifiers]

       If  there  are  multiple	headers	with identical text, the corresponding
       reference will link to the first	one only, and you will need to use ex-
       plicit links to link to the others, as described	above.

       Like regular reference links, these references are case-insensitive.

       Explicit	 link reference	definitions always take	priority over implicit
       header references.  So, in the following	example, the link  will	 point
       to bar, not to #foo:

	      #	Foo

	      [foo]: bar

	      See [foo]

   Block quotations
       Markdown	 uses  email  conventions for quoting blocks of	text.  A block
       quotation is one	or more	paragraphs or other block  elements  (such  as
       lists  or  headers),  with  each	 line  preceded	by a > character and a
       space.  (The > need not start at	the left margin, but it	should not  be
       indented	more than three	spaces.)

	      >	This is	a block	quote. This
	      >	paragraph has two lines.
	      >	1. This	is a list inside a block quote.
	      >	2. Second item.

       A "lazy"	form, which requires the > character only on the first line of
       each block, is also allowed:

	      >	This is	a block	quote. This
	      paragraph	has two	lines.

	      >	1. This	is a list inside a block quote.
	      2. Second	item.

       Among the block elements	that can be contained in  a  block  quote  are
       other block quotes.  That is, block quotes can be nested:

	      >	This is	a block	quote.
	      >	> A block quote	within a block quote.

   Extension: blank_before_blockquote
       Standard	 markdown  syntax does not require a blank line	before a block
       quote.  Pandoc does require this	(except, of course, at	the  beginning
       of the document).  The reason for the requirement is that it is all too
       easy for	a > to end up at the beginning of a line by accident  (perhaps
       through line wrapping).	So, unless the markdown_strict format is used,
       the following does not produce a	nested block quote in pandoc:

	      >	This is	a block	quote.
	      >> Nested.

   Verbatim (code) blocks
   Indented code blocks
       A block of text indented	four spaces (or	one tab) is treated as	verba-
       tim  text:  that	 is, special characters	do not trigger special format-
       ting, and all spaces and	line breaks are	preserved.  For	example,

		  if (a	> 3) {
		    moveShip(5 * gravity, DOWN);

       The initial (four space or one tab) indentation is not considered  part
       of the verbatim text, and is removed in the output.

       Note: blank lines in the	verbatim text need not begin with four spaces.

   Fenced code blocks
   Extension: fenced_code_blocks
       In  addition  to	 standard indented code	blocks,	Pandoc supports	fenced
       code blocks.  These begin with a	row of three or	more  tildes  (~)  and
       end  with a row of tildes that must be at least as long as the starting
       row.  Everything	between	these lines is treated as code.	  No  indenta-
       tion is necessary:

	      if (a > 3) {
		moveShip(5 * gravity, DOWN);

       Like  regular  code  blocks,  fenced code blocks	must be	separated from
       surrounding text	by blank lines.

       If the code itself contains a row of tildes or backticks,  just	use  a
       longer row of tildes or backticks at the	start and end:

	      code including tildes

   Extension: backtick_code_blocks
       Same  as	 fenced_code_blocks,  but uses backticks (`) instead of	tildes

   Extension: fenced_code_attributes
       Optionally, you may attach attributes to	fenced or backtick code	 block
       using this syntax:

	      ~~~~ {#mycode .haskell .numberLines startFrom="100"}
	      qsort []	   = []
	      qsort (x:xs) = qsort (filter (< x) xs) ++	[x] ++
			     qsort (filter (>= x) xs)

       Here  mycode is an identifier, haskell and numberLines are classes, and
       startFrom is an attribute with value 100.  Some output formats can  use
       this information	to do syntax highlighting.  Currently, the only	output
       formats that uses this information are HTML and LaTeX.  If highlighting
       is  supported  for your output format and language, then	the code block
       above will appear highlighted, with numbered lines.  (To	see which lan-
       guages  are supported, do pandoc	--version.)  Otherwise,	the code block
       above will appear as follows:

	      <pre id="mycode" class="haskell numberLines" startFrom="100">

       A shortcut form can also	be used	for specifying	the  language  of  the
       code block:

	      qsort [] = []

       This is equivalent to:

	      ``` {.haskell}
	      qsort [] = []

       If the fenced_code_attributes extension is disabled, but	input contains
       class attribute(s) for the codeblock, the first class attribute will be
       printed after the opening fence as a bare word.

       To  prevent  all	highlighting, use the --no-highlight flag.  To set the
       highlighting style, use --highlight-style.   For	 more  information  on
       highlighting, see SYNTAX	HIGHLIGHTING, below.

   Line	blocks
   Extension: line_blocks
       A  line	block is a sequence of lines beginning with a vertical bar (|)
       followed	by a space.  The division into lines will be preserved in  the
       output,	as  will any leading spaces; otherwise,	the lines will be for-
       matted as markdown.  This is useful for verse and addresses:

	      |	The limerick packs laughs anatomical
	      |	In space that is quite economical.
	      |	   But the good	ones I've seen
	      |	   So seldom are clean
	      |	And the	clean ones so seldom are comical

	      |	200 Main St.
	      |	Berkeley, CA 94718

       The lines can be	hard-wrapped if	needed,	but the	continuation line must
       begin with a space.

	      |	The Right Honorable Most Venerable and Righteous Samuel	L.
		Constable, Jr.
	      |	200 Main St.
	      |	Berkeley, CA 94718

       This syntax is borrowed from reStructuredText.

   Bullet lists
       A  bullet  list is a list of bulleted list items.  A bulleted list item
       begins with a bullet (*,	+, or -).  Here	is a simple example:

	      *	one
	      *	two
	      *	three

       This will produce a "compact" list.  If you want	 a  "loose"  list,  in
       which  each  item  is  formatted	as a paragraph,	put spaces between the

	      *	one

	      *	two

	      *	three

       The bullets need	not be flush with the left margin;  they  may  be  in-
       dented  one,  two,  or  three  spaces.	The bullet must	be followed by

       List items look best if subsequent lines	are flush with the first  line
       (after the bullet):

	      *	here is	my first
		list item.
	      *	and my second.

       But markdown also allows	a "lazy" format:

	      *	here is	my first
	      list item.
	      *	and my second.

   The four-space rule
       A  list item may	contain	multiple paragraphs and	other block-level con-
       tent.  However, subsequent paragraphs must be preceded by a blank  line
       and  indented  four  spaces or a	tab.  The list will look better	if the
       first paragraph is aligned with the rest:

		* First	paragraph.


		* Second paragraph. With a code	block, which must be indented
		  eight	spaces:

		      {	code }

       List items may include other lists.  In this case the  preceding	 blank
       line  is	optional.  The nested list must	be indented four spaces	or one

	      *	fruits
		  + apples
		      -	macintosh
		      -	red delicious
		  + pears
		  + peaches
	      *	vegetables
		  + broccoli
		  + chard

       As noted	above, markdown	allows you to write list items	"lazily,"  in-
       stead  of indenting continuation	lines.	However, if there are multiple
       paragraphs or other blocks in a list item, the first line of each  must
       be indented.

	      +	A lazy,	lazy, list

	      +	Another	one; this looks
	      bad but is legal.

		  Second paragraph of second
	      list item.

       Note:  Although	the  four-space	rule for continuation paragraphs comes
       from the	official markdown syntax guide,	the reference  implementation,, does not follow it.	 So pandoc will	give different results
       than	when authors  have  indented  continuation  paragraphs
       fewer than four spaces.

       The  markdown  syntax guide is not explicit whether the four-space rule
       applies to all block-level content in a list  item;  it	only  mentions
       paragraphs  and	code  blocks.  But it implies that the rule applies to
       all block-level content (including nested lists), and pandoc interprets
       it that way.

   Ordered lists
       Ordered	lists work just	like bulleted lists, except that the items be-
       gin with	enumerators rather than	bullets.

