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MPAGE(Local)							  MPAGE(Local)

       mpage - print multiple pages per	sheet on PostScript printer

       mpage  [-1248aAceEfHloOrRStTuUvVxX]  [-b	papersize]  [-B[num[lrtb]]...]
       [-C  [encoding]]	 [-da|p]  [-D dateformat]  [-F fontname]   [-h header]
       [-j first[-last][%interval]]	    [-J	startpageno]	    [-L	lines]
       [-m[num[lrtb]]...]   [-M[num[lrtb]]...]	  [-p[prprog]]	 [-P[printer]]
       [-s tabstop] [-W	width] [-z printcmd] [-Z printcmd_args]	[file ...]

       mpage reads plain text files or PostScript documents and	prints them on
       a PostScript printer with the text reduced  in  size  so	 that  several
       pages  appear  on one sheet of paper.  This is useful for viewing large
       printouts on a small amount of paper.  It  uses	ISO  8859.1  to	 print
       8-bit characters.

       The  following  options	are recognized (note that arguments to options
       may be separated	from the option	by spaces, except for -B, -m,  -M,  -p
       and  -P):  Also when mpage encounters --	as option it will stop parsing
       arguments and the remaining arguments are interpreted as	filenames.

       -1     Print 1 normal page per sheet (included for symmetry).

       -2     Print 2 normal pages per sheet.

       -4     Print 4 normal pages per sheet (default).

       -8     Print 8 normal pages per sheet.

       -a     Toggle layout of the pages on the	 sheet	so  that  successively
	      numbered	pages run down the sheet, as opposed to	left to	right.
	      (default updown) .

       -A     This option is deprecated, see -b.  Prepare output for A4	 sized
	      paper.  For default see 'mpage -x'.

	      Prepare output for selected paper	type.  Papersize can be	A3 for
	      European A3, A4 for European A4, Letter for US Letter  or	 Legal
	      for  Legal sized paper.  For default see 'mpage -x'.  To see the
	      list of currently	available types, just give the 'mpage -bl'  or
	      'mpage -b?' command (Note: mpage exits after finding such	option

	      Setup a box around a particular part of your page.  Specify text
	      box  margins  and	 line  thickness.   The	 default  is 0 columns
	      (lines) for both left and	right (top and bottom) margins	and  0
	      line  thickness.	 Specifying  -B	solely toggles printing	of the
	      box.  l, r, t or b set the left, right, top or bottom margin re-
	      spectively  to _num_ columns (lines).  Not specifying any	of the
	      sides, will set the line thickness when _num_ is given.  For ex-
	      ample  -B1  sets	the  line thickness to 1.  Sides with negative
	      margins will not print.

       -c     Toggle concatenation off pages from different  files  on	single
	      sheets (default off).

	      Specify  the character encoding file.  The file should be	in the
	      mpage library directory (/usr/local/share/mpage).	 Mpage has  an
	      internal	default	encoding based on Latin-1 or IBM codepage 850.
	      Depending	on compile time	option this encoding definition	is  on
	      or not.  Not specifying an encodingfile will toggle the usage of
	      the internal encoding.

       -da|p  Force input to be	taken as ascii (a)  or	postscript  (p)	 text.
	      This  way	 you  can print	your postscript	code as	text, or print
	      postscript code that mpage does not recognise. When  using  -dp,
	      make sure	that the the postscript	code contains %Page page sepa-
	      rators or	else things will probably look odd.

	      Set the date format as in	strftime(3) to be  used	 in  date/time
	      representations  (e.g.  in  headers).   (Note:  to be useful you
	      probably need the	-H option.)

       -e     Print 2 normal pages per sheet in	duplex mode. Every  first  and
	      fourth  page  or	on  one	side and every second and third	on the
	      other side. This is more or less a combination of	the -O and  -E
	      option but then in one pass.

       -E     Print  2 normal pages per	sheet. However,	this option will print
	      every second and third page of every set of  four	 pages.	  This
	      option  will  ignore  -a and -l.	See also the -O	option.	 Using
	      these options double sided prints	can be created without	a  du-
	      plex printer.

       -f     Toggles folding lines longer than	page width (default off) .

	      Specify  font.   (default	 Courier). Check your printer for sup-
	      ported fonts. Note: this has almost nothing to do	with the fonts
	      used for your X-windows/KDE/Gnome	environment.

