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MAKEINDEX(1)			   TeX Live			  MAKEINDEX(1)

NAME
       makeindex - a general purpose, formatter-independent index processor

SYNOPSIS
       makeindex  [-c]	[-g]  [-i] [-l]	[-o ind] [-p num] [-q] [-r] [-s	sfile]
       [-t log]	[-L] [-T] [idx0	idx1 idx2...]

DESCRIPTION
       The program makeindex is	a general purpose hierarchical	index  genera-
       tor;  it	accepts	one or more input files	(often produced	by a text for-
       matter such as TeX (tex(1L)) or troff(1), sorts the entries,  and  pro-
       duces  an output	file which can be formatted.  The index	can have up to
       three levels (0,	1, and 2) of subitem nesting.  The way in which	 words
       are  flagged  for  indexing within the main document is specific	to the
       formatter used; makeindex does not automate the	process	 of  selecting
       these  words.   As  the	output index is	hierarchical, makeindex	can be
       considered complementary	to the awk(1)-based make.index(1L)  system  of
       Bentley and Kernighan, which is specific	to troff(1), generates non-hi-
       erarchical indices, and employs a much simpler  syntax  for  indicating
       index  entries.	 For  illustration  of use with	troff and TeX, see the
       section EXAMPLES	below.

       The formats of the input	and output files  are  specified  in  a	 style
       file;  by  default, input is assumed to be a .idx file, as generated by
       LaTeX.

       Unless specified	explicitly, the	base name  of  the  first  input  file
       (idx0)  is  used	to determine the names of other	files.	For each input
       file name specified, a file of that name	is sought.  If	this  file  is
       not found and the file name has no extension, the extension .idx	is ap-
       pended.	If no file with	this name is found, makeindex aborts.

       If exactly one input file was given and	no  explicit  style  file  was
       specified  using	 -s,  makeindex	uses a file with the extension .mst as
       default style file (when	present).

       For important notes on how to select index keywords, see	 the  document
       by Lamport cited	below.	As an issue separate from selecting index key-
       words, a	systematic mechanism for placing index terms in	a document  is
       suggested in Index Preparation and Processing, a	paper cited below.

OPTIONS
       -c	 Compress  intermediate	 blanks	(ignoring leading and trailing
		 blanks	and tabs).  By default,	blanks in the  index  key  are
		 retained.

       -g	 Employ	 German	 word  ordering	 in  the index,	in accord with
		 rules set forth in DIN	5007.  By default, makeindex employs a
		 word  ordering	 in which precedence is: symbols, numbers, up-
		 percase letters, lowercase letters.  The sequence  in	German
		 word  ordering	is: symbols, lowercase letters,	uppercase let-
		 ters, numbers.	 Additionally, this option  enables  makeindex
		 to  recognize	the German TeX-commands	{"a, "o, "u and	"s} as
		 {ae, oe, ue and ss} during the	sorting	of the	entries.   The
		 quote	character must be redefined in a style file (for exam-
		 ple, redefine quote as	'+').  If the quote character  is  not
		 redefined, makeindex will produce an error message and	abort.

       -i	 Take  input from stdin.  When this option is specified	and -o
		 is not, output	is written to stdout.

       -l	 Letter	ordering; by default, word ordering is used  (see  the
		 ORDERING section).

       -o ind	 Employ	 ind  as  the output index file.  By default, the file
		 name is created by appending the extension .ind to  the  base
		 name of the first input file (idx0).

       -p num	 Set  the  starting page number	of the output index file to be
		 num (useful when the index file  is  to  be  formatted	 sepa-
		 rately).   The	 argument  num	may be numerical or one	of the
		 following:

		 any	   The starting	page is	the last  source  page	number
			   plus	1.

		 odd	   The	starting  page is the first odd	page following
			   the last source page	number.

		 even	   The starting	page is	the first even page  following
			   the last source page	number.

		 The last source page is obtained by searching backward	in the
		 log file for the first	instance of a number  included	within
		 paired	 square	brackets ([...]).  If a	page number is missing
		 or the	log file is not	found, no attempt will be made to  set
		 the starting page number.  The	source log file	name is	deter-
		 mined by appending the	extension .log to the base name	of the
		 first input file (idx0).