       In standard markdown, enumerators are decimal numbers followed by a pe-
       riod  and  a space.  The	numbers	themselves are ignored,	so there is no
       difference between this list:

	      1.  one
	      2.  two
	      3.  three

       and this	one:

	      5.  one
	      7.  two
	      1.  three

   Extension: fancy_lists
       Unlike standard markdown, Pandoc	allows ordered list items to be	marked
       with uppercase and lowercase letters and	roman numerals,	in addition to
       arabic numerals.	 List markers may be enclosed in parentheses  or  fol-
       lowed  by a single right-parentheses or period.	They must be separated
       from the	text that follows by at	least one  space,  and,	 if  the  list
       marker is a capital letter with a period, by at least two spaces.

       The fancy_lists extension also allows '#' to be used as an ordered list
       marker in place of a numeral:

	      #. one
	      #. two

   Extension: startnum
       Pandoc also pays	attention to the type of list marker used, and to  the
       starting	 number, and both of these are preserved where possible	in the
       output format.  Thus, the following yields a list with numbers followed
       by  a single parenthesis, starting with 9, and a	sublist	with lowercase
       roman numerals:

	       9)  Ninth
	      10)  Tenth
	      11)  Eleventh
		     i.	subone
		    ii.	subtwo
		   iii.	subthree

       Pandoc will start a new list each time a	different type of list	marker
       is used.	 So, the following will	create three lists:

	      (2) Two
	      (5) Three
	      1.  Four
	      *	  Five

       If default list markers are desired, use	#.:

	      #.  one
	      #.  two
	      #.  three

   Definition lists
   Extension: definition_lists
       Pandoc  supports	definition lists, using	the syntax of PHP Markdown Ex-
       tra with	some extensions.

	      Term 1

	      :	  Definition 1

	      Term 2 with *inline markup*

	      :	  Definition 2

		      {	some code, part	of Definition 2	}

		  Third	paragraph of definition	2.

       Each term must fit on one line, which may optionally be followed	 by  a
       blank line, and must be followed	by one or more definitions.  A defini-
       tion begins with	a colon	or tilde, which	may be	indented  one  or  two

       A  term	may have multiple definitions, and each	definition may consist
       of one or more block elements (paragraph, code block, list, etc.), each
       indented	 four spaces or	one tab	stop.  The body	of the definition (in-
       cluding the first line, aside from the colon or tilde)  should  be  in-
       dented  four  spaces.   However,	 as with other markdown	lists, you can
       "lazily"	omit indentation except	at the beginning  of  a	 paragraph  or
       other block element:

	      Term 1

	      :	  Definition
	      with lazy	continuation.

		  Second paragraph of the definition.

       If you leave space before the definition	(as in the example above), the
       text of the definition will be treated as a paragraph.  In some	output
       formats,	 this will mean	greater	spacing	between	term/definition	pairs.
       For a more compact definition list, omit	the space before  the  defini-

	      Term 1
		~ Definition 1

	      Term 2
		~ Definition 2a
		~ Definition 2b

       Note  that  space  between  items in a definition list is required.  (A
       variant that loosens this requirement, but disallows "lazy" hard	 wrap-
       ping,  can  be  activated with compact_definition_lists:	see NON-PANDOC
       EXTENSIONS, below.)

   Numbered example lists
   Extension: example_lists
       The special list	marker @ can be	used for sequentially  numbered	 exam-
       ples.   The  first  list	item with a @ marker will be numbered '1', the
       next '2', and so	on, throughout the document.   The  numbered  examples
       need  not  occur	 in  a single list; each new list using	@ will take up
       where the last stopped.	So, for	example:

	      (@)  My first example will be numbered (1).
	      (@)  My second example will be numbered (2).

	      Explanation of examples.

	      (@)  My third example will be numbered (3).

       Numbered	examples can be	labeled	and referred to	elsewhere in the docu-

	      (@good)  This is a good example.

	      As (@good) illustrates, ...

       The label can be	any string of alphanumeric characters, underscores, or

   Compact and loose lists
       Pandoc behaves differently from on some  "edge  cases"  in-
       volving lists.  Consider	this source:

	      +	  First
	      +	  Second:
		  -   Fee
		  -   Fie
		  -   Foe

	      +	  Third

       Pandoc  transforms  this	into a "compact	list" (with no <p> tags	around
       "First",	"Second", or "Third"), while markdown  puts  <p>  tags	around
       "Second"	 and  "Third"  (but  not  "First"), because of the blank space
       around "Third".	Pandoc follows a simple	rule: if the text is  followed
       by  a blank line, it is treated as a paragraph.	Since "Second" is fol-
       lowed by	a list,	and not	a blank	line, it isn't treated as a paragraph.
       The  fact  that	the  list  is  followed	by a blank line	is irrelevant.
       (Note: Pandoc works this	way even when the  markdown_strict  format  is
       specified.  This	behavior is consistent with the	official markdown syn-
       tax description,	even though it is different from that of

   Ending a list
       What if you want	to put an indented code	block after a list?

	      -	  item one
	      -	  item two

		  { my code block }

       Trouble!	Here pandoc (like other	markdown implementations)  will	 treat
       { my code block }  as  the  second  paragraph of	item two, and not as a
       code block.

       To "cut off" the	list after item	two, you can insert some  non-indented
       content,	 like  an  HTML	comment, which won't produce visible output in
       any format:

	      -	  item one
	      -	  item two

	      <!-- end of list -->

		  { my code block }

       You can use the same trick if you want two consecutive lists instead of
       one big list:

	      1.  one
	      2.  two
	      3.  three

	      <!-- -->

	      1.  uno
	      2.  dos
	      3.  tres

   Horizontal rules
       A line containing a row of three	or more	*, -, or _ characters (option-
       ally separated by spaces) produces a horizontal rule:

	      *	 *  *  *


       Four kinds of tables may	be used.  The first three kinds	presuppose the
       use  of	a  fixed-width	font, such as Courier.	The fourth kind	can be
       used with proportionally	spaced fonts, as it does not require lining up

   Extension: table_captions
       A caption may optionally	be provided with all 4 kinds of	tables (as il-
       lustrated in the	examples below).  A caption is a  paragraph  beginning
       with the	string Table: (or just :), which will be stripped off.	It may
       appear either before or after the table.

   Extension: simple_tables
       Simple tables look like this:

		Right	  Left	   Center     Default
	      -------	  ------ ----------   -------
		   12	  12	    12		  12
		  123	  123	    123		 123
		    1	  1	     1		   1

	      Table:  Demonstration of simple table syntax.

       The headers and table rows must each fit	on one	line.	Column	align-
       ments are determined by the position of the header text relative	to the
       dashed line below it:

       o If the	dashed line is flush with the header text on  the  right  side
	 but extends beyond it on the left, the	column is right-aligned.

       o If the	dashed line is flush with the header text on the left side but
	 extends beyond	it on the right, the column is left-aligned.

       o If the	dashed line extends beyond the header text on both sides,  the
	 column	is centered.

       o If  the  dashed line is flush with the	header text on both sides, the
	 default alignment is used (in most cases, this	will be	left).

       The table must end with a blank line, or	a line of dashes followed by a
       blank line.

       The  column  headers  may be omitted, provided a	dashed line is used to
       end the table.  For example:

	      -------	  ------ ----------   -------
		   12	  12	    12		   12
		  123	  123	    123		  123
		    1	  1	     1		    1
	      -------	  ------ ----------   -------

       When headers are	omitted, column	alignments are determined on the basis
       of the first line of the	table body.  So, in the	tables above, the col-
       umns would be right, left, center, and right aligned, respectively.

   Extension: multiline_tables
       Multiline tables	allow headers and table	rows to	span multiple lines of
       text (but cells that span multiple columns or rows of the table are not
       supported).  Here is an example:

	       Centered	  Default	    Right Left
		Header	  Aligned	  Aligned Aligned
	      ----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------
		 First	  row		     12.0 Example of a row that
						  spans	multiple lines.

		Second	  row		      5.0 Here's another one. Note
						  the blank line between

	      Table: Here's the	caption. It, too, may span
	      multiple lines.

       These work like simple tables, but with the following differences:

       o They must begin with a	row of dashes, before the header text  (unless
	 the headers are omitted).

       o They must end with a row of dashes, then a blank line.

       o The rows must be separated by blank lines.

