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MINICOM(1)			  Version 2.7			    MINICOM(1)

NAME
       minicom - friendly serial communication program

SYNOPSIS
       minicom [options] [configuration]

DESCRIPTION
       minicom	is a communication program which somewhat resembles the	share-
       ware program TELIX but is free with source code	and  runs  under  most
       Unices.	 Features  include dialing directory with auto-redial, support
       for UUCP-style lock files on serial devices, a separate script language
       interpreter, capture to file, multiple users with individual configura-
       tions, and more.

COMMAND-LINE
       -s, --setup
	    Setup.  Root edits the  system-wide	 defaults  in  /etc/minirc.dfl
	    with  this	option.	 When it is used, minicom does not initialize,
	    but	puts you directly into the configuration menu.	This  is  very
	    handy  if  minicom	refuses	 to  start  up because your system has
	    changed, or	for the	first time you run minicom. For	most  systems,
	    reasonable defaults	are already compiled in.

       -o, --noinit
	    Do	not  initialize.  Minicom  will	 skip the initialization code.
	    This option	is handy if you	quit from minicom  without  resetting,
	    and	 then  want  to	restart	a session. It is potentially dangerous
	    though: no check for lock files etc. is made,  so  a  normal  user
	    could  interfere with things like UUCP... maybe this will be taken
	    out	later. For now it is assumed, that users who are given	access
	    to a modem are responsible enough for their	actions.

       -m, --metakey
	    Override command-key with the Meta or ALT key. This	is the default
	    in 1.80 and	it can also be configured in one of  minicom's	menus,
	    but	 if  you  use  different terminals all the time, of which some
	    don't have a Meta or ALT key, it's handy to	set the	 default  com-
	    mand  key  to  Ctrl-A and use this option when you have a keyboard
	    supporting Meta or ALT keys. Minicom assumes that  your  Meta  key
	    sends  the ESC prefix, not the other variant that sets the highest
	    bit	of the character.

       -M, --metakey8
	    Same as -m,	but assumes that your Meta key sets the	8th bit	of the
	    character high (sends 128 +	character code).

       -z, --statline
	    Use	 terminal  status line.	This only works	on terminals that sup-
	    port it and	that have the relevant information in their termcap or
	    terminfo database entry.

       -l, --ansi
	    Literal translation	of characters with the high bit	set. With this
	    flag on, minicom will try to translate the IBM line	characters  to
	    ASCII.  Many PC-unix clones	will display character correctly with-
	    out	translation (Linux in a	special	mode, Coherent and SCO).

       -L, --iso
	    Ditto but assume screen uses an ISO8859 character set.

       -w, --wrap
	    Turns line-wrap on at startup by default.

       -H, --displayhex
	    Turn on output in hex mode.

       -a, --attrib=on/off
	    Attribute usage. Some terminals, notably Televideo's, have	rotten
	    attribute handling (serial instead of parallel). By	default, mini-
	    com	uses '-a on', but if you are using such	 a  terminal  you  can
	    (must!)  supply the	option '-a off'. The trailing 'on' or 'off' is
	    needed.

       -t, --term=TERM
	    Terminal type. With	this flag, you can  override  the  environment
	    TERM  variable.   This is handy for	use in the MINICOM environment
	    variable; one can create a special	termcap	 entry	for  use  with
	    minicom on the console, that initializes the screen	to raw mode so
	    that in conjunction	with the -l flag, the IBM line characters  are
	    displayed untranslated.

       -c, --color=on/off
	    Color  usage.  Some	 terminals (such as the	Linux console) support
	    color with the standard ANSI escape	sequences.  Because  there  is
	    apparently	no  termcap  support for color,	these escape sequences
	    are	hard-coded into	minicom.  Therefore  this  option  is  off  by
	    default.   You  can	 turn  it  on with '-c on'. This, and the '-m'
	    option, are	good candidates	to put into  the  MINICOM  environment
	    variable.

       -S, --script=SCRIPT
	    script.  Run the named script at startup. So far, passing username
	    and	password to a startup script is	not supported. If you also use
	    the	 -d  option to start dialing at	startup, the -S	script will be
	    run	BEFORE dialing the entries specified with -d.