       -q	 Quiet mode; send no messages to stderr.  By default, progress
		 and error messages are	sent to	stderr as well as to the tran-
		 script	file.

       -r	 Disable  implicit  page  range	formation; page	ranges must be
		 created by using explicit range operators;  see  SPECIAL  EF-
		 FECTS	below.	By default, three or more successive pages are
		 automatically abbreviated as a	range (e.g. 1--5).

       -s sty	 Employ	sty as the style file (no default).   The  environment
		 variable  INDEXSTYLE  defines	the  path where	the style file
		 should	be found.

       -t log	 Employ	log as the transcript file.  By	default, the file name
		 is  created  by appending the extension .ilg to the base name
		 of the	first input file (idx0).

       -L	 sort based on locale settings.	Not available on all systems.

       -T	 special support for Thai documents. Not available on all sys-
		 tems.

STYLE FILE
       The  style  file	 informs  makeindex about the format of	the .idx input
       files and the intended format of	the final output file; examples	appear
       below.	This file can reside anywhere in the path defined by the envi-
       ronment variable	INDEXSTYLE.  The style file contains a list of <speci-
       fier,  attribute>  pairs.  There	are two	types of specifiers: input and
       output.	Pairs do not have to appear in any particular order.   A  line
       begun by	`%' is a comment.  In the following list of specifiers and ar-
       guments,	<string> is an arbitrary string	 delimited  by	double	quotes
       ("..."),	 <char>	 is a single letter embraced by	single quotes ('...'),
       and <number> is	a  nonnegative	integer.   The	maximum	 length	 of  a
       <string>	 is  2048.  A literal backslash	or quote must be escaped (by a
       backslash).  Anything not specified in the style	file will be  assigned
       a default value,	which is shown at the head of the rightmost column.

   INPUT STYLE SPECIFIERS
       actual <char>		'@'
				Symbol	indicating  that  the next entry is to
				appear in the output file.

       arg_close <char>		'}'
				Closing	delimiter for the  index  entry	 argu-
				ment.

       arg_open	<char>		'{'
				Opening	 delimiter  for	 the index entry argu-
				ment.

       encap <char>		'|'
				Symbol indicating that the rest	of  the	 argu-
				ment  list  is to be used as the encapsulating
				command	for the	page number.

       escape <char>		'\\'
				Symbol which escapes the following letter, un-
				less  its  preceding  letter is	escape.	 Note:
				quote is used to escape	the letter which imme-
				diately	 follows  it, but if it	is preceded by
				escape,	it is treated as a ordinary character.
				These two symbols must be distinct.

       keyword <string>		"\\indexentry"
				Command	 which	tells makeindex	that its argu-
				ment is	an index entry.

       level <char>		'!'
				Delimiter denoting a new level of subitem.

       page_compositor <string>	"-"
				Delimiter separating parts of a	composite page
				number (see SPECIAL EFFECTS below).

       quote <char>		'"'
				Note: quote is used to escape the letter which
				immediately follows it,	but if it is  preceded
				by escape, it is treated as a ordinary charac-
				ter.  These two	symbols	must be	distinct.

       range_close <char>	')'
				Closing	delimiter indicating the end of	an ex-
				plicit page range.

       range_open <char>	'('
				Opening	 delimiter indicating the beginning of
				an explicit page range.

   OUTPUT STYLE	SPECIFIERS
       preamble	<string>	"\\begin{theindex}\n"
				Preamble of output file.

       postamble <string>	"\n\n\\end{theindex}\n"
				Postamble of output file.

       setpage_prefix <string>	"\n  \\setcounter{page}{"
				Prefix of command which	sets the starting page
				number.

       setpage_suffix <string>	"}\n"
				Suffix of command which	sets the starting page
				number.

       group_skip <string>	"\n\n  \\indexspace\n"
				Vertical space to be  inserted	before	a  new
				group begins.

