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LJ4_FONT(5)               FreeBSD File Formats Manual              LJ4_FONT(5)

NAME
       lj4_font - groff fonts for use with devlj4

DESCRIPTION
       Nominally, all Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 4-series and newer printers
       have the same internal fonts: 45 scalable fonts and one bitmapped
       Lineprinter font.  The scalable fonts are available in sizes between
       0.25 point and 999.75 points, in 0.25-point increments; the Lineprinter
       font is available only in 8.5-point size.

       The LaserJet font files included with groff assume that all printers
       since the LaserJet 4 are identical.  There are some differences between
       fonts in the earlier and more recent printers, however.  The LaserJet 4
       printer used Agfa Intellifont technology for 35 of the internal
       scalable fonts; the remaining 10 scalable fonts were TrueType.
       Beginning with the LaserJet 4000-series printers introduced in 1997,
       all scalable internal fonts have been TrueType.  The number of
       printable glyphs differs slightly between Intellifont and TrueType
       fonts (generally, the TrueType fonts include more glyphs), and there
       are some minor differences in glyph metrics.  Differences among printer
       models are described in the PCL 5 Comparison Guide and the PCL 5
       Comparison Guide Addendum (for printers introduced since approximately
       2001).

       LaserJet printers reference a glyph by a combination of a 256-glyph
       symbol set and an index within that symbol set.  Many glyphs appear in
       more than one symbol set; all combinations of symbol set and index that
       reference the same glyph are equivalent.  For each glyph, hpftodit(1)
       searches a list of symbol sets, and selects the first set that contains
       the glyph.  The printing code generated by hpftodit(1) is an integer
       that encodes a numerical value for the symbol set in the high byte(s),
       and the index in the low byte.  See groff_font(5) for a complete
       description of the font file format; symbol sets are described in
       greater detail in the PCL 5 Printer Language Technical Reference
       Manual.

       Two of the scalable fonts, Symbol and Wingdings, are bound to 256-glyph
       symbol sets; the remaining scalable fonts, as well as the Lineprinter
       font, support numerous symbol sets, sufficient to enable printing of
       more than 600 glyphs.

       The metrics generated by hpftodit(1) assume that the DESC file contains
       values of 1200 for res and 6350 for unitwidth (or any combination
       (e.g., 2400 and 3175) for which res x unitwidth = 7620000).  Although
       HP PCL 5 LaserJet printers support an internal resolution of 7200 units
       per inch, they use a 16-bit signed integer for cursor positioning; if
       devlj4 is to support U.S. ledger paper (11'' x 17''), the maximum
       usable resolution is 32767 / 17, or 1927, units per inch, which rounds
       down to 1200 units per inch.  If the largest required paper size is
       less (e.g., 8.5'' x 11'' or A5), a greater resolution (and lesser
       unitwidth) can be specified.

LIMITATIONS
       Font metrics for Intellifont fonts were provided by Tagged Font Metric
       (TFM) files originally developed by Agfa/Compugraphic.  The TFM files
       provided for these fonts supported 600+ glyphs and contained extensive
       lists of kern pairs.

       To accommodate developers who had become accustomed to TFM files, HP
       also provided TFM files for the 10 TrueType fonts included in the
       LaserJet 4.  The TFM files for TrueType fonts generally included less
       information than the Intellifont TFMs, supporting fewer glyphs, and in
       most cases, providing no kerning information.  By the time the LaserJet
       4000 printer was introduced, most developers had migrated to other
       means of obtaining font metrics, and support for new TFM files was very
       limited.  The TFM files provided for the TrueType fonts in the LaserJet
       4000 support only the Latin 2 (ISO 8859-2) symbol set, and include no
       kerning information; consequently, they are of little value for any but
       the most rudimentary documents.

       Because the Intellifont TFM files contain considerably more
       information, they generally are preferable to the TrueType TFM files
       even for use with the TrueType fonts in the newer printers.  The
       metrics for the TrueType fonts are very close, though not identical, to
       those for the earlier Intellifont fonts of the same names.  Although
       most output using the Intellifont metrics with the newer printers is
       quite acceptable, a few glyphs may fail to print as expected.  The
       differences in glyph metrics may be particularly noticeable with
       composite parentheses, brackets, and braces used by eqn(1).  A script,
       located in /usr/share/groff_font/devlj4/generate, can be used to adjust
       the metrics for these glyphs in the special font S for use with
       printers that have all TrueType fonts.

       At the time HP last supported TFM files, only Version 1 of the Unicode
       standard was available.  Consequently, many glyphs lacking assigned
       code points were assigned by HP to the Private Use Area (PUA).  Later
       versions of the Unicode standard included code points outside the PUA
       for many of these glyphs.  The HP-supplied TrueType TFM files use the
       PUA assignments; TFM files generated from more recent TrueType font
       files require the later Unicode values to access the same glyphs.
       Consequently, two different mapping files may be required: one for the
       HP-supplied TFM files, and one for more recent TFM files.

FILES
       /usr/share/groff_font/devlj4/DESC
              Device description file.

       /usr/share/groff_font/devlj4/F
              Font description file for font F.

SEE ALSO
       groff(1), groff_diff(1), hpftodit(1), grolj4(1), groff_font(5)

Groff Version 1.19.2            16 January 2014                    LJ4_FONT(5)

NAME | DESCRIPTION | LIMITATIONS | FILES | SEE ALSO

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