       -d, --dial=ENTRY
	    Dial an entry from the dialing directory on	startup. You can spec-
	    ify	 an  index  number,  but  also	a substring of the name	of the
	    entry. If you specify a name that  has  multiple  entries  in  the
	    directory,	they  are all tagged for dialing. You can also specify
	    multiple names or index numbers by separating  them	 with  commas.
	    The	 dialing  will	start from the first entry specified after all
	    other program initialization procedures are	completed.

       -p, --ptty=TTYP
	    Pseudo terminal to use. This overrides the terminal	 port  defined
	    in	the  configuration  files, but only if it is a pseudo TTY. The
	    filename supplied  must  be	 of  the  form	(/dev/)tty[p-z/][0-f],
	    (/dev/)pts[p-z/][0-f]   or	 (/dev/)pty[p-z/][0-f].	 For  example,
	    /dev/ttyp1,	pts/0 or /dev/ptyp2.

       -C, --capturefile=FILE
	    filename.  Open capture file at startup.

       -F, --statlinefmt
	    Format for the status line.	The  following	format	specifier  are
	    available:
	       %H  Escape key for help screen.
	       %V  Version string of minicom.
	       %b  Information on connection, such as baud rate.
	       %T  Terminal type.
	       %C  Cursor mode.
	       %D  Device path,	possibly shorted to remaining available	space.
	       %t  Online time.
	       %%  % character.

	    Example: "%H for help | %b | Minicom %V | %T | %C |	%t"

       -b, --baudrate
	    Specify the	baud rate, overriding the value	given in the  configu-
	    ration file.

       -D, --device
	    Specify  the  device, overriding the value given in	the configura-
	    tion file.

       -R, --remotecharset
	    Specify the	character set of the remote system is using  and  con-
	    vert  it  to the character set of the local	side. Example might be
	    'latin1'.

       -7, --7bit
	    7bit mode for terminals which aren't 8bit capable. 8bit is default
	    if the environment is configured for this via LANG or LC_ALL, 7bit
	    otherwise.

       -8, --8bit
	    8bit characters pass through without any modification.   'Continu-
	    ous'  means	 no  locate/attribute  control	sequences are inserted
	    without real change	of locate/attribute. This mode is  to  display
	    8bit  multi-byte  characters such as Japanese. Not needed in every
	    language with 8bit characters.  (For  example  displaying  Finnish
	    text doesn't need this.)

       -h, --help
	    Display help and exit.

       -v, --version
	    Print the minicom version.

	    When  minicom  starts,  it	first searches the MINICOM environment
	    variable for command-line arguments, which can be  over-ridden  on
	    the	command	line.  Thus, if	you have done

		 MINICOM='-m -c	on'
		 export	MINICOM

	    or	the  equivalent,  and  start minicom, minicom will assume that
	    your terminal has a	Meta or	<ALT> key and that color is supported.
	    If	you then log in	from a terminal	without	color support, and you
	    have set MINICOM in	your startup (.profile	or  equivalent)	 file,
	    and	 don't	want to	re-set your environment	variable, you can type
	    'minicom -c	off' and run without color support for that session.

       configuration
	    The	configuration argument is more interesting. Normally,  minicom
	    gets  its defaults from a file called "minirc.dfl".	If you however
	    give an argument to	minicom, it will try to	get its	defaults  from
	    a file called "minirc.configuration".  So it is possible to	create
	    multiple configuration files, for different	ports, different users
	    etc.  Most	sensible  is to	use device names, such as tty1,	tty64,
	    sio2 etc. If a user	creates	his own	configuration  file,  it  will
	    show up in his home	directory as ".minirc.dfl" or ".minirc.config-
	    uration".

USE
       Minicom is window based.	To pop-up a window with	the function you want,
       press  Control-A	 (from now on, we will use C-A to mean Control-A), and
       then the	function key (a-z or A-Z). By pressing C-A first and then 'z',
       a  help	screen	comes  up  with	 a short summary of all	commands. This
       escape key can be altered when minicom is configured (-s	option or  C-A
       O), but we'll stick to Control-A	for now.

       For every menu the next keys can	be used:
       UP     arrow-up or 'k'
       DOWN   arrow-down or 'j'
       LEFT   arrow-left or 'h'
       RIGHT  arrow-right or 'l'
       CHOOSE Enter
       CANCEL ESCape.