       headings_flag <string>	0
				Flag  indicating  treatment of new group head-
				ers, which are	inserted  when	before	a  new
				group  (symbols, numbers, and the 26 letters):
				positive values	cause an uppercase  letter  to
				be  inserted  between  prefix  and suffix, and
				negative values	cause a	lowercase letter to be
				inserted  (default  is	0,  which  produces no
				header).

       heading_prefix <string>	""
				Letter heading prefix to be inserted before  a
				new letter begins.

       heading_suffix <string>	""
				Letter	heading	 suffix	 to be inserted	when a
				new letter begins.

       symhead_positive	<string>
				"Symbols"
				Heading	for symbols to be  inserted  if	 head-
				ings_flag is positive.

       symhead_negative	<string>
				"symbols"
				Heading	 for  symbols  to be inserted if head-
				ings_flag is negative.

       numhead_positive	<string>
				"Numbers"
				Heading	for numbers to be  inserted  if	 head-
				ings_flag is positive.

       numhead_negative	<string>
				"numbers"
				Heading	 for  numbers  to be inserted if head-
				ings_flag is negative.

       item_0 <string>		"\n  \\item "
				Command	to be  inserted	 between  two  primary
				(level 0) items.

       item_1 <string>		"\n	\\subitem "
				Command	 to  be	inserted between two secondary
				(level 1) items.

       item_2 <string>		"\n	  \\subsubitem "
				Command	to be inserted	between	 two  level  2
				items.

       item_01	<string>	"\n    \\subitem "
				Command	 to be inserted	between	a level	0 item
				and a level 1 item.

       item_x1 <string>		"\n    \\subitem "
				Command	to be inserted between a level 0  item
				and  a	level  1  item,	where the level	0 item
				does not have associated page numbers.

       item_12 <string>		"\n    \\subsubitem "
				Command	to be inserted between a level 1  item
				and a level 2 item.

       item_x2 <string>		"\n    \\subsubitem "
				Command	 to be inserted	between	a level	1 item
				and a level 2 item, where  the	level  1  item
				does not have associated page numbers.

       delim_0 <string>		", "
				Delimiter to be	inserted between a level 0 key
				and its	first page number (default: comma fol-
				lowed by a blank).

       delim_1 <string>		", "
				Delimiter to be	inserted between a level 1 key
				and its	first page number (default: comma fol-
				lowed by a blank).

       delim_2 <string>		", "
				Delimiter to be	inserted between a level 2 key
				and its	first page number (default: comma fol-
				lowed by a blank).

       delim_n <string>		", "
				Delimiter to be	inserted between two page num-
				bers for the same key in any  level  (default:
				comma followed by a blank).

       delim_r <string>		"--"
				Delimiter  to be inserted between the starting
				and ending page	numbers	of a range.

       delim_t <string>		""
				Delimiter to be	inserted at the	end of a  page
				list.  This delimiter has no effect on entries
				which have no associated page list.

       encap_prefix <string>	"\\"
				First part of prefix for the command which en-
				capsulates the page number.

       encap_infix <string>	"{"
				Second	part  of  prefix for the command which
				encapsulates the page number.

       encap_suffix <string>	"}".
				Suffix for the command which encapsulates  the
				page number.

       page_precedence <string>	"rnaRA".
				Page type precedence order.  The default spec-
				ifies: lowercase roman,	numeric/arabic,	lower-
				case  alphabetic,  uppercase  roman, uppercase
				alphabetic.

       line_max	<number>	72
				Maximum	length of a line in the	output,	beyond
				which a	line wraps.

       indent_space <string>	"\t\t"
				Space  to  be  inserted	 in front of a wrapped
				line (default: two tabs).

       indent_length <number>	16
				Length of indent_space (default:  16,  equiva-
				lent to	2 tabs).

       suffix_2p <string>	""
				Delimiter  to  replace the range delimiter and
				the second page	number of  a  two  page	 list.
				When  present, it overrides delim_r.  Example:
				"f.".

       suffix_3p <string>	""
				Delimiter to replace the range	delimiter  and
				the  second  page number of a three page list.
				When present, it overrides  delim_r  and  suf-
				fix_mp.	 Example: "ff.".

       suffix_mp <string>	""
				Delimiter  to  replace the range delimiter and
				the second page	number of a multiple page list
				(three	or more	pages).	When present, it over-
				rides delim_r.	Example: "f.".

