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KRB_SENDAUTH(3)		   Library Functions Manual	       KRB_SENDAUTH(3)

       krb_sendauth, krb_recvauth, krb_net_write, krb_net_read - Kerberos rou-
       tines for sending authentication	via network stream sockets

       #include	<krb.h>
       #include	<openssl/des.h>
       #include	<netinet/in.h>

       int krb_sendauth(options, fd, ktext, service,  inst,  realm,  checksum,
		 msg_data, cred, schedule, laddr, faddr, version)
       long options;
       int fd;
       KTEXT ktext;
       char *service, *inst, *realm;
       u_long checksum;
       MSG_DAT *msg_data;
       CREDENTIALS *cred;
       Key_schedule schedule;
       struct sockaddr_in *laddr, *faddr;
       char *version;

       int  krb_recvauth(options,  fd,	ktext,	service,  inst,	 faddr,	laddr,
		 auth_data, filename, schedule,	version)
       long options;
       int fd;
       KTEXT ktext;
       char *service, *inst;
       struct sockaddr_in *faddr, *laddr;
       AUTH_DAT	*auth_data;
       char *filename;
       Key_schedule schedule;
       char *version;

       int krb_net_write(fd, buf, len)
       int fd;
       char *buf;
       int len;

       int krb_net_read(fd, buf, len)
       int fd;
       char *buf;
       int len;

       These functions,	which are built	on top of the core  Kerberos  library,
       provide	a  convenient means for	client and server programs to send au-
       thentication messages to	one another through network connections.   The
       krb_sendauth  function  sends  an  authenticated	ticket from the	client
       program to the server program  by  writing  the	ticket	to  a  network
       socket.	 The krb_recvauth function receives the	ticket from the	client
       by reading from a network socket.

       This function writes the	ticket to the network socket specified by  the
       file  descriptor	 fd, returning KSUCCESS	if the write proceeds success-
       fully, and an error code	if it does not.

       The ktext argument should point to  an  allocated  KTEXT_ST  structure.
       The  service,  inst,  and  realm	arguments specify the server program's
       Kerberos	principal name,	instance, and realm.  If  you  are  writing  a
       client that uses	the local realm	exclusively, you can set the realm ar-
       gument to NULL.

       The version argument allows the client program to pass an  application-
       specific	 version string	that the server	program	can then match against
       its own version string.	The version string can be up to	 KSEND_VNO_LEN
       (see _krb.h_) characters	in length.

       The  checksum  argument can be used to pass checksum information	to the
       server program.	The client program is responsible for specifying  this
       information.  This checksum information is difficult to corrupt because
       krb_sendauth passes it over the network in encrypted form.  The	check-
       sum argument is passed as the checksum argument to krb_mk_req.

       You  can	set krb_sendauth's other arguments to NULL unless you want the
       client and server programs to mutually authenticate themselves.	In the
       case  of	 mutual	authentication,	the client authenticates itself	to the
       server program, and demands that	the server in turn authenticate	itself
       to the client.

       If  you want mutual authentication, make	sure that you read all pending
       data  from  the	local  socket  before	calling	  krb_sendauth.	   Set
       krb_sendauth's  options	argument  to KOPT_DO_MUTUAL (this macro	is de-
       fined in	the krb.h file); make sure that	the laddr argument  points  to
       the  address  of	the local socket, and that faddr points	to the foreign
       socket's	network	address.

       Krb_sendauth fills in the other arguments-- msg_data, cred, and	sched-
       ule--before  sending  the ticket	to the server program.	You must, how-
       ever, allocate space for	these arguments	before calling the function.

       Krb_sendauth  supports  two  other   options:   KOPT_DONT_MK_REQ,   and
       KOPT_DONT_CANON.	  If  called  with  options  set  as KOPT_DONT_MK_REQ,
       krb_sendauth will not use  the  krb_mk_req  function  to	 retrieve  the
       ticket  from  the Kerberos server.  The ktext argument must point to an
       existing	 ticket	 and  authenticator  (such  as	would  be  created  by
       krb_mk_req),  and  the service, inst, and realm arguments can be	set to

       If called with options set as KOPT_DONT_CANON,  krb_sendauth  will  not
       convert	  the	 service's    instance	 to   canonical	  form	 using

       If you want to call krb_sendauth	with a multiple	options	specification,
       construct options as a bitwise-OR of the	options	you want to specify.

       The  krb_recvauth  function  reads a ticket/authenticator pair from the
       socket pointed to by the	fd argument.  Set the options  argument	 as  a
       bitwise-OR  of  the  options desired.  Currently	only KOPT_DO_MUTUAL is
       useful to the receiver.

       The ktext argument should point to  an  allocated  KTEXT_ST  structure.
       Krb_recvauth  fills  ktext with the ticket/authenticator	pair read from
       fd, then	passes it to krb_rd_req.

       The service and inst arguments specify the  expected  service  and  in-
       stance  for  which  the	ticket was generated.  They are	also passed to
       krb_rd_req.  The	inst argument may be set to "*"	if the	caller	wishes
       krb_mk_req  to fill in the instance used	(note that there must be space
       in the inst argument to hold a full instance name, see krb_mk_req(3)).

       The faddr argument should point to the address of  the  peer  which  is
       presenting the ticket.  It is also passed to krb_rd_req.

       If the client and server	plan to	mutually authenticate one another, the
       laddr argument should point to the local	address	of the	file  descrip-
       tor.  Otherwise you can set this	argument to NULL.

       The  auth_data argument should point to an allocated AUTH_DAT area.  It
       is passed to and	filled in by krb_rd_req.  The checksum passed  to  the
       corresponding  krb_sendauth  is	available  as  part  of	 the filled-in
       AUTH_DAT	area.

       The filename argument specifies the filename which the service  program
       should  use to obtain its service key.  Krb_recvauth passes filename to
       the krb_rd_req function.	 If you	set this argument  to  "",  krb_rd_req
       looks for the service key in the	file /etc/srvtab.

       If  the	client	and  server  are  performing mutual authenication, the
       schedule	argument should	point to an allocated Key_schedule.  Otherwise
       it is ignored and may be	NULL.

       The  version  argument  should  point  to a character array of at least
       KSEND_VNO_LEN characters.  It is	filled	in  with  the  version	string
       passed by the client to krb_sendauth.

       The krb_net_write function emulates the write(2)	system call, but guar-
       antees that all data specified is written to fd before  returning,  un-
       less an error condition occurs.

       The krb_net_read	function emulates the read(2) system call, but guaran-
       tees that the requested amount of data is read from fd  before  return-
       ing, unless an error condition occurs.

       krb_sendauth,  krb_recvauth,  krb_net_write,  and krb_net_read will not
       work properly on	sockets	set to non-blocking I/O	mode.

       krb_mk_req(3), krb_rd_req(3), krb_get_phost(3)

       John T. Kohl, MIT Project Athena

       Copyright 1988, Massachusetts Instititute of Technology.	  For  copying
       and distribution	information, please see	the file <mit-copyright.h>.

MIT Project Athena	     Kerberos Version 4.0	       KRB_SENDAUTH(3)


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