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OD(1)                            User Commands                           OD(1)

NAME
       od - dump files in octal and other formats

SYNOPSIS
       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od [-abcdfilosx]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b]]
       od --traditional [OPTION]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b] [+][LABEL][.][b]]

DESCRIPTION
       Write an unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE to
       standard output.  With more than one FILE argument, concatenate them in
       the listed order to form the input.  With no FILE, or when FILE is -,
       read standard input.

       All arguments to long options are mandatory for short options.

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
              decide how file offsets are printed

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
              skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
              limit dump to BYTES input bytes

       -S, --strings[=BYTES]
              output strings of at least BYTES graphic chars

       -t, --format=TYPE
              select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
              do not use * to mark line suppression

       -w, --width[=BYTES]
              output BYTES bytes per output line

       --traditional
              accept arguments in traditional form

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed; they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters, ignoring high-order bit

       -b     same as -t o1, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select ASCII characters or backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal 2-byte units

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -i     same as -t dI, select decimal ints

       -l     same as -t dL, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal 2-byte units

       -s     same as -t d2, select decimal 2-byte units

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal 2-byte units

       If first and second call formats both apply, the second format is
       assumed if the last operand begins with + or (if there are 2 operands)
       a digit.  An OFFSET operand means -j OFFSET.  LABEL is the
       pseudo-address at first byte printed, incremented when dump is
       progressing.  For OFFSET and LABEL, a 0x or 0X prefix indicates
       hexadecimal; suffixes may be . for octal and b for multiply by 512.

       TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications:

       a      named character, ignoring high-order bit

       c      ASCII character or backslash escape

       d[SIZE]
              signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       f[SIZE]
              floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

       o[SIZE]
              octal, SIZE bytes per integer

       u[SIZE]
              unsigned decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       x[SIZE]
              hexadecimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       SIZE is a number.  For TYPE in doux, SIZE may also be C for
       sizeof(char), S for sizeof(short), I for sizeof(int) or L for
       sizeof(long).  If TYPE is f, SIZE may also be F for sizeof(float), D
       for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       RADIX is d for decimal, o for octal, x for hexadecimal or n for none.
       BYTES is hexadecimal with 0x or 0X prefix, and may have a multiplier
       suffix: b 512, kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, GB
       1000*1000*1000, G 1024*1024*1024, and so on for T, P, E, Z, Y.  Adding
       a z suffix to any type displays printable characters at the end of each
       output line.  Option --string without a number implies 3; option
       --width without a number implies 32.  By default, od uses -A o -t oS
       -w16.

AUTHOR
       Written by Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report od bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The full documentation for od is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info and od programs are properly installed at your site, the
       command

              info coreutils 'od invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 7.1                  July 2010                             OD(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | AUTHOR | REPORTING BUGS | COPYRIGHT | SEE ALSO

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