       The  screen  is	divided	 into two portions: the	upper 24 lines are the
       terminal-emulator  screen.  In  this  window,  ANSI  or	VT100	escape
       sequences  are  interpreted.   If there is a line left at the bottom, a
       status line is placed there.  If	this is	not possible the  status  line
       will  be	showed every time you press C-A. On terminals that have	a spe-
       cial status line	that will be used if the termcap information  is  com-
       plete and the -k	flag has been given.

       Possible	commands are listed next, in alphabetical order.
       C-A  Pressing C-A a second time will just send a	C-A to the remote sys-
	    tem.  If you have changed your  "escape  character"	 to  something
	    other than C-A, this works analogously for that character.
       A    Toggle  'Add  Linefeed'  on/off.  If it is on, a linefeed is added
	    before every carriage return displayed on the screen.
       B    Gives you a	scroll back buffer. You	can scroll  up	with  u,  down
	    with d, a page up with b, a	page down with f, and if you have them
	    the	arrow and page up/page down keys can also  be  used.  You  can
	    search  for	text in	the buffer with	s (case-sensitive) or S	(case-
	    insensitive). N will find the next occurrence of  the  string.   c
	    will  enter	 citation  mode. A text	cursor appears and you specify
	    the	start line by hitting Enter key. Then scroll  back  mode  will
	    finish and the contents with prefix	'>' will be sent.
       C    Clears the screen.
       D    Dial a number, or go to the	dialing	directory.
       E    Toggle  local echo on and off (if your version of minicom supports
	    it).
       F    A break signal is sent to the modem.
       G    Run	script (Go). Runs a login script.
       H    Hangup.
       I    Toggle the type of escape  sequence	 that  the  cursor  keys  send
	    between  normal and	applications mode. (See	also the comment about
	    the	status line below).
       J    Jump to a shell. On	return,	the whole screen will be redrawn.
       K    Clears the screen, runs kermit and redraws the screen upon return.
       L    Turn  Capture  file	 on  off. If turned on,	all output sent	to the
	    screen will	be captured in the file	too.
       M    Sends the modem initialization string. If you are online  and  the
	    DCD	 line setting is on, you are asked for confirmation before the
	    modem is initialized.
       N    Toggle between three states, whether each line  is	prefixed  with
	    current  date  and	time, a	timestamp is added every second, or no
	    timestamps.
       O    Configure minicom. Puts you	in the configuration menu.
       P    Communication Parameters. Allows you to change the bps rate,  par-
	    ity	and number of bits.
       Q    Exit  minicom  without  resetting the modem. If macros changed and
	    were not saved, you	will have a chance to do so.
       R    Receive files. Choose from various protocols  (external).  If  you
	    have  the  filename	 selection  window and the prompt for download
	    directory enabled, you'll get a selection window for choosing  the
	    directory	for  downloading.  Otherwise  the  download  directory
	    defined in the Filenames and paths menu will be used.
       S    Send files.	Choose the protocol like you do	with the receive  com-
	    mand.  If you don't	have the filename selection window enabled (in
	    the	File transfer protocols	menu), you'll just have	to  write  the
	    filename(s)	 in  a dialog window. If you have the selection	window
	    enabled, a window will pop up showing the filenames	in your	upload
	    directory.	You  can tag and untag filenames by pressing spacebar,
	    and	move the cursor	up and down with the cursor keys or  j/k.  The
	    selected  filenames	 are  shown  highlighted.  Directory names are
	    shown [within brackets] and	you can	move up	or down	in the	direc-
	    tory  tree by pressing the spacebar	twice. Finally,	send the files
	    by pressing	ENTER or quit by pressing ESC.
       T    Choose Terminal emulation: Ansi(color) or  vt100.	You  can  also
	    change the backspace key here, turn	the status line	on or off, and
	    define delay (in milliseconds) after  each	newline	 if  you  need
	    that.
       W    Toggle line-wrap on/off.
       X    Exit  minicom,  reset modem. If macros changed and were not	saved,
	    you	will have a chance to do so.
       Y    Paste a file. Reads	a file and sends its contests just  as	if  it
	    would be typed in.
       Z    Pop	up the help screen.

