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OD(1)				      FSF				 OD(1)

       od - dump files in octal	and other formats

       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od --traditional	[FILE] [[+]OFFSET [[+]LABEL]]

       Write an	unambiguous representation, octal bytes	by default, of FILE to
       standard	output.	 With more than	one FILE argument, concatenate them in
       the  listed  order to form the input.  With no FILE, or when FILE is -,
       read standard input.

       All arguments to	long options are mandatory for short options.

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
	      decide how file offsets are printed

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
	      skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
	      limit dump to BYTES input	bytes

       -s, --strings[=BYTES]
	      output strings of	at least BYTES graphic chars

       -t, --format=TYPE
	      select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
	      do not use * to mark line	suppression

       -w, --width[=BYTES]
	      output BYTES bytes per output line

	      accept arguments in traditional form

       --help display this help	and exit

	      output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed;	they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters

       -b     same as -t oC, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select ASCII characters or	backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal shorts

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -h     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal	shorts

       -i     same as -t d2, select decimal shorts

       -l     same as -t d4, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal shorts

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal	shorts

       For older syntax	(second	call format), OFFSET means -j  OFFSET.	 LABEL
       is  the	pseudo-address at first	byte printed, incremented when dump is
       progressing.  For OFFSET	and LABEL, a 0x	or 0X prefix  indicates	 hexa-
       decimal,	suffixes may be	. for octal and	b for multiply by 512.

       TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications:

       a      named character

       c      ASCII character or backslash escape

	      signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

	      floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

	      octal, SIZE bytes	per integer

	      unsigned decimal,	SIZE bytes per integer

	      hexadecimal, SIZE	bytes per integer

       SIZE  is	 a  number.   For  TYPE	 in  doux,  SIZE  may  also  be	 C for
       sizeof(char),  S	 for  sizeof(short),  I	 for  sizeof(int)  or  L   for
       sizeof(long).   If  TYPE	 is f, SIZE may	also be	F for sizeof(float), D
       for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       RADIX is	d for decimal, o for octal, x for hexadecimal or n  for	 none.
       BYTES is	hexadecimal with 0x or 0X prefix, it is	multiplied by 512 with
       b suffix, by 1024 with k	and by 1048576 with m.	Adding a z  suffix  to
       any type	adds a display of printable characters to the end of each line
       of output.  --string without a number implies  3.   --width  without  a
       number implies 32.  By default, od uses -A o -t d2 -w 16.

       Written by Jim Meyering.

       Report bugs to <>.

       Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software	Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO warranty; not	even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR	 A  PARTICULAR

       The  full  documentation	 for od	is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info	and od programs	are properly installed at your site, the  com-

	      info od

       should give you access to the complete manual.

od (coreutils) 4.5.3		 February 2003				 OD(1)


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