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LN(1)				 User Commands				 LN(1)

       ln - make links between files

       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET		      (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET...	DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

       In  the	1st form, create a link	to TARGET with the name	LINK_NAME.  In
       the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in	the current directory.	In the
       3rd  and	 4th  forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY.	Create
       hard links by default, symbolic links  with  --symbolic.	  By  default,
       each  destination  (name	 of  new link) should not already exist.  When
       creating	hard links, each TARGET	must exist.  Symbolic links  can  hold
       arbitrary  text;	 if  later resolved, a relative	link is	interpreted in
       relation	to its parent directory.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are	mandatory  for	short  options

	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but	does not accept	an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
	      allow  the  superuser to attempt to hard link directories	(note:
	      will probably fail due to	system restrictions, even for the  su-

       -f, --force
	      remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt whether to	remove destinations

       -L, --logical
	      dereference TARGETs that are symbolic links

       -n, --no-dereference
	      treat  LINK_NAME	as a normal file if it is a symbolic link to a

       -P, --physical
	      make hard	links directly to symbolic links

       -r, --relative
	      create symbolic links relative to	link location

       -s, --symbolic
	      make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup	suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      specify the DIRECTORY in which to	create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat LINK_NAME as a normal file always

       -v, --verbose
	      print name of each linked	file

       --help display this help	and exit

	      output version information and exit

       The  backup  suffix  is	'~',  unless  set  with	  --suffix   or	  SIM-
       PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The	version	control	method may be selected via the
       --backup	option or through the  VERSION_CONTROL	environment  variable.
       Here are	the values:

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

       Using  -s ignores -L and	-P.  Otherwise,	the last option	specified con-
       trols behavior when a TARGET is a symbolic link,	defaulting to -P.

       Written by Mike Parker and David	MacKenzie.

       GNU coreutils online help: <>
       Report ln translation bugs to <>

       Copyright (C) 2014 Free Software	Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:  GNU
       GPL version 3 or	later <>.
       This  is	 free  software:  you  are free	to change and redistribute it.
       There is	NO WARRANTY, to	the extent permitted by	law.

       link(2),	symlink(2)

       Full documentation at: <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) ln invocation'

GNU coreutils 8.23		  March	2015				 LN(1)


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