DIALING	DIRECTORY
       By pressing C-A D the program puts you in the dialing directory.	Select
       a  command  by  pressing	 the  capitalized  letter  or  moving	cursor
       right/left  with	the arrow keys or the h/l keys and pressing Enter. You
       can add,	delete or edit entries and move	them up	and down in the	direc-
       tory  list. By choosing "dial" the phone	numbers	of the tagged entries,
       or if nothing is	tagged,	the number of the highlighted  entry  will  be
       dialed.	While  the  modem  is  dialing,	you can	press escape to	cancel
       dialing.	Any other key will close the dial window, but won't cancel the
       dialing	itself.	 Your  dialing	directory  will	be saved into the file
       ".dialdir" in your home directory.  You can scroll up and down with the
       arrow  keys,  but  you  can  also scroll	complete pages by pressing the
       PageUp or PageDown key.	If you don't have those, use Control-B	(Back-
       ward)  and Control-F (Forward). You can use the space bar to tag	a num-
       ber of entries and minicom will rotate trough this list if a connection
       can't  be made. A '>' symbol is drawn in	the directory before the names
       of the tagged entries.

       The "edit" menu speaks for itself, but I	will discuss it	briefly	 here.
       A - Name	 The name for this entry
       B - Number
		 and its telephone number.
       C - Dial	string #
		 Which	specific dial string you want to use to	connect. There
		 are three different dial strings (prefixes and	suffixes) that
		 can be	configured in the Modem	and dialing menu.
       D - Local echo
		 can  be on or off for this system (if your version of minicom
		 supports it).
       E - Script
		 The script that must be executed after	a  successful  connec-
		 tion is made (see the manual for runscript)
       F - Username
		 The  username that is passed to the runscript program.	 It is
		 passed	in the environment string "$LOGIN".
       G - Password
		 The password is passed	as "$PASS".
       H - Terminal Emulation
		 Use ANSI or VT100 emulation.
       I - Backspace key sends
		 What code (Backspace or Delete) the backspace key sends.
       J - Linewrap
		 Can be	on or off.
       K - Line	settings
		 Bps rate, bits, parity	and number of stop  bits  to  use  for
		 this  connection.   You  can choose current for the speed, so
		 that it will use whatever speed is being used at that	moment
		 (useful if you	have multiple modems).
       L - Conversion table
		 You  may  specify  a  character conversion table to be	loaded
		 whenever this entry answers, before running the login script.
		 If this field is blank, the conversion	table stays unchanged.
       The edit	menu also shows	the latest date	and time when you called  this
       entry  and  the total number of calls there, but	doesn't	let you	change
       them.  They are updated automatically when you connect.

       The moVe	command	lets you move the highlighted entry up or down in  the
       dialing	directory  with	 the  up/down  arrow keys or the k and j keys.
       Press Enter or ESC to end moving	the entry.

CONFIGURATION
       By pressing C-A O you will be thrown into the setup menu.

       Filenames and paths
	 This menu defines your	default	directories.
	 A - Download directory
	      where the	downloaded files go to.
	 B - Upload directory
	      where the	uploaded files are read	from.
	 C - Script directory
	      Where you	keep your login	scripts.
	 D - Script program
	      Which program to use as the script interpreter. Defaults to  the
	      program  "runscript", but	if you want to use something else (eg,
	      /bin/sh or "expect") it is possible.  Stdin and stdout are  con-
	      nected to	the modem, stderr to the screen.
	      If  the  path is relative	(ie, does not start with a slash) then
	      it's relative to your home  directory,  except  for  the	script
	      interpreter.
	 E - Kermit program
	      Where  to	find the executable for	kermit,	and it's options. Some
	      simple macro's can be used on the	command	line: '%l' is expanded
	      to  the  complete	 filename  of  the  dial  out-device,  '%f' is
	      expanded to the serial port file descriptor and '%b' is expanded
	      to the current serial port speed.
	 F - Logging options
	      Options to configure the logfile writing.

	      A	- File name
		   Here	 you  can enter	the name of the	logfile. The file will
		   be written in your home directory, and the default value is
		   "minicom.log".   If	you  blank  the	 name,	all logging is
		   turned off.

	      B	- Log connects and hangups
		   This	option defines whether or not the logfile  is  written
		   when	 the  remote end answers the call or hangs up. Or when
		   you give the	hangup command yourself	or leave minicom with-
		   out hangup while online.

	      C	- Log file transfers
		   Do you want log entries of receiving	and sending files.
	 The 'log' command in the scripts is not affected by logging options B
	 and C.	 It is always executed,	if you just have the name of  the  log
	 file defined.

