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LYNX(1)			    General Commands Manual		       LYNX(1)

NAME
       lynx  - a general purpose distributed information browser for the World
       Wide Web

SYNOPSIS
       lynx [options] [optional	paths or URLs]

       lynx [options] [path or URL] -get_data
       data
       --

       lynx [options] [path or URL] -post_data
       data
       --

       Use "lynx -help"	to display a complete list of current options.

DESCRIPTION
       Lynx is a fully-featured	World Wide Web (WWW) client for	users  running
       cursor-addressable,   character-cell   display	devices	 (e.g.,	 vt100
       terminals, vt100	emulators running on Windows 95/NT/XP/7/8 or any POSIX
       platform,  or  any  other  "curses-oriented" display).  It will display
       hypertext markup	language (HTML)	documents containing  links  to	 files
       residing	 on  the  local	 system,  as  well as files residing on	remote
       systems running Gopher, HTTP, FTP, WAIS,	 and  NNTP  servers.   Current
       versions	 of Lynx run on	Unix, VMS, Windows 95/NT/XP/7/8, DOS DJGPP and
       OS/2.

       Lynx can	be used	to access information on the World  Wide  Web,	or  to
       build  information  systems  intended  primarily	for local access.  For
       example,	Lynx has been used to build several  Campus  Wide  Information
       Systems	(CWIS).	  In  addition,	 Lynx  can  be	used  to build systems
       isolated	within a single	LAN.

OPTIONS
       At start	up, Lynx will load any local file or remote URL	 specified  at
       the  command line.  For help with URLs, press "?"  or "H" while running
       Lynx.  Then follow the link titled, "Help on URLs."

       If more than one	local file or remote URL  is  listed  on  the  command
       line,  Lynx  will  open	only the last interactively.  All of the names
       (local files and	remote URLs) are added to the G)oto history.

       Lynx uses only long option names.  Option names can begin  with	double
       dash  as	well, underscores and dashes can be intermixed in option names
       (in the reference below options are with	one dash before	them and  with
       underscores).

       Lynx  provides many command-line	options.  Some options require a value
       (string,	number or keyword).  These are noted in	the  reference	below.
       The  other  options set boolean values in the program.  There are three
       types of	boolean	options: set, unset and	toggle.	 If no option value is
       given, these have the obvious meaning: set (to true), unset (to false),
       or toggle (between true/false).	For any	of these,  an  explicit	 value
       can  be	given  in  different  forms  to	 allow	for  operating	system
       constraints, e.g.,
	      -center:off
	      -center=off
	      -center-
       Lynx recognizes "1", "+", "on" and "true" for  true  values,  and  "0",
       "-",  "off"  and	 "false"  for  false  values.  Other option-values are
       ignored.

       The default boolean, number and string option values that are  compiled
       into  Lynx  are	displayed  in the help-message provided	by lynx	-help.
       Some of those may differ	according to how Lynx was built; see the  help
       message	itself for these values.  The -help option is processed	in the
       third pass of options-processing, so any	option which sets a value,  as
       well as runtime configuration values are	reflected in the help-message.

       -      If  the  argument	 is only '-', then Lynx	expects	to receive the
	      arguments	from the standard input.  This is  to  allow  for  the
	      potentially  very	 long command line that	can be associated with
	      the -get_data or -post_data arguments (see below).  It can  also
	      be  used	to  avoid having sensitive information in the invoking
	      command line (which would	be visible to other processes on  most
	      systems),	especially when	the -auth or -pauth options are	used.

       -accept_all_cookies
	      accept all cookies.

       -anonymous
	      apply    restrictions    for   anonymous	 account,   see	  also
	      -restrictions.

       -assume_charset=MIMEname
	      charset for documents that don't specify it.

       -assume_local_charset=MIMEname
	      charset assumed for local	files, i.e., files which Lynx  creates
	      such as internal pages for the options menu.

       -assume_unrec_charset=MIMEname
	      use this instead of unrecognized charsets.

       -auth=ID:PASSWD
	      set  authorization  ID  and  password for	protected documents at
	      startup.	Be sure	to protect any script  files  which  use  this
	      switch.

       -base  prepend  a request URL comment and BASE tag to text/html outputs
	      for -source dumps.

       -bibhost=URL
	      specify a	local bibp server (default http://bibhost/).

       -blink forces high intensity  background	 colors	 for  color  mode,  if
	      available	 and  supported	 by the	terminal.  This	applies	to the
	      slang library (for a few terminal	emulators),  or	 to  OS/2  EMX
	      with ncurses.

       -book  use  the bookmark	page as	the startfile.	The default or command
	      line startfile is	still set for the  Main	 screen	 command,  and
	      will be used if the bookmark page	is unavailable or blank.

       -buried_news
	      toggles  scanning	 of  news  articles for	buried references, and
	      converts them to news  links.   Not  recommended	because	 email
	      addresses	 enclosed in angle brackets will be converted to false
	      news links, and uuencoded	messages can be	trashed.

       -cache=NUMBER
	      set the NUMBER of	documents cached in memory.   The  default  is
	      10.

