Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages

  
 
  

home | help
MYSQLADMIN(1)		     MySQL Database System		 MYSQLADMIN(1)

NAME
       mysqladmin - client for administering a MySQL server

SYNOPSIS
       mysqladmin [options] command [command-options] [command
										      [command-options]]
										      ...

DESCRIPTION
       mysqladmin is a client for performing administrative operations.	You
       can use it to check the server's	configuration and current status, to
       create and drop databases, and more.

       Invoke mysqladmin like this:

	   shell> mysqladmin [options] command [command-arg] [command [command-arg]] ...

       mysqladmin supports the following commands. Some	of the commands	take
       an argument following the command name.

       o   create db_name

	   Create a new	database named db_name.

       o   debug

	   Tell	the server to write debug information to the error log.	Format
	   and content of this information is subject to change.

	   This	includes information about the Event Scheduler.	See
	   Section 21.4.5, "Event Scheduler Status".

       o   drop	db_name

	   Delete the database named db_name and all its tables.

       o   extended-status

	   Display the server status variables and their values.

       o   flush-hosts

	   Flush all information in the	host cache.

       o   flush-logs [log_type	...]

	   Flush all logs.

	   As of MySQL 5.7.5, the mysqladmin flush-logs	command	permits
	   optional log	types to be given, to specify which logs to flush.
	   Following the flush-logs command, you can provide a space-separated
	   list	of one or more of the following	log types: binary, engine,
	   error, general, relay, slow.	These correspond to the	log types that
	   can be specified for	the FLUSH LOGS SQL statement.

       o   flush-privileges

	   Reload the grant tables (same as reload).

       o   flush-status

	   Clear status	variables.

       o   flush-tables

	   Flush all tables.

       o   flush-threads

	   Flush the thread cache.

       o   kill	id,id,...

	   Kill	server threads.	If multiple thread ID values are given,	there
	   must	be no spaces in	the list.

       o   old-password	new_password

	   This	is like	the password command but stores	the password using the
	   old (pre-4.1) password-hashing format. (See Section 7.1.2.4,
	   "Password Hashing in	MySQL".)

	   This	command	was removed in MySQL 5.7.5.

       o   password new_password

	   Set a new password. This changes the	password to new_password for
	   the account that you	use with mysqladmin for	connecting to the
	   server. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or any other
	   client program) using the same account, you will need to specify
	   the new password.

	   If the new_password value contains spaces or	other characters that
	   are special to your command interpreter, you	need to	enclose	it
	   within quotation marks. On Windows, be sure to use double quotation
	   marks rather	than single quotation marks; single quotation marks
	   are not stripped from the password, but rather are interpreted as
	   part	of the password. For example:

	       shell> mysqladmin password "my new password"

	   In MySQL 5.7, the new password can be omitted following the
	   password command. In	this case, mysqladmin prompts for the password
	   value, which	enables	you to avoid specifying	the password on	the
	   command line. Omitting the password value should be done only if
	   password is the final command on the	mysqladmin command line.
	   Otherwise, the next argument	is taken as the	password.

	       Caution
	       Do not use this command used if the server was started with the
	       --skip-grant-tables option. No password change will be applied.
	       This is true even if you	precede	the password command with
	       flush-privileges	on the same command line to re-enable the
	       grant tables because the	flush operation	occurs after you
	       connect.	However, you can use mysqladmin	flush-privileges to
	       re-enable the grant table and then use a	separate mysqladmin
	       password	command	to change the password.

       o   ping

	   Check whether the server is available. The return status from
	   mysqladmin is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is	not. This is 0
	   even	in case	of an error such as Access denied, because this	means
	   that	the server is running but refused the connection, which	is
	   different from the server not running.

       o   processlist

	   Show	a list of active server	threads. This is like the output of
	   the SHOW PROCESSLIST	statement. If the --verbose option is given,
	   the output is like that of SHOW FULL	PROCESSLIST. (See
	   Section 14.7.5.29, "SHOW PROCESSLIST	Syntax".)

       o   reload

	   Reload the grant tables.

       o   refresh

	   Flush all tables and	close and open log files.

       o   shutdown

	   Stop	the server.

       o   start-slave

	   Start replication on	a slave	server.

       o   status

	   Display a short server status message.

       o   stop-slave

	   Stop	replication on a slave server.

       o   variables

	   Display the server system variables and their values.

       o   version

	   Display version information from the	server.

