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MKDIR(1)                FreeBSD General Commands Manual               MKDIR(1)

NAME
     mkdir - make directories

SYNOPSIS
     mkdir [-pv] [-m mode] directory_name ...

DESCRIPTION
     The mkdir utility creates the directories named as operands, in the order
     specified, using mode ``rwxrwxrwx'' (0777) as modified by the current
     umask(2).

     The options are as follows:

     -m mode        Set the file permission bits of the final created
                    directory to the specified mode.  The mode argument can be
                    in any of the formats specified to the chmod(1) command.
                    If a symbolic mode is specified, the operation characters
                    `+' and `-' are interpreted relative to an initial mode of
                    ``a=rwx''.

     -p             Create intermediate directories as required.  If this
                    option is not specified, the full path prefix of each
                    operand must already exist.  On the other hand, with this
                    option specified, no error will be reported if a directory
                    given as an operand already exists.  Intermediate
                    directories are created with permission bits of
                    ``rwxrwxrwx'' (0777) as modified by the current umask,
                    plus write and search permission for the owner.

     -v             Be verbose when creating directories, listing them as they
                    are created.

     The user must have write permission in the parent directory.

EXIT STATUS
     The mkdir utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

EXAMPLES
     Create a directory named foobar:

           $ mkdir foobar

     Create a directory named foobar and set its file mode to 700:

           $ mkdir -m 700 foobar

     Create a directory named cow/horse/monkey, creating any non-existent
     intermediate directories as necessary:

           $ mkdir -p cow/horse/monkey

COMPATIBILITY
     The -v option is non-standard and its use in scripts is not recommended.

SEE ALSO
     rmdir(1)

STANDARDS
     The mkdir utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'')
     compatible.

HISTORY
     A mkdir command appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.

FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE         March 15, 2013         FreeBSD 11.0-PRERELEASE

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | EXIT STATUS | EXAMPLES | COMPATIBILITY | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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