Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:
Man Architecture
Apropos Keyword Search (all sections) Output format
home | help
inittab(4)                       File Formats                       inittab(4)

NAME
       inittab - script for init

DESCRIPTION
       The file /etc/inittab controls process dispatching by init. The
       processes most typically dispatched by init are daemons.

       The inittab file is composed of entries that are position dependent and
       have the following format:

              id:rstate:action:process

       Each entry is delimited by a newline; however, a backslash (\)
       preceding a newline indicates a continuation of the entry. Up to 512
       characters for each entry are permitted. Comments may be inserted in
       the process field using the convention for comments described in sh(1).
       There are no limits (other than maximum entry size) imposed on the
       number of entries in the inittab file. The entry fields are:

       id    One to four characters used to uniquely identify an entry. Do not
             use the characters "r" or "t" as the first or only character in
             this field. These characters are reserved for the use of
             rlogin(1) and telnet(1).

       rstate
             Define the run level in which this entry is to be processed. Run-
             levels effectively correspond to a configuration of processes in
             the system. That is, each process spawned by init is assigned a
             run level(s) in which it is allowed to exist. The run levels are
             represented by a number ranging from 0 through 6. For example, if
             the system is in run level 1, only those entries having a 1 in
             the rstate field are processed.

             When init is requested to change run levels, all processes that
             do not have an entry in the rstate field for the target run level
             are sent the warning signal SIGTERM and allowed a 5-second grace
             period before being forcibly terminated by the kill signal
             SIGKILL. The rstate field can define multiple run levels for a
             process by selecting more than one run level in any combination
             from 0 through 6. If no run level is specified, then the process
             is assumed to be valid at all run levels 0 through 6.

             There are three other values, a, b and c, which can appear in the
             rstate field, even though they are not true run levels. Entries
             which have these characters in the rstate field are processed
             only when an init or telinit process requests them to be run
             (regardless of the current run level of the system). See
             init(1M).  These differ from run levels in that init can never
             enter run level a, b or c. Also, a request for the execution of
             any of these processes does not change the current run level.
             Furthermore, a process started by an a, b or c command is not
             killed when init changes levels. They are killed only if their
             line in inittab is marked off in the action field, their line is
             deleted entirely from inittab, or init goes into single-user
             state.

       action
             Key words in this field tell init how to treat the process
             specified in the process field. The actions recognized by init
             are as follows:

             respawn
                   If the process does not exist, then start the process; do
                   not wait for its termination (continue scanning the inittab
                   file), and when the process dies, restart the process.  If
                   the process currently exists, do nothing and continue
                   scanning the inittab file.

             wait  When init enters the run level that matches the entry's
                   rstate, start the process and wait for its termination. All
                   subsequent reads of the inittab file while init is in the
                   same run level cause init to ignore this entry.

             once  When init enters a run level that matches the entry's
                   rstate, start the process, do not wait for its termination.
                   When it dies, do not restart the process. If init enters a
                   new run level and the process is still running from a
                   previous run level change, the program is not restarted.

             boot  The entry is to be processed only at init's boot-time read
                   of the inittab file. init is to start the process and not
                   wait for its termination; when it dies, it does not restart
                   the process. In order for this instruction to be
                   meaningful, the rstate should be the default or it must
                   match init's run level at boot time. This action is useful
                   for an initialization function following a hardware reboot
                   of the system.

             bootwait
                   The entry is to be processed the first time init goes from
                   single-user to multi-user state after the system is booted.
                   (If initdefault is set to 2, the process runs right after
                   the boot.) init starts the process, waits for its
                   termination and, when it dies, does not restart the
                   process.

             powerfail
                   Execute the process associated with this entry only when
                   init receives a power fail signal, SIGPWR (see signal(3C)).

             powerwait
                   Execute the process associated with this entry only when
                   init receives a power fail signal, SIGPWR, and wait until
                   it terminates before continuing any processing of inittab.

             off   If the process associated with this entry is currently
                   running, send the warning signal SIGTERM and wait 5 seconds
                   before forcibly terminating the process with the kill
                   signal SIGKILL. If the process is nonexistent, ignore the
                   entry.

             ondemand
                   This instruction is really a synonym for the respawn
                   action.  It is functionally identical to respawn but is
                   given a different keyword in order to divorce its
                   association with run levels. This instruction is used only
                   with the a, b or c values described in the rstate field.

             initdefault
                   An entry with this action is scanned only when init is
                   initially invoked. init uses this entry to determine which
                   run level to enter initially. It does this by taking the
                   highest run level specified in the rstate field and using
                   that as its initial state. If the rstate field is empty,
                   this is interpreted as 0123456 and init will enter run
                   level 6. This will cause the system to loop (it will go to
                   firmware and reboot continuously). Additionally, if init
                   does not find an initdefault entry in inittab, it requests
                   an initial run level from the user at reboot time.

             sysinit
                   Entries of this type are executed before init tries to
                   access the console (that is, before the Console Login:
                   prompt). It is expected that this entry will be used only
                   to initialize devices that
                    init might try to ask the run level question. These
                   entries are executed and init waits for their completion
                   before continuing.

       process
             Specify a command to be executed. The entire process field is
             prefixed with exec and passed to a forked sh as sh -c 'exec
             command'. For this reason, any legal sh syntax can appear in the
             process field.

SEE ALSO
       sh(1), who(1), init(1M), ttymon(1M), exec(2), open(2), signal(3C)

SunOS 5.9                         9 Mar 2001                        inittab(4)

NAME | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO

Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=inittab&sektion=4&manpath=SunOS+5.9>

home | help