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nbtscan(1)	scan networks searching	for NetBIOS information	    nbtscan(1)

NAME
       nbtscan - scan networks for NetBIOS name	information

SYNOPSIS
       nbtscan [-v] [-d] [-e] [-l] [-t timeout]	[-b bandwidth] [-r] [-q]
	       [-s separator] [-h] [-m retransmits] [-f	filename | target]

DESCRIPTION
       NBTscan is a program for	scanning IP networks for NetBIOS name informa-
       tion. It	sends NetBIOS status query to each address in  supplied	 range
       and  lists  received  information  in human readable form. For each re-
       sponded host it lists IP	address, NetBIOS computer name,	logged-in user
       name and	MAC address (such as Ethernet).

       NBTscan produces	a report like that:

	   IP address	    NetBIOS Name     Server    User		MAC address
	   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	   192.168.1.2	    MYCOMPUTER		       JDOE		00-a0-c9-12-34-56
	   192.168.1.5	    WIN98COMP	     <server>  RROE		00-a0-c9-78-90-00
	   192.168.1.123    DPTSERVER	     <server>  ADMINISTRATOR	08-00-09-12-34-56

       First  column lists IP address of responded host. Second	column is com-
       puter name. Third column	indicates if this computer shares or  is  able
       to share	files or printers. For NT machine it means that	Server Service
       is running on this computer.  For Windows 95 it means that "I  want  to
       be able to give others access to	my files" or "I	want to	be able	to al-
       low others to print on my printer(s)" checkbox is  ticked  (in  Control
       Panel/Network/File  and	Print  Sharing). Most often it means that this
       computer	shares files. Third column shows  user	name.  If  no  one  is
       logged  on  from	this computer it is same as computer name. Last	column
       shows adapter MAC address.

       If run with -v switch NBTscan lists whole NetBIOS name table  for  each
       responded address. The output looks like	that:

	   NetBIOS Name	Table for Host 192.168.1.123:

	   Name		    Service	     Type
	   ----------------------------------------
	   DPTSERVER	    <00>	     UNIQUE
	   DPTSERVER	    <20>	     UNIQUE
	   DEPARTMENT	    <00>	     GROUP
	   DEPARTMENT	    <1c>	     GROUP
	   DEPARTMENT	    <1b>	     UNIQUE
	   DEPARTMENT	    <1e>	     GROUP
	   DPTSERVER	    <03>	     UNIQUE
	   DEPARTMENT	    <1d>	     UNIQUE
	   ??__MSBROWSE__?  <01>	     GROUP
	   INet~Services    <1c>	     GROUP
	   IS~DPTSERVER	    <00>	     UNIQUE
	   DPTSERVER	    <01>	     UNIQUE

	   Adapter address: 00-a0-c9-12-34-56
	   ----------------------------------------

OPTIONS
       A summary of options is included	below.

       -v     Verbose output. Print all	names received from each host.

       -d     Dump  packets.  Print whole packet contents. Cannot be used with
	      -v, -s or	-h options.

       -e     Format output in /etc/hosts format.

       -l     Format output in lmhosts format.

       -t <timeout>
	      Wait timeout seconds for response. Default 1.

       -b <bandwidth>
	      Output  throttling. Slow down output so that  it	uses  no  more
	      that  bandwidth  bps.  Useful  on	 slow  links, so that outgoing
	      queries don't get	dropped.

       -r     Use local	port 137 for scans. Win95 boxes	respond	to this	 only.
	      You need to be root to use this option.

       -q     Suppress banners and error messages.

       -s <separator>
	      Script-friendly  output.	Don't print column and record headers,
	      separate fields with separator.

       -h     Print human-readable names for services. Can only	be  used  with
	      -v option.

       -m <retransmits>
	      Number of	retransmits. Default 0.

       -f <filename>
	      Take IP addresses	to scan	from file "filename"

       target NBTscan  is a command-line tool. You have	to supply at least one
	      argument,	the address range, in one of three forms:

	      xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
		     Single   IP   in	dotted-decimal	 notation.    Example:
		     192.168.1.1

	      xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/xx
		     Net address and subnet mask. Example: 192.168.1.0/24

	      xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx-xxx
		     Address  range.  Example: 192.168.1.1-127.	This will scan
		     all addresses from	192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.127

EXAMPLES
       Scans the whole C-class network:

	   nbtscan -r 192.168.1.0/24

       Scans a range from 192.168.1.25 to 192.168.1.137:

	   nbtscan 192.168.1.25-137

       Scans C-class network. Prints results in	script-friendly	 format	 using
       colon as	field separator:

	   nbtscan -v -s : 192.168.1.0/24

       The last	command	produces output	like that:

	   192.168.0.1:NT_SERVER:00U
	   192.168.0.1:MY_DOMAIN:00G
	   192.168.0.1:ADMINISTRATOR:03U
	   192.168.0.2:OTHER_BOX:00U
	   ...