       -case  enable case-sensitive string searching.

       -center
	      Toggle center alignment in HTML TABLE.

       -cfg=FILENAME
	      specifies	 a  Lynx  configuration	 file  other  than the default
	      lynx.cfg.

       -child exit on left-arrow in startfile, and disable save	 to  disk  and
	      associated print/mail options.

       -child_relaxed
	      exit  on	left-arrow  in	startfile,  but	allow save to disk and
	      associated print/mail options.

       -cmd_log=FILENAME
	      write  keystroke	commands  and  related	information   to   the
	      specified	file.

       -cmd_script=FILENAME
	      read  keystroke  commands	 from the specified file.  You can use
	      the data written using the -cmd_log option.   Lynx  will	ignore
	      other  information which the command-logging may have written to
	      the logfile.  Each line of the command script contains either  a
	      comment beginning	with "#", or a keyword:

	      exit
		 causes	  the	script	to  stop,  and	forces	Lynx  to  exit
		 immediately.

	      key
		 the character value, in printable  form.   Cursor  and	 other
		 special   keys	 are  given  as	 names,	 e.g.,	"Down  Arrow".
		 Printable 7-bit ASCII codes are given as-is, and  hexadecimal
		 values	represent other	8-bit codes.

	      set
		 followed  by a	"name=value" allows one	to override values set
		 in the	lynx.cfg or .lynxrc files.  Lynx  tries	 the  cfg-file
		 setting first.

       -color forces  color  mode  on,	if  available.	 Default color control
	      sequences	which work for many terminal types are assumed if  the
	      terminal	capability  description	does not specify how to	handle
	      color.  Lynx needs to be compiled	with  the  slang  library  for
	      this flag, it is equivalent to setting the COLORTERM environment
	      variable.	 (If color support is instead  provided	 by  a	color-
	      capable  curses  library like ncurses, Lynx relies completely on
	      the terminal description to  determine  whether  color  mode  is
	      possible,	 and this flag is not needed and thus unavailable.)  A
	      saved show_color=always setting  found  in  a  .lynxrc  file  at
	      startup  has the same effect.  A saved show_color=never found in
	      .lynxrc on startup is overridden by this flag.

       -connect_timeout=N
	      Sets the connection timeout, where N is given in seconds.

       -cookie_file=FILENAME
	      specifies	a file to use to read cookies.	If none	is  specified,
	      the  default  value  is  ~/.lynx_cookies	for  most systems, but
	      ~/cookies	for MS-DOS.

       -cookie_save_file=FILENAME
	      specifies	a file to use to store cookies.	 If none is specified,
	      the value	given by -cookie_file is used.

       -cookies
	      toggles handling of Set-Cookie headers.

       -core  toggles forced core dumps	on fatal errors.  Turn this option off
	      to ask Lynx to force a core dump if a fatal error	occurs.

       -crawl with -traversal, output each page	to a file.  with -dump,	format
	      output as	with -traversal, but to	the standard output.

       -curses_pads
	      toggles	the   use  of  curses  "pad"  feature  which  supports
	      left/right scrolling of the display.  The	 feature  is  normally
	      available	 for curses configurations, but	inactive.  To activate
	      it, use  the  "|"	 character  or	the  LINEWRAP_TOGGLE  command.
	      Toggling this option makes the feature altogether	unavailable.

       -debug_partial
	      separate incremental display stages with MessageSecs delay

       -default-colors
	      toggles  the default-colors feature which	is normally set	in the
	      lynx.cfg file.

       -delay add DebugSecs delay after	each progress-message

       -display=DISPLAY
	      set the display variable for X rexec-ed programs.

       -display_charset=MIMEname
	      set the charset for the terminal output.

       -dont_wrap_pre
	      inhibit wrapping of text when  -dump'ing	and  -crawl'ing,  mark
	      wrapped lines of <pre> in	interactive session.

       -dump  dumps  the  formatted  output  of	 the default document or those
	      specified	on  the	 command  line	to  standard  output.	Unlike
	      interactive mode,	all documents are processed.  This can be used
	      in the following way:

	      lynx -dump http://www.subir.com/lynx.html

	      Files specified on the command line are  formatted  as  HTML  if
	      their  names  end	 with one of the standard web suffixes such as
	      ".htm" or	".html".  Use the -force_html option to	 format	 files
	      whose names do not follow	this convention.

       -editor=EDITOR
	      enable  external	editing, using the specified EDITOR.  (vi, ed,
	      emacs, etc.)

       -emacskeys
	      enable emacs-like	key movement.

       -enable_scrollback
	      toggles compatibility with  communication	 programs'  scrollback
	      keys (may	be incompatible	with some curses packages).

       -error_file=FILE
	      define a file where Lynx will report HTTP	access codes.

       -exec  enable local program execution (normally not configured).

       -fileversions
	      include all versions of files in local VMS directory listings.

       -find_leaks
	      toggle memory leak-checking.  Normally this is not compiled-into
	      your executable, but when	it  is,	 it  can  be  disabled	for  a
	      session.

       -force_empty_hrefless_a
	      force  HREF-less 'A' elements to be empty	(close them as soon as
	      they are seen).

