Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:
Man Architecture
Apropos Keyword Search (all sections) Output format
home | help
LAM(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			LAM(1)

     lam -- laminate files

     lam [-f min.max] [-s sepstring] [-t c] file ...
     lam [-p min.max] [-s sepstring] [-t c] file ...

     The lam utility copies the	named files side by side onto the standard
     output.  The n-th input lines from	the input files	are considered frag-
     ments of the single long n-th output line into which they are assembled.
     The name `-' means	the standard input, and	may be repeated.

     Normally, each option affects only	the file after it.  If the option let-
     ter is capitalized	it affects all subsequent files	until it appears again
     uncapitalized.  The options are described below:

     -f	min.max
	     Print line	fragments according to the format string min.max,
	     where min is the minimum field width and max the maximum field
	     width.  If	min begins with	a zero,	zeros will be added to make up
	     the field width, and if it	begins with a `-', the fragment	will
	     be	left-adjusted within the field.

     -p	min.max
	     Like -f, but pad this file's field	when end-of-file is reached
	     and other files are still active.

     -s	sepstring
	     Print sepstring before printing line fragments from the next
	     file.  This option	may appear after the last file.

     -t	c    The input line terminator is c instead of a newline.  The newline
	     normally appended to each output line is omitted.

     To	print files simultaneously for easy viewing use	pr(1).

     The command

     lam file1 file2 file3 file4

     joins 4 files together along each line.  To merge the lines from four
     different files use

     lam file1 -S "\
     " file2 file3 file4

     Every 2 lines of a	file may be joined on one line with

     lam - - < file

     and a form	letter with substitutions keyed	by `@' can be done with

     lam -t @ letter changes

     join(1), paste(1),	pr(1), printf(3)

     Some of the functionality of lam is standardized as the paste(1) utility
     by	IEEE Std 1003.2	(``POSIX.2'').

     The lam utility first appeared in 4.2BSD.

     The lam utility does not recognize	multibyte characters.

FreeBSD	11.1			August 12, 2004			  FreeBSD 11.1


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help