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overlay(3XCURSES)	X/Open Curses Library Functions	     overlay(3XCURSES)

NAME
       overlay,	overwrite - copy overlapped windows

SYNOPSIS
       cc [ flag... ] file... -I /usr/xpg4/include -L /usr/xpg4/lib \
       -R /usr/xpg4/lib	-lcurses [ library... ]

       c89 [ flag... ] file... -lcurses	[ library... ]

       #include	<curses.h>

       int overlay(const WINDOW	*srcwin, WINDOW	*dstwin);

       int overwrite(const WINDOW *srcwin, WINDOW *dstwin);

PARAMETERS
       srcwin	       Is a pointer to the source window to be copied.

       dstwin	       Is  a pointer to	the destination	window to be overlayed
		       or overwritten.

DESCRIPTION
       The overwrite() and overlay() functions overlay srcwin on top of	 dest-
       win.  The  srcwin and dstwin arguments do not have to be	the same size;
       only text where the two windows overlap is copied.

       The overwrite() function	copies characters  as  though  a  sequence  of
       win_wch(3XCURSES) and wadd_wch(3XCURSES)	were performed with the	desti-
       nation window's attributes and background attributes cleared.

       The overlay() function does the same thing,  except  that,  whenever  a
       character  to  be copied	is the background character of the source win-
       dow, overlay() does not copy the	character but merely moves the	desti-
       nation cursor the width of the source background	character.

       If  any portion of the overlaying window	border is not the first	column
       of a multi-column character, then all the column	positions will be  re-
       placed  with  the background character and rendition before the overlay
       is done.	If the default background character is a multi-column  charac-
       ter when	this occurs, then these	functions fail.

RETURN VALUES
       Upon  successful	completion, these functions return OK. Otherwise, they
       return ERR.

ERRORS
       No errors are defined.

EXAMPLES
       Example 1: Implement a pop-up dialog

       The following example demonstrates the use of overwrite() to  implement
       a pop-up	dialog box.

       #include	<curses.h>
       /*
	*   Pop-up a window on top of curscr.  If row and/or col
	*   are	-1 then	that dimension will be centered	within
	*   curscr.  Return 0 for success or -1	if malloc() failed.
	*   Pass back the working window and the saved window for the
	*   pop-up.  The saved window should not be modified.
	*/
       int
       popup(work, save, nrows,	ncols, row, col)
       WINDOW **work, **save;
       int nrows, ncols, row, col;
       {
	    int	mr, mc;
	    getmaxyx(curscr, mr, mc);
	    /* Windows are limited to the size of curscr. */
	    if (mr < nrows)
		 nrows = mr;
	    if (mc < ncols)
		 ncols = mc;
	    /* Center dimensions. */
	    if (row == -1)
		 row = (mr-nrows)/2;
	    if (col == -1)
		 col = (mc-ncols)/2;
	    /* The window must fit entirely in curscr. */
	    if (mr < row+nrows)
		 row = 0;
	    if (mc < col+ncols)
		 col = 0;
	    *work = newwin(nrows, ncols, row, col);
	    if (*work == NULL)
		 return	(-1);
	    if ((*save = dupwin(*work))	== NULL) {
		 delwin(*work);
		 return	(-1);
	    }
	    overwrite(curscr, *save);
	    return (0);
       }
       /*
	* Restore the region covered by	a pop-up window.
	* Delete the working window and	the saved window.
	* This function	is the complement to popup().  Return
	* 0 for	success	or -1 for an error.
	*/
       int
       popdown(work, save)
       WINDOW *work, *save;
       {
	    (void) wnoutrefresh(save);
	    (void) delwin(save);
	    (void) delwin(work);
	    return (0);
       }
       /*
	* Compute the size of a	dialog box that	would fit around
	* the string.
	*/
       void
       dialsize(str, nrows, ncols)
       char *str;
       int *nrows, *ncols;
       {
	    int	rows, cols, col;
	    for	(rows =	1, cols	= col =	0; *str	!= '\0'; ++str)	{
		 if (*str == '\n') {
		      if (cols < col)
			  cols = col;
		      col = 0;
		      ++rows;
		 } else	{
		      ++col;
		 }
	     }
	     if	(cols <	col)
		  cols = col;
	     *nrows = rows;
	     *ncols = cols;
       }
       /*
	* Write	a string into a	dialog box.
	*/
       void
       dialfill(w, s)
       WINDOW *w;
       char *s;
       {
	    int	row;
	    (void) wmove(w, 1, 1);
	    for	(row = 1; *s !=	'\0'; ++s) {
		 (void)	waddch(w, *((unsigned char*) s));
		 if (*s	== '\n')
		      wmove(w, ++row, 1);
	    }
	    box(w, 0, 0);
       }
       void
       dialog(str)
       char *str;
       {
	    WINDOW *work, *save;
	    int	nrows, ncols, row, col;
	    /* Figure out size of window. */
	    dialsize(str, &nrows, &ncols);
	    /* Create a	centered working window	with extra */
	    /* room for	a border. */
	    (void) popup(&work,	&save, nrows+2,	ncols+2, -1, -1);
	    /* Write text into the working window. */
	    dialfill(work, str);
	    /* Pause.  Remember	that wgetch() will do a	wrefresh() */
	    /* for us. */
	    (void) wgetch(work);
	    /* Restore curscr and free windows.	*/
	    (void) popdown(work, save);
	    /* Redraw curscr to	remove window from physical screen. */
	    (void) doupdate();
       }

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |      ATTRIBUTE	TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |Interface Stability	     |Standard			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
       |MT-Level		     |Unsafe			   |
       +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+

SEE ALSO
       copywin(3XCURSES),	libcurses(3XCURSES),	   wadd_wch(3XCURSES),
       win_wch(3XCURSES), attributes(5), standards(5)

SunOS 5.10			  5 Jun	2002		     overlay(3XCURSES)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | PARAMETERS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUES | ERRORS | EXAMPLES | ATTRIBUTES | SEE ALSO

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
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