EXAMPLES
   TeX EXAMPLE
       The following example shows a style file	called book.ist, which defines
       an  index  for  a book which can	be formatted independently of the main
       source:

	      preamble
	      "\\documentstyle[12pt]{book}
	      \\begin{document}
	      \\begin{theindex}
	      {\\small\n"
	      postamble
	      "\n\n}
	      \\end{theindex}
	      \\end{document}\n"

       Assuming	that a particular book style requires the index	 (as  well  as
       any chapters) to	start from an odd page number, and that	the input file
       is named	foo.idx, the following command line produces  output  in  file
       footmp.ind:

	      makeindex	 -s book.ist  -o footmp.ind  -p	odd  foo

       Here  a	non-default  output  file name is used to avoid	clobbering the
       output for the book itself (presumably foo.dvi, which would  have  been
       the default name	for the	index output file!).

   TROFF EXAMPLE
       A  sample  control file for creating an index, which we will assume re-
       sides in	the file sample.ist:

	      keyword "IX:"
	      preamble
	      ".\\\" start of index output
	      \".\\\" enter two	column mode
	      .2C
	      .SH
	      .ce
	      INDEX
	      .XS
	      INDEX
	      .XE
	      .R
	      .ps 9p
	      .vs 11p
	      .sp
	      .de I1
	      .ti 0.25i
	      ..
	      .de I2
	      .ti 0.5i
	      .."
	      postamble	"\n.\\\" end of	index output"
	      setpage_prefix "\n.nr % "
	      setpage_suffix ""
	      group_skip "\n.sp	1.0"
	      headings_flag 1
	      heading_prefix "\n.IS\n"
	      heading_suffix "\n.IE"
	      item_0 "\n.br\n"
	      item_1 "\n.I1\n"
	      item_2 "\n.I2\n"
	      item_01 "\n.I1\n"
	      item_x1 "\n.I1\n"
	      item_12 "\n.I2\n"
	      item_x2 "\n.I2\n"
	      delim_0 ", "
	      delim_1 ", "
	      delim_2 ", "
	      delim_r "-"
	      delim_t "."
	      encap_prefix "\\fB"
	      encap_infix ""
	      encap_suffix "\\fP"
	      indent_space ""
	      indent_length 0

       The local macro package may require modification, as in this example of
       an  extension  to  the  -ms macros (note	that at	some sites, this macro
       should replace a	pre-existing macro of the same name):

	      .
	      .de IX
	      .ie '\\n(.z'' .tm	IX: \\$1 \\$2 \\$3 \\$4	\\$5 \\$6 \\$7 \\$8 \\$9 {\\n(PN}
	      .el \\!.IX \\$1 \\$2 \\$3	\\$4 \\$5 \\$6 \\$7 \\$8 \\$9 {\\n(PN}
	      ..

       (note that the string {\\n(PN} is separated from	the rest of  the  line
       by a tab.  If your local	macro package does not contain this extension,
       just include those lines	at the beginning of your file.	Here is	a sim-
       ple troff(1) input file,	which we will assume is	named sample.txt:

	      This is a	sample file to test the	\fImakeindex\fP(1L)
	      program, and see
	      .IX {indexing!programs!C language}
	      .IX {makeindex@\fImakeindex\fP(1L)}
	      .bp
	      .rs
	      .IX {Knuth}
	      .IX {typesetting!computer-aided}
	      how well it functions in the \fItroff\fP(1) environment.

       Note  that  index  entries are indicated	by the .IX macro, which	causes
       the following text to be	written	to stdout along	with the current  page
       number.

