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OD(1)				 User Commands				 OD(1)

       od - dump files in octal	and other formats

       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od [-abcdfilosx]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b]]
       od --traditional	[OPTION]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b] [+][LABEL][.][b]]

       Write an	unambiguous representation, octal bytes	by default, of FILE to
       standard	output.	 With more than	one FILE argument, concatenate them in
       the  listed  order to form the input.  With no FILE, or when FILE is -,
       read standard input.

       If first	and second call	formats	both apply, the	second format  is  as-
       sumed  if the last operand begins with +	or (if there are 2 operands) a
       digit.  An OFFSET operand means -j OFFSET.  LABEL is the	pseudo-address
       at  first byte printed, incremented when	dump is	progressing.  For OFF-
       SET and LABEL, a	0x or 0X prefix	indicates hexadecimal; suffixes	may be
       . for octal and b for multiply by 512.

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
	      output format for	file offsets; RADIX is one of [doxn], for Dec-
	      imal, Octal, Hex or None

	      swap input bytes according the specified order

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
	      skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
	      limit dump to BYTES input	bytes

       -S BYTES, --strings[=BYTES]
	      output  strings  of  at  least BYTES graphic chars; 3 is implied
	      when BYTES is not	specified

       -t, --format=TYPE
	      select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
	      do not use * to mark line	suppression

       -w[BYTES], --width[=BYTES]
	      output BYTES bytes per output line; 32 is	implied	when BYTES  is
	      not specified

	      accept arguments in third	form above

       --help display this help	and exit

	      output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed;	they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters, ignoring high-order bit

       -b     same as -t o1, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select printable characters or backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal 2-byte units

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -i     same as -t dI, select decimal ints

       -l     same as -t dL, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal 2-byte units

       -s     same as -t d2, select decimal 2-byte units

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal	2-byte units

   TYPE	is made	up of one or more of these specifications:
       a      named character, ignoring	high-order bit

       c      printable	character or backslash escape

	      signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

	      floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

	      octal, SIZE bytes	per integer

	      unsigned decimal,	SIZE bytes per integer

	      hexadecimal, SIZE	bytes per integer

       SIZE  is	 a  number.   For  TYPE	 in  [doux],  SIZE  may	 also be C for
       sizeof(char),  S	 for  sizeof(short),  I	 for  sizeof(int)  or  L   for
       sizeof(long).   If  TYPE	 is f, SIZE may	also be	F for sizeof(float), D
       for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       Adding a	z suffix to any	type displays printable	characters at the  end
       of each output line.

   BYTES is hex	with 0x	or 0X prefix, and may have a multiplier	suffix:
       b      512

       KB     1000

       K      1024

       MB     1000*1000

       M      1024*1024

       and so on for G,	T, P, E, Z, Y.

       od -A x -t x1z -v
	      Display hexdump format output

       od -A o -t oS -w16
	      The default output format	used by	od

       Written by Jim Meyering.

       GNU coreutils online help: <>
       Report od translation bugs to <>

       Copyright  (C) 2014 Free	Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or	later <>.
       This is free software: you are free  to	change	and  redistribute  it.
       There is	NO WARRANTY, to	the extent permitted by	law.

       Full documentation at: <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) od invocation'

GNU coreutils 8.23		  March	2015				 OD(1)


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