       In  multiline  tables, the table	parser pays attention to the widths of
       the columns, and	the writers try	to reproduce these relative widths  in
       the  output.   So, if you find that one of the columns is too narrow in
       the output, try widening	it in the markdown source.

       Headers may be omitted in multiline tables as well as simple tables:

	      ----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------
		 First	  row		     12.0 Example of a row that
						  spans	multiple lines.

		Second	  row		      5.0 Here's another one. Note
						  the blank line between
	      ----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------

	      :	Here's a multiline table without headers.

       It is possible for a multiline table to have just one row, but the  row
       should  be  followed  by	 a blank line (and then	the row	of dashes that
       ends the	table),	or the table may be interpreted	as a simple table.

   Extension: grid_tables
       Grid tables look	like this:

	      :	Sample grid table.

	      |	Fruit	      |	Price	      |	Advantages	   |
	      |	Bananas	      |	$1.34	      |	- built-in wrapper |
	      |		      |		      |	- bright color	   |
	      |	Oranges	      |	$2.10	      |	- cures	scurvy	   |
	      |		      |		      |	- tasty		   |

       The row of =s separates the header from the  table  body,  and  can  be
       omitted	for  a headerless table.  The cells of grid tables may contain
       arbitrary block elements	 (multiple  paragraphs,	 code  blocks,	lists,
       etc.).	Alignments are not supported, nor are cells that span multiple
       columns or rows.	 Grid tables can be created easily using  Emacs	 table

   Extension: pipe_tables
       Pipe tables look	like this:

	      |	Right |	Left | Default | Center	|
	      |	  12  |	 12  |	  12   |    12	|
	      |	 123  |	 123 |	 123   |   123	|
	      |	   1  |	   1 |	   1   |     1	|

		: Demonstration	of pipe	table syntax.

       The  syntax  is	the  same as in	PHP markdown extra.  The beginning and
       ending pipe characters are optional, but	pipes are required between all
       columns.	  The  colons  indicate	column alignment as shown.  The	header
       cannot be omitted.  To simulate a headerless table,  include  a	header
       with blank cells.

       Since  the pipes	indicate column	boundaries, columns need not be	verti-
       cally aligned, as they are in the above example.	 So, this  is  a  per-
       fectly legal (though ugly) pipe table:

	      fruit| price

       The  cells of pipe tables cannot	contain	block elements like paragraphs
       and lists, and cannot span multiple lines.  Note	also that in LaTeX/PDF
       output, the cells produced by pipe tables will not wrap,	since there is
       no information available	about relative widths.	If you want content to
       wrap within cells, use multiline	or grid	tables.

       Note:  Pandoc also recognizes pipe tables of the	following form,	as can
       be produced by Emacs' orgtbl-mode:

	      |	One | Two   |
	      |	my  | table |
	      |	is  | nice  |

       The difference is that +	is used	instead	of |.  Other  orgtbl  features
       are not supported.  In particular, to get non-default column alignment,
       you'll need to add colons as above.

   Metadata blocks
   Extension: pandoc_title_block
       If the file begins with a title block

	      %	title
	      %	author(s) (separated by	semicolons)
	      %	date

       it will be parsed as bibliographic information, not regular text.   (It
       will  be	 used,	for  example, in the title of standalone LaTeX or HTML
       output.)	The block may contain just a title, a title and	an author,  or
       all  three elements.  If	you want to include an author but no title, or
       a title and a date but no author, you need a blank line:

	      %	Author

	      %	My title
	      %	June 15, 2006

       The title may occupy multiple lines, but	continuation lines must	 begin
       with leading space, thus:

	      %	My title
		on multiple lines

       If  a document has multiple authors, the	authors	may be put on separate
       lines with leading space, or separated by semicolons, or	both.  So, all
       of the following	are equivalent:

	      %	Author One
		Author Two

	      %	Author One; Author Two

	      %	Author One;
		Author Two

       The date	must fit on one	line.

       All three metadata fields may contain standard inline formatting	(ital-
       ics, links, footnotes, etc.).

       Title blocks will always	be parsed, but they  will  affect  the	output
       only  when the --standalone (-s)	option is chosen.  In HTML output, ti-
       tles will appear	twice: once in the document head -- this is the	 title
       that  will  appear at the top of	the window in a	browser	-- and once at
       the beginning of	the document body.  The	title in the document head can
       have  an	 optional  prefix attached (--title-prefix or -T option).  The
       title in	the body appears as an H1 element with class  "title",	so  it
       can be suppressed or reformatted	with CSS.  If a	title prefix is	speci-
       fied with -T and	no title block appears in the document,	the title pre-
       fix will	be used	by itself as the HTML title.

       The  man	 page  writer  extracts	 a title, man page section number, and
       other header and	footer information from	the title line.	 The title  is
       assumed	to  be	the first word on the title line, which	may optionally
       end with	a (single-digit) section number	in parentheses.	 (There	should
       be  no  space  between  the title and the parentheses.)	Anything after
       this is assumed to be additional	footer and header text.	 A single pipe
       character  (|)  should  be  used	 to  separate the footer text from the
       header text.  Thus,

	      %	PANDOC(1)

       will yield a man	page with the title PANDOC and section 1.

	      %	PANDOC(1) Pandoc User Manuals

       will also have "Pandoc User Manuals" in the footer.

	      %	PANDOC(1) Pandoc User Manuals |	Version	4.0

       will also have "Version 4.0" in the header.

   Extension: yaml_metadata_block
       A YAML metadata block is	a valid	YAML object, delimited by  a  line  of
       three  hyphens  (---)  at  the top and a	line of	three hyphens (---) or
       three dots (...)	at the bottom.	A YAML metadata	block may  occur  any-
       where  in  the  document, but if	it is not at the beginning, it must be
       preceded	by a blank line.  (Note	that, because of the way  pandoc  con-
       catenates  input	files when several are provided, you may also keep the
       metadata	in a separate YAML file	and pass it to pandoc as an  argument,
       along with your markdown	files:

	      pandoc	metadata.yaml -s -o book.html

       Just  be	 sure  that the	YAML file begins with --- and ends with	--- or

       Metadata	will be	taken from the fields of the YAML object and added  to
       any existing document metadata.	Metadata can contain lists and objects
       (nested arbitrarily), but all string scalars  will  be  interpreted  as
       markdown.  Fields with names ending in an underscore will be ignored by
       pandoc.	(They may be given a role by external processors.)

       A document may contain multiple metadata	blocks.	 The  metadata	fields
       will  be	 combined  through a left-biased union:	if two metadata	blocks
       attempt to set the same field, the value	from the first block  will  be

       When  pandoc  is	used with -t markdown to create	a markdown document, a
       YAML metadata block will	be produced only if the	-s/--standalone	option
       is  used.  All of the metadata will appear in a single block at the be-
       ginning of the document.

       Note that YAML escaping rules must be followed.	Thus, for example,  if
       a  title	 contains  a colon, it must be quoted.	The pipe character (|)
       can be used to begin an indented	block that will	be interpreted	liter-
       ally, without need for escaping.	 This form is necessary	when the field
       contains	blank lines:

	      title:  'This is the title: it contains a	colon'
	      -	name: Author One
		affiliation: University	of Somewhere
	      -	name: Author Two
		affiliation: University	of Nowhere
	      tags: [nothing, nothingness]
	      abstract:	|
		This is	the abstract.

		It consists of two paragraphs.

       Template	variables will be set automatically from the metadata.	 Thus,
       for  example, in	writing	HTML, the variable abstract will be set	to the
       HTML equivalent of the markdown in the abstract field:

	      <p>This is the abstract.</p>
	      <p>It consists of	two paragraphs.</p>

       Note: The author	variable in the	default	 templates  expects  a	simple
       list  or	 string.   To  use  the	structured authors in the example, you
       would need a custom template.  For example:

	      $$$if(author.affiliation)$ ($author.affiliation$)$endif$

   Backslash escapes
   Extension: all_symbols_escapable
       Except inside a code block or inline code,  any	punctuation  or	 space
       character preceded by a backslash will be treated literally, even if it
       would normally indicate formatting.  Thus, for example, if one writes


       one will	get


       instead of


       This rule is easier to remember than standard  markdown's  rule,	 which
       allows only the following characters to be backslash-escaped:


       (However,  if the markdown_strict format	is used, the standard markdown
       rule will be used.)