       All commands can	be shortened to	any unique prefix. For example:

	   shell> mysqladmin proc stat
	   +----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+
	   | Id	| User	| Host	    | db | Command | Time | State | Info	     |
	   +----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+
	   | 51	| monty	| localhost |	 | Query   | 0	  |	  | show processlist |
	   +----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+
	   Uptime: 1473624  Threads: 1	Questions: 39487
	   Slow	queries: 0  Opens: 541	Flush tables: 1
	   Open	tables:	19  Queries per	second avg: 0.0268

       The mysqladmin status command result displays the following values:

       o   Uptime

	   The number of seconds the MySQL server has been running.

       o   Threads

	   The number of active	threads	(clients).

       o   Questions

	   The number of questions (queries) from clients since	the server was
	   started.

       o   Slow	queries

	   The number of queries that have taken more than long_query_time
	   seconds. See	Section	6.4.5, "The Slow Query Log".

       o   Opens

	   The number of tables	the server has opened.

       o   Flush tables

	   The number of flush-*, refresh, and reload commands the server has
	   executed.

       o   Open	tables

	   The number of tables	that currently are open.

       If you execute mysqladmin shutdown when connecting to a local server
       using a Unix socket file, mysqladmin waits until	the server's process
       ID file has been	removed, to ensure that	the server has stopped
       properly.

       mysqladmin supports the following options, which	can be specified on
       the command line	or in the [mysqladmin] and [client] groups of an
       option file. For	information about option files used by MySQL programs,
       see Section 5.2.6, "Using Option	Files".

       o   --help, -?

	   Display a help message and exit.

       o   --bind-address=ip_address

	   On a	computer having	multiple network interfaces, use this option
	   to select which interface to	use for	connecting to the MySQL
	   server.

       o   --character-sets-dir=dir_name

	   The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 11.5,
	   "Character Set Configuration".

       o   --compress, -C

	   Compress all	information sent between the client and	the server if
	   both	support	compression.

       o   --count=N, -c N

	   The number of iterations to make for	repeated command execution if
	   the --sleep option is given.

       o   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

	   Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
	   d:t:o,file_name. The	default	is d:t:o,/tmp/mysqladmin.trace.

       o   --debug-check

	   Print some debugging	information when the program exits.

       o   --debug-info

	   Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage	statistics
	   when	the program exits.

       o   --default-auth=plugin

	   A hint about	the client-side	authentication plugin to use. See
	   Section 7.3.8, "Pluggable Authentication".

       o   --default-character-set=charset_name

	   Use charset_name as the default character set. See Section 11.5,
	   "Character Set Configuration".

       o   --defaults-extra-file=file_name

	   Read	this option file after the global option file but (on Unix)
	   before the user option file.	If the file does not exist or is
	   otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.  file_name is interpreted
	   relative to the current directory if	given as a relative path name
	   rather than a full path name.

       o   --defaults-file=file_name

	   Use only the	given option file. If the file does not	exist or is
	   otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.  file_name is interpreted
	   relative to the current directory if	given as a relative path name
	   rather than a full path name.

	   Exception: Even with	--defaults-file, client	programs read
	   .mylogin.cnf.

       o   --defaults-group-suffix=str

	   Read	not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the
	   usual names and a suffix of str. For	example, mysqladmin normally
	   reads the [client] and [mysqladmin] groups. If the
	   --defaults-group-suffix=_other option is given, mysqladmin also
	   reads the [client_other] and	[mysqladmin_other] groups.

       o   --enable-cleartext-plugin

	   Enable the mysql_clear_password cleartext authentication plugin.
	   (See	Section	7.5.1.8, "The Cleartext	Client-Side Authentication
	   Plugin".)

       o   --force, -f

	   Do not ask for confirmation for the drop db_name command. With
	   multiple commands, continue even if an error	occurs.

       o   --host=host_name, -h	host_name

	   Connect to the MySQL	server on the given host.

       o   --login-path=name

	   Read	options	from the named login path in the .mylogin.cnf login
	   path	file. A	"login path" is	an option group	containing options
	   that	specify	which MySQL server to connect to and which account to
	   authenticate	as. To create or modify	a login	path file, use the
	   mysql_config_editor utility.	See mysql_config_editor(1).

       o   --no-beep, -b

	   Suppress the	warning	beep that is emitted by	default	for errors
	   such	as a failure to	connect	to the server.

       o   --no-defaults

	   Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to
	   reading unknown options from	an option file,	--no-defaults can be
	   used	to prevent them	from being read.

	   The exception is that the .mylogin.cnf file,	if it exists, is read
	   in all cases. This permits passwords	to be specified	in a safer way
	   than	on the command line even when --no-defaults is used.
	   (.mylogin.cnf is created by the mysql_config_editor utility.	See
	   mysql_config_editor(1).)

       o   --password[=password], -p[password]

	   The password	to use when connecting to the server. If you use the
	   short option	form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option
	   and the password. If	you omit the password value following the
	   --password or -p option on the command line,	mysqladmin prompts for
	   one.

