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MRTG-NW-GUIDE(1)		     mrtg		      MRTG-NW-GUIDE(1)

       mrtg-nw-guide - MRTG for	NetWare

       This guide is intended to aid in	the installation and configuration of
       MRTG on a NetWare server.

       MRTG is a relative newcomer to the NetWare platform. Earlier versions
       of NetWare could	not run	MRTG natively for several reasons:

       o   Absence of NetWare OS support in the	MRTG package.

       o   A NetWare server commandline	length limitation.

       o   Absence of the Rateup executable (Rateup.nlm).

       o   A standard installation method.

       o   Problems with NetWare's implementation of Perl.

       Support for the NetWare OS has now been fully added into	MRTG,
       beginning with MRTG release 2.12.2.

       Liberallly minded operating systems support a commandline length
       approaching 1000	characters. In such environments it was	an easy	matter
       to pass the sometimes high number of parameters used by MRTG's Rateup
       executable directly on the commandline. Until NetWare 6.5, NetWare had
       a commandline limit of 512 characters. This limitation was also removed
       for NetWare 6.0 by Service Pack 5. For other NetWare versions and
       earlier Service Packs, this limitation remains. To permit a 'standard'
       interface for NetWare, the Rateup executable has	been modified to also
       read its	parameters from	a file,	and the	MRTG script has	been modified
       to support this method on a NetWare platform.  (See New Rateup Switch)

       A Rateup	NLM is now available, along with the necessary scripts to
       build it	if required. See the  NetWare Support section of this document
       for further details. Additionally, has been revised because of
       the unique (to NetWare) name of executables (NLM).

       The absence of a	specific installation procedure	has caused MRTG	to
       fail in the past	because	the Perl script	could not find or load the
       Rateup executable. The installation method supplied here	will solve
       this problem for	now.

       The script in the 2.12.2	(or later) version of MRTG has been
       configured to suit all likely versions of NetWare able to use Perl5,
       and bypasses all	of the known problems with NetWare Perl	running	MRTG.

       You will	need the following:

       o   Perl	5.8.0 for NetWare with latest Perl Updates (February, 2005 or
	   later; previous versions MAY	work)

       o   NetWare 5.1 w/ SP8, NetWare 6.0 w/ SP5 or NetWare 6.5 w/ SP2.

       o   A copy of the MRTG Package (v2.12.2 at time of writting)

       o   Three .ncf files to execute the Perl	scripts	at the NetWare server

       o   A copy of the Rateup	NLM (Pre-built or compiled)

       o   Optionally, any NetWare supported Web Server	(Netscape, Apache 1.3
	   or 2.0)

       For copies of the .ncf files and	Rateup NLM, see	NetWare	Support	in
       this document.

       1.  Install the latest Perl 5.8.x release on your server. See the Perl
	   documentation for details.

       2.  Create the following	directories:

		    SYS:/Mrtg/contrib	 (Optional for this document)
		    SYS:/Mrtg/doc	 (Optional for this document)

       3.  Copy	from the MRTG package the following files:

	    \bin\*	  to  SYS:/Mrtg/bin		 All files. See	Note 1.

	   Note	1: Add a .pl extension to the mrtg, cfgmaker and indexmaker
	   files.  The rateup.exe will NOT be needed on	the NetWare server.

	    \contrib\*	  to  SYS:/Mrtg/contrib/	 Include sub-directories
	    \doc\*	  to  SYS:/Mrtg/doc/		 All files
	    \images\*	  to  SYS:/Mrtg/html/images/	 All files
	    \translate\*  to  SYS:/Mrtg/translate/	 All files. See	Note 2.

	   Note	2: For English-only language support, all \translate files
	   EXCEPT Locales_mrtg may be deleted.

	    \lib\*	  to  SYS:/Mrtg/lib		 Include sub-directories. See Note 3.

	   Note	3: This	will create the	SYS:/Mrtg/lib/mrtg2 and	./pod

       4.  Create copies of the	three .ncf files and install them:

	    *.ncf	  to  SYS:/Mrtg/bin

	   See NetWare Support in this document	for details on how to create
	   copies of these files.