       A backslash-escaped space is parsed as a	nonbreaking  space.   It  will
       appear in TeX output as ~ and in	HTML and XML as	\&#160;	or \&nbsp;.

       A  backslash-escaped newline (i.e.  a backslash occurring at the	end of
       a line) is parsed as a hard line	break.	It will	appear in  TeX	output
       as  \\ and in HTML as <br />.  This is a	nice alternative to markdown's
       "invisible" way of indicating hard line breaks using two	trailing  spa-
       ces on a	line.

       Backslash escapes do not	work in	verbatim contexts.

   Smart punctuation
       If the --smart option is	specified, pandoc will produce typographically
       correct output, converting straight quotes  to  curly  quotes,  ---  to
       em-dashes,  --  to  en-dashes, and ... to ellipses.  Nonbreaking	spaces
       are inserted after certain abbreviations, such as "Mr."

       Note: if	your LaTeX template uses the csquotes package, pandoc will de-
       tect automatically this and use \enquote{...} for quoted	text.

   Inline formatting
       To emphasize some text, surround	it with	*s or _, like this:

	      This text	is _emphasized with underscores_, and this
	      is *emphasized with asterisks*.

       Double *	or _ produces strong emphasis:

	      This is **strong emphasis** and __with underscores__.

       A * or _	character surrounded by	spaces,	or backslash-escaped, will not
       trigger emphasis:

	      This is *	not emphasized *, and \*neither	is this\*.

   Extension: intraword_underscores
       Because _ is sometimes used inside words	and identifiers,  pandoc  does
       not  interpret a	_ surrounded by	alphanumeric characters	as an emphasis
       marker.	If you want to emphasize just part of a	word, use *:

	      feas*ible*, not feas*able*.

   Extension: strikeout
       To strikeout a section of text with a horizontal	line, begin and	end it
       with ~~.	 Thus, for example,

	      This ~~is	deleted	text.~~

   Superscripts	and subscripts
   Extension: superscript, subscript
       Superscripts  may be written by surrounding the superscripted text by ^
       characters; subscripts may be written by	 surrounding  the  subscripted
       text by ~ characters.  Thus, for	example,

	      H~2~O is a liquid.  2^10^	is 1024.

       If  the superscripted or	subscripted text contains spaces, these	spaces
       must be escaped with backslashes.  (This	is to prevent  accidental  su-
       perscripting  and  subscripting	through	 the ordinary use of ~ and ^.)
       Thus, if	you want  the  letter  P  with	'a  cat'  in  subscripts,  use
       P~a\ cat~, not P~a cat~.

       To make a short span of text verbatim, put it inside backticks:

	      What is the difference between `>>=` and `>>`?

       If the verbatim text includes a backtick, use double backticks:

	      Here is a	literal	backtick `` ` ``.

       (The  spaces  after  the	opening	backticks and before the closing back-
       ticks will be ignored.)

       The general rule	is that	a verbatim span	starts with a string  of  con-
       secutive	 backticks  (optionally	 followed  by a	space) and ends	with a
       string of the same  number  of  backticks  (optionally  preceded	 by  a

       Note that backslash-escapes (and	other markdown constructs) do not work
       in verbatim contexts:

	      This is a	backslash followed by an asterisk: `\*`.

   Extension: inline_code_attributes
       Attributes can be attached to verbatim text, just as with  FENCED  CODE


   Small caps
       To write	small caps, you	can use	an HTML	span tag:

	      <span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Small caps</span>

       (The  semicolon	is  optional  and there	may be space after the colon.)
       This will work in all output formats that support small caps.

   Extension: tex_math_dollars
       Anything	between	two $ characters will be treated  as  TeX  math.   The
       opening	$  must	 have  a non-space character immediately to its	right,
       while the closing $ must	have a non-space character immediately to  its
       left,  and  must	 not  be  followed  immediately	 by  a	digit.	 Thus,
       $20,000 and $30,000 won't parse as math.	 If for	some reason  you  need
       to enclose text in literal $ characters,	backslash-escape them and they
       won't be	treated	as math	delimiters.

       TeX math	will be	printed	in all output formats.	How it is rendered de-
       pends on	the output format:

       Markdown, LaTeX,	Org-Mode, ConTeXt
	      It will appear verbatim between $	characters.

	      It  will	be  rendered using an interpreted text role :math:, as
	      described	here

	      It will be rendered as latexmath:[...].

	      It will be rendered inside a @math command.

       groff man
	      It will be rendered verbatim without $'s.

       MediaWiki, DokuWiki
	      It will be rendered inside <math>	tags.

	      It will be rendered inside <span class="math"> tags.

       RTF, OpenDocument, ODT
	      It will be rendered, if possible,	using unicode characters,  and
	      will otherwise appear verbatim.

	      If  the  --mathml	flag is	used, it will be rendered using	mathml
	      in an inlineequation or informalequation tag.  Otherwise it will
	      be rendered, if possible,	using unicode characters.

       Docx   It will be rendered using	OMML math markup.

	      If  the --webtex option is used, formulas	are rendered as	images
	      using Google Charts or other compatible web service,  downloaded
	      and  embedded in the e-book.  Otherwise, they will appear	verba-

       HTML, Slidy, DZSlides, S5, EPUB
	      The way math is rendered in HTML will depend on the command-line
	      options selected:

	      1. The  default  is  to render TeX math as far as	possible using
		 unicode characters, as	with RTF,  DocBook,  and  OpenDocument
		 output.  Formulas are put inside a span with class="math", so
		 that they may be styled differently from the surrounding text
		 if needed.

	      2. If  the  --latexmathml	 option	is used, TeX math will be dis-
		 played	between	$ or $$	characters and put in <span> tags with
		 class	LaTeX.	 The LaTeXMathML script	will be	used to	render
		 it as formulas.  (This	trick does not work in	all  browsers,
		 but it	works in Firefox.  In browsers that do not support La-
		 TeXMathML, TeX	math will appear verbatim  between  $  charac-

	      3. If  the  --jsmath option is used, TeX math will be put	inside
		 <span>	tags (for inline math)	or  <div>  tags	 (for  display
		 math)	with  class  math.   The jsMath	script will be used to
		 render	it.

	      4. If the	--mimetex option is used, the mimeTeX CGI script  will
		 be  called  to	 generate  images  for each TeX	formula.  This
		 should	work in	all browsers.  The --mimetex option  takes  an
		 optional URL as argument.  If no URL is specified, it will be
		 assumed that the mimeTeX  CGI	script	is  at	/cgi-bin/mime-

	      5. If  the  --gladtex  option  is	used, TeX formulas will	be en-
		 closed	in <eq>	tags in	the HTML output.  The  resulting  htex
		 file may then be processed by gladTeX,	which will produce im-
		 age files for each formula and	an html	 file  with  links  to
		 these images.	So, the	procedure is:

			 pandoc	-s --gladtex myfile.txt	-o myfile.htex
			 gladtex -d myfile-images myfile.htex
			 # produces myfile.html	and images in myfile-images

	      6. If  the  --webtex  option  is used, TeX formulas will be con-
		 verted	to <img> tags that link	to  an	external  script  that
		 converts formulas to images.  The formula will	be URL-encoded
		 and concatenated with the URL provided.  If no	URL is	speci-
		 fied,	   the	  Google    Chart    API    will    be	  used

	      7. If the	--mathjax option is used, TeX math will	 be  displayed
		 between  \(...\)  (for	 inline	 math) or \[...\] (for display
		 math) and put in <span> tags with class  math.	  The  MathJax
		 script	will be	used to	render it as formulas.

   Raw HTML
   Extension: raw_html
       Markdown	allows you to insert raw HTML (or DocBook) anywhere in a docu-
       ment (except verbatim contexts, where <,	>, and & are interpreted  lit-
       erally).	  (Technically	this is	not an extension, since	standard mark-
       down allows it, but it has been made an extension so  that  it  can  be
       disabled	if desired.)

