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OFFSETOF(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		   OFFSETOF(3)

NAME
       offsetof	- offset of a structure	member

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<stddef.h>

       size_t offsetof(type, member);

DESCRIPTION
       The  macro  offsetof()  returns the offset of the field member from the
       start of	the structure type.

       This macro is useful because the	sizes of the  fields  that  compose  a
       structure  can  vary  across  implementations, and compilers may	insert
       different numbers of padding bytes between  fields.   Consequently,  an
       element's  offset  is  not necessarily given by the sum of the sizes of
       the previous elements.

       A compiler error	will result if member is not aligned to	a byte	bound-
       ary (i.e., it is	a bit field).

RETURN VALUE
       offsetof()  returns  the	 offset	 of  the given member within the given
       type, in	units of bytes.

CONFORMING TO
       C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001.

EXAMPLE
       On a Linux/i386 system, when compiled using the default gcc(1) options,
       the program below produces the following	output:

	   $ ./a.out
	   offsets: i=0; c=4; d=8 a=16
	   sizeof(struct s)=16

   Program source

       #include	<stddef.h>
       #include	<stdio.h>
       #include	<stdlib.h>

       int
       main(void)
       {
	   struct s {
	       int i;
	       char c;
	       double d;
	       char a[];
	   };

	   /* Output is	compiler dependent */

	   printf("offsets: i=%zd; c=%zd; d=%zd	a=%zd\n",
		   offsetof(struct s, i), offsetof(struct s, c),
		   offsetof(struct s, d), offsetof(struct s, a));
	   printf("sizeof(struct s)=%zd\n", sizeof(struct s));

	   exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest	  version     of     this    page,    can    be	   found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU				  2014-04-06			   OFFSETOF(3)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | CONFORMING TO | EXAMPLE | COLOPHON

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