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MAIL.LOCAL(8)           FreeBSD System Manager's Manual          MAIL.LOCAL(8)

       mail.local - store mail in a mailbox

       mail.local [-7] [-B] [-b] [-d] [-D mbdb] [-l] [-s] [-f from|-r from]
       [-h filename ] user ...

       Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it
       to each user's mail file.  The user must be a valid user name.

       The options are as follows:

       -7        Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode.

       -B        Turn off the attempts to notify the ``biff'' service.

       -b        Return a permanent error instead of a temporary error if a
                 mailbox exceeds quota.

       -d        Specify this is a delivery (for backward compatibility).
                 This option has no effect.

       -D mbdb   Specify the name of the mailbox database which is used to
                 look up local recipient names.  This option defaults to "pw",
                 which means use getpwnam().

       -f from   Specify the sender's name.

       -l        Turn on LMTP mode.

       -s        Turn off the fsync(2) call that forces the mailbox to be
                 committed to disk before returning a "success" status.

       -r from   Specify the sender's name (for backward compatibility).  Same
                 as -f.

       -h filename
                 Store incoming mail in filename in the user's home directory
                 instead of a system mail spool directory.

       The next options are only available if mail.local has been compiled
       with -DHASHSPOOL.

       -H hashtypehashdepth
              Select hashed mail directories.  Valid hash types are u for user
              name and m for MD5 (requires compilation with -DHASHSPOOLMD5).
              Example: -H u2 selects user name hashing with a hash depth of 2.
              Note: there must be no space between the hash type and the

       -p path
              Specify an alternate mail spool path.

       -n     Specify that the domain part of recipient addresses in LMTP mode
              should not be stripped.

       Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line
       followed by a line beginning with the string ``From ''.  A line
       containing the string ``From '', the sender's name and a time stamp is
       prepended to each delivered mail message.  A blank line is appended to
       each message.  A greater-than character (``>'') is prepended to any
       line in the message which could be mistaken for a ``From '' delimiter
       line (that is, a line beginning with the five characters ``From ''
       following a blank line).

       The mail files are exclusively locked with flock(2) while mail is
       appended, and a user.lock file also is created while the mailbox is
       locked for compatibility with older MUAs.

       If the ``biff'' service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff
       server is notified of delivered mail.

       The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

       TZ     Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp.

       /tmp/local.XXXXXX     temporary files
       /var/mail/user        user's default mailbox directory
       /var/mail/user.lock   lock file for a user's default mailbox

       mail(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8)

       mail.local escapes only "^From " lines that follow an empty line.  If
       all lines starting with "From " should be escaped, use the 'E' flag for
       the local mailer in the file.

       A superset of mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail
       delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail.

                         $Date: 2003/10/20 20:26:51 $            MAIL.LOCAL(8)


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