       -force_html
	      forces the first document	to be interpreted as HTML.

	      This is most useful  when	 processing  files  specified  on  the
	      command line which have an unrecognized suffix (or the suffix is
	      associated with a	non-HTML type, such as ".txt" for  plain  text
	      files).

	      Lynx recognizes these file suffixes as HTML:
	      ".ht3",  ".htm",	".html3",  ".html", ".htmlx", ".php3", ".php",
	      ".phtml",	".sht",	and ".shtml".

       -force_secure
	      toggles forcing of the secure flag for SSL cookies.

       -forms_options
	      toggles whether the Options Menu is key-based or form-based.

       -from  toggles transmissions of From headers.

       -ftp   disable ftp access.

       -get_data
	      properly formatted data for a get	form  are  read	 in  from  the
	      standard input and passed	to the form.  Input is terminated by a
	      line that	starts with '---'.

	      Lynx issues an HTTP GET, sending the form	to  the	 path  or  URL
	      given on the command-line	and prints the response	of the server.
	      If no path or URL	is given, Lynx sends the form  to  the	start-
	      page.

       -head  send a HEAD request for the mime headers.

       -help  print the	Lynx command syntax usage message, and exit.

       -hiddenlinks=[option]
	      control the display of hidden links.

	      merge
		 hidden	 links	show  up as bracketed numbers and are numbered
		 together with other links in the sequence of their occurrence
		 in the	document.

	      listonly
		 hidden	 links	are  shown  only on L)ist screens and listings
		 generated by -dump  or	 from  the  P)rint  menu,  but	appear
		 separately  at	 the  end of those lists.  This	is the default
		 behavior.

	      ignore
		 hidden	links do not appear even in listings.

       -historical
	      toggles use of '>' or '-->' as a terminator for comments.

       -homepage=URL
	      set homepage separate from start page.

       -image_links
	      toggles inclusion	of links for all images.

       -index=URL
	      set the default index file to the	specified URL.

       -ismap toggles inclusion	of  ISMAP  links  when	client-side  MAPs  are
	      present.

       -justify
	      do justification of text.

       -link=NUMBER
	      starting count for lnk#.dat files	produced by -crawl.

       -list_inline
	      for -dump, show the links	inline with the	text.

       -listonly
	      for -dump, show only the list of links.

       -localhost
	      disable URLs that	point to remote	hosts.

       -locexec
	      enable  local  program  execution	from local files only (if Lynx
	      was compiled with	local execution	enabled).

       -lss=FILENAME
	      specify  filename	 containing  color-style   information.	   The
	      default is lynx.lss.  If you give	an empty filename, Lynx	uses a
	      built-in monochrome scheme which	imitates  the  non-color-style
	      configuration.

       -mime_header
	      prints  the  MIME	 header	 of  a fetched document	along with its
	      source.

       -minimal
	      toggles minimal versus valid comment parsing.

       -nested_tables
	      toggles nested-tables logic (for debugging).

       -newschunksize=NUMBER
	      number of	articles in chunked news listings.

       -newsmaxchunk=NUMBER
	      maximum news articles in listings	before chunking.

       -nobold
	      disable bold video-attribute.

       -nobrowse
	      disable directory	browsing.

       -nocc  disable Cc: prompts for self copies of mailings.	Note that this
	      does  not	disable	any CCs	which are incorporated within a	mailto
	      URL or form ACTION.

       -nocolor
	      force color mode off, overriding terminal	capabilities  and  any
	      -color flags, COLORTERM variable,	and saved .lynxrc settings.

       -noexec
	      disable local program execution.	(DEFAULT)

       -nofilereferer
	      disable transmissions of Referer headers for file	URLs.

       -nolist
	      disable the link list feature in dumps.

       -nolog disable mailing of error messages	to document owners.

       -nomargins
	      disable left/right margins in the	default	style sheet.

       -nomore
	      disable -more- string in statusline messages.

       -nonrestarting_sigwinch
	      This  flag  is  not  available  on all systems, Lynx needs to be
	      compiled with HAVE_SIGACTION defined.  If	available,  this  flag
	      may  cause Lynx to react more immediately	to window changes when
	      run within an xterm.

       -nonumbers
	      disable	link-	 and	field-numbering.     This    overrides
	      -number_fields and -number_links.

       -nopause
	      disable forced pauses for	statusline messages.

       -noprint
	      disable most print functions.

       -noredir
	      prevents	automatic redirection and prints a message with	a link
	      to the new URL.

       -noreferer
	      disable transmissions of Referer headers.

       -noreverse
	      disable reverse video-attribute.

       -nosocks
	      disable SOCKS proxy usage	by a SOCKSified	Lynx.

       -nostatus
	      disable the retrieval status messages.

       -notitle
	      disable title and	blank line from	top of page.

       -nounderline
	      disable underline	video-attribute.

       -number_fields
	      force numbering of links as well as form input fields

       -number_links
	      force numbering of links.

       -partial
	      toggles display partial pages while loading.