       The  raw	HTML is	passed through unchanged in HTML, S5, Slidy, Slideous,
       DZSlides, EPUB, Markdown, and Textile output, and suppressed  in	 other

   Extension: markdown_in_html_blocks
       Standard	 markdown  allows you to include HTML "blocks":	blocks of HTML
       between balanced	tags that are separated	from the surrounding text with
       blank  lines,  and  start  and  end  at	the left margin.  Within these
       blocks, everything is interpreted as HTML, not markdown;	so (for	 exam-
       ple), * does not	signify	emphasis.

       Pandoc behaves this way when the	markdown_strict	format is used;	but by
       default,	pandoc interprets material between HTML	block  tags  as	 mark-
       down.  Thus, for	example, Pandoc	will turn

	      <td>[a link](</td>


	      <td><a href="">a	link</a></td>

       whereas will	preserve it as is.

       There  is one exception to this rule: text between <script> and <style>
       tags is not interpreted as markdown.

       This departure from standard markdown should  make  it  easier  to  mix
       markdown	 with  HTML  block  elements.  For example, one	can surround a
       block of	markdown text with <div> tags without preventing it from being
       interpreted as markdown.

   Extension: native_divs
       Use  native  pandoc  Div	blocks for content inside <div>	tags.  For the
       most part this should give the same output as  markdown_in_html_blocks,
       but  it makes it	easier to write	pandoc filters to manipulate groups of

   Extension: native_spans
       Use native pandoc Span blocks for content inside	<span> tags.  For  the
       most part this should give the same output as raw_html, but it makes it
       easier to write pandoc filters to manipulate groups of inlines.

   Raw TeX
   Extension: raw_tex
       In addition to raw HTML,	pandoc allows raw LaTeX, TeX, and  ConTeXt  to
       be  included  in	a document.  Inline TeX	commands will be preserved and
       passed unchanged	to the LaTeX and ConTeXt writers.  Thus, for  example,
       you can use LaTeX to include BibTeX citations:

	      This result was proved in	\cite{jones.1967}.

       Note that in LaTeX environments,	like

	      Age & Frequency \\ \hline
	      18--25  &	15 \\
	      26--35  &	33 \\
	      36--45  &	22 \\ \hline

       the  material between the begin and end tags will be interpreted	as raw
       LaTeX, not as markdown.

       Inline LaTeX is ignored in output formats other than  Markdown,	LaTeX,
       and ConTeXt.

   LaTeX macros
   Extension: latex_macros
       For  output  formats other than LaTeX, pandoc will parse	LaTeX \newcom-
       mand and	\renewcommand definitions and apply the	 resulting  macros  to
       all LaTeX math.	So, for	example, the following will work in all	output
       formats,	not just LaTeX:


       In LaTeX	output,	the \newcommand	definition will	simply be  passed  un-
       changed to the output.

       Markdown	allows links to	be specified in	several	ways.

   Automatic links
       If  you	enclose	a URL or email address in pointy brackets, it will be-
       come a link:


   Inline links
       An inline link consists of the link text	in square  brackets,  followed
       by  the	URL in parentheses.  (Optionally, the URL can be followed by a
       link title, in quotes.)

	      This is an [inline link](/url), and here's [one with
	      a	title]( "click here for a	good time!").

       There can be no space between the bracketed part	and the	 parenthesized
       part.  The link text can	contain	formatting (such as emphasis), but the
       title cannot.

       Email addresses in inline links are not autodetected, so	they  have  to
       be prefixed with	mailto:

	      [Write me!](mailto:sam@green.eggs.ham)

   Reference links
       An  explicit reference link has two parts, the link itself and the link
       definition, which may occur elsewhere in	the document (either before or
       after the link).

       The  link consists of link text in square brackets, followed by a label
       in square brackets.  (There can be space	between	 the  two.)  The  link
       definition  consists  of	the bracketed label, followed by a colon and a
       space, followed by the URL, and optionally (after a space) a link title
       either in quotes	or in parentheses.  The	label must not be parseable as
       a citation (assuming the	citations  extension  is  enabled):  citations
       take precedence over link labels.

       Here are	some examples:

	      [my label	1]: /foo/bar.html  "My title, optional"
	      [my label	2]: /foo
	      [my label	3]: (The	free software foundation)
	      [my label	4]: /bar#special  'A title in single quotes'

       The URL may optionally be surrounded by angle brackets:

	      [my label	5]: <>

       The title may go	on the next line:

	      [my label	3]:
		"The free software foundation"

       Note that link labels are not case sensitive.  So, this will work:

	      Here is [my link][FOO]

	      [Foo]: /bar/baz

       In an implicit reference	link, the second pair of brackets is empty:

	      See [my website][].

	      [my website]:

       Note: In and	most other markdown implementations, reference
       link definitions	cannot occur in	 nested	 constructions	such  as  list
       items  or  block	 quotes.  Pandoc lifts this arbitrary seeming restric-
       tion.  So the following is fine in pandoc, though not in	most other im-

	      >	My block [quote].
	      >	[quote]: /foo

   Extension: shortcut_reference_links
       In  a shortcut reference	link, the second pair of brackets may be omit-
       ted entirely:

	      See [my website].

	      [my website]:

   Internal links
       To link to another section of the same document,	use the	 automatically
       generated  identifier  (see HEADER IDENTIFIERS IN HTML, LATEX, AND CON-
       TEXT, below).  For example:

	      See the [Introduction](#introduction).


	      See the [Introduction].

	      [Introduction]: #introduction

       Internal	links are currently supported for HTML formats (including HTML
       slide shows and EPUB), LaTeX, and ConTeXt.

       A  link	immediately  preceded by a ! will be treated as	an image.  The
       link text will be used as the image's alt text:

	      ![la lune](lalune.jpg "Voyage to the moon")

	      ![movie reel]

	      [movie reel]: movie.gif

   Extension: implicit_figures
       An image	occurring by itself in a paragraph will	be rendered as a  fig-
       ure  with  a  caption. (In LaTeX, a figure environment will be used; in
       HTML, the image will be placed in a div	with  class  figure,  together
       with  a	caption	in a p with class caption.)  The image's alt text will
       be used as the caption.

	      ![This is	the caption](/url/of/image.png)

       If you just want	a regular inline image,	just make sure it is  not  the
       only  thing  in	the paragraph.	One way	to do this is to insert	a non-
       breaking	space after the	image:

	      ![This image won't be a figure](/url/of/image.png)\

   Extension: footnotes
       Pandoc's	markdown allows	footnotes, using the following syntax:

	      Here is a	footnote reference,[^1]	and another.[^longnote]

	      [^1]: Here is the	footnote.

	      [^longnote]: Here's one with multiple blocks.

		  Subsequent paragraphs	are indented to	show that they
	      belong to	the previous footnote.

		      {	some.code }

		  The whole paragraph can be indented, or just the first
		  line.	 In this way, multi-paragraph footnotes	work like
		  multi-paragraph list items.

	      This paragraph won't be part of the note,	because	it
	      isn't indented.

       The identifiers in footnote references may not contain spaces, tabs, or
       newlines.   These  identifiers  are used	only to	correlate the footnote
       reference with the note itself; in the output, footnotes	will  be  num-
       bered sequentially.

       The footnotes themselves	need not be placed at the end of the document.
       They may	appear anywhere	except inside  other  block  elements  (lists,
       block quotes, tables, etc.).

   Extension: inline_notes
       Inline  footnotes  are also allowed (though, unlike regular notes, they
       cannot contain multiple paragraphs).  The syntax	is as follows:

	      Here is an inline	note.^[Inlines notes are easier	to write, since
	      you don't	have to	pick an	identifier and move down to type the

       Inline and regular footnotes may	be mixed freely.