       5.  See Compiling Rateup.nlm"> in this document for details on
	   compiling the Rateup	NLM yourself if	desired.  A prebuit verion is
	   available in	the .\mrtg\bin directory where it must remain.

       o   Refer to Novell documentation on configuring	and loading SNMP
	   support on your server if this is the device	to be monitored.

       o   Edit	sys:/mrtg/bin/MakeMrtgCfg.ncf:

	   replace ccccc with the GET community	name for the SNMP device
	   (typically 'public'),

	   replace ddddd with the DNS name or IP address of the	device to be
	   monitored.  e.g, public@

	   Note	1: These are NOT mail addresses, they just look	like one!

	   Note	2: If multiple devices are to be monitored, add	their entries
	   to the same line:

	   e.g	perl public@
	   > sys:/mrtg/bin/mrtg.cfg

	   In this "Getting Started", it is 'suggested'	to only	monitor	a
	   single device.

       o   At the server console, run:


	   This	will create Mrtg.cfg in	sys:/mrtg/bin.

       o   Edit	the Mrtg.cfg configuration file	created	in the previous	step.
	   Note	the following:

	   It was found, when testing MRTG on a	NetWare	6.5 server using a NIC
	   Interface, that mrtg.cfg contained the following message:

	    ###	Interface 1 >> Descr: 'Intel(R)-8255x-based-Network-Connection'...
	    ###	The following interface	is commented out because:
	    ###	* has a	speed of 0 which makes no sense

	   If this occurs, edit	MakeMrtgCfg.ncf	and add	the following
	   parameter as	shown:

	    perl sys:\mrtg\bin\ --zero-speed=nnn public@ > sys:\mrtg\bin\Mrtg.cfg

	   where nnn is	the interface speed in bits per	second.	For a 100
	   Megabit LAN NIC, nnn	= 10000000. It will be necessary to re-execute
	   the MakeMrtgCfg.ncf script before continuing	with this section.

	   Below line 16 (*** Global Defaults),	add:

	    HtmlDir:  <a path>	e.g  HtmlDir:  sys:/mrtg/html
	    ImageDir: <a path>	e.g  ImageDir: sys:/mrtg/html/work
	    LogDir:   <a path>	e.g  LogDir:   sys:/mrtg/logs
	    IconDir:  <a path>	e.g  IconDir:  ./images

	   Note	1. The HtmlDir entry specifies where MRTG will create its HTML

	   Note	2. The ImageDir	entry specifies	where the created graphic
	   icons are placed.

	   Note	3. The IconDir entry specifies where the supplied MRTG icons
	   are located.	 It MUST be a relative path from HtmlDir or absolute
	   URL.	The value shown	is recommended.

       o   At the server console run:


	   several times. By the third time it should run without showing
	   error messages on the console screen.

	   This	should create.

	   - A HTML page in the	(HtmlDir) directory for	each monitored device,

	   - A .dat file in the	(ImageDir) directory for each monitored

	   - Several .png icons	in the (ImageDir) directory,

	   - Some log file entries in the (LogDir) directory.

	   Note: If you	experience a "Use of uninitialised value in split"
	   error, it will be necessary to create a 'Path' environment variable
	   at the server console; use the following example

	    env	path="SYS:\"  (The actual value	is immaterial, as long as the var itself exists.)

       o   Edit	sys:/mrtg/bin/MakeMrtgIndex.ncf. Change	the indicated <path>
	   shown in the	following example to match the value entered for

	    perl --noscreen sys:/mrtg/bin/	sys:/mrtg/bin/Mrtg.cfg > <path>/index.html

       o   Create an index.html	page linking the seperate device HTML page(s).
	   At the server console, run:


	   This	will create index.html in the (HtmlDir)	directory.

       o   Optionally, configure a Web Server to permit	access to the
	   directory specified in (HtmlDir) to view the	MRTG graphs remotely,
	   at, for example:


	   A sample configuration for an Apache	Webserver is shown:

	    Alias /mrtg/ "SYS:/mrtg/html/"
	    <Directory "SYS:/mrtg/html">
			AllowOverride None
			Order allow,deny
			Allow from all

       o   Set the property of the directory pointed to	by (ImageDir), to
	   'Purge Immediate'.

       o   Finally, read the MRTG documentation	for much more detailed
	   configuration/usage information.

       Welcome to MRTG!!