       File Transfer Protocols
	 Protocols  defined here will show up when C-A s/r is pressed.	"Name"
	 in the	beginning of the line is the name that will  show  up  in  the
	 menu.	"Program"  is  the  path  to  the  protocol. "Name" after that
	 defines if the	program	needs an argument, e.g.	a file to be transmit-
	 ted.  U/D  defines  if	this entry should show up in the upload	or the
	 download menu.	 Fullscr  defines  if  the  program  should  run  full
	 screen,  or  that minicom will	only show it's stderr in a window. IO-
	 Red defines if	minicom	should attach the program's  standard  in  and
	 output	to the modem port or not. "Multi" tells	the filename selection
	 window	whether	or not the protocol can	send multiple files  with  one
	 command.  It  has  no	effect	on  download protocols,	and it is also
	 ignored with upload protocols if you don't use	the filename selection
	 window.  The  old sz and rz are not full screen, and have IO-Red set.
	 However, there	are curses based versions of at	least rz that  do  not
	 want  their  stdin  and  stdout redirected, and run full screen.  All
	 file transfer protocols are run with the UID of  the  user,  and  not
	 with UID=root.	'%l', '%f' and '%b' can	be used	on the command line as
	 with kermit.  Within this menu	you can	also define if you want	to use
	 the  filename selection window	when prompted for files	to upload, and
	 if you	like to	be prompted for	the download directory every time  the
	 automatic  download  is  started. If you leave	the download directory
	 prompt	disabled, the download	directory  defined  in	the  file  and
	 directory menu	is used.

       Serial port setup
	 A - Serial device
	      /dev/tty1	 or  /dev/ttyS1	for most people.  /dev/cua<n> is still
	      possible under GNU/Linux,	but no	longer	recommended  as	 these
	      devices are obsolete and many systems with kernel	2.2.x or newer
	      don't have them.	Use /dev/ttyS<n> instead.  You may  also  have
	      /dev/modem as a symlink to the real device.
	      If  you  have  modems connected to two or	more serial ports, you
	      may specify all of them here in a	list separated by space, comma
	      or  semicolon.  When Minicom starts, it checks the list until it
	      finds an available modem and uses	that one. (However, you	 can't
	      specify different	init strings to	them...	at least not yet.)
	      To  use  a UNIX socket for communication the device name must be
	      prefixed with "unix#" following by the full path and  the	 file-
	      name  of	the  socket.  Minicom will then	try to connect to this
	      socket as	a client. As long as it	cannot connect to  the	socket
	      it stays 'offline'. As soon as the connection establishes, mini-
	      com goes 'online'. If the	 server	 closes	 the  socket,  minicom
	      switches to 'offline' again.
	 B - Lock file location
	      On  most	systems	This should be /usr/spool/uucp.	GNU/Linux sys-
	      tems use /var/lock. If this directory does  not  exist,  minicom
	      will not attempt to use lockfiles.
	 C - Callin program
	      If you have a uugetty or something on your serial	port, it could
	      be that you want a program to be run to  switch  the  modem  cq.
	      port  into  dialin/dialout mode. This is the program to get into
	      dialin mode.
	 D - Callout program
	      And this to get into dialout mode.
	 E - Bps/Par/Bits
	      Default parameters at startup.

	 If one	of the entries is left blank, it will not be used. So  if  you
	 don't	care  about  locking,  and  don't have a getty running on your
	 modemline, entries B -	D should be left blank.

