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LESSKEY(1)		    General Commands Manual		    LESSKEY(1)

       lesskey - specify key bindings for less

SYNOPSIS (deprecated)
       lesskey [-o output] [--]	[input]
       lesskey [--output=output] [--] [input]
       lesskey -V
       lesskey --version

       This document describes the format of the lesskey source	file, which is
       used by less version 582	and later.  In previous	versions  of  less,  a
       separate	 program called	lesskey	was used to compile the	lesskey	source
       file into a format understood by	less.  This  compilation  step	is  no
       longer  required	 and  the  lesskey program is therefore	deprecated al-
       though the file format remains supported	by less	itself.

       The input file consists of one or more sections.	 Each  section	starts
       with  a	line  that  identifies the type	of section.  Possible sections

	      Defines new command keys.

	      Defines new line-editing keys.

       #env   Defines environment variables.

       Blank lines and lines which start with a	pound sign  (#)	 are  ignored,
       except for the special section header lines.

       The command section begins with the line


       If  the command section is the first section in the file, this line may
       be omitted.  The	command	section	consists of lines of the form:

	    string <whitespace>	action [extra-string] <newline>

       Whitespace is any sequence of one or  more  spaces  and/or  tabs.   The
       string  is  the command key(s) which invoke the action.	The string may
       be a single command key,	or a sequence of up to 15 keys.	 The action is
       the  name  of  the less action, from the	list below.  The characters in
       the string may appear literally,	or be prefixed by a caret to  indicate
       a  control  key.	 A backslash followed by one to	three octal digits may
       be used to specify a character by its octal value.   A  backslash  fol-
       lowed by	certain	characters specifies input characters as follows:

       \b     BACKSPACE

       \e     ESCAPE

       \n     NEWLINE

       \r     RETURN

       \t     TAB

       \ku    UP ARROW

       \kd    DOWN ARROW

       \kr    RIGHT ARROW

       \kl    LEFT ARROW

       \kU    PAGE UP

       \kD    PAGE DOWN

       \kh    HOME

       \ke    END

       \kx    DELETE

       A backslash followed by any other character indicates that character is
       to be taken literally.  Characters which	must be	preceded by  backslash
       include caret, space, tab and the backslash itself.

       An action may be	followed by an "extra" string.	When such a command is
       entered while running less, the action is performed, and	then the extra
       string  is  parsed,  just as if it were typed in	to less.  This feature
       can be used in certain cases to extend the functionality	of a  command.
       For  example,  see the "{" and ":t" commands in the example below.  The
       extra string has	a special meaning for the  "quit"  action:  when  less
       quits, the first	character of the extra string is used as its exit sta-

       The following input file	describes the set of default command keys used
       by less:

	    \r	       forw-line
	    \n	       forw-line
	    e	       forw-line
	    j	       forw-line
	    \kd	       forw-line
	    ^E	       forw-line
	    ^N	       forw-line
	    k	       back-line
	    y	       back-line
	    ^Y	       back-line
	    ^K	       back-line
	    ^P	       back-line
	    J	       forw-line-force
	    K	       back-line-force
	    Y	       back-line-force
	    d	       forw-scroll
	    ^D	       forw-scroll
	    u	       back-scroll
	    ^U	       back-scroll
	    \40	       forw-screen
	    f	       forw-screen
	    ^F	       forw-screen
	    ^V	       forw-screen
	    \kD	       forw-screen
	    b	       back-screen
	    ^B	       back-screen
	    \ev	       back-screen
	    \kU	       back-screen

	    z	       forw-window
	    w	       back-window
	    \e\40      forw-screen-force
	    F	       forw-forever
	    \eF	       forw-until-hilite
	    R	       repaint-flush
	    r	       repaint
	    ^R	       repaint
	    ^L	       repaint
	    \eu	       undo-hilite
	    \eU	       clear-search
	    g	       goto-line
	    \kh	       goto-line
	    <	       goto-line
	    \e<	       goto-line
	    p	       percent
	    %	       percent
	    \e[	       left-scroll
	    \e]	       right-scroll
	    \e(	       left-scroll
	    \e)	       right-scroll
	    \kl	       left-scroll
	    \kr	       right-scroll
	    \e{	       no-scroll
	    \e}	       end-scroll
	    {	       forw-bracket {}
	    }	       back-bracket {}
	    (	       forw-bracket ()
	    )	       back-bracket ()
	    [	       forw-bracket []
	    ]	       back-bracket []
	    \e^F       forw-bracket
	    \e^B       back-bracket
	    G	       goto-end
	    \e>	       goto-end
	    >	       goto-end
	    \ke	       goto-end
	    \eG	       goto-end-buffered
	    =	       status
	    ^G	       status
	    :f	       status
	    /	       forw-search
	    ?	       back-search
	    \e/	       forw-search *
	    \e?	       back-search *
	    n	       repeat-search
	    \en	       repeat-search-all
	    N	       reverse-search
	    \eN	       reverse-search-all
	    &	       filter
	    m	       set-mark
	    M	       set-mark-bottom
	    \em	       clear-mark
	    '	       goto-mark
	    ^X^X       goto-mark
	    E	       examine
	    :e	       examine
	    ^X^V       examine
	    :n	       next-file
	    :p	       prev-file
	    t	       next-tag
	    T	       prev-tag
	    :x	       index-file
	    :d	       remove-file
	    -	       toggle-option

