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NTP_ADJTIME(2)		    BSD	System Calls Manual		NTP_ADJTIME(2)

     ntp_adjtime, ntp_gettime -- Network Time Protocol (NTP) daemon interface
     system calls

     Standard C	Library	(libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/timex.h>

     ntp_adjtime(struct	timex *);

     ntp_gettime(struct	ntptimeval *);

     The two system calls ntp_adjtime()	and ntp_gettime() are the kernel in-
     terface to	the Network Time Protocol (NTP)	daemon ntpd(8).

     The ntp_adjtime() function	is used	by the NTP daemon to adjust the	system
     clock to an externally derived time.  The time offset and related vari-
     ables which are set by ntp_adjtime() are used by hardclock() to adjust
     the phase and frequency of	the phase- or frequency-lock loop (PLL resp.
     FLL) which	controls the system clock.

     The ntp_gettime() function	provides the time, maximum error (sync dis-
     tance) and	estimated error	(dispersion) to	client user application	pro-

     In	the following, all variables that refer	PPS are	only relevant if the
     PPS_SYNC option is	enabled	in the kernel.

     ntp_adjtime() has as argument a struct timex * of the following form:

     struct timex {
	     unsigned int modes;     /*	clock mode bits	(wo) */
	     long offset;	     /*	time offset (us) (rw) */
	     long freq;		     /*	frequency offset (scaled ppm) (rw) */
	     long maxerror;	     /*	maximum	error (us) (rw)	*/
	     long esterror;	     /*	estimated error	(us) (rw) */
	     int status;	     /*	clock status bits (rw) */
	     long constant;	     /*	pll time constant (rw) */
	     long precision;	     /*	clock precision	(us) (ro) */
	     long tolerance;	     /*	clock frequency	tolerance (scaled
				      *	ppm) (ro) */
	      *	The following read-only	structure members are implemented
	      *	only if	the PPS	signal discipline is configured	in the
	      *	kernel.
	     long ppsfreq;	     /*	pps frequency (scaled ppm) (ro)	*/
	     long jitter;	     /*	pps jitter (us)	(ro) */
	     int shift;		     /*	interval duration (s) (shift) (ro) */
	     long stabil;	     /*	pps stability (scaled ppm) (ro)	*/
	     long jitcnt;	     /*	jitter limit exceeded (ro) */
	     long calcnt;	     /*	calibration intervals (ro) */
	     long errcnt;	     /*	calibration errors (ro)	*/
	     long stbcnt;	     /*	stability limit	exceeded (ro) */