       Modem and Dialing
	 Here, the parameters for your modem are defined. I will  not  explain
	 this  further	because	the defaults are for generic Hayes modems, and
	 should	work always. This file is not a	Hayes tutorial	:-)  The  only
	 things	worth noticing are that	control	characters can be sent by pre-
	 fixing	them with a '^', in which '^^' means '^' itself, and  the  '\'
	 character  must  also	be  doubled as '\\', because backslash is used
	 specially in the macro	definitions.  Some options however, don't have
	 much  to  do  with  the  modem	but more with the behaviour of minicom
	 itself:
	 M - Dial time
	      The number of seconds before minicom times out if	no  connection
	      is established.
	 N - Delay before redial
	      Minicom  will  redial  if	 no  connection	was made, but it first
	      waits some time.
	 O - Number of tries
	      Maximum number of	times that minicom attempts to dial.
	 P - Drop DTR time
	      If you set this to 0, minicom hangs up by	sending	 a  Hayes-type
	      hangup  sequence.	 If  you  specify a non-zero value, the	hangup
	      will be done by dropping the DTR line. The value tells  in  sec-
	      onds how long DTR	will be	kept down.
	 Q - Auto bps detect
	      If  this is on, minicom tries to match the dialed	party's	speed.
	      With most	modern modems this is NOT desirable, since  the	 modem
	      buffers the data and converts the	speed.
	 R - Modem has DCD line
	      If your modem, and your O/S both support the DCD line (that goes
	      'high' when a connection is made)	minicom	will use it. When  you
	      have  this  option on, minicom will also NOT start dialing while
	      you are already online.
	 S - Status line shows DTE speed / line	speed
	      You can toggle the status	line to	show either the	DTE speed (the
	      speed  which minicom uses	to communicate with your modem)	or the
	      line speed (the speed that your modem uses on the	line to	commu-
	      nicate  with  the	 other	modem).	Notice that the	line speed may
	      change during the	connection, but	you will still	only  see  the
	      initial  speed that the modems started the connection with. This
	      is because the modem doesn't tell	the program if	the  speed  is
	      changed. Also, to	see the	line speed, you	need to	have the modem
	      set to show it in	the connect string.  Otherwise you  will  only
	      see 0 as the line	speed.
	 T - Multi-line	untag
	      You  can	toggle	the  feature to	untag entries from the dialing
	      directory	when a connection is established to a multi-line  BBS.
	      All the tagged entries that have the same	name are untagged.

	    Note  that	a  special exception is	made for this menu: every user
	    can	change all parameters here, but	 some  of  them	 will  not  be
	    saved.

       Screen and keyboard
	 A - Command key is
	      the  'Hot	Key' that brings you into command mode.	If this	is set
	      to 'ALT' or 'meta	key', you can directly call commands  by  alt-
	      key instead of HotKey-key.
	 B - Backspace key sends
	      There  still  are	 some  systems	that  want a VT100 to send DEL
	      instead of BS. With this option you can enable  that  stupidity.
	      (Eh, it's	even on	by default...)
	 C - Status line is
	      Enabled  or disabled. Some slow terminals	(for example, X-termi-
	      nals)  cause  the	 status	 line  to  jump	 "up  and  down"  when
	      scrolling,  so  you can turn it off if desired. It will still be
	      shown in command-mode.
	 D - Alarm sound
	      If turned	on, minicom will sound an alarm	(on the	console	 only)
	      after  a	successful  connection and when	up/downloading is com-
	      plete.
	 E - Foreground	Color (menu)
	      indicates	the foreground color to	use for	all the	 configuration
	      windows in minicom.
	 F - Background	Color (menu)
	      indicates	 the background	color to use for all the configuration
	      windows in minicom. Note that minicom will not allow you to  set
	      foreground and background	colors to the same value.
	 G - Foreground	Color (term)
	      indicates	the foreground color to	use in the terminal window.
	 H - Background	Color (term)
	      indicates	 the  background  color	to use in the terminal window.
	      Note that	minicom	will not allow you to set foreground and back-
	      ground colors to the same	value.
	 I - Foreground	Color (stat)
	      indicates	the foreground color to	use in for the status bar.
	 J - Background	Color (stat)
	      indicates	 the  color  to	 use  in for the status	bar. Note that
	      minicom will allow you to	set the	status	bar's  foreground  and
	      background  colors to the	same value. This will effectively make
	      the status bar invisible	but  if	 these	are  your  intentions,
	      please see the option
	 K - History buffer size
	      The  number  of  lines  to  keep	in  the	 history  buffer  (for
	      backscrolling).
	 L - Macros file
	      is the full path to the file that	holds macros. Macros allow you
	      to  define  a string to be sent when you press a certain key. In
	      minicom, you may define F1 through F10 to	send up	to 256 charac-
	      ters  [this is set at compile time]. The filename	you specify is
	      verified as soon as you hit ENTER. If you	do  not	 have  permis-
	      sions  to	 create	 the  specified	file, an error message will so
	      indicate and you will be forced to re-edit the filename. If  you
	      are  permitted  to  create the file, minicom checks to see if it
	      already exists. If so, it	assumes	it's a macro file and reads it
	      in.  If  it  isn't, well,	it's your problem :-) If the file does
	      not exist, the filename is accepted.
	 M - Edit Macros
	      opens up a new window which allows you to	edit  the  F1  through
	      F10 macros.
	 N - Macros enabled
	      -	 Yes  or No. If	macros are disabled, the F1-F10	keys will just
	      send the VT100/VT220 function key	escape sequences.
	 O - Character conversion
	      The active conversion table filename is shown here. If  you  can
	      see  no  name, no	conversion is active. Pressing O, you will see
	      the conversion table edit	menu.

