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IPV6(7)			   Linux Programmer's Manual		       IPV6(7)

NAME
       ipv6 - Linux IPv6 protocol implementation

SYNOPSIS
       #include	<sys/socket.h>
       #include	<netinet/in.h>

       tcp6_socket = socket(AF_INET6, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
       raw6_socket = socket(AF_INET6, SOCK_RAW,	protocol);
       udp6_socket = socket(AF_INET6, SOCK_DGRAM, protocol);

DESCRIPTION
       Linux 2.2 optionally implements the Internet Protocol, version 6.  This
       man page	contains a description of the IPv6 basic API as	implemented by
       the  Linux  kernel  and	glibc  2.1.  The interface is based on the BSD
       sockets interface; see socket(7).

       The IPv6	API aims to be	mostly	compatible  with  the  IPv4  API  (see
       ip(7)).	Only differences are described in this man page.

       To  bind	an AF_INET6 socket to any process, the local address should be
       copied from the in6addr_any  variable  which  has  in6_addr  type.   In
       static  initializations,	 IN6ADDR_ANY_INIT  may also be used, which ex-
       pands to	a constant expression.	Both of	them are in network  byte  or-
       der.

       The   IPv6   loopback   address	 (::1)	is  available  in  the	global
       in6addr_loopback	variable.  For initializations,	 IN6ADDR_LOOPBACK_INIT
       should be used.

       IPv4 connections	can be handled with the	v6 API by using	the v4-mapped-
       on-v6 address type; thus	a program only needs to	support	this API  type
       to  support  both  protocols.  This is handled transparently by the ad-
       dress handling functions	in the C library.

       IPv4 and	IPv6 share the local port space.  When you get an IPv4 connec-
       tion  or	 packet	to a IPv6 socket, its source address will be mapped to
       v6 and it will be mapped	to v6.

   Address format
	   struct sockaddr_in6 {
	       sa_family_t     sin6_family;   /* AF_INET6 */
	       in_port_t       sin6_port;     /* port number */
	       uint32_t	       sin6_flowinfo; /* IPv6 flow information */
	       struct in6_addr sin6_addr;     /* IPv6 address */
	       uint32_t	       sin6_scope_id; /* Scope ID (new in 2.4) */
	   };

	   struct in6_addr {
	       unsigned	char   s6_addr[16];   /* IPv6 address */
	   };

       sin6_family is always set to AF_INET6; sin6_port	is the	protocol  port
       (see  sin_port  in  ip(7));  sin6_flowinfo is the IPv6 flow identifier;
       sin6_addr is the	128-bit	IPv6 address.  sin6_scope_id is	an ID  depend-
       ing  on	the scope of the address.  It is new in	Linux 2.4.  Linux sup-
       ports it	only for link-local addresses, in that case sin6_scope_id con-
       tains the interface index (see netdevice(7))

       IPv6  supports several address types: unicast to	address	a single host,
       multicast to address a group of hosts, anycast to address  the  nearest
       member  of a group of hosts (not	implemented in Linux), IPv4-on-IPv6 to
       address a IPv4 host, and	other reserved address types.

       The address notation for	IPv6 is	a group	of 8 4-digit hexadecimal  num-
       bers,  separated	with a ':'.  "::" stands for a string of 0 bits.  Spe-
       cial addresses are ::1  for  loopback  and  ::FFFF:<IPv4	 address>  for
       IPv4-mapped-on-IPv6.

       The port	space of IPv6 is shared	with IPv4.

   Socket options
       IPv6  supports  some  protocol-specific	socket options that can	be set
       with setsockopt(2) and read  with  getsockopt(2).   The	socket	option
       level for IPv6 is IPPROTO_IPV6.	A boolean integer flag is zero when it
       is false, otherwise true.

       IPV6_ADDRFORM
	      Turn an AF_INET6 socket into a socket  of	 a  different  address
	      family.	Only  AF_INET  is currently supported for that.	 It is
	      allowed only for IPv6 sockets that are connected and bound to  a
	      v4-mapped-on-v6  address.	 The argument is a pointer to an inte-
	      ger containing AF_INET.  This is useful to pass v4-mapped	 sock-
	      ets  as file descriptors to programs that	don't know how to deal
	      with the IPv6 API.

       IPV6_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, IPV6_DROP_MEMBERSHIP
	      Control membership in multicast groups.  Argument	is  a  pointer
	      to a struct ipv6_mreq.

       IPV6_MTU
	      getsockopt(): Retrieve the current known path MTU	of the current
	      socket.  Only valid when the socket has been connected.  Returns
	      an integer.

	      setsockopt(): Set	the MTU	to be used for the socket.  The	MTU is
	      limited by the device MTU	or the path MTU	when path MTU  discov-
	      ery is enabled.  Argument	is a pointer to	integer.

       IPV6_MTU_DISCOVER
	      Control  path-MTU	 discovery on the socket.  See IP_MTU_DISCOVER
	      in ip(7) for details.

       IPV6_MULTICAST_HOPS
	      Set the multicast	hop limit  for	the  socket.   Argument	 is  a
	      pointer  to an integer.  -1 in the value means use the route de-
	      fault, otherwise it should be between 0 and 255.

