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LINK(2)                   FreeBSD System Calls Manual                  LINK(2)

NAME
     link - make a hard file link

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     link(const char *name1, const char *name2);

DESCRIPTION
     The link() function call atomically creates the specified directory entry
     (hard link) name2 with the attributes of the underlying object pointed at
     by name1.  If the link is successful: the link count of the underlying
     object is incremented; name1 and name2 share equal access and rights to
     the underlying object.

     If name1 is removed, the file name2 is not deleted and the link count of
     the underlying object is decremented.

     Name1 must exist for the hard link to succeed and both name1 and name2
     must be in the same file system.  name1 may not be a directory.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, a value
     of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     Link() will fail and no link will be created if:

     [ENOTDIR]     A component of either path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]
                   A component of either pathname exceeded 255 characters, or
                   entire length of either path name exceeded 1023 characters.

     [ENOENT]      A component of either path prefix does not exist.

     [EOPNOTSUPP]  The file system containing the file named by name1 does not
                   support links.

     [EMLINK]      The link count of the file named by name1 would exceed
                   {LINK_MAX}.

     [EACCES]      A component of either path prefix denies search permission.

     [EACCES]      The requested link requires writing in a directory with a
                   mode that denies write permission.

     [ELOOP]       Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating one
                   of the pathnames.

     [ENOENT]      The file named by name1 does not exist.

     [EEXIST]      The link named by name2 does exist.

     [EPERM]       The file named by name1 is a directory.

     [EXDEV]       The link named by name2 and the file named by name1 are on
                   different file systems.

     [ENOSPC]      The directory in which the entry for the new link is being
                   placed cannot be extended because there is no space left on
                   the file system containing the directory.

     [EDQUOT]      The directory in which the entry for the new link is being
                   placed cannot be extended because the user's quota of disk
                   blocks on the file system containing the directory has been
                   exhausted.

     [EIO]         An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the
                   file system to make the directory entry.

     [EROFS]       The requested link requires writing in a directory on a
                   read-only file system.

     [EFAULT]      One of the pathnames specified is outside the process's
                   allocated address space.

SEE ALSO
     readlink(2), symlink(2), unlink(2)

STANDARDS
     The link() function call is expected to conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1990
     (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     A link() function call appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.

     The link() system call traditionally allows the super-user to link
     directories which corrupts the filesystem coherency.  This implementation
     no longer permits it.

BSD 4                          January 12, 1994                          BSD 4

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUES | ERRORS | SEE ALSO | STANDARDS | HISTORY

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