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NCPLOGIN(1)             FreeBSD General Commands Manual            NCPLOGIN(1)

     ncplogin - create permanent connection to a NetWare server

     ncplogin [-BCDN] [-S server] [-U user] [-A host] [-I level] [-M mode] [-O
              [owner][:group]] [-R retrycount] [-T tree] [-W timeout]
     ncplogin [-BCDN] [-A host] [-I level] [-M mode] [-O [owner][:group]]
              [-R retrycount] [-T tree] [-W timeout] /server:user

     Connections to a NetWare server can be created and used independently of
     the mount_nwfs(8) command.  Connections can be created by any user.  Each
     user can have multiple connections, but each NetWareServer:NetWareUser
     pair should be unique.

     The ncplogin command is used to create a permanent connection to a
     NetWare server.  Permanent connections will stay connected even if no
     applications use them.  This allows users to run different ncp* programs
     without specifying a file server and user to use.  Established
     connections can be destroyed with the ncplogout(1) command.

     Upper case options described in this manual are common for other ncp*
     programs and are referred to as "connection options".  Options -U and -S
     are mutually exclusive with the /server:user syntax.

     The options are:

     -S server
             Specify the name of the NetWare server to connect to.  This
             affect only IPX servers.  For native IP servers, see the -A

     -U user
             Specify the name of the user used in the login sequence.

     -A host
             Use the UDP protocol to connect to a NetWare 5.x server specified
             by the host argument.

     -C      Do not convert the password to uppercase.

     -D      Mark the connection as primary.  The option can be used to modify
             existing connections.  Only the ncplogin program accepts this

     -I signature_level
             Try to use signature_level.  Available values are:

                   Value   Meaning
                   0       disable signatures
                   1       enable (use if required by server)
                   2       request but do not require signing
                   3       require signatures

             Note that only packet header signing is implemented.

     -M mode
             Share this connection.  The bits in the mode argument are similar
             to standard file permissions:

                   Mask    Meaning
                   4       READ    - connection will be visible.
                   2       WRITE   - connection can be closed/modified
                   1       EXECUTE - user allowed to execute requests.

             By default, the connection is created with mode 0700 and only the
             owner can use it.  Specifying 0750 as the argument to the -M
             option would allow read-only group access as well.  This would
             allow the group to perform NCP requests, but not to destroy the
             connection.  When a server is not explicitly specified, ncp*
             programs try to find a suitable connection in the following

                   1.   Try to find a connection owned by the user.  If there
                        is more than one such connection, try to determine
                        which one is primary.  The primary flag is set with
                        the -D option.

                   2.   If the primary connection could not be determined, the
                        first shared connection will be used.

     -N      Do not prompt for a password.  At run time, ncplogin reads the
             ~/.nwfsrc file for additional configuration parameters and a
             password.  If no password is found for the specified server:user
             pair, ncplogin prompts for it.

     -O      Specify the owner and group attributes for the connection.  Newly
             created connections take the owner attribute from the creating
             user's username and the group attribute from the creating user's
             primary group.  This option overrides that behaviour.  Only the
             superuser can override the owner attribute for a connection.

     -P      Mark the connection as permanent.  The ncplogin utility always
             creates permanent connections.  This option can be used in other
             ncp* programs.

     -R retry_count
             Specify the number of retries to be performed before dropping the
             connection.  The default value is 10.

             Note: after a connection is marked `BAD', each request will try
             to restore it.  This process restores only the NCP connection; it
             does not reopen any files that were open at the time that the
             connection was marked `BAD'.

     -W timeout
             Specify the server request timeout in seconds.  The default is 5

             This syntax is provided for the sake of simplicity and is
             mutually exclusive with the -S and -U options.

     Low level connection management is implemented in the ncp.ko module.  The
     IPXrouted(8) program is also required for IPX support.

     ~/.nwfsrc      keeps static parameters for connections and other
                    information See /usr/share/examples/nwclient/dot.nwfsrc
                    for details.

     The ncplogin command first appeared in FreeBSD 4.0.

     Boris Popov <>, <>

     Please report any bugs to the author.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE       September 15, 1999       FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE


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