       MRTG can	be made	to run periodically by at least	two means:

       o   Using CRON Scheduling

       o   Running MRTG	in Daemon Mode

   CRON	Scheduling
       To use CRON scheduling, create a	CRON Scheduler entry to	execute	the
       RunMrtg.ncf file	on a frequency appropriate for the server environment
       and information desired.	The following entry in the sys:\etc\crontab
       file will execute MRTG every five minutes:

	0,5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55 * * *	* sys:\mrtg\bin\runmrtg.ncf

       The CRON	Scheduler (cron.nlm) can be started automatically by adding it
       in AUTOEXEC.ncf or, manually loading it at the server console.

   MRTG	in Daemon Mode
       Refer to	the MRTG-Reference document for	information about the
       'RunAsDaemon' option. Its use is	outside	the scope of this document.

       Read the	MRTG documents,	Perl documents or, finally, submit questions
       to the MRTG User	forums.

       For NetWare specific issues, submit questions to	the Perl forum at
       news:// (Novell Developer

       In addition to the rateup.c and Makefile.Netware	supplied with the MRTG
       release,	you will also need:

       o   Metrowerks CodeWarrior with NetWare Support OR GCC Compiler (v3.0.3
	   or later) with NlmConv Utility

       o   Novell LibC NDK (February 2004 or later)

       o   GD Graphics Library (v2.0.33	or later)

       o   LibPNG Graphics Library (v1.2.8 or later)

       o   ZLib	Library	(v1.2.3	or later)

       o   The get_ver.awk script

       o   A copy of the GNU build tools.    (See

       The auxiliary libraries can be obtained from:

       GD Graphics Library.   (See )

       PNG Graphics Library.   (See )

       zLib Compression	Library.   (See )

       Edit the	Makefile.Netware file as required to match your	installation
       paths; search the file for the key word 'Edit'.

       For copies of the NCF and get_ver.awk scripts, see Appendix.

       For NetWare specific issues, submit questions to	the Perl forum at
       news:// (Novell Developer

       To move the MRTG	application to a volume	other than SYS:	you will need
       to edit the NCF scripts provided	plus the MRTG[.pl] script itself in
       two places.

       The MRTG[.pl] script, when used on a NetWare platform, uses
       Rateup[.nlm] with the new commandline switch:

	    RATEUP -f filename

       where the filename parameter can	include	a leading path element.

       The file	format is exactly the same as that used	on the commandline by
       other operating systems,	including the leading path and name of the
       Rateup NLM.

       The Appendix includes 'copies' of the following files:

       o   The NCF files used during MRTG configuration,

       To create copies	of these files,	simply 'cut and	paste' into your
       favourite 'text editor' and save	under their respective names. You
       should remove the leading space from each line.


	# MakeMrtgCfg.NCF
	# Purpose : Create the MRTG Configuration File
	# Changed :  5/05/2005	New
	# Located : SYS:MRTG\BIN
	# Set For :
	# Params  :

	# Edit this file and:

	# Replace ccccc	with your device GET SNMP Community Name - If unsure try 'public'.
	# Replace ddddd	with your device IP (n.n.n.n) or domain	name.

	perl --noscreen	sys:\mrtg\bin\ ccccc@ddddd >	sys:\mrtg\bin\Mrtg.cfg

	# End of MakeMrtgCfg.NCF


	# RunMrtg.NCF
	# Purpose : Run	the MRTG Application
	# Changed :  5/05/2005	New
	# Located : SYS:MRTG\BIN
	# Set For :
	# Params  :

	# The paths are	as per the examples recommended	in "Getting Started".

	perl --noscreen	sys:\mrtg\bin\ sys:\mrtg\bin\mrtg.cfg

	# End of RunMrtg.NCF


	# MakeMrtgIndex.NCF
	# Purpose : Create the HTML Index File for MRTG	HTML data pages
	# Changed :  5/05/2005	New
	# Located : SYS:MRTG\BIN
	# Set For :
	# Params  :

	# Note:	Edit this file and change the redirected output	to the location
	#	specified for HtmlDir or WorkDir. The sys:\apache2\htdocs\mrtg\index.html
	#	is based on the	examples in "Getting Started".

	perl --noscreen	sys:\mrtg\bin\ sys:\mrtg\bin\Mrtg.cfg > sys:\mrtg\html\index.html

	# End of MakeMrtgIndex.NCF

       GNU General Public License

       The MRTG	for NetWare exists largely through the efforts of Guenter
       Knauf and feedback from beta testers.

       Norm W..

2.17.4				  2012-01-12		      MRTG-NW-GUIDE(1)


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