	      Edit Macros
		 Here, the macros for F1 through F10 are defined.  The	bottom
		 of  the  window shows a legend	of character combinations that
		 have special meaning.	They allow you to enter	 special  con-
		 trol characters with plain text by prefixing them with	a '^',
		 in which '^^' means '^' itself. You can send a	1 second delay
		 with  the  '^~'  code.	 This is useful	when you are trying to
		 login after ftp'ing or	telnet'ing somewhere.	You  can  also
		 include  your	current	 username  and password	from the phone
		 directory in the macros with '\u' and '\p', respectively.  If
		 you  need the backslash character in the macro, write it dou-
		 bled as '\\'.	To edit	a macro, press the number  (or	letter
		 for  F10) and you will	be moved to the	end of the macro. When
		 editing the line, you may use the left	& right	arrows,	Home &
		 End  keys,  Delete & BackSpace, and ESC and RETURN.  ESC can-
		 cels any changes made while ENTER accepts the changes.

	      Character	conversion
		 Here you can edit the character conversion table. If you  are
		 not  an  American,  you know that in many languages there are
		 characters that are not included in the ASCII character  set,
		 and  in the old times they may	have replaced some less	impor-
		 tant characters in ASCII and now they are  often  represented
		 with character	codes above 127. AND there are various differ-
		 ent ways to represent them. This is where you may  edit  con-
		 version tables	for systems that use a character set different
		 from the one on your computer.

	      A	- Load table
		   You probably	guessed	it. This command loads	a  table  from
		   the disk.  You are asked a file name	for the	table.	Prede-
		   fined tables	.mciso,	.mcpc8 and .mcsf7 should  be  included
		   with	 the  program. Table .mciso does no conversion,	.mcpc8
		   is to be used for connections with  systems	that  use  the
		   8-bit  pc  character	 set,  and .mcsf7 is for compatibility
		   with	the systems that uses the good	old  7-bit  coding  to
		   replace  the	characters {|}[]\ with the diacritical charac-
		   ters	used in	Finnish	and Swedish.

	      B	- Save table
		   This	one saves the active table on the filename  you	 spec-
		   ify.

	      C	- edit char
		   This	 is  where  you	can make your own modifications	to the
		   existing table.  First you are asked	 the  character	 value
		   (in	decimal)  whose	 conversion  you  want to change. Next
		   you'll say which character you want to see on  your	screen
		   when	 that character	comes from the outside world. And then
		   you'll be asked what	you want to be sent out	when you enter
		   that	character from your keyboard.

	      D	- next screen

	      E	- prev screen
		   Yeah,  you probably noticed that this screen	shows you what
		   kind	of conversions are active. The screen  just  is	 (usu-
		   ally) too small to show the whole table at once in an easy-
		   to-understand format. This is how you can scroll the	 table
		   left	and right.

	      F	- convert capture
		   Toggles  whether  or	 not the character conversion table is
		   used	when writing the capture file.

       Save setup as dfl
	 Save the parameters as	the default for	the next time the  program  is
	 started. Instead of dfl, any other parameter name may appear, depend-
	 ing on	which one was used when	the program was	started.

       Save setup as..
	 Save the parameters under a special name. Whenever Minicom is started
	 with  this  name  as  an argument, it will use	these parameters. This
	 option	is of course privileged	to root.

       Exit
	 Escape	from this menu without saving.	This can  also	be  done  with
	 ESC.

       Exit from minicom
	 Only  root  will  see this menu entry,	if he/she started minicom with
	 the '-s' option. This way, it is possible to change the configuration
	 without actually running minicom.