   Extension: citations
       Using an	external filter,  pandoc-citeproc,  pandoc  can	 automatically
       generate	citations and a	bibliography in	a number of styles.  Basic us-
       age is

	      pandoc --filter pandoc-citeproc myinput.txt

       In order	to use this feature, you will need to specify  a  bibliography
       file  using the bibliography metadata field in a	YAML metadata section,
       or --bibliography command  line	argument.   You	 can  supply  multiple
       --bibliography arguments	or set bibliography metadata field to YAML ar-
       ray, if you want	to use multiple	bibliography files.  The  bibliography
       may have	any of these formats:

       Format	     File extension
       BibLaTeX	     .bib
       BibTeX	     .bibtex
       Copac	     .copac
       CSL JSON	     .json
       CSL YAML	     .yaml
       EndNote	     .enl
       EndNote XML   .xml
       ISI	     .wos
       MEDLINE	     .medline
       MODS	     .mods
       RIS	     .ris

       Note  that  .bib	 can  generally	 be used with both BibTeX and BibLaTeX
       files, but you can use .bibtex to force BibTeX.

       Note that pandoc-citeproc --bib2json and	pandoc-citeproc	--bib2yaml can
       produce .json and .yaml files from any of the supported formats.

       In-field	 markup:  In  bibtex  and  biblatex databases, pandoc-citeproc
       parses (a subset	of) LaTeX markup; in CSL JSON databases, an  HTML-like
       markup  (specs);	 and  in  CSL  YAML  databases,	pandoc markdown.  pan-
       doc-citeproc -j and -y interconvert these markup	formats	as far as pos-

       As  an  alternative  to specifying a bibliography file, you can include
       the citation data directly in the references field  of  the  document's
       YAML  metadata.	The field should contain an array of YAML-encoded ref-
       erences,	for example:

	      -	type: article-journal
		id: WatsonCrick1953
		- family: Watson
		  given: J. D.
		- family: Crick
		  given: F. H. C.
		  - - 1953
		    - 4
		    - 25
		title: 'Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a	structure for deoxyribose
		  nucleic acid'
		title-short: Molecular structure of nucleic acids
		container-title: Nature
		volume:	171
		issue: 4356
		page: 737-738
		DOI: 10.1038/171737a0
		language: en-GB

       (pandoc-citeproc	--bib2yaml can produce these from a bibliography  file
       in one of the supported formats.)

       By  default,  pandoc-citeproc  will use the Chicago Manual of Style au-
       thor-date format	for citations and references.  To use  another	style,
       you  will  need	to  specify  a	CSL 1.0	style file in the csl metadata
       field.	 A   repository	  of   CSL   styles   can    be	   found    at	 See	  also	for easy browsing.  A primer on	 creating  and
       modifying  CSL  styles  can be found at

       Citations go inside square brackets and are  separated  by  semicolons.
       Each  citation  must have a key,	composed of '@'	+ the citation identi-
       fier from the database, and may optionally have a  prefix,  a  locator,
       and  a suffix.  The citation key	must begin with	a letter, digit, or _,
       and may contain alphanumerics, _, and internal  punctuation  characters
       (:.#$%&-+?<>~/).	 Here are some examples:

	      Blah blah	[see @doe99, pp. 33-35;	also @smith04, ch. 1].

	      Blah blah	[@doe99, pp. 33-35, 38-39 and *passim*].

	      Blah blah	[@smith04; @doe99].

       A  minus	 sign  (-) before the @	will suppress mention of the author in
       the citation.  This can be useful when the author is already  mentioned
       in the text:

	      Smith says blah [-@smith04].

       You can also write an in-text citation, as follows:

	      @smith04 says blah.

	      @smith04 [p. 33] says blah.

       If  the style calls for a list of works cited, it will be placed	at the
       end of the document.  Normally, you will	want to	end your document with
       an appropriate header:

	      last paragraph...

	      #	References

       The bibliography	will be	inserted after this header.  Note that the un-
       numbered	class will be added to this header, so that the	 section  will
       not be numbered.

       If  you want to include items in	the bibliography without actually cit-
       ing them	in the body text, you can define a dummy nocite	metadata field
       and put the citations there:

	      nocite: |
		@item1,	@item2


       In  this	 example, the document will contain a citation for item3 only,
       but the bibliography will contain entries for item1, item2, and item3.

       For LaTeX or PDF	output,	you can	also use NatBib	or BibLaTeX to	render
       bibliography.   In  order  to do	so, specify bibliography files as out-
       lined above, and	add --natbib or	--biblatex argument to pandoc  invoca-
       tion.   Bear  in	 mind that bibliography	files have to be in respective
       format (either BibTeX or	BibLaTeX).

   Non-pandoc extensions
       The following markdown syntax extensions	are not	enabled	by default  in
       pandoc,	but  may  be  enabled by adding	+EXTENSION to the format name,
       where EXTENSION is the name of the extension.  Thus, for	example, mark-
       down+hard_line_breaks is	markdown with hard line	breaks.

   Extension: lists_without_preceding_blankline
       Allow  a	 list  to  occur  right	after a	paragraph, with	no intervening
       blank space.

   Extension: hard_line_breaks
       Causes all newlines within a paragraph to be interpreted	as  hard  line
       breaks instead of spaces.

   Extension: ignore_line_breaks
       Causes  newlines	 within	 a  paragraph to be ignored, rather than being
       treated as spaces or as hard line breaks.  This option is intended  for
       use  with East Asian languages where spaces are not used	between	words,
       but text	is divided into	lines for readability.

   Extension: tex_math_single_backslash
       Causes anything between \( and \) to be interpreted as inline TeX math,
       and  anything  between \[ and \]	to be interpreted as display TeX math.
       Note: a drawback	of this	extension is that it precludes escaping	(  and

   Extension: tex_math_double_backslash
       Causes  anything	 between  \\(  and \\) to be interpreted as inline TeX
       math, and anything between \\[ and \\] to be interpreted	as display TeX

   Extension: markdown_attribute
       By default, pandoc interprets material inside block-level tags as mark-
       down.  This extension changes the behavior so  that  markdown  is  only
       parsed  inside  block-level  tags  if the tags have the attribute mark-

   Extension: mmd_title_block
       Enables a MultiMarkdown style title block at the	top of	the  document,
       for example:

	      Title:   My title
	      Author:  John Doe
	      Date:    September 1, 2008
	      Comment: This is a sample	mmd title block, with
		       a field spanning	multiple lines.

       See the MultiMarkdown documentation for details.	 If pandoc_title_block
       or yaml_metadata_block is enabled, it will take precedence over mmd_ti-

   Extension: abbreviations
       Parses PHP Markdown Extra abbreviation keys, like

	      *[HTML]: Hyper Text Markup Language

       Note  that the pandoc document model does not support abbreviations, so
       if this extension is enabled, abbreviation keys are simply skipped  (as
       opposed to being	parsed as paragraphs).

   Extension: autolink_bare_uris
       Makes  all absolute URIs	into links, even when not surrounded by	pointy
       braces <...>.

   Extension: ascii_identifiers
       Causes the identifiers produced by auto_identifiers to be  pure	ASCII.
       Accents	are stripped off of accented latin letters, and	non-latin let-
       ters are	omitted.

   Extension: link_attributes
       Parses multimarkdown style key-value attributes on link and image  ref-
       erences.	  Note	that pandoc's internal document	model provides nowhere
       to put these, so	they are presently just	ignored.

   Extension: mmd_header_identifiers
       Parses multimarkdown style header identifiers (in square	brackets,  af-
       ter the header but before any trailing #s in an ATX header).

   Extension: compact_definition_lists
       Activates  the  definition  list	 syntax	 of pandoc 1.12.x and earlier.
       This syntax differs from	the one	described ABOVE	in several respects:

       o No blank line is required between consecutive items of	the definition

       o To  get  a  "tight" or	"compact" list,	omit space between consecutive
	 items;	the space between a term and its definition  does  not	affect

       o Lazy  wrapping	 of  paragraphs	 is not	allowed: the entire definition
	 must be indented four spaces.