   CREATING THE	INDEX FILE IN THE BOURNE SHELL
       To create an input file for makeindex, in the Bourne shell environment,
       do the equivalent at your site of the command:

       psroff -ms -Tpsc	-t sample.txt >	/dev/null 2> sample.tmp

       Some sites will require ditroff instead of psroff.  To filter  out  any
       genuine error messages, invoke grep(1):

	      grep '^IX: ' sample.tmp >	sample.idx

   CREATING THE	INDEX FILE USING UCSF ENHANCED TROFF/TRANSCRIPT
       With  UCSF  Enhanced  troff/TRANSCRIPT, the -I option of	psroff(1L) can
       produce both formatter output and an index file:

	      psroff -ms -I sample.inp -Tpsc sample.txt

       If it is	wished to suppress the formatter output:

	      psroff -ms -I sample.inp -Tpsc -t	sample.txt > /dev/null

   COMPLETING THE INDEX
       Any of the above	procedures leaves the  input  for  makeindex  in  sam-
       ple.inp.	 The next step is to invoke makeindex:

	      makeindex	-s sample.ist sample.idx

       This leaves troff(1)-ready output in the	file sample.ind.

ORDERING
       By default, makeindex assumes word ordering; if the -l option is	in ef-
       fect, letter ordering is	used.  In word ordering, a blank precedes  any
       letter  in  the alphabet, whereas in letter ordering, it	does not count
       at all.	This is	illustrated by the following example:

	      word order		      letter order
	      sea lion			      seal
	      seal			      sea lion

       Numbers are always sorted in numeric order.  For	instance,

	      9	(nine),	 123
	      10 (ten),	see Derek, Bo

       Letters are first sorted	without	regard to case;	when words are identi-
       cal, the	uppercase version precedes its lowercase counterpart.

       A  special  symbol is defined here to be	any character not appearing in
       the union of digits and the English  alphabetic	characters.   Patterns
       starting	 with  special symbols precede numbers,	which precede patterns
       starting	with letters.  As a special case, a  string  starting  with  a
       digit  but mixed	with non-digits	is considered to be a pattern starting
       with a special character.

SPECIAL	EFFECTS
       Entries such as

	      \indexentry{alpha}{1}
	      \indexentry{alpha!beta}{3}
	      \indexentry{alpha!beta!gamma}{10}

       in the input file will be converted to

	      \item alpha, 1
		 \subitem beta,	3
		    \subsubitem	gamma, 10

       in the output index file.  Notice that the level	symbol (`!')  is  used
       above to	delimit	hierarchical levels.

       It is possible to make an item appear in	a designated form by using the
       actual (`@') operator.  For instance,

	      \indexentry{alpha@{\it alpha\/}}{1}

       will become

	      \item {\it alpha\/},  1

       after processing.  The pattern preceding	 `@'  is  used	as  sort  key,
       whereas	the one	following it is	written	to the output file.  Note that
       two appearances of the same key,	one with and one  without  the	actual
       operator, are regarded as distinct entries.

       The item, subitem, and subsubitem fields	may have individual sort keys:

	      \indexentry{aa@{\it aa\/}!bb@{\it	bb\/}!cc@{\it cc\/}}{1}

       This will be converted to

	      \item {\it aa}, 1
		 \subitem {\it bb}, 3
		    \subsubitem	{\it cc}, 10

       It  is  possible	to encapsulate a page number with a designated command
       using the encap (`|') operator:

	      \indexentry{alpha|bold}{1}

       will be converted to

	      \item alpha, \bold{1}

       where, with a suitable definition for TeX, \bold{n} will	expand to {\bf
       n}.   In	this example, the three	output attributes associated with page
       encapsulation encap_prefix, encap_infix,	and  encap_suffix,  correspond
       to  backslash,  left brace, and right brace, respectively.  This	mecha-
       nism allows page	numbers	to be set in different	fonts.	 For  example,
       the  page where the definition of a keyword appears can be in one font,
       the location of a primary example can be	in another font, and other ap-
       pearances in yet	a third	font.

       The  encap  operator can	also be	used to	create cross references	in the
       index:

	      \indexentry{alpha|see{beta}}{1}

       will become

	      \item alpha, \see{beta}{1}

       in the output file, where

	      \see{beta}{1}

       will expand to

	      {\it see\/} beta

       Note that in a cross reference like this	the page number	disappears.