       Scans IP	addresses specified in file iplist:

	   nbtscan -f iplist

NETBIOS	SUFFIXES
       NetBIOS	Suffix,	aka NetBIOS End	Character (endchar), indicates service
       type for	the registered name. The most known codes are listed below. (U
       = Unique	Name, G	= Group	Name)

	   Name		       Number(h)  Type	Usage
	   --------------------------------------------------------------------------

	   <computername>	  00	   U	Workstation Service
	   <computername>	  01	   U	Messenger Service
	   <\--__MSBROWSE__>	  01	   G	Master Browser
	   <computername>	  03	   U	Messenger Service
	   <computername>	  06	   U	RAS Server Service
	   <computername>	  1F	   U	NetDDE Service
	   <computername>	  20	   U	File Server Service
	   <computername>	  21	   U	RAS Client Service
	   <computername>	  22	   U	Exchange Interchange(MSMail Connector)
	   <computername>	  23	   U	Exchange Store
	   <computername>	  24	   U	Exchange Directory
	   <computername>	  30	   U	Modem Sharing Server Service
	   <computername>	  31	   U	Modem Sharing Client Service
	   <computername>	  43	   U	SMS Clients Remote Control
	   <computername>	  44	   U	SMS Administrators Remote Control Tool
	   <computername>	  45	   U	SMS Clients Remote Chat
	   <computername>	  46	   U	SMS Clients Remote Transfer
	   <computername>	  87	   U	Microsoft Exchange MTA
	   <computername>	  6A	   U	Microsoft Exchange IMC
	   <computername>	  BE	   U	Network	Monitor	Agent
	   <computername>	  BF	   U	Network	Monitor	Application
	   <username>		  03	   U	Messenger Service
	   <domain>		  00	   G	Domain Name
	   <domain>		  1B	   U	Domain Master Browser
	   <domain>		  1C	   G	Domain Controllers
	   <domain>		  1D	   U	Master Browser
	   <domain>		  1E	   G	Browser	Service	Elections
	   <INet~Services>	  1C	   G	IIS
	   <IS~computer	name>	  00	   U	IIS

FAQ
       1.  NBTscan  lists  my  Windows	boxes  just  fine but does not list my
	   Unixes or routers. Why?

       R: That is the way it is	supposed to work.  NBTscan  uses  NetBIOS  for
       scanning	 and NetBIOS is	only implemented by Windows (and some software
       on Unix such as Samba).

       2.  Why do I get	"Connection reset by peer" errors on Windows 2000?

       R: NBTscan uses port 137	UDP for	sending	queries. If the	port is	closed
       on destination host destination will reply with ICMP "Port unreachable"
       message.	Most operating system will ignore this message.	 Windows  2000
       reports it to the application as	"Connection reset by peer" error. Just
       ignore it.

       3.  Why NBTscan doesn't scan for	shares?	Are you	 going	to  add	 share
	   scanning to NBTscan?

       R:  No.	NBTscan	 uses  UDP  for	what it	does. That makes it very fast.
       Share scanning requires TCP. For	one thing, it will make	 nbtscan  more
       slow.  Also  adding  share  scanning  means adding a lot	of new code to
       nbtscan.	There is a lot of good share scanners around, so there	is  no
       reason to duplicate that	work.

       4.  Why do I get	00-00-00-00-00-00 instead of MAC address when I	scan a
	   Samba box?

       R: Because that's what Samba send in response  to  the  query.  Nbtscan
       just prints out what it gets.

AUTHOR
       NBTscan	was  created by	Alla Bezroutchko <alla@inetcat.org>. Currently
       is maintained by	some  volunteers  at  https://github.com/resurrecting-
       open-source-projects/nbtscan

       This  manual  page  was	written	 for  the  first  time by Ryszard Lach
       <rla@debian.org>	and rewritten, from scratch,  by  Joao	Eriberto  Mota
       Filho <eriberto@debian.org> for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but	may be
       used by others).

nbtscan-1.6			  14 Nov 2019			    nbtscan(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | EXAMPLES | NETBIOS SUFFIXES | FAQ | AUTHOR

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