   Markdown variants
       In addition to pandoc's extended	markdown, the following	markdown vari-
       ants are	supported:

       markdown_phpextra (PHP Markdown Extra)
	      footnotes,     pipe_tables,     raw_html,	   markdown_attribute,
	      fenced_code_blocks,   definition_lists,	intraword_underscores,
	      header_attributes, abbreviations,	shortcut_reference_links.

       markdown_github (GitHub-flavored	Markdown)
	      pipe_tables,	   raw_html,	    tex_math_single_backslash,
	      fenced_code_blocks, auto_identifiers,  ascii_identifiers,	 back-
	      tick_code_blocks,	  autolink_bare_uris,	intraword_underscores,
	      strikeout, hard_line_breaks, shortcut_reference_links.

       markdown_mmd (MultiMarkdown)
	      pipe_tables   raw_html,	markdown_attribute,   link_attributes,
	      raw_tex,	  tex_math_double_backslash,	intraword_underscores,
	      mmd_title_block,	footnotes,  definition_lists,  all_symbols_es-
	      capable,	    implicit_header_references,	     auto_identifiers,
	      mmd_header_identifiers, shortcut_reference_links.

       markdown_strict (

   Extensions with formats other than markdown
       Some of the extensions discussed	above can be used with	formats	 other
       than markdown:

       o auto_identifiers  can be used with latex, rst,	mediawiki, and textile
	 input (and is used by default).

       o tex_math_dollars,   tex_math_single_backslash,	  and	 tex_math_dou-
	 ble_backslash	can be used with html input.  (This is handy for read-
	 ing web pages formatted using MathJax,	for example.)

       You can use Pandoc to produce an	HTML + javascript  slide  presentation
       that  can be viewed via a web browser.  There are five ways to do this,
       using S5, DZSlides, Slidy, Slideous, or reveal.js.  You can  also  pro-
       duce a PDF slide	show using LaTeX beamer.

       Here's the markdown source for a	simple slide show, habits.txt:

	      %	Habits
	      %	John Doe
	      %	March 22, 2005

	      #	In the morning

	      ## Getting up

	      -	Turn off alarm
	      -	Get out	of bed

	      ## Breakfast

	      -	Eat eggs
	      -	Drink coffee

	      #	In the evening

	      ## Dinner

	      -	Eat spaghetti
	      -	Drink wine


	      ![picture	of spaghetti](images/spaghetti.jpg)

	      ## Going to sleep

	      -	Get in bed
	      -	Count sheep

       To produce an HTML/javascript slide show, simply	type

	      pandoc -t	FORMAT -s habits.txt -o	habits.html

       where FORMAT is either s5, slidy, slideous, dzslides, or	revealjs.

       For  Slidy,  Slideous,  reveal.js,  and S5, the file produced by	pandoc
       with the	-s/--standalone	option embeds a	link to	 javascripts  and  CSS
       files,  which  are  assumed to be available at the relative path	s5/de-
       fault (for S5), slideous	(for Slideous),	reveal.js (for reveal.js),  or
       at  the	Slidy  website	at  (for  Slidy).  (These paths	can be
       changed by setting the slidy-url, slideous-url, revealjs-url, or	s5-url
       variables; see --variable, above.) For DZSlides,	the (relatively	short)
       javascript and css are included in the file by default.

       With all	HTML slide formats, the	--self-contained option	can be used to
       produce	a  single file that contains all of the	data necessary to dis-
       play the	slide show, including linked scripts, stylesheets, images, and

       To produce a PDF	slide show using beamer, type

	      pandoc -t	beamer habits.txt -o habits.pdf

       Note  that  a  reveal.js	 slide	show can also be converted to a	PDF by
       printing	it to a	file from the browser.

   Structuring the slide show
       By default, the slide level is the highest header level in the  hierar-
       chy  that  is  followed immediately by content, and not another header,
       somewhere in the	document.  In the example above, level 1  headers  are
       always followed by level	2 headers, which are followed by content, so 2
       is  the	slide  level.	This  default  can  be	overridden  using  the
       --slide-level option.

       The document is carved up into slides according to the following	rules:

       o A horizontal rule always starts a new slide.

       o A header at the slide level always starts a new slide.

       o Headers  below	the slide level	in the hierarchy create	headers	within
	 a slide.

       o Headers above the slide level in the hierarchy	create "title slides,"
	 which just contain the	section	title and help to break	the slide show
	 into sections.

       o A title page is constructed automatically from	the  document's	 title
	 block,	 if  present.  (In the case of beamer, this can	be disabled by
	 commenting out	some lines in the default template.)

       These rules are designed	to support  many  different  styles  of	 slide
       show.   If  you	don't care about structuring your slides into sections
       and subsections,	you can	just use level 1 headers for all  each	slide.
       (In  that  case,	 level	1  will	 be the	slide level.) But you can also
       structure the slide show	into sections, as in the example above.

       Note: in	reveal.js slide	shows, if slide	level is 2, a  two-dimensional
       layout will be produced,	with level 1 headers building horizontally and
       level 2 headers building	vertically.  It	is not	recommended  that  you
       use deeper nesting of section levels with reveal.js.

   Incremental lists
       By  default, these writers produce lists	that display "all at once." If
       you want	your lists to display incrementally (one item at a time),  use
       the  -i	option.	  If you want a	particular list	to depart from the de-
       fault (that is, to display incrementally	without	the -i option and  all
       at once with the	-i option), put	it in a	block quote:

	      >	- Eat spaghetti
	      >	- Drink	wine

       In this way incremental and nonincremental lists	can be mixed in	a sin-
       gle document.

   Inserting pauses
       You can add "pauses" within a slide by including	a paragraph containing
       three dots, separated by	spaces:

	      #	Slide with a pause

	      content before the pause

	      .	. .

	      content after the	pause

   Styling the slides
       You can change the style	of HTML	slides by putting customized CSS files
       in  $DATADIR/s5/default	(for  S5),  $DATADIR/slidy  (for  Slidy),   or
       $DATADIR/slideous  (for	Slideous), where $DATADIR is the user data di-
       rectory (see --data-dir,	above).	 The originals may be  found  in  pan-
       doc's  system data directory (generally $CABALDIR/pandoc-VERSION/s5/de-
       fault).	Pandoc will look there for any files it	does not find  in  the
       user data directory.

       For  dzslides,  the CSS is included in the HTML file itself, and	may be
       modified	there.

       For reveal.js, themes can be used by setting the	 theme	variable,  for

	      -V theme=moon

       Or you can specify a custom stylesheet using the	--css option.

       To  style  beamer  slides,  you	can  specify a beamer "theme" or "col-
       ortheme"	using the -V option:

	      pandoc -t	beamer habits.txt -V theme:Warsaw -o habits.pdf

       Note that header	attributes will	turn into slide	attributes (on a <div>
       or  <section>)  in HTML slide formats, allowing you to style individual
       slides.	In Beamer, the only header attribute that  affects  slides  is
       the  allowframebreaks  class,  which  sets the allowframebreaks option,
       causing multiple	slides to be created  if  the  content	overfills  the
       frame.  This is recommended especially for bibliographies:

	      #	References {.allowframebreaks}

   Speaker notes
       reveal.js  has  good  support  for speaker notes.  You can add notes to
       your markdown document thus:

	      <div class="notes">
	      This is my note.

	      -	It can contain markdown
	      -	like this list


       To show the notes window,  press	 s  while  viewing  the	 presentation.
       Notes are not yet supported for other slide formats, but	the notes will
       not appear on the slides	themselves.

   Marking frames fragile in beamer
       Sometimes it is necessary to add	the LaTeX [fragile] option to a	 frame
       in  beamer  (for	example, when using the	minted environment).  This can
       be forced by adding the fragile class to	 the  header  introducing  the

	      #	Fragile	slide {.fragile}

       EPUB metadata may be specified using the	--epub-metadata	option,	but if
       the source document is markdown,	it is better to	use  a	YAML  metadata
       block.  Here is an example:

	      -	type: main
		text: My Book
	      -	type: subtitle
		text: An investigation of metadata
	      -	role: author
		text: John Smith
	      -	role: editor
		text: Sarah Jones
	      -	scheme:	DOI
		text: doi:10.234234.234/33
	      publisher:  My Press
	      rights: A(C) 2007	John Smith, CC BY-NC

       The following fields are	recognized:

	      Either  a	string value or	an object with fields text and scheme.
	      Valid values for scheme are ISBN-10, GTIN-13, UPC, ISMN-10, DOI,
	      LCCN,   GTIN-14,	 ISBN-13,   Legal deposit number,  URN,	 OCLC,
	      ISMN-13, ISBN-A, JP, OLCC.

       title  Either a string value, or	an  object  with  fields  file-as  and
	      type,  or	 a  list  of  such objects.  Valid values for type are
	      main, subtitle, short, collection, edition, extended.