       -partial_thres=NUMBER
	      number  of  lines	 to  render  before  repainting	 display  with
	      partial-display logic

       -passive-ftp
	      toggles passive ftp connections.

       -pauth=ID:PASSWD
	      set  authorization  ID and password for a	protected proxy	server
	      at startup.  Be sure to protect any script files which use  this
	      switch.

       -popup toggles  handling	 of  single-choice  SELECT  options  via popup
	      windows or as lists of radio buttons.

       -post_data
	      properly formatted data for a post form are  read	 in  from  the
	      standard input and passed	to the form.  Input is terminated by a
	      line that	starts with '---'.

	      Lynx issues an HTTP POST,	sending	the form to the	 path  or  URL
	      given on the command-line	and prints the response	of the server.
	      If no path or URL	is given, Lynx sends the form  to  the	start-
	      page.

       -preparsed
	      show  HTML  source  preparsed  and  reformatted  when  used with
	      -source or in source view.

       -prettysrc
	      show HTML	source view with lexical elements and tags in color.

       -print enable print functions.  (default)

       -pseudo_inlines
	      toggles pseudo-ALTs for inline images with no ALT	string.

       -raw   toggles default setting of 8-bit character translations  or  CJK
	      mode for the startup character set.

       -realm restricts	access to URLs in the starting realm.

       -read_timeout=N
	      Sets the read-timeout, where N is	given in seconds.

       -reload
	      flushes  the  cache  on  a proxy server (only the	first document
	      given on the command-line	is affected).

       -restrictions=[option][,option][,option]...
	      allows a list of services	to be  disabled	 selectively.	Dashes
	      and   underscores	 in  option  names  can	 be  intermixed.   The
	      following	list is	printed	if no options are specified.

	      all
		 restricts all options listed below.

	      bookmark
		 disallow changing the location	of the bookmark	file.

	      bookmark_exec
		 disallow execution links via the bookmark file.

	      change_exec_perms
		 disallow changing the eXecute permission on files (but	 still
		 allow	it  for	 directories)  when  local  file management is
		 enabled.

	      default
		 same as command line  option  -anonymous.   Disables  default
		 services  for anonymous users.	 Set to	all restricted,	except
		 for: inside_telnet, outside_telnet, inside_ftp,  outside_ftp,
		 inside_rlogin,	  outside_rlogin,  inside_news,	 outside_news,
		 telnet_port, jump, mail, print, exec, and goto.  The settings
		 for  these,  as  well	as  additional	goto  restrictions for
		 specific URL schemes that are also applied, are derived  from
		 definitions within userdefs.h.

	      dired_support
		 disallow local	file management.

	      disk_save
		 disallow saving to disk in the	download and print menus.

	      dotfiles
		 disallow access to, or	creation of, hidden (dot) files.

	      download
		 disallow  some	 downloaders  in  the  download	menu (does not
		 imply disk_save restriction).

	      editor
		 disallow external editing.

	      exec
		 disable execution scripts.

	      exec_frozen
		 disallow the user from	changing the local execution option.

	      externals
		 disallow some "EXTERNAL" configuration	lines if  support  for
		 passing  URLs	to  external  applications  (with  the	EXTERN
		 command) is compiled in.

	      file_url
		 disallow using	G)oto, served links  or	 bookmarks  for	 file:
		 URLs.

	      goto
		 disable the 'g' (goto)	command.

	      inside_ftp
		 disallow ftps for people coming from inside your domain (utmp
		 required for selectivity).

	      inside_news
		 disallow USENET news posting for people  coming  from	inside
		 your domain (utmp required for	selectivity).

	      inside_rlogin
		 disallow  rlogins  for	 people	coming from inside your	domain
		 (utmp required	for selectivity).

	      inside_telnet
		 disallow telnets for people coming from  inside  your	domain
		 (utmp required	for selectivity).

	      jump
		 disable the 'j' (jump)	command.

	      multibook
		 disallow multiple bookmarks.

	      mail
		 disallow mail.

	      news_post
		 disallow USENET News posting.

	      options_save
		 disallow saving options in .lynxrc.

	      outside_ftp
		 disallow  ftps	 for  people  coming  from outside your	domain
		 (utmp required	for selectivity).

	      outside_news
		 disallow USENET news reading and posting  for	people	coming
		 from  outside	your  domain  (utmp required for selectivity).
		 This restriction applies to "news", "nntp",  "newspost",  and
		 "newsreply"   URLs,  but  not	to  "snews",  "snewspost",  or
		 "snewsreply" in case they are supported.

	      outside_rlogin
		 disallow rlogins for people coming from outside  your	domain
		 (utmp required	for selectivity).

	      outside_telnet
		 disallow  telnets  for	people coming from outside your	domain
		 (utmp required	for selectivity).

	      print
		 disallow most print options.

	      shell
		 disallow shell	escapes	and lynxexec or	lynxprog G)oto's.

	      suspend
		 disallow Unix Control-Z suspends with escape to shell.

	      telnet_port
		 disallow specifying a port in telnet G)oto's.

	      useragent
		 disallow modifications	of the User-Agent header.