       A pair of encap concatenated with  range_open  (`|(')  and  range_close
       (`|)') creates an explicit page range:

	      \indexentry{alpha|(}{1}
	      \indexentry{alpha|)}{5}

       will become

	      \item alpha, 1--5

       Intermediate  pages  indexed  by	 the  same key will be merged into the
       range implicitly.  This is especially useful  when  an  entire  section
       about  a	 particular  subject  is to be indexed,	in which case only the
       range opening and closing operators need	to be inserted at  the	begin-
       ning  and  end  of the section.	Explicit page range formation can also
       include an extra	command	to set the page	range in a designated font:

	      \indexentry{alpha|(bold}{1}
	      \indexentry{alpha|)}{5}

       will become

	      \item alpha, \bold{1--5}

       Several potential problems are worth mentioning.	 First,	entries	like

	      \indexentry{alpha|(}{1}
	      \indexentry{alpha|bold}{3}
	      \indexentry{alpha|)}{5}

       will be interpreted as

	      \item alpha, \bold{3}, 1--5

       but with	a warning message in the transcript about encountering an  in-
       consistent  page	 encapsulator.	An explicit range beginning in a Roman
       page number and ending in Arabic	is also	considered an error.  In  this
       instance,  (if possible)	the range is broken into two subranges,	one in
       Roman and the other in Arabic.  For instance,

	      \indexentry{alpha|(}{i}
	      \indexentry{alpha}{iv}
	      \indexentry{alpha}{3}
	      \indexentry{alpha|)}{7}

       will be turned into

	      \item alpha, i--iv, 3--7

       with a warning message in the transcript	file complaining about an  il-
       legal range formation.

       Every  special  symbol  mentioned in this section may be	escaped	by the
       quote operator (`"').  Thus

	      \indexentry{alpha"@beta}{1}

       will actually become

	      \item alpha@beta,	 1

       as a result of executing	makeindex.  The	 quoting  power	 of  quote  is
       eliminated if it	is immediately preceded	by escape (`\').  For example,

	      \indexentry{f\"ur}{1}

       becomes

	      \item f\"ur, 1

       which  represents  an  umlaut-accented `u' to the TeX family of proces-
       sors.

       A page number can be a composite	of one or more fields separated	by the
       delimiter  bound	 to  page_compositor (`-'), e.g., II-12	for page 12 of
       Chapter II.  Page numbers may contain up	to ten fields.

       Since version 2.11 of makeindex,	the quote operator may quote any char-
       acter  in  the range 1 ... 255.	 Character 0 is	excluded because it is
       used internally in the makeindex	source code as	a  string  terminator.
       With this change, sort keys can be created for all eight-bit characters
       except 0.  The sorting order is

	      punctuation characters (in ASCII order),
	      digits,
	      control characters (1 ...	31),
	      space (32),
	      letters (ignoring	case),
	      characters 127 ... 255.

       Here is an example showing the indexing of all printable	ASCII  charac-
       ters  other  than  letters and digits, assuming the default TeX format.
       For convenience,	the page number	references are the corresponding ASCII
       ordinal values.

	      \indexentry{" @"	(space)}{32}
	      \indexentry{"!@"!	(exclamation point)}{33}
	      \indexentry{""@""	(quotation mark)}{34}
	      \indexentry{"#@"\# (sharp	sign)}{35}
	      \indexentry{"$@"\$ (dollar sign)}{36}
	      \indexentry{"%@"\% (percent sign)}{37}
	      \indexentry{"&@"\& (ampersand)}{38}
	      \indexentry{"<@"$<$ (left	angle bracket)}{60}
	      \indexentry{"=@"=	(equals)}{61}
	      \indexentry{">@"$>$ (right angle bracket)}{62}
	      \indexentry{"?@"?	(query)}{63}
	      \indexentry{"@@"@	(at sign)}{64}
	      \indexentry{"[@"[	(left square bracket)}{91}
	      \indexentry{"\@"\verb=\= (backslash)}{92}
	      \indexentry{"]@"]	(right square bracket)}{93}
	      \indexentry{"^@"\verb=^= (caret)}{94}
	      \indexentry{"_@"\verb=_= (underscore)}{95}
	      \indexentry{"`@"\verb=~= (grave accent)}{96}
	      \indexentry{"{@"\"{ (left	brace)}{123}
	      \indexentry{"|@"\verb="|=	(vertical bar)}{124}
	      \indexentry{"}@"\"} (right brace)}{125}
	      \indexentry{"~@"\verb=~= (tilde)}{126}

