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ICEWM(1)			 User Commands			      ICEWM(1)

	icewm -	lightweight X11	window manager

       icewm [OPTIONS]

       icewm is	a window manager for the X11 window system.  It	aims to	be
       small, fast and familiar	to new users.

       icewm is	called a re-parenting window manager, because it draws small
       frames around application windows.  By dragging this frame with the
       mouse, windows are resized or moved.

       Because windows may overlap, icewm is also a stacking window manager.
       Many windows may	exist, some hidden behind others.

       icewm supports a	configurable number of virtual desktops.  These	are
       called workspaces. Related windows are grouped on a dedicated
       workspace.  By switching	between	workspaces, the	user can attend	to
       different tasks,	while keeping oversight.  This is supported by a task
       bar and a pager.

       The installation	comes with several themes. Choose a theme via a	menu.

       icewm is	compliant with the ICCCM and EWMH window manager

       The icewm package includes several programs:

	   The actual window manager. It positions application windows on
	   screen and decorates	them with borders. It gives input focus	to the
	   current active application. icewm supports different	focus modes,
	   which are explained below. It draws a small task bar	at the bottom
	   of the screen, which	gives easy access to programs, to virtual
	   desktops, to	active applications, and to a small set	of monitoring

	   The background setting application. It can assign plain background
	   color or images in different	formats	to the X background.  Each
	   workspace can have its own background.  It supports semi-
	   transparency. Semitransparent background image and colour can be
	   configured. When the	background image has changed then icewmbg(1)
	   can be notified to update the background.  Multi-head monitor
	   setups are fully supported.	See the	icewmbg(1).

	   icewm-session(1) is the preferred program to	start the IceWM
	   system.  It first loads additional environment variables from the
	   optional env	file. Then it starts icewmbg(1)	and icewm. It also
	   runs	the startup script and implements basic	session	management.
	   On termination the shutdown script will be run first, then
	   icewm-session(1) will terminate icewm and icewmbg(1).
	   icewm-session(1) will also start the	optional icesound(1) if	you
	   give	it the --sound option.	See icewm-session(1).

	   A powerful tool to control window properties	and to interact	with
	   the window manager. It is typically used in shell scripts. See

	   A small document browser, which is used by icewm to display the
	   'IceWM manual' and some man pages.

	   A utility for passing IceWM-specific	window options to icewm.  The
	   options are used to configure the first application which is
	   started subsequently.  See icewmhint(1).

	   Plays audio files on	GUI events which are raised by icewm.  It
	   supports ALSA, AO and OSS.  See the icesound(1) man page.

	   Generate an icewm menu with executable desktop applications
	   according to	XDG specifications. See	the icewm-menu-fdo(1) man

	   Configures GNOME to start IceWM instead of its own WM.

       Each of the IceWM executables supports the following options:

       -c, --config=FILE
	   Use FILE as the source of configuration options.  By	default	icewm
	   looks for a file named preferences.	This is	a readable text	file
	   which can be	modified with the help of a text editor.

       -t, --theme=NAME
	   Use NAME as the name	of the icewm theme to use.  A theme defines
	   the look and	feel of	icewm, like colors, fonts and buttons.

	   DISPLAY specifies the connection to the X11 server.	By default the
	   environment variable	"DISPLAY" is used.

	   This	option specifies to use	a slower synchronous communication
	   mode	with the X11 server.  This is irrelevant for normal use.

       -h, --help
	   Gives a complete list of all	the available command-line options
	   with	some very brief	explanation.

       -V, --version
	   Shows the software release version for this program.

       The icewm program supports some additional options:

       -a, --alpha
	   Use a 32-bit	visual for translucency. This can also be set in the
	   preferences file as "Alpha=1".

	   Instructs icewm to replace an existing window manager.  Provided
	   that	the window manager being replaced is ICCCM 2.0 compliant, once
	   it notices that it is to be replaced	it will	cease operations and
	   typically stop execution.  This allows icewm	to establish itself as
	   the only active window manager.

       -r, --restart
	   Tell	icewm to restart itself. This reloads the configuration	from

       -s, --splash=IMAGE
	   Briefly show	IMAGE on startup in the	center of the screen.  This
	   can also be set in the preferences file as Splash="image.jpg".

	   Shows a list	of configuration options which were enabled when icewm
	   was compiled	from source code.  This	can be helpful if one suspects
	   some	functionality may be missing.

	   Gives a list	of directories where icewm will	look for configuration
	   data.  This list is printed in the actual order in which icewm uses
	   it to search	for configuration files.

       -l, --list-themes
	   icewm will search all the configuration directories for theme files
	   and print a list of all found themes.