       -resubmit_posts
	      toggles forced resubmissions (no-cache)  of  forms  with	method
	      POST  when  the  documents  they	returned  are  sought with the
	      PREV_DOC command or from the History List.

       -rlogin
	      disable recognition of rlogin commands.

       -scrollbar
	      toggles showing scrollbar.

       -scrollbar_arrow
	      toggles showing arrows at	ends of	the scrollbar.

       -selective
	      require .www_browsable files to browse directories.

       -session=FILENAME
	      resumes from specified file on startup and saves session to that
	      file on exit.

       -sessionin=FILENAME
	      resumes session from specified file.

       -sessionout=FILENAME
	      saves session to specified file.

       -short_url
	      show  very  long URLs in the status line with "..." to represent
	      the portion which	cannot be displayed.  The beginning and	end of
	      the URL are displayed, rather than suppressing the end.

       -show_cfg
	      Print the	configuration settings,	e.g., as read from "lynx.cfg",
	      and exit.

       -show_cursor
	      If enabled the cursor will not  be  hidden  in  the  right  hand
	      corner  but  will	 instead  be  positioned  at  the start	of the
	      currently	selected link.	Show cursor is the default for systems
	      without  FANCY_CURSES  capabilities.   The default configuration
	      can be changed in	userdefs.h  or	lynx.cfg.   The	 command  line
	      switch toggles the default.

       -show_rate
	      If  enabled  the	transfer  rate	is  shown in bytes/second.  If
	      disabled,	no transfer  rate  is  shown.	Use  lynx.cfg  or  the
	      options menu to select KB/second and/or ETA.

       -soft_dquotes
	      toggles  emulation  of  the  old	Netscape  and Mosaic bug which
	      treated '>' as a co-terminator for double-quotes and tags.

       -source
	      works the	same as	 dump  but  outputs  HTML  source  instead  of
	      formatted	text.  For example

	      lynx -source . >foo.html

	      generates	  HTML	 source	 listing  the  files  in  the  current
	      directory.  Each file is marked  by  an  HREF  relative  to  the
	      parent  directory.   Add	a  trailing  slash  to make the	HREF's
	      relative to the current directory:

	      lynx -source ./ >foo.html

       -stack_dump
	      disable SIGINT cleanup handler

       -startfile_ok
	      allow non-http startfile and homepage with -validate.

       -stderr
	      When dumping a document using -dump or  -source,	Lynx  normally
	      does  not	 display  alert	 (error)  messages that	you see	on the
	      screen in	the status line.  Use the -stderr option to tell  Lynx
	      to write these messages to the standard error.

       -stdin read the startfile from standard input (UNIX only).

       -syslog=text
	      information for syslog call.

       -syslog-urls
	      log requested URLs with syslog.

       -tagsoup
	      initialize parser, using Tag Soup	DTD rather than	SortaSGML.

       -telnet
	      disable recognition of telnet commands.

       -term=TERM
	      tell  Lynx what terminal type to assume it is talking to.	 (This
	      may be useful for	remote	execution,  when,  for	example,  Lynx
	      connects	to  a remote TCP/IP port that starts a script that, in
	      turn, starts another Lynx	process.)

       -timeout=N
	      For win32, sets the network read-timeout,	where N	 is  given  in
	      seconds.

       -tlog  toggles  between	using  a  Lynx	Trace Log and stderr for trace
	      output from the session.

       -tna   turns on "Textfields Need	Activation" mode.

       -trace turns on Lynx trace mode.	 Destination of	trace  output  depends
	      on -tlog.

       -trace_mask=value
	      turn  on	optional  traces, which	may result in very large trace
	      files.  Logically	OR the values to combine options:

	      1	 SGML character	parsing	states

	      2	 color-style

	      4	 TRST (table layout)

	      8	 configuration (lynx.cfg, .lynxrc,  .lynx-keymaps,  mime.types
		 and mailcap contents)

	      16 binary	string copy/append, used in form data construction.

	      32 cookies

	      64 character sets

	      128
		 GridText parsing

	      256
		 timing

       -traversal
	      traverse	all http links derived from startfile.	When used with
	      -crawl, each link	that begins with the same string as  startfile
	      is  output to a file, intended for indexing.  See	CRAWL.announce
	      for more information.

       -trim_input_fields
	      trim input text/textarea fields in forms.

       -underline_links
	      toggles use of underline/bold attribute for links.

       -underscore
	      toggles use of _underline_ format	in dumps.

       -unique_urls
	      check for	duplicate link numbers in each page and	 corresponding
	      lists, and reuse the original link number.

       -use_mouse
	      turn  on	mouse  support,	if available.  Clicking	the left mouse
	      button on	a link traverses it.  Clicking the right mouse	button
	      pops  back.   Click  on the top line to scroll up.  Click	on the
	      bottom line to scroll down.  The first few positions in the  top
	      and  bottom  line	may invoke additional functions.  Lynx must be
	      compiled with ncurses or slang  to  support  this	 feature.   If
	      ncurses  is  used,  clicking  the	 middle	mouse button pops up a
	      simple menu.  Mouse clicks may only work reliably	while Lynx  is
	      idle waiting for input.