	      This is used only	when the -p or -H switch is used and is	passed
	      as the "-h header" option	to pr(1) or as the header for -H.

       -H     Create header line for each logical  page	 separated  from  page
	      text  by	a horizontal line. Unless -h is	given, the header con-
	      sist of last file	modification time, filename and	 page  number,
	      all  in bold and slightly	larger font.  This option only applies
	      to non-postscript	files.

	      Indent text by indent characters.

	      Print just the selected sheets, specified	by a number,  starting
	      at  1.   Here  last  defaults to the end of data,	interval to 1.
	      Several -j options can be	given (upto MAXJARGS, default 100)  to
	      create  a	 complex  selection of pages.  Thus -j1-10 selects the
	      first 10 sheets, while  -j  1%2  prints  just  the  odd-numbered
	      sheets and -j 2%2	prints just the	even ones.

	      You can do double-sided printing,	in two passes, as follows.  If
	      you use 3-hole punched paper, put	it in the  printer  such  that
	      the  holes will appear at	the top	of the page -- on the right as
	      you pull out the printer tray,  in  our  Laser  writer  II  NTX.
	      Print the	odd-numbered sheets with

		   mpage ... -j	1%2 ...

	      Note  the	number of pages	it reports.  (Only half	this many will
	      really be	printed).  When	printing finishes, if  mpage  reported
	      an  odd  number  of  pages,  remove the last one from the	stack,
	      since there will be no even-numbered sheet to  match  it.	  Then
	      arrange  the stack of paper for printing on the other side.  (If
	      it's punched, the	holes will now be on the  left.)   On  our  II
	      NTX,  the	 paper comes out blank-side up;	replace	it in the tray
	      still blank-side up but rotated 180 degrees.  For	 other	print-
	      ers,  you	 figure	it out.	 Now print the even-numbered sheets in
	      reverse order with

		   mpage ... -r	-j 2%2 ...

	      hoping no	one else reaches the printer before you	do.

	      Set the start value of the sheet page count to  startpageno  in-
	      stead of 1.

       -k     When  mpage  finds  a %%TRailer or %%PSTrailer in	the postscript
	      input file it normally assumes this is the end of	the postscript
	      file  and	stops reading the input	file. But when the PS file in-
	      cludes EPS files,	%%Trailers might be anywhere. Using  this  op-
	      tion ignores the %%TRailer and %%PSTRailer lines.

       -l     Toggle printing landscape	or portrait mode.  Landscape pages are
	      55 lines long by 132 characters wide by default.	Portrait pages
	      are  66  lines  long by 80 characters wide by default.  (default

	      Adjust the page reduction	parameters so that  lines  lines  will
	      fit in the space of one page.  This overrides the	default	values
	      normally supplied.  (See -l.)  If	used in	 conjunction  with  -p
	      then  this  value	is passed to the pr(1) as well.	 As a side ef-
	      fect this	changes	the font size as well (as will the -W option.)
	      So  while	 there is an option to change font family, there is no
	      explicit option to change	font size!

	      Specify sheet margin. The	default	margin	is  20	points.	  Only
	      specifying  -m  sets left	margin to 40 points.  l, r, t or b set
	      left, right, top or bottom margin	respectively to	_num_  points.
	      Not specifying any of the	sides will set all sides when _num_ is
	      given.  _num_ defaults to	40 points. For example -m10  sets  all
	      margins  to  10  points.	-ml50tb	sets left margin to default 40
	      and top and bottom margin	to 50 points.  -m50l25bt30r set	bottom
	      and  top	margin to 25, left margin to 50	and right margin to 30
	      points.  Margins can have	negative numbers.

	      Specify logical page margins. For	syntax,	see  -m	 option.   De-
	      faults  are  4  for  -M solely, and 8 for	_num_.	Margins	can be
	      negative.	 This way large	white  borders	in  your  (postscript)
	      documents	can be reduced.

       -o     Toggle  printing	of  outlines around each reduced page (default

       -O     Print 2 normal pages per sheet.  However,	this option will print
	      every  first  and	 fourth	page of	every set of four pages.  This
	      option will ignore -a and	-l.  See also the  -E  option.	 Using
	      these  options  double sided prints can be created without a du-
	      plex printer.