       -p, --postpreferences
	   This	gives a	long list of all the internal icewm options with their
	   actual values after icewm has processed all of the configuration
	   and theme files. In some advanced scenarios this can	be helpful to
	   inspect which configuration was chosen or whether option formatting
	   was correct.

	   Overwrite an	existing preferences file with an icewm	default
	   preferences,	but preserve all modifications insofar they deviate
	   from	the defaults.

	   Give	a list of the current X	extensions, their versions and status.

	   Enable tracing of the paths which are used to load configuration,
	   and/or icons, and/or	executed programs, and/or system tray applets.

       On startup icewm	launches the task bar at the bottom of the screen.
       The task	bar consists from left to right	 of the	following components:

       The Menu	button in the lower left corner	gives access to	the icewm root
       menu. This menu has sub-menus to	start applications, to control icewm
       settings, and the icewm Logout menu.

       The Show	Desktop	button unmaps all application windows to fully uncover
       the desktop.

       The Window List Menu button gives access	to a menu with a list of
       active windows for the current workspace	and a list of workspaces with
       sub-menus for their active application windows.

       The Toolbar is a	list of	icons for applications which are defined in
       the toolbar configuration file.

       The Workspace Pane shows	one button for each workspace.	The current
       workspace is indicated by a pressed button.  Clicking another workspace
       switches	to that	workspace.  Press left mouse, then the Shift key, then
       release the left	mouse, takes the current window	to that	workspace.
       Press left, then	Alt, then release left,	moves only the focused window
       to other	workspace, without changing the	current	workspace.

       The workspaces are defined in the preferences file.  To change a	name
       for only	this session, double click, edit the name and hit Enter.  When
       "PagerShowPreview" is turned on,	a small	graphical window summary for
       each workspace is shown.	They support drag-and-drop: dragging a Firefox
       tab to a	workspace button changes the current workspace.

       The Task	Pane consists of a list	of wide	buttons	for each application
       which is	running	on the current workspace, or all workspaces if
       "TaskBarShowAllWindows=1".  Each	task button shows the application icon
       and the application title.  The active application is indicated by a
       pressed button.	This is	the application	which has input	focus.
       Pressing	another	button activates that application: it is brought to
       the foreground and receives input focus.	 Other mouse controlled
       activities on the window	buttons	are: dragging window buttons with the
       left mouse button to rearrange the order, closing the application
       window with "Alt" + middle button, lowering the application window with
       "Ctrl" +	middle button, or bringing the application window to the
       current workspace with "Shift" +	middle button if

       If there	are not	many application buttons then a	stretch	of plain task
       bar is visible.	Clicking on it with the	right mouse button gives the
       task bar	menu.  Even with a full	task pane, this	menu can be usually
       accessed	by right-clicking the bottom right corner of the taskbar.

       The Tray	Applet shows system tray objects.

       The APM Applet shows battery power status.

       The Net Applet shows network activity.  Network devices to monitor are
       given by	the "NetworkStatusDevice" option.

       The Memory Applet monitors memory usage.

       The CPU Applet monitors processor utilization.

       The Mailbox Applet monitors mailbox status changes.  See	the section

       The Clock Applet	shows the current time and date.  It is	configured by
       the "TimeFormat"	option.

       The Task	Bar Collapse button collapses the task bar and hides it.

       Not all icewm applets may show up on the	task bar.  They	must have been
       enabled during configuration of the icewm software.  Their appearance
       is also controlled by options in	the preferences	file.

       Of all visible windows only one can be the active window.  This is the
       window which has	input focus.  It is the	primary	receiver of keyboard
       and mouse events	and hence one can interact with	the application	which
       created that window.  A primary task of a window	manager	is to allow
       the user	to switch input	focus between different	windows.  The primary
       means to	do this	is the mouse pointer.  By moving the mouse pointer
       over the	screen to another window, and perhaps also by clicking on a
       window, input focus can be directed.

       The "FocusMode" option controls the way icewm gives input focus to
       applications.  It is initialized	by the focus_mode configuration	file.
       The focus mode is set via the Focus menu.  icewm	supports six focus

       1. Click-to-focus
	   The default focus mode.  In this mode changing input	focus requires
	   to click a window with the left mouse button. The window is raised
	   if needed.  When an application requests focus its task pane	button
	   flashes.  This gives	the option to honor this request or to ignore
	   it.	When a new application window appears it automatically
	   receives focus.  Also when a	hidden application raises to the front
	   it receives focus.

       2. Sloppy-mouse-focus
	   Sets	input focus merely by moving the mouse pointer over a window.
	   It is called	sloppy,	because	if the mouse then leaves the window
	   and moves to	the desktop background the input focus remains with
	   the last active window.  When a window receives focus it is raised.
	   When	an application requests	focus its task pane button flashes.  A
	   new application or an application which raises to the front
	   automatically receives focus.