     The members of this struct	have the following meanings when used as argu-
     ment for ntp_adjtime():
     modes	Defines	what settings should be	changed	with the current
		ntp_adjtime() call (write-only).  Bitwise OR of	the following:
		      MOD_OFFSET     set time offset
		      MOD_FREQUENCY  set frequency offset
		      MOD_MAXERROR   set maximum time error
		      MOD_ESTERROR   set estimated time	error
		      MOD_STATUS     set clock status bits
		      MOD_TIMECONST  set PLL time constant
		      MOD_CLKA	     set clock A
		      MOD_CLKB	     set clock B
     offset	Time offset (in	microseconds), used by the PLL/FLL to adjust
		the system time	in small increments (read-write).
     freq	Frequency offset (scaled ppm) (read-write).
     maxerror	Maximum	error (in microseconds).  Initialized by an
		ntp_adjtime() call, and	increased by the kernel	once each sec-
		ond to reflect the maximum error bound growth (read-write).
     esterror	Estimated error	(in microseconds).  Set	and read by
		ntp_adjtime(), but unused by the kernel	(read-write).
     status	System clock status bits (read-write).	Bitwise	OR of the fol-
		      STA_PLL	     Enable PLL	updates	(read-write).
		      STA_PPSFREQ    Enable PPS	freq discipline	(read-write).
		      STA_PPSTIME    Enable PPS	time discipline	(read-write).
		      STA_FLL	     Select frequency-lock mode	(read-write).
		      STA_INS	     Insert leap (read-write).
		      STA_DEL	     Delete leap (read-write).
		      STA_UNSYNC     Clock unsynchronized (read-write).
		      STA_FREQHOLD   Hold frequency (read-write).
		      STA_PPSSIGNAL  PPS signal	present	(read-only).
		      STA_PPSJITTER  PPS signal	jitter exceeded	(read-only).
		      STA_PPSWANDER  PPS signal	wander exceeded	(read-only).
		      STA_PPSERROR   PPS signal	calibration error (read-only).
		      STA_CLOCKERR   Clock hardware fault (read-only).
     constant	PLL time constant, determines the bandwidth, or	"stiffness",
		of the PLL (read-write).
     precision	Clock precision	(in microseconds).  In most cases the same as
		the kernel tick	variable (see hz(9)).  If a precision clock
		counter	or external time-keeping signal	is available, it could
		be much	lower (and depend on the state of the signal) (read-
     tolerance	Maximum	frequency error, or tolerance of the CPU clock oscil-
		lator (scaled ppm).  Ordinarily	a property of the architec-
		ture, but could	change under the influence of external time-
		keeping	signals	(read-only).
     ppsfreq	PPS frequency offset produced by the frequency median filter
		(scaled	ppm) (read-only).
     jitter	PPS jitter measured by the time	median filter in microseconds
     shift	Logarithm to base 2 of the interval duration in	seconds	(PPS,
     stabil	PPS stability (scaled ppm); dispersion (wander)	measured by
		the frequency median filter (read-only).
     jitcnt	Number of seconds that have been discarded because the jitter
		measured by the	time median filter exceeded the	limit MAXTIME
		(PPS, read-only).
     calcnt	Count of calibration intervals (PPS, read-only).
     errcnt	Number of calibration intervals	that have been discarded be-
		cause the wander exceeded the limit MAXFREQ or where the cali-
		bration	interval jitter	exceeded two ticks (PPS, read-only).
     stbcnt	Number of calibration intervals	that have been discarded be-
		cause the frequency wander exceeded the	limit MAXFREQ/4	(PPS,
     After the ntp_adjtime() call, the struct timex * structure	contains the
     current values of the corresponding variables.

     ntp_gettime() has as argument a struct ntptimeval * with the following

     struct ntptimeval {
	     struct timeval time;    /*	current	time (ro) */
	     long maxerror;	     /*	maximum	error (us) (ro)	*/
	     long esterror;	     /*	estimated error	(us) (ro) */

     These have	the following meaning:
     time	Current	time (read-only).
     maxerror	Maximum	error in microseconds (read-only).
     esterror	Estimated error	in microseconds	(read-only).

     ntp_adjtime() and ntp_gettime() return the	current	state of the clock on
     success, or any of	the errors of copyin(9)	and copyout(9).	 ntp_adjtime()
     may additionally return EPERM if the user calling ntp_adjtime() does not
     have sufficient permissions.

     Possible states of	the clock are:
	   TIME_OK     Everything okay,	no leap	second warning.
	   TIME_INS    "insert leap second" warning.  At the end of the	day, a
		       leap second will	be inserted after 23:59:59.
	   TIME_DEL    "delete leap second" warning.  At the end of the	day,
		       second 23:59:59 will be skipped.
	   TIME_OOP    Leap second in progress.
	   TIME_WAIT   Leap second has occurred	within the last	few seconds.
	   TIME_ERROR  Clock not synchronized.

     The ntp_adjtime() system call may return EPERM if the caller does not
     have sufficient permissions.

     options(4), ntpd(8), hardclock(9),	hz(9)

     Take note that this API is	extremely complex and stateful.	 Users should
     not attempt modification without first reviewing the ntpd(8) sources in

BSD				 July 13, 2005				   BSD


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