	   Specifying a	password on the	command	line should be considered
	   insecure. See Section 7.1.2.1, "End-User Guidelines for Password
	   Security". You can use an option file to avoid giving the password
	   on the command line.

       o   --pipe, -W

	   On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option
	   applies only	if the server supports named-pipe connections.

       o   --plugin-dir=dir_name

	   The directory in which to look for plugins. Specify this option if
	   the --default-auth option is	used to	specify	an authentication
	   plugin but mysqladmin does not find it. See Section 7.3.8,
	   "Pluggable Authentication".

       o   --port=port_num, -P port_num

	   The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

       o   --print-defaults

	   Print the program name and all options that it gets from option
	   files.

       o   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

	   The connection protocol to use for connecting to the	server.	It is
	   useful when the other connection parameters normally	would cause a
	   protocol to be used other than the one you want. For	details	on the
	   permissible values, see Section 5.2.2, "Connecting to the MySQL
	   Server".

       o   --relative, -r

	   Show	the difference between the current and previous	values when
	   used	with the --sleep option. This option works only	with the
	   extended-status command.

       o   --show-warnings

	   Show	warnings resulting from	execution of statements	sent to	the
	   server. This	option was added in MySQL 5.7.2.

       o   --secure-auth

	   Do not send passwords to the	server in old (pre-4.1)	format.	This
	   prevents connections	except for servers that	use the	newer password
	   format. This	option was added in MySQL 5.7.4.

	   As of MySQL 5.7.5, this option is deprecated	and will be removed in
	   a future MySQL release. It is always	enabled	and attempting to
	   disable it (--skip-secure-auth, --secure-auth=0) produces an	error.
	   Before MySQL	5.7.5, this option is enabled by default but can be
	   disabled.

	       Note
	       Passwords that use the pre-4.1 hashing method are less secure
	       than passwords that use the native password hashing method and
	       should be avoided. Pre-4.1 passwords are	deprecated and support
	       for them	is removed in MySQL 5.7.5. For account upgrade
	       instructions, see Section 7.5.1.3, "Migrating Away from Pre-4.1
	       Password	Hashing	and the	mysql_old_password Plugin".

       o   --shared-memory-base-name=name

	   On Windows, the shared-memory name to use, for connections made
	   using shared	memory to a local server. The default value is MYSQL.
	   The shared-memory name is case sensitive.

	   The server must be started with the --shared-memory option to
	   enable shared-memory	connections.

       o   --silent, -s

	   Exit	silently if a connection to the	server cannot be established.

       o   --sleep=delay, -i delay

	   Execute commands repeatedly,	sleeping for delay seconds in between.
	   The --count option determines the number of iterations. If --count
	   is not given, mysqladmin executes commands indefinitely until
	   interrupted.

       o   --socket=path, -S path

	   For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on
	   Windows, the	name of	the named pipe to use.

       o   --ssl*

	   Options that	begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the
	   server using	SSL and	indicate where to find SSL keys	and
	   certificates. See Section 7.4.5, "Command Options for Secure
	   Connections".

       o   --tls-version=protocol_list

	   The protocols permitted by the client for encrypted connections.
	   The value is	a comma-separated list containing one or more protocol
	   names. The protocols	that can be named for this option depend on
	   the SSL library used	to compile MySQL. For details, see
	   Section 7.4.3, "Secure Connection Protocols and Ciphers".

	   This	option was added in MySQL 5.7.10.

       o   --user=user_name, -u	user_name

	   The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.

       o   --verbose, -v

	   Verbose mode. Print more information	about what the program does.

       o   --version, -V

	   Display version information and exit.

       o   --vertical, -E

	   Print output	vertically. This is similar to --relative, but prints
	   output vertically.

       o   --wait[=count], -w[count]

	   If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of
	   aborting. If	a count	value is given,	it indicates the number	of
	   times to retry. The default is one time.

       You can also set	the following variables	by using --var_name=value.

       o   connect_timeout

	   The maximum number of seconds before	connection timeout. The
	   default value is 43200 (12 hours).

       o   shutdown_timeout

	   The maximum number of seconds to wait for server shutdown. The
	   default value is 3600 (1 hour).

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1997, 2016, Oracle	and/or its affiliates. All rights
       reserved.

       This documentation is free software; you	can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the	terms of the GNU General Public	License	as
       published by the	Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the	hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A	PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See	the GNU
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received	a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the	program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,	Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,	Boston,	MA 02110-1301 USA or see
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

SEE ALSO
       For more	information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed	locally	and which is also available online at
       http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

AUTHOR
       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).

MySQL 5.7			  09/28/2016			 MYSQLADMIN(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | COPYRIGHT | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=mysqladmin&manpath=FreeBSD+12.1-RELEASE+and+Ports>

home | help