	    :t	       toggle-option t
	    s	       toggle-option o
	    _	       display-option
	    |	       pipe
	    v	       visual
	    !	       shell
	    +	       firstcmd
	    H	       help
	    h	       help
	    V	       version
	    0	       digit
	    1	       digit
	    2	       digit
	    3	       digit
	    4	       digit
	    5	       digit
	    6	       digit
	    7	       digit
	    8	       digit
	    9	       digit
	    q	       quit
	    Q	       quit
	    :q	       quit
	    :Q	       quit
	    ZZ	       quit

       Commands	 specified  by	lesskey	 take precedence over the default com-
       mands.  A default command key may be disabled by	including  it  in  the
       input  file with	the action "invalid".  Alternatively, a	key may	be de-
       fined to	do nothing by using the	action "noaction".  "noaction" is sim-
       ilar  to	 "invalid",  but less will give	an error beep for an "invalid"
       command,	but not	for a "noaction" command.  In  addition,  ALL  default
       commands	may be disabled	by adding this control line to the input file:


       This  will  cause  all  default commands	to be ignored.	The #stop line
       should be the last line in that section of the file.

       Be aware	that #stop can be dangerous.  Since all	default	 commands  are
       disabled, you must provide sufficient commands before the #stop line to
       enable all necessary actions.  For example, failure to provide a	"quit"
       command can lead	to frustration.

       The line-editing	section	begins with the	line:


       This  section specifies new key bindings	for the	line editing commands,
       in a manner similar to the way key bindings for ordinary	 commands  are
       specified  in  the #command section.  The line-editing section consists
       of a list of keys and actions, one per line as in the example below.

       The following input file	describes the set of default line-editing keys
       used by less:

	    \t		 forw-complete
	    \17		 back-complete
	    \e\t	 back-complete

	    ^L		 expand
	    ^V		 literal
	    ^A		 literal
	    \el		 right
	    \kr		 right
	    \eh		 left
	    \kl		 left
	    \eb		 word-left
	    \e\kl	 word-left
	    \ew		 word-right
	    \e\kr	 word-right
	    \ei		 insert
	    \ex		 delete
	    \kx		 delete
	    \eX		 word-delete
	    \ekx	 word-delete
	    \e\b	 word-backspace
	    \e0		 home
	    \kh		 home
	    \e$		 end
	    \ke		 end
	    \ek		 up
	    \ku		 up
	    \ej		 down
	    ^G		 abort

       The environment variable	section	begins with the	line


       Following  this	line  is  a  list of environment variable assignments.
       Each line consists of an	environment variable name, an equals sign  (=)
       and  the	value to be assigned to	the environment	variable.  White space
       before and after	the equals sign	is  ignored.   Variables  assigned  in
       this  way  are visible only to less.  If	a variable is specified	in the
       system environment and also in a	lesskey	file, the value	in the lesskey
       file  takes precedence.	Although the lesskey file can be used to over-
       ride variables set in the environment, the main	purpose	 of  assigning
       variables  in the lesskey file is simply	to have	all less configuration
       information stored in one file.

       The following input file	sets the -i option whenever less is  run,  and
       specifies the character set to be "latin1":

		 LESS =	-i
		 LESSCHARSET = latin1


       On  MS-DOS and OS/2 systems, certain keys send a	sequence of characters
       which start with	a NUL character	(0).  This  NUL	 character  should  be
       represented as \340 in a	lesskey	file.

       Copyright (C) 1984-2021	Mark Nudelman

       less  is	 part of the GNU project and is	free software.	You can	redis-
       tribute it and/or modify	it under the terms of either (1) the GNU  Gen-
       eral  Public  License  as published by the Free Software	Foundation; or
       (2) the Less License.  See the file README in the less distribution for
       more details regarding redistribution.  You should have received	a copy
       of the GNU General Public License along with the	source for  less;  see
       the  file  COPYING.   If	not, write to the Free Software	Foundation, 59
       Temple Place, Suite 330,	Boston,	MA  02111-1307,	USA.  You should  also
       have received a copy of the Less	License; see the file LICENSE.

       less is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
       WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or  FIT-
       NESS  FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.	See the	GNU General Public License for
       more details.

       Mark Nudelman
       Report bugs at

			   Version 590:	03 Jun 2021		    LESSKEY(1)


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