STATUS LINE
       The status line has several indicators, that speak for themselves.  The
       mysterious APP or NOR indicator probably	needs explanation.  The	 VT100
       cursor  keys  can  be  in two modes: applications mode and cursor mode.
       This is controlled by an	escape sequence. If you	find that  the	cursor
       keys  do	 not work in, say, vi when you're logged in using minicom then
       you can see with	this indicator whether the cursor keys are in applica-
       tions or	cursor mode. You can toggle the	two with the C-A I key.	If the
       cursor keys then	work, it's probably an error in	 the  remote  system's
       termcap initialization strings (is).

LOCALES
       Minicom has support for local languages.	This means you can change most
       of the English messages and other strings to another language  by  set-
       ting the	environment variable LANG.

MISC
       If  minicom  is	hung,  kill it with SIGTERM . (This means kill -15, or
       since sigterm is	default, just plain  "kill  <minicompid>".  This  will
       cause a graceful	exit of	minicom, doing resets and everything.  You may
       kill minicom from a script with the  command  "!	 killall  -9  minicom"
       without	hanging	 up  the line. Without the -9 parameter, minicom first
       hangs up	before exiting.

       Since a lot of escape sequences begin with ESC (Arrow up	is ESC	[  A),
       Minicom	does  not know if the escape character it gets is you pressing
       the escape key, or part of a sequence.

       An old version of Minicom, V1.2,	solved this in a rather	crude way:  to
       get the escape key, you had to press it twice.

       As of release 1.3 this has bettered a little: now a 1-second timeout is
       builtin,	like in	vi. For	systems	that have the select() system call the
       timeout is 0.5 seconds. And... surprise:	a special Linux-dependent hack
       :-) was added. Now, minicom can separate	the  escape  key  and  escape-
       sequences.  To  see how dirty this was done, look into wkeys.c.	But it
       works like a charm!

FILES
       Minicom keeps  it's  configuration  files  in  one  directory,  usually
       /var/lib/minicom,  /usr/local/etc  or  /etc.  To	 find out what default
       directory minicom has  compiled	in,  issue  the	 command  minicom  -h.
       You'll  probably	 also  find  the  demo files for runscript(1), and the
       examples	of character conversion	tables either there or in  the	subdi-
       rectories  of  /usr/doc/minicom*. The conversion	tables are named some-
       thing like mc.* in that directory, but you probably want	 to  copy  the
       ones you	need in	your home directory as something beginning with	a dot.

       minirc.*
       $HOME/.minirc.*
       $HOME/.dialdir
       $HOME/minicom.log
       /usr/share/locale/*/LC_MESSAGES/minicom.mo

SEE ALSO
       runscript(1)

BUGS
       Please report any bugs to minicom-devel@lists.alioth.debian.org.	 Thank
       you!

AUTHORS
       The   original	author	 of   minicom	is   Miquel   van  Smoorenburg
       (miquels@cistron.nl).  He wrote versions	up to 1.75.
       Jukka  Lahtinen	(walker@netsonic.fi,  jukkal@despammed.com)  has  been
       responsible  for	 new versions since 1.78, helped by some other people,
       including:
       filipg@paranoia.com wrote the History buffer searching to 1.79.
       Arnaldo Carvalho	de Melo	(acme@conectiva.com.br)	did the	international-
       ization and the Brazilian Portuguese translations.
       Jim Seymour (jseymour@jimsun.LinxNet.com) wrote the multiple modem sup-
       port and	the filename selection window used since 1.80.
       Tomohiro	Kubota (kubota@debian.or.jp) wrote the	Japanese  translations
       and the citation	facility, and did some fixes.
       Gael Queri (gqueri@mail.dotcom.fr) wrote	the French translations.
       Arkadiusz Miskiewicz (misiek@pld.org.pl)	wrote the Polish translations.
       Kim Soyoung (nexti@chollian.net)	wrote the Korean translations.
       Jork Loeser (jork.loeser@inf.tu-dresden.de) provided the	socket	exten-
       sion.

       Most  of	 this  man page	is copied, with	corrections, from the original
       minicom README, but some	pieces and the corrections are by  Michael  K.
       Johnson.

       Jukka  Lahtinen	(walker@netsonic.fi) has added some information	of the
       changes made after version 1.75.

User's Manual			   Dec 2013			    MINICOM(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | COMMAND-LINE | USE | DIALING DIRECTORY | CONFIGURATION | STATUS LINE | LOCALES | MISC | FILES | SEE ALSO | BUGS | AUTHORS

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