       -useragent=Name
	      set alternate Lynx User-Agent header.

       -validate
	      accept  only  http  URLs	(for  validation).   Complete security
	      restrictions also	are implemented.

       -verbose
	      toggle [LINK], [IMAGE] and [INLINE] comments with	 filenames  of
	      these images.

       -version
	      print version information, and exit.

       -vikeys
	      enable vi-like key movement.

       -wdebug
	      enable  Waterloo	tcp/ip packet debug (print to watt debugfile).
	      This applies only	 to  DOS  versions  compiled  with  WATTCP  or
	      WATT-32.

       -width=NUMBER
	      number  of columns for formatting	of dumps, default is 80.  This
	      is limited by the	number of columns  that	 Lynx  could  display,
	      typically	1024 (the MAX_LINE symbol).

       -with_backspaces
	      emit backspaces in output	if -dump'ing or	-crawl'ing (like 'man'
	      does)

       -xhtml_parsing
	      tells Lynx that it can ignore certain tags which have no content
	      in an XHTML 1.0 document.	 For example "<p/>" will be discarded.

COMMANDS
       More  than  one key can be mapped to a given command.  Here are some of
       the most	useful:

       o  Use Up arrow and Down	arrow to scroll	through	hypertext links.

       o  Right	arrow or Return	will follow a highlighted hypertext link.

       o  Left Arrow or	"u" will retreat from a	link.

       o  Type "H", "?", or F1 for online help and descriptions	of  key-stroke
	  commands.

       o  Type	"k"  or	 "K"  for  a  list  of	the current key-stroke command
	  mappings.

	  If the same command is mapped	to the same letter differing  only  by
	  upper/lowercase only the lowercase mapping is	shown.

       o  Type Delete to view history list.

ENVIRONMENT
       In  addition  to	various	"standard" environment variables such as HOME,
       PATH, USER, DISPLAY, TMPDIR, etc, Lynx utilizes	several	 Lynx-specific
       environment variables, if they exist.

       Others  may  be created or modified by Lynx to pass data	to an external
       program,	or for other reasons.  These are listed	separately below.

       See also	the sections on	SIMULATED  CGI	SUPPORT	 and  NATIVE  LANGUAGE
       SUPPORT,	below.

       Note:   Not  all	 environment variables apply to	all types of platforms
       supported by Lynx, though most do.  Feedback on	platform  dependencies
       is solicited.

       Environment Variables Used By Lynx:

       COLORTERM	   If set, color capability for	the terminal is	forced
			   on at startup time.	The actual value  assigned  to
			   the	variable  is  ignored.	 This variable is only
			   meaningful  if  Lynx	 was  built  using  the	 slang
			   screen-handling library.

       LYNX_CFG		   This	 variable,  if	set, will override the default
			   location and	name of	the global configuration  file
			   (normally,	lynx.cfg)  that	 was  defined  by  the
			   LYNX_CFG_FILE  constant  in	the  userdefs.h	 file,
			   during  installation.   See the userdefs.h file for
			   more	information.

       LYNX_CFG_PATH	   If set, this	 variable  overrides  the  compiled-in
			   search-list	 of   directories  used	 to  find  the
			   configuration files,	e.g., lynx.cfg	and  lynx.lss.
			   The list is delimited with ":" (or ";" for Windows)
			   like	the PATH environment variable.

       LYNX_HELPFILE	   If set, this	variable overrides the compiled-in URL
			   and configuration file URL for the Lynx help	file.

       LYNX_LOCALEDIR	   If  set,  this  variable  overrides the compiled-in
			   location of the  locale  directory  which  contains
			   native language (NLS) message text.

       LYNX_LSS		   This	 variable,  if	set, specifies the location of
			   the	default	 Lynx  character  style	 sheet	 file.
			   [Currently  only meaningful if Lynx was built using
			   curses color	style support.]

       LYNX_SAVE_SPACE	   This	variable, if set, will	override  the  default
			   path	prefix for files saved to disk that is defined
			   in the lynx.cfg  SAVE_SPACE:	 statement.   See  the
			   lynx.cfg file for more information.

       LYNX_TEMP_SPACE	   This	 variable,  if	set, will override the default
			   path	prefix for temporary files  that  was  defined
			   during  installation, as well as any	value that may
			   be assigned to the TMPDIR variable.

       MAIL		   This	variable specifies the default inbox Lynx will
			   check  for new mail,	if such	checking is enabled in
			   the lynx.cfg	file.

       NEWS_ORGANIZATION   This	variable, if set, provides the string used  in
			   the	Organization:  header of USENET	news postings.
			   It will override the	setting	 of  the  ORGANIZATION
			   environment	variable,  if  it is also set (and, on
			   UNIX, the contents of an /etc/organization file, if
			   present).

       NNTPSERVER	   If  set,  this  variable specifies the default NNTP
			   server that will be used for	 USENET	 news  reading
			   and posting with Lynx, via news: URL's.

       ORGANIZATION	   This	 variable, if set, provides the	string used in
			   the Organization: header of USENET  news  postings.
			   On  UNIX,  it  will	override  the  contents	 of an
			   /etc/organization file, if present.

