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LPQ(1)			  BSD General Commands Manual			LPQ(1)

NAME
     lpq -- spool queue	examination program

SYNOPSIS
     lpq [-al] [-Pprinter] [job# ...] [user ...]

DESCRIPTION
     lpq examines the spooling area used by lpd(8) for printing	files on the
     line printer, and reports the status of the specified jobs	or all jobs
     associated	with a user.  lpq invoked without any arguments	reports	on any
     jobs currently in the queue.

     The options are as	follows:

     -a	     Report on the local queues	for all	printers, rather than just the
	     specified printer.

     -l	     Information about each of the files comprising the	job entry is
	     printed.  Normally, only as much information as will fit on one
	     line is displayed.

     -Pprinter
	     Specify a particular printer, otherwise the default line printer
	     is	used (or the value of the PRINTER variable in the environ-
	     ment).  All other arguments supplied are interpreted as user
	     names or job numbers to filter out	only those jobs	of interest.

     For each job submitted (i.e., invocation of lpr(1)) lpq reports the
     user's name, current rank in the queue, the names of files	comprising the
     job, the job identifier (a	number which may be supplied to	lprm(1)	for
     removing a	specific job), and the total size in bytes.  Job ordering is
     dependent on the algorithm	used to	scan the spooling directory and	is
     supposed to be FIFO (First	In First Out).	File names comprising a	job
     may be unavailable	(when lpr(1) is	used as	a sink in a pipeline) in which
     case the file is indicated	as "(standard input)".

     If	lpq warns that there is	no daemon present (i.e., due to	some malfunc-
     tion), the	lpc(8) command can be used to restart the printer daemon.

ENVIRONMENT
     If	the following environment variables exist, they	are used by lpq:

     COLUMNS  If set to	a positive integer, output is formatted	to the given
	      width in columns.	 Otherwise, lpq	defaults to the	terminal
	      width, or	80 columns if the output is not	a terminal.

     PRINTER  Specifies	an alternate default printer.

FILES
     /etc/printcap	       To determine printer characteristics.
     /var/spool/*	       The spooling directory, as determined from
			       printcap.
     /var/spool/output/*/cf*   Control files specifying	jobs.
     /var/spool/output/*/lock  The lock	file to	obtain the currently active
			       job.

DIAGNOSTICS
     Unable to open various files.  The	lock file being	malformed.  Garbage
     files when	there is no daemon active, but files in	the spooling direc-
     tory.

SEE ALSO
     lpr(1), lprm(1), lpc(8), lpd(8)

HISTORY
     lpq appeared in 3BSD.

BUGS
     Due to the	dynamic	nature of the information in the spooling directory,
     lpq may report unreliably.	 Output	formatting is sensitive	to the line
     length of the terminal; this can result in	widely spaced columns.

BSD				March 17, 2016				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | DIAGNOSTICS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | BUGS

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