# FreeBSD Manual Pages

math(1) fish math(1)NAMEmath-- Perform mathematics calculationsSynopsismath[-sN] EXPRESSIONDescriptionmath is used to perform mathematical calculations. It is a very thin wrapper for the bc program, which makes it possible to specify an expression from the command line without using non-standard extensions or a pipeline. For a description of the syntax supported by math, see the manual for the bc program. Keep in mind that parameter expansion takes place on any expressions before they are evaluated. This can be very useful in order to perform calculations involving shell variables or the output of command substitutions, but it also means that parenthesis have to be escaped. The following options are available:o-sN Sets the scale of the result. N must be an integer and defaults to zero. This simply sets bc's scale variable to the provided value. Note that you cannot put a space between -s and N.ReturnValuesIf invalid options or no expression is provided the return status is two. If the expression is invalid the return status is three. If bc returns a result of 0 (literally, not 0.0 or similar variants) the return status is one otherwise it's zero.Examplesmath 1+1 outputs 2. math $status-128 outputs the numerical exit status of the last command minus 128. math 10 / 6 outputs 1. math -s0 10.0 / 6.0 outputs 1. math -s3 10 / 6 outputs 1.666.CautionsNote that the modulo operator (x % y) is not well defined for floating point arithmetic. The bc command produces a nonsensical result rather than emit an error and fail in that case. It doesn't matter if the arguments are integers; e.g., 10 % 4. You'll still get an incorrect result. Do not use the -sN flag with N greater than zero if you want sensible answers when using the modulo operator. Version 2.5.0 Fri Feb 3 2017 math(1)

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