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JOT(1)			FreeBSD	General	Commands Manual			JOT(1)

     jot -- print sequential or	random data

     jot [-cnr]	[-b word] [-w word] [-s	string]	[-p precision]
	 [reps [begin [end [s]]]]

     Jot is used to print out increasing, decreasing, random, or redundant
     data, usually numbers, one	per line.

     The following options are available:

     -r	     Generate random data instead of the default sequential data.

     -b	word
	     Just print	word repetitively.

     -w	word
	     Print word	with the generated data	appended to it.	 Octal,	hexa-
	     decimal, exponential, ASCII, zero padded, and right-adjusted rep-
	     resentations are possible by using	the appropriate	printf(3) con-
	     version specification inside word,	in which case the data are
	     inserted rather than appended.

     -c	     This is an	abbreviation for -w %c.

     -s	string
	     Print data	separated by string.  Normally,	newlines separate

     -n	     Do	not print the final newline normally appended to the output.

     -p	precision
	     Print only	as many	digits or characters of	the data as indicated
	     by	the integer precision.	In the absence of -p, the precision is
	     the greater of the	precisions of begin and	end.  The -p option is
	     overridden	by whatever appears in a printf(3) conversion follow-
	     ing -w.

     The last four arguments indicate, respectively, the number	of data, the
     lower bound, the upper bound, and the step	size or, for random data, the
     seed.  While at least one of them must appear, any	of the other three may
     be	omitted, and will be considered	as such	if given as -.	Any three of
     these arguments determines	the fourth.  If	four are specified and the
     given and computed	values of reps conflict, the lower value is used.  If
     fewer than	three are specified, defaults are assigned left	to right,
     except for	s, which assumes its default unless both begin and end are

     Defaults for the four arguments are, respectively,	100, 1,	100, and 1,
     except that when random data are requested, the seed, s, is picked	ran-
     domly.  Reps is expected to be an unsigned	integer, and if	given as zero
     is	taken to be infinite.  Begin and end may be given as real numbers or
     as	characters representing	the corresponding value	in ASCII.  The last
     argument must be a	real number.

     Random numbers are	obtained through random(3).  The name jot derives in
     part from iota, a function	in APL.

     The command
	   jot 21 -1 1.00

     prints 21 evenly spaced numbers increasing	from -1	to 1.  The ASCII char-
     acter set is generated with
	   jot -c 128 0

     and the strings xaa through xaz with
	   jot -w xa%c 26 a

     while 20 random 8-letter strings are produced with
	   jot -r -c 160 a z | rs -g 0 8

     Infinitely	many yes's may be obtained through
	   jot -b yes 0

     and thirty	ed(1) substitution commands applying to	lines 2, 7, 12,	etc.
     is	the result of
	   jot -w %ds/old/new/ 30 2 - 5

     The stuttering sequence 9,	9, 8, 8, 7, etc. can be	produced by suitable
     choice of step size, as in
	   jot - 9 0 -.5

     and a file	containing exactly 1024	bytes is created with
	   jot -b x 512	> block

     Finally, to set tabs four spaces apart starting from column 10 and	ending
     in	column 132, use
	   expand -`jot	-s, - 10 132 4`

     and to print all lines 80 characters or longer,
	   grep	`jot -s	"" -b .	80`

     The jot utility exits 0 on	success, and >0	if an error occurs.  The fol-
     lowing diagnostic messages	deserve	special	explanation:

     illegal or	unsupported format '%s'	 The requested conversion format spec-
     ifier for printf(3) was not of the	form
	   %[#][ ][{+,-}][0-9]*[.[0-9]*]?
     where ``?'' must be one of

     range error in conversion	A value	to be printed fell outside the range
     of	the data type associated with the requested output format.

     too many conversions  More	than one conversion format specifier has been
     supplied, but only	one is allowed.

     ed(1), expand(1), rs(1), yes(1), printf(3), random(3)

FreeBSD	11.1			 June 6, 1993			  FreeBSD 11.1


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