       PROTOCOL_proxy	   Lynx	supports the use of proxy servers that can act
			   as firewall gateways	and caching servers.  They are
			   preferable  to  the	older  gateway	servers	  (see
			   WWW_access_GATEWAY,	below).	 Each protocol used by
			   Lynx, (http,	 ftp,  gopher,	etc),  can  be	mapped
			   separately  by setting environment variables	of the
			   form	  PROTOCOL_proxy    (literally:	   http_proxy,
			   ftp_proxy,	    gopher_proxy,	etc),	    to
			   "http://some.server.dom:port/".   See  Lynx	 Users
			   Guide for additional	details	and examples.

       SSL_CERT_DIR	   Set	  to	the   directory	  containing   trusted
			   certificates.

       SSL_CERT_FILE	   Set to the full path	and filename for your file  of
			   trusted certificates.

       WWW_access_GATEWAY  Lynx	 still	supports  use of gateway servers, with
			   the	servers	 specified  via	  "WWW_access_GATEWAY"
			   variables  (where "access" is lower case and	can be
			   "http", "ftp", "gopher" or  "wais"),	 however  most
			   gateway  servers have been discontinued.  Note that
			   you do not include a	terminal '/' for gateways, but
			   do	for   proxies	specified   by	PROTOCOL_proxy
			   environment variables.  See Lynx  Users  Guide  for
			   details.

       WWW_HOME		   This	 variable,  if	set, will override the default
			   startup  URL	 specified  in	 any   of   the	  Lynx
			   configuration files.

       Environment Variables Set or Modified By	Lynx:

       LYNX_PRINT_DATE	   This	 variable is set by the	Lynx p(rint) function,
			   to  the  Date:  string  seen	 in   the   document's
			   "Information	 about"	 page  (= cmd),	if any.	 It is
			   created for use by an external program, as  defined
			   in  a  lynx.cfg  PRINTER: definition	statement.  If
			   the field does not  exist  for  the	document,  the
			   variable is set to a	null string under UNIX,	or "No
			   Date" under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_LASTMOD  This	variable is set	by the Lynx p(rint)  function,
			   to  the  Last  Mod:	string	seen in	the document's
			   "Information	about" page (= cmd), if	 any.	It  is
			   created  for	use by an external program, as defined
			   in a	lynx.cfg PRINTER:  definition  statement.   If
			   the	field  does  not  exist	 for the document, the
			   variable is set to a	null string under UNIX,	or "No
			   LastMod" under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_TITLE	   This	 variable is set by the	Lynx p(rint) function,
			   to the Linkname:  string  seen  in  the  document's
			   "Information	 about"	 page  (= cmd),	if any.	 It is
			   created for use by an external program, as  defined
			   in  a  lynx.cfg  PRINTER: definition	statement.  If
			   the field does not  exist  for  the	document,  the
			   variable is set to a	null string under UNIX,	or "No
			   Title" under	VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_URL	   This	variable is set	by the Lynx p(rint)  function,
			   to	the   URL:   string  seen  in  the  document's
			   "Information	about" page (= cmd), if	 any.	It  is
			   created  for	use by an external program, as defined
			   in a	lynx.cfg PRINTER:  definition  statement.   If
			   the	field  does  not  exist	 for the document, the
			   variable is set to a	null string under UNIX,	or "No
			   URL"	under VMS.

       LYNX_TRACE	   If set, causes Lynx to write	a trace	file as	if the
			   -trace option were supplied.

       LYNX_TRACE_FILE	   If set, overrides the compiled-in name of the trace
			   file,  which	 is  either Lynx.trace or LY-TRACE.LOG
			   (the	latter on  the	DOS/Windows  platforms).   The
			   trace  file	is in either case relative to the home
			   directory.

       LYNX_VERSION	   This	variable is always set by  Lynx,  and  may  be
			   used	 by an external	program	to determine if	it was
			   invoked by Lynx.  See  also	the  comments  in  the
			   distribution's  sample  mailcap  file, for notes on
			   usage in such a file.

       TERM		   Normally,  this  variable  is  used	by   Lynx   to
			   determine  the  terminal  type being	used to	invoke
			   Lynx.  If, however, it is unset at startup time (or
			   has	the value "unknown"), or if the	-term command-
			   line	option is used (see  OPTIONS  section  above),
			   Lynx	 will  set  or	modify	its  value to the user
			   specified terminal type  (for  the  Lynx  execution
			   environment).   Note:  If set/modified by Lynx, the
			   values of  the  LINES  and/or  COLUMNS  environment
			   variables may also be changed.

SIMULATED CGI SUPPORT
       If built	with the cgi-links option enabled, Lynx	allows access to a cgi
       script directly without the need	for an http daemon.