       Characters  in the actual fields	following the `@' character which have
       special significance to TeX must	be represented as  control  sequences,
       or  as math mode	characters.  Note particularly how the entries for the
       at sign,	left and right braces, and the vertical	bar, are  coded.   The
       index file output by makeindex for this example looks like this:

	      \begin{theindex}

		\item !	(exclamation point), 33
		\item "	(quotation mark), 34
		\item \# (sharp	sign), 35
		\item \$ (dollar sign),	36
		\item \% (percent sign), 37
		\item \& (ampersand), 38
		\item $<$ (left	angle bracket),	60
		\item =	(equals), 61
		\item $>$ (right angle bracket), 62
		\item ?	(query), 63
		\item @	(at sign), 64
		\item [	(left square bracket), 91
		\item \verb=\= (backslash), 92
		\item ]	(right square bracket),	93
		\item \verb=^= (caret),	94
		\item \verb=_= (underscore), 95
		\item \verb=~= (grave accent), 96
		\item \{ (left brace), 123
		\item \verb=|= (vertical bar), 124
		\item \} (right	brace),	125
		\item \verb=~= (tilde),	126

		\indexspace

		\item	(space), 32

	      \end{theindex}

FILES
       makeindex	     executable	file

       $TEXMFMAIN/tex/plain/makeindex/idxmac.tex
			     TeX macro file used by makeindex

       $TEXMFMAIN/tex/latex/base/makeidx.sty
			     TeX macro file used by makeindex

SEE ALSO
       ditroff(1L), latex(1L), make.index (1L),	qsort(3), tex(1L), troff(1L)

       UCSF  Enhanced  troff/TRANSCRIPT	 --  An	Overview, R. P.	C. Rodgers and
       Conrad Huang, LSMB Technical Report 90-2, UCSF School of	Pharmacy,  San
       Francisco, 1990.

       Index  Preparation and Processing, Pehong Chen and Michael A. Harrison,
       Software: Practice and Experience, 19(9), 897-915, September 1988.

       Automating Index	Preparation, Pehong  Chen  and	Michael	 A.  Harrison.
       Technical Report	87/347,	Computer Science Division, University of Cali-
       fornia, Berkeley, 1987 (a LaTeX document	supplied with makeindex).

       MakeIndex: An Index Processor for LaTeX,	Leslie Lamport,	February  1987
       (a LaTeX	document supplied with makeindex).

       Tools  for  Printing  Indices,  Jon  L. Bentley and Brian W. Kernighan,
       Electronic Publishing --	Origination, Dissemination, and	Design,	 1(1),
       3-18,  June 1988	(also available	as: Computing Science Technical	Report
       No. 128,	AT&T Bell Laboratories,	Murray Hill, NJ	07974, 1986).

AUTHOR
       Pehong Chen, Chen & Harrison International Systems,  Inc.   Palo	 Alto,
       California, USA.
       Manual  page  extensively  revised and corrected, and troff(1) examples
       created by Rick P. C. Rodgers, UCSF School of Pharmacy.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       Leslie Lamport contributed significantly	to the	design	of  MakeIndex.
       Michael	Harrison  provided  valuable comments and suggestions.	Nelson
       Beebe improved on the portable version, and maintained the source  dis-
       tribution  for the TeX Users Group for many years.  Andreas Brosig con-
       tributed	to the German word ordering.   The  modification  to  the  -ms
       macros  was  derived  from a method proposed by Ravi Sethi of AT&T Bell
       Laboratories.  The LOG and CONTRIB files	in the makeindex  source  dis-
       tribution record	other contributions.

       makeindex  is currently maintained as part of the TeX Live distribution
       (http://tug.org/texlive); please	send bug reports to tex-k@tug.org.

TeX Live		       12 November 2014			  MAKEINDEX(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | STYLE FILE | EXAMPLES | ORDERING | SPECIAL EFFECTS | FILES | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR | ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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