       IPV6_MULTICAST_IF
	      Set the device for outgoing multicast  packets  on  the  socket.
	      This  is	allowed	 only for SOCK_DGRAM and SOCK_RAW socket.  The
	      argument is a pointer to an interface index  (see	 netdevice(7))
	      in an integer.

       IPV6_MULTICAST_LOOP
	      Control  whether	the  socket sees multicast packets that	it has
	      send itself.  Argument is	a pointer to boolean.

       IPV6_RECVPKTINFO	(since Linux 2.6.14)
	      Set delivery of the IPV6_PKTINFO	control	 message  on  incoming
	      datagrams.   Such	control	messages contain a struct in6_pktinfo,
	      as per RFC 3542.	Only allowed for SOCK_DGRAM or SOCK_RAW	 sock-
	      ets.  Argument is	a pointer to a boolean value in	an integer.

       IPV6_RTHDR,  IPV6_AUTHHDR,  IPV6_DSTOPTS,  IPV6_HOPOPTS,	IPV6_FLOWINFO,
       IPV6_HOPLIMIT
	      Set delivery of control messages for incoming datagrams contain-
	      ing  extension headers from the received packet.	IPV6_RTHDR de-
	      livers the routing header, IPV6_AUTHHDR delivers the authentica-
	      tion  header,  IPV6_DSTOPTS  delivers  the  destination options,
	      IPV6_HOPOPTS delivers the	hop options, IPV6_FLOWINFO delivers an
	      integer  containing the flow ID, IPV6_HOPLIMIT delivers an inte-
	      ger containing the hop count of the packet.   The	 control  mes-
	      sages have the same type as the socket option.  All these	header
	      options can also be set for outgoing packets by putting the  ap-
	      propriate	control	message	into the control buffer	of sendmsg(2).
	      Only allowed for SOCK_DGRAM or SOCK_RAW sockets.	Argument is  a
	      pointer to a boolean value.

       IPV6_RECVERR
	      Control receiving	of asynchronous	error options.	See IP_RECVERR
	      in ip(7) for details.  Argument is a pointer to boolean.

       IPV6_ROUTER_ALERT
	      Pass forwarded packets containing	a router alert hop-by-hop  op-
	      tion  to	this  socket.  Only allowed for	SOCK_RAW sockets.  The
	      tapped packets are not forwarded by the kernel, it is the	user's
	      responsibility to	send them out again.  Argument is a pointer to
	      an integer.  A positive integer indicates	a router alert	option
	      value to intercept.  Packets carrying a router alert option with
	      a	value field containing this integer will be delivered  to  the
	      socket.	A  negative  integer disables delivery of packets with
	      router alert options to this socket.

       IPV6_UNICAST_HOPS
	      Set the unicast hop limit	for the	socket.	 Argument is a pointer
	      to  an  integer.	 -1  in	the value means	use the	route default,
	      otherwise	it should be between 0 and 255.

       IPV6_V6ONLY (since Linux	2.4.21 and 2.6)
	      If this flag is set to true (nonzero), then the  socket  is  re-
	      stricted	to  sending  and receiving IPv6	packets	only.  In this
	      case, an IPv4 and	an IPv6	application can	bind to	a single  port
	      at the same time.

	      If this flag is set to false (zero), then	the socket can be used
	      to send and receive packets to and from an IPv6  address	or  an
	      IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

	      The argument is a	pointer	to a boolean value in an integer.

	      The  default  value  for this flag is defined by the contents of
	      the file /proc/sys/net/ipv6/bindv6only.  The default  value  for
	      that file	is 0 (false).

ERRORS
       ENODEV The  user	tried to bind(2) to a link-local IPv6 address, but the
	      sin6_scope_id in the supplied sockaddr_in6 structure  is	not  a
	      valid interface index.

VERSIONS
       Linux  2.4  will	 break	binary	compatibility for the sockaddr_in6 for
       64-bit hosts by changing	the alignment of in6_addr and adding an	 addi-
       tional sin6_scope_id field.  The	kernel interfaces stay compatible, but
       a program including sockaddr_in6	or in6_addr into other structures  may
       not be.	This is	not a problem for 32-bit hosts like i386.

       The  sin6_flowinfo  field  is  new  in  Linux 2.4.  It is transparently
       passed/read by the kernel when the passed address length	 contains  it.
       Some programs that pass a longer	address	buffer and then	check the out-
       going address length may	break.

NOTES
       The sockaddr_in6	structure is bigger than the generic  sockaddr.	  Pro-
       grams  that  assume  that  all  address types can be stored safely in a
       struct sockaddr need to be changed to use struct	 sockaddr_storage  for
       that instead.

BUGS
       The  IPv6  extended  API	as in RFC 2292 is currently only partly	imple-
       mented; although	the 2.2	kernel has near	complete support for receiving
       options,	 the  macros  for generating IPv6 options are missing in glibc
       2.1.

       IPSec support for EH and	AH headers is missing.

       Flow label management is	not complete and not documented	here.

       This man	page is	not complete.

SEE ALSO
       cmsg(3),	ip(7)

       RFC 2553: IPv6  BASIC  API;  Linux  tries  to  be  compliant  to	 this.
       RFC 2460: IPv6 specification.

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest	  version     of     this    page,    can    be	   found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2014-08-19			       IPV6(7)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | ERRORS | VERSIONS | NOTES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

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