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LPQ(1)			  BSD General Commands Manual			LPQ(1)

NAME
     lpq -- spool queue	examination program

SYNOPSIS
     lpq [-a] [-l] [-Pprinter] [job # ...] [user ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The lpq utility examines the spooling area	used by	lpd(8) for printing
     files on the line printer,	and reports the	status of the specified	jobs
     or	all jobs associated with a user.  The lpq utility invoked without any
     arguments reports on any jobs currently in	the queue.

     Options:

     -P	     Specify a particular printer, otherwise the default line printer
	     is	used (or the value of the PRINTER variable in the environ-
	     ment). All	other arguments	supplied are interpreted as user names
	     or	job numbers to filter out only those jobs of interest.

     -l	     Information about each of the files comprising the	job entry is
	     printed.  Normally, only as much information as will fit on one
	     line is displayed.

     -a	     Report on the local queues	for all	printers, rather than just the
	     specified printer.

     For each job submitted (i.e. invocation of	lpr(1))	lpq reports the	user's
     name, current rank	in the queue, the names	of files comprising the	job,
     the job identifier	(a number which	may be supplied	to lprm(1) for remov-
     ing a specific job), and the total	size in	bytes.	Job ordering is	depen-
     dent on the algorithm used	to scan	the spooling directory and is supposed
     to	be FIFO	(First in First	Out).  File names comprising a job may be un-
     available (when lpr(1) is used as a sink in a pipeline) in	which case the
     file is indicated as ``(standard input)''.

     If	lpq warns that there is	no daemon present (i.e.	due to some malfunc-
     tion), the	lpc(8) command can be used to restart the printer daemon.

ENVIRONMENT
     If	the following environment variable exists, it is used by lpq:

     PRINTER  Specifies	an alternate default printer.

FILES
     /etc/printcap	To determine printer characteristics.
     /var/spool/*	The spooling directory,	as determined from printcap.
     /var/spool/*/cf*	Control	files specifying jobs.
     /var/spool/*/lock	The lock file to obtain	the currently active job.

SEE ALSO
     lpr(1), lprm(1), lpc(8), lpd(8)

HISTORY
     A lpq utility appeared in 3BSD.

BUGS
     Due to the	dynamic	nature of the information in the spooling directory
     lpq may report unreliably.	 Output	formatting is sensitive	to the line
     length of the terminal; this can results in widely	spaced columns.

DIAGNOSTICS
     Unable to open various files.  The	lock file being	malformed.  Garbage
     files when	there is no daemon active, but files in	the spooling direc-
     tory.

BSD				April 28, 1995				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | BUGS | DIAGNOSTICS

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