	      Pipe input through prprog	command	(including specified  options)
	      before  printing	(assumes  the  input is	a text file).  When no
	      command is specified, it defaults	to pr(1).

	      Specify the printer to which the PostScript output will be  sent
	      (e.g.lpr	-Pprinter).  Using  -P	with no	printer	specified will
	      send the PostScript to the default printer queue (e.g. lpr). Us-
	      ing -P- will return output to stdout, useful in combination with
	      MPAGE environment	variable. Without -P output will  be  send  to
	      standard output.

       -r     Reverse  printing.  The last sheet is printed first.  The	way of
	      arranging	reduced	pages on the sheets doesn't change.

       -R     Switch to	left to	right mode, starting first page	on left	bottom
	      corner.	This  might  be	useful for landscape postscript	files.
	      (Note: using -l after -R undoes -R, and switches to normal land-
	      scape mode.

	      Set tabstop width	(default 8 characters).	 Should	by >= 2.

       -S     Accept  non-square page reduction.  By default, pages are	shrunk
	      equally in X and Y, even if this wastes some space on the	sheet.
	      With  -S,	reduced	pages are larger but slightly distorted. (only
	      used when	printing postscript files.)

       -t     Toggle printing on both sides of the paper.   This  will	toggle
	      duplex  mode  of	the  printer.	Use  this  option only if your
	      printer is capable of printing in	duplex mode.  (default off).

       -T     Toggle tumble of every second  pages  when  printing  in	duplex
	      mode.  Use this option only if your printer is capable of	print-
	      ing in duplex mode and together with -t.

       -u     Toggle checking for UTF-8	input (not relevant for	postscript in-

       -U     This option is deprecated, see -b.  Prepare output for US	Letter
	      sized paper.  For	default	see 'mpage -x'.

       -v     Toggle printing a	count of the number  of	 sheets	 produced  for
	      printing (default	off.)

       -V     Print version information	and exit.

	      Adjust  the  page	reduction parameters so	that a line with width
	      characters long will fit in the space of one page.   This	 over-
	      rides  the default values	normally supplied.  (See -l.)  If used
	      in conjunction with -p then this value is	passed to the s	 pr(1)
	      program as well.	See also the -L	option on font sizes.

       -x     Force usage display, which also shows current defaults.

       -X [header]
	      Print  header  on	 the  left and the page	number on the right of
	      each physical page (sheet).  If no header	is given, the  default
	      is  the current filename (note influence of -c), the filename of
	      the first	file on	the page is used.

	      Specify command to use to	send output to.	 Default  is  lpr  (1)
	      for  BSD	style spooler, lp (1) for SYSV style spooler.  You can
	      specify command line options, but	note -Z.  For example -zlp for
	      system V Unix.

	      Specify  what option to use for the "-z printcommand" to specify
	      a	printqueue.  For example -zlp -Z-d for system V	Unix.  Default
	      is -P for	BSD style spooler, -d for SYSV style spooler.

       mpage  examines the PRINTER (or LPDEST for SYSV style spooler) environ-
       ment variable to	override its default printer.

       The MPAGE_LIB environment variable can be used  to  control  where  the
       character encoding files	(-C) can be found.

       mpage  also  examines the MPAGE environment variable for	default	option
       settings.  Any option or	combination of options can be specified	in the
       MPAGE  environment  variable.   For  example,  if  MPAGE	 is set	to the

	      -2oPqms -L60

       it would	(in the	absence	of other command line arguments) print 2 pages
       per  sheet,  60 lines per page, with outlines, on the printer named qms
       (overriding the PRINTER/LPDEST environment variable, if it exists.)  In
       the  environment	 variable, white space is used as an option delimiter,
       and no quoting is recognized.

       Any command line	options	will override both the PRINTER and MPAGE envi-
       ronment variables.


       Suffers under the burden	of far too many	switches.  (But	you wanted the

       NULL characters in a postscript input file will cause mpage to crash!

       Many others, we're sure.

       Mpage is	year 2000 compliant, as	long as	the underlying operating  sys-
       tem is!!!

       Version 2.5.7, Released June 2017.

       Marcel Mol <> (current maintainer).

       Mark P. Hahn (Original author)

				  2017/06/28			  MPAGE(Local)


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