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KSYMS(4)		 BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual		      KSYMS(4)

NAME
     ksyms -- kernel symbol table interface

SYNOPSIS
     device ksyms

DESCRIPTION
     The /dev/ksyms character device provides a	read-only interface to a snap-
     shot of the kernel	symbol table.  The in-kernel symbol manager is de-
     signed to be able to handle many types of symbols tables, however,	only
     elf(5) symbol tables are supported	by this	device.	 The ELF format	image
     contains two sections: a symbol table and a corresponding string table.

	   Symbol Table
		   The SYMTAB section contains the symbol table	entries
		   present in the current running kernel, including the	symbol
		   table entries of any	loaded modules.	 The symbols are or-
		   dered by the	kernel module load time	starting with kernel
		   file	symbols	first, followed	by the first loaded module's
		   symbols and so on.

	   String Table
		   The STRTAB section contains the symbol name strings from
		   the kernel and any loaded modules that the symbol table en-
		   tries reference.

     Elf formatted symbol table	data read from the /dev/ksyms file represents
     the state of the kernel at	the time when the device is opened.  Since
     /dev/ksyms	has no text or data, most of the fields	are initialized	to
     NULL.  The	ksyms driver does not block the	loading	or unloading of	mod-
     ules into the kernel while	the /dev/ksyms file is open but	may contain
     stale data.

FILES
     /dev/ksyms

ERRORS
     An	open(2)	of /dev/ksyms will fail	if:

     [EBUSY]		The device is already open.  A process must close
			/dev/ksyms before it can be opened again.

     [ENOMEM]		There is a resource shortage in	the kernel.

     [ENXIO]		The driver was unsuccessful in creating	a snapshot of
			the kernel symbol table.  This may occur if the	kernel
			was in the process of loading or unloading a module.

SEE ALSO
     nlist(3), elf(5), kldload(8)

HISTORY
     A ksyms device exists in many different operating systems.	 This imple-
     mentation is similar in function to the Solaris and NetBSD	ksyms driver.

     The ksyms driver first appeared in	FreeBSD	8.0 to support lockstat(1).

AUTHORS
     The ksyms driver was written by Stacey Son	<sson@FreeBSD.org>.

BUGS
     Because files can be dynamically linked into the kernel at	any time the
     symbol information	can vary.  When	you open the /dev/ksyms	file, you have
     access to an ELF image which represents a snapshot	of the state of	the
     kernel symbol information at that instant in time.	 Keeping the device
     open does not block the loading or	unloading of kernel modules.  To get a
     new snapshot you must close and re-open the device.

     A process is only allowed to open the /dev/ksyms file once	at a time.
     The process must close the	/dev/ksyms before it is	allowed	to open	it
     again.

BSD				August 2, 2017				   BSD

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FILES | ERRORS | SEE ALSO | HISTORY | AUTHORS | BUGS

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