       3. Explicit-focus
	   Focus is even more user-controlled than Click-to-focus.  When a
	   window receives focus it is not raised by default, unless the frame
	   border is clicked.  No flashing occurs when an application requests
	   focus.  When	a new application window appears it does not receive
	   focus.  Only	by explicit clicking on	a window is focus directed.

       4. Strict-mouse-focus
	   Like	Sloppy but focus remains with the last window. New
	   applications	don't receive focus and	are mapped behind other
	   windows.  When an application raises	to the front it	still does not
	   get focus.

       5. Quiet-sloppy-focus
	   Like	Sloppy but no disturbing flashing occurs on the	task bar when
	   an application requests focus.

       6. Custom-mode
	   A focus mode	which is defined in detail by ten options in the
	   preferences file.  These are: "ClickToFocus", "FocusOnAppRaise",
	   "RequestFocusOnAppRaise", "RaiseOnFocus", "RaiseOnClickClient",
	   "FocusChangesWorkspace", "FocusOnMap", "FocusOnMapTransient",
	   "FocusOnMapTransientActive",	"MapInactiveOnTop".

	   All non-Custom focus	modes override these ten options.

       Apart from the mouse, icewm supports changing input focus in two	ways
       by keyboard.  By	pressing "Alt+Esc" or "Alt+Shift+Esc", input focus is
       immediately changed to the next or previous window, which will be
       raised to make it fully visible.	The other method involves the quick

       The QuickSwitch is a means to quickly and interactively change the
       input focus to another window.  It is activated by pressing the
       "Alt+Tab" or "Alt+Shift+Tab" key	combination.  A	window pops up in the
       centre of the screen with a list	of windows to choose from.  A narrow
       band indicates a	selection: the candidate window	that will be activated
       to receive input	focus when the Alt key is released.

       The selection can be changed.  By repeatedly pressing the Tab key, one
       can cycle over all windows.  If a Shift key is down, the	direction of
       traversal is reversed. Or use the scroll	wheel of the mouse.  Or	use
       one of the digit	keys to	select the corresponding window	from the list.
       Arrow keys are also supported, as well as the Home and End key.

       To make a selected window the active window, just release the Alt key,
       or hit the Return key, or click on it.  To cancel the QuickSwitch,
       press Escape or click outside of	the QuickSwitch	window.

       A selected window can be	closed by Delete, "Alt+F4", or the middle
       mouse button.  While the	QuickSwitch window is up, one can still	change
       workspace with the usual	workspace hotkeys.

       The QuickSwitch has two distinct	modes: vertical	and horizontal.	 The
       window list can include all windows or be limited to the	current
       workspace. See the many preferences available for the QuickSwitch.

       A second	important task of a window manager is to place new windows on
       the screen.  By default icewm chooses a placement with minimal overlap,
       but this	is determined by the "SmartPlacement" option in	the
       preferences file.  If "SmartPlacement" is turned	off then windows are
       placed in sequence from left to right and top to	bottom.	 One can also
       turn on "ManualPlacement".  Then	new windows appear initially in	the
       top left	corner and the mouse cursor changes into a fist.  By moving
       the fist	cursor to a suitable location and clicking the new window will
       appear at the mouse click location.

       Windows can overlap.  Which window appears on top is determined by
       three features.	Newer windows appear over older	windows.  By clicking
       on a window it is raised	to the top.  But both are overruled by the
       window layer.  Windows can be placed in different layers	via the	Layers
       menu.  Click with the right mouse button	on the window frame and	select
       Layer.  From there choose one of	seven window layers.  These are
       ordered from higher to lower.  Windows in higher	layers appear over
       windows in lower	layers.

       icewm supports multiple virtual desktops	called workspaces.  A
       workspace is like a screen where	a subset of all	application windows
       are mapped.  Thanks to multiple workspaces we can more easily manage a
       large number of applications.  The number of workspaces and their names
       are configurable	in the preferences file	through	the "WorkspaceNames"
       option.	By default four	workspaces are created with the	names 1, 2, 3
       and 4 thus:

	WorkspaceNames=" 1 ", "	2 ", " 3 ", " 4	"

       This syntax is typical for icewm	options	which receive multiple values.
       It is a list of comma-separated values each of which can	be quoted.