	      Either a string value, or	an object with fields  role,  file-as,
	      and  text, or a list of such objects.  Valid values for role are
	      marc relators, but pandoc	will  attempt  to  translate  the  hu-
	      man-readable versions (like "author" and "editor") to the	appro-
	      priate marc relators.

	      Same format as creator.

       date   A	string value in	YYYY-MM-DD format.  (Only the year  is	neces-
	      sary.) Pandoc will attempt to convert other common date formats.

	      A	 string	 value	in RFC5646 format.  Pandoc will	default	to the
	      local language if	nothing	is specified.

	      A	string value or	a list of such values.

	      A	string value.

       type   A	string value.

       format A	string value.

	      A	string value.

	      A	string value.

       rights A	string value.

	      A	string value (path to cover image).

	      A	string value (path to CSS stylesheet).

	      Either ltr or  rtl.   Specifies  the  page-progression-direction
	      spine attribute.

       If  you	append	+lhs (or +literate_haskell) to an appropriate input or
       output format (markdown,	markdown_strict, rst, or latex	for  input  or
       output;	beamer,	 html or html5 for output only), pandoc	will treat the
       document	as literate Haskell source.  This means	that

       o In markdown input, "bird track" sections will be  parsed  as  Haskell
	 code  rather  than  block  quotations.	 Text between \begin{code} and
	 \end{code} will also be treated as Haskell code.

       o In markdown output, code blocks with  classes	haskell	 and  literate
	 will  be rendered using bird tracks, and block	quotations will	be in-
	 dented	one space, so they will	not be treated as  Haskell  code.   In
	 addition,  headers  will  be  rendered	setext-style (with underlines)
	 rather	than atx-style (with '#' characters).  (This  is  because  ghc
	 treats	'#' characters in column 1 as introducing line numbers.)

       o In  restructured  text	input, "bird track" sections will be parsed as
	 Haskell code.

       o In restructured text output, code blocks with class haskell  will  be
	 rendered using	bird tracks.

       o In  LaTeX  input, text	in code	environments will be parsed as Haskell

       o In LaTeX output, code blocks with class haskell will be rendered  in-
	 side code environments.

       o In  HTML output, code blocks with class haskell will be rendered with
	 class literatehaskell and bird	tracks.


	      pandoc -f	markdown+lhs -t	html

       reads literate Haskell source formatted with markdown  conventions  and
       writes ordinary HTML (without bird tracks).

	      pandoc -f	markdown+lhs -t	html+lhs

       writes  HTML  with the Haskell code in bird tracks, so it can be	copied
       and pasted as literate Haskell source.

       Pandoc will automatically highlight syntax in fenced code  blocks  that
       are  marked  with  a  language  name.  (See [Extension: inline_code_at-
       tributes] and [Extension: fenced_code_attributes], above.) The  Haskell
       library	highlighting-kate  is  used  for  highlighting,	which works in
       HTML, Docx, and LaTeX/PDF output.  The color scheme can be selected us-
       ing  the	 --highlight-style  option.   The default color	scheme is pyg-
       ments, which imitates the default color scheme used by the  Python  li-
       brary  pygments,	but pygments is	not actually used to do	the highlight-

       To see a	list of	language names that pandoc will	recognize,  type  pan-
       doc --version.

       To disable highlighting,	use the	--no-highlight option.

       Pandoc can be extended with custom writers written in lua.  (Pandoc in-
       cludes a	lua interpreter, so lua	need not be installed separately.)

       To use a	custom writer, simply specify the path to the  lua  script  in
       place of	the output format.  For	example:

	      pandoc -t	data/sample.lua

       Creating	 a custom writer requires writing a lua	function for each pos-
       sible element in	a pandoc document.  To get a documented	example	 which
       you can modify according	to your	needs, do

	      pandoc --print-default-data-file sample.lua

       A(C)  2006-2015 John MacFarlane (  Released under the
       GPL, version 2 or greater.  This	software carries no  warranty  of  any
       kind.  (See COPYRIGHT for full copyright	and warranty notices.)

       Contributors  include  Aaron  Wolen,  Albert  Krewinkel,	Alexander Kon-
       dratskiy, Alexander Sulfrian, Alexander V  Vershilov,  Alfred  Wechsel-
       berger,	Andreas	 LA<paragraph>A<paragraph>w,  Andrew  Dunning, Antoine
       Latter,	Arlo  O'Keeffe,	 Artyom	 Kazak,	 Ben  Gamari,	Beni   Cherni-
       avsky-Paskin,  Bjorn  Buckwalter,  Bradley  Kuhn,  Brent	 Yorgey, Bryan
       O'Sullivan, B.  Scott Michel, Caleb McDaniel, Calvin Beck,  Christoffer
       Ackelman,  Christoffer  Sawicki,	 Clare	Macrae,	Clint Adams, Conal El-
       liott, Craig S.	Bosma, Daniel Bergey, Daniel T.	 Staal,	 David	Lazar,
       David RA<paragraph>thlisberger, Denis Laxalde, Douglas Calvert, Douglas
       F.  Calvert, Eric Kow, Eric Seidel,  Florian  Eitel,  FranA<section>ois
       Gannaz,	Freiric	 Barral, Fyodor	Sheremetyev, Gabor Pali, Gavin Beatty,
       Greg Maslov, GrA(C)gory Bataille, Greg Rundlett,	gwern, Gwern  Branwen,
       Hans-Peter  Deifel,  Henry  de  Valence,	 Ilya V.  Portnov, infinity0x,
       Jaime MarquiInez	FerraIndiz, James Aspnes, Jamie	F.  Olson, Jan Larres,
       Jason Ronallo, Jeff Arnold, Jeff	Runningen, Jens	Petersen, JA(C)rA(C)my
       Bobbio, Jesse Rosenthal,	J.  Lewis Muir,	Joe Hillenbrand, John  MacFar-
       lane,  Jonas  Smedegaard,  Jonathan Daugherty, Josef Svenningsson, Jose
       Luis Duran, Julien Cretel, Justin Bogner, Kelsey	Hightower,  Konstantin
       Zudov,  Lars-Dominik  Braun,  Luke Plant, Mark Szepieniec, Mark Wright,
       Masayoshi Takahashi, Matej Kollar, Mathias Schenner, Matthew Pickering,
       Matthias	 C.  M.	 Troffaes, Max Bolingbroke, Max	Rydahl Andersen, mb21,
       Merijn Verstraaten, Michael Snoyman, Michael  Thompson,	MinRK,	Nathan
       Gass,  Neil Mayhew, Nick	Bart, Nicolas Kaiser, Nikolay Yakimov, nkalvi,
       Paulo Tanimoto, Paul Rivier, Peter Wang,	Philippe  Ombredanne,  Phillip
       Alday,	Puneeth	  Chaganti,   qerub,   Ralf   Stephan,	 Recai	OktaA,
       rodja.trappe, RyanGlScott, Scott	Morrison, Sergei  Trofimovich,	Sergey
       Astanin,	 Shahbaz  Youssefi,  Shaun  Attfield, shreevatsa.public, Simon
       Hengel,	Sumit  Sahrawat,  takahashim,  thsutton,  Tim	Lin,   Timothy
       Humphries,  Todd	Sifleet, Tom Leese, Uli	KA<paragraph>hler, VA!clav Ze-
       man, Viktor Kronvall, Vincent, Wikiwide,	and Xavier Olive.

       The Pandoc source code and all documentation  may  be  downloaded  from

				 July 15, 2015			     PANDOC(1)


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