       When executing such  "lynxcgi  scripts"	(if  enabled),	the  following
       variables may be	set for	simulating a CGI environment:

       CONTENT_LENGTH

       CONTENT_TYPE

       DOCUMENT_ROOT

       HTTP_ACCEPT_CHARSET

       HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE

       HTTP_USER_AGENT

       PATH_INFO

       PATH_TRANSLATED

       QUERY_STRING

       REMOTE_ADDR

       REMOTE_HOST

       REQUEST_METHOD

       SERVER_SOFTWARE

       Other  environment  variables  are  not inherited by the	script,	unless
       they  are  provided  via	 a  LYNXCGI_ENVIRONMENT	  statement   in   the
       configuration  file.   See  the	lynx.cfg file, and the (draft) CGI 1.1
       Specification <http://Web.Golux.Com/coar/cgi/draft-coar-cgi-v11-00.txt>
       for the definition and usage of these variables.

       The  CGI	 Specification,	 and other associated documentation, should be
       consulted for general information on CGI	script programming.

NATIVE LANGUAGE	SUPPORT
       If configured and installed with	Native	Language  Support,  Lynx  will
       display status and other	messages in your local language.  See the file
       ABOUT_NLS in the	source distribution, or	at your	local  GNU  site,  for
       more information	about internationalization.

       The  following  environment  variables  may  be	used  to alter default
       settings:

       LANG		   This	variable, if set, will	override  the  default
			   message language.  It is an ISO 639 two-letter code
			   identifying the language.  Language codes  are  NOT
			   the same as the country codes given in ISO 3166.

       LANGUAGE		   This	 variable,  if	set, will override the default
			   message language.  This is a	GNU extension that has
			   higher  priority  for  setting  the message catalog
			   than	LANG or	LC_ALL.

       LC_ALL		   and

       LC_MESSAGES	   These variables, if	set,  specify  the  notion  of
			   native language formatting style.  They are POSIXly
			   correct.

       LINGUAS		   This	 variable,  if	set  prior  to	configuration,
			   limits  the installed languages to specific values.
			   It is a space-separated list	of  two-letter	codes.
			   Currently, it is hard-coded to a wish list.

       NLSPATH		   This	 variable,  if set, is used as the path	prefix
			   for message catalogs.

NOTES
       This is the Lynx	v2.8.8 Release;	development is in progress for 2.8.9.

       If you wish to contribute to the	further	development of Lynx, subscribe
       to  our mailing list.  Send email to <lynx-dev-request@nongnu.org> with
       "subscribe lynx-dev" as the only	line in	the body of your message.

       Send bug	reports, comments, suggestions to <lynx-dev@nongnu.org>	 after
       subscribing.

       Unsubscribe  by	sending	 email	to  <lynx-dev-request@nongnu.org> with
       "unsubscribe lynx-dev" as the only line in the body  of	your  message.
       Do not send the unsubscribe message to the lynx-dev list, itself.

SEE ALSO
       catgets(3),  curses(3),	environ(7),  execve(2),	 ftp(1), gettext(GNU),
       localeconv(3),	ncurses(3),   setlocale(3),   slang(?),	   termcap(5),
       terminfo(5), wget(GNU)

       Note that man page availability and section numbering is	somewhat plat-
       form dependent, and may vary from the above references.

       A section shown as (GNU), is intended to	denote that the	topic  may  be
       available via an	info page, instead of a	man page (i.e.,	try "info sub-
       ject", rather than "man subject").

       A section shown as (?) denotes that documentation on the	topic  exists,
       but  is	not part of an established documentation retrieval system (see
       the distribution	files associated with the topic, or contact your  Sys-
       tem Administrator for further information).

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       Lynx  has  incorporated	code  from a variety of	sources	along the way.
       The earliest versions of	Lynx included code from	Earl Fogel of  Comput-
       ing  Services at	the University of Saskatchewan,	who implemented	HYPER-
       REZ in the Unix environment.  HYPERREZ was developed by Niel Larson  of
       Think.com  and  served  as  the	model  for the early versions of Lynx.
       Those versions also incorporated	libraries from the Unix	Gopher clients
       developed  at  the  University  of Minnesota, and the later versions of
       Lynx rely on the	WWW client library code	developed by  Tim  Berners-Lee
       and  the	 WWW  community.  Also a special thanks	to Foteos Macrides who
       ported much of Lynx to VMS and did or organized most of its development
       since  the  departures of Lou Montulli and Garrett Blythe from the Uni-
       versity of Kansas in the	summer of 1994 through the release of  v2.7.2,
       and  to	everyone  on the net who has contributed to Lynx's development
       either directly (through	patches, comments or bug reports) or indirect-
       ly (through inspiration and development of other	systems).

AUTHORS
       Lou  Montulli,  Garrett	Blythe,	Craig Lavender,	Michael	Grobe, Charles
       Rezac
       Academic	Computing Services
       University of Kansas
       Lawrence, Kansas	66047

       Foteos Macrides
       Worcester Foundation for	Biomedical Research
       Shrewsbury, Massachusetts 01545

       Thomas E. Dickey
       <dickey@invisible-island.net>

								       LYNX(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | COMMANDS | ENVIRONMENT | SIMULATED CGI SUPPORT | NATIVE LANGUAGE SUPPORT | NOTES | SEE ALSO | ACKNOWLEDGMENTS | AUTHORS

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