       The workspaces are visible on the toolbar.  One can switch to a
       different workspace by pressing the workspace button in the toolbar,
       but after becoming familiar with	the 'keyboard shortcuts' below one
       will want to use	a hotkey to choose a workspace.	 If the	"EdgeSwitch"
       options is enabled in the preferences file (with	sub-options
       "HorizontalEdgeSwitch" and "VerticalEdgeSwitch")	then one can move to
       the next	or previous workspace by moving	the mouse to the edge of the
       screen.	The "ContinuousEdgeSwitch" option enables continuous movement
       to subsequent workspaces.  The "EdgeSwitchDelay"	option says how	long
       to wait before a	change of workspace occurs.

       To move an application window to	a different workspace one can use a
       keyboard	shortcut.  Another option is to	select the Move	To submenu in
       the window menu of the window frame.

       If EnableAddressBar=1 then KeySysAddressBar="Alt+Ctrl+Space" activates
       the address bar in the task bar.	 If ShowAddressBar=1 it	is always
       shown. This is a	command-line in	the task bar where a shell command can
       be typed.  Pressing "Enter" will	execute	the command.
       AddressBarCommand="/bin/sh" will	be used	to execute the command.	 On
       "Control+Enter" the command is executed in a terminal as	given by
       TerminalCommand.	 The address bar maintains a history which is
       navigable by the	Up and Down keys.  It supports command completion
       using "Tab" or "Ctrl+I".	 A rich	set of editing operations is
       supported, including cut-/copy-/paste-operations.

       The window list window shows a list of all workspaces. For each
       workspace it shows the window titles of the windows which are mapped on
       it. The bottom entry reads "All Workspaces". It holds the sticky
       windows.	These windows are mapped in all	workspaces.

       The window list window is normally hidden. Choose one of	the following
       four methods to make it visible:

       o   Select the bottom window list menu entry.

       o   Press the "KeySysWindowList=Ctrl+Alt+Esc" key.

       o   Press the right Windows key if "Win95Keys=1"

       o   Press the "DesktopWinListButton=2" mouse button in the root window.

       o   Press the middle mouse button in a workspace	button on the task

       A single-click on a window entry	selects	it. A group of windows can be
       selected	by "Shift+Pointer_Button1" or by dragging with the left	mouse
       button. Use "Ctrl+Pointer_Button1" to individually select windows in a
       multi-selection.	A right	mouse click over a selection will popup	the
       system menu for this selection.	To close the selected windows, press
       "Delete". Press "Shift+Delete" to forcefully kill them.	Right mouse
       click below the sticky windows for a menu with window arranging

       Double-click on a workspace to switch to	it.  Double-click on a window
       to activate it.	Or navigate by arrow keys and press Enter.  The	space
       bar toggles a selection of a window. "Ctrl+a" and "Ctrl+/" will select
       the entire list of windows. "Ctrl+\\" deselects everything.  Press the
       first letter of a window	title to navigate to it	and select it. If
       titles of multiple windows start	with the same letter then repeatedly
       pressing	the first letter cycles	over those windows.  "Home" selects
       the first entry and "End" the last. "PageUp" and	"PageDown" move	up or
       down by ten entries. Combine this with the "Shift" key to extend	a
       selection over the range	of motion.

       The task	bar can	show one or more icons to reflect the status of	a
       mailbox.	The mailbox can	be a local file	or a remote POP	or IMAP
       account.	For this a couple of options must be set. First,
       TaskBarShowMailboxStatus	must be	enabled, which it is by	default.  Then
       the location of the mailbox must	be set.	 Icewm first looks for
       MailBoxPath in preferences. If this is unset, it	looks at the
       environment variables "MAILPATH"	and "MAIL".  MailBoxPath may contain a
       space-separated list of mailboxes, while	"MAILPATH" may contain a
       colon-separated list of mailboxes.  If a	mailbox	starts with a slash
       "/", then it is a local file, otherwise a URL.  These are six examples
       of possible mailboxes:


       The POP3S and IMAPS schemes use "openssl" for TLS/SSL encryption.  Note
       that for	IceWM to access	Gmail you must first configure your Gmail
       account to enable POP3 or IMAP access.  Make sure you have secure file
       permissions on your IceWM preferences file and the directory which
       contains	it.

       Reserved	characters in the password, like slash,	at and colon can be
       specified using escape sequences	with a hexadecimal encoding like %2f
       for the slash or	%40 for	the at sign.  For example, to hex-encode
       "!p@a%s&s~" use this Perl snippet:

	   perl	-e 'foreach(split("", $ARGV[0])) { printf "%%%02x", ord($_); };
	   print "\n";'	'!p@a%s&s~'

       Which will print:


       This is the hex-encoded password. However, it is	unwise to store	a
       password	in your	preferences. Consider a	wallet extension for IceWM.

       IceWM will check	a mailbox periodically.	The period in seconds can be
       set by the MailCheckDelay option, which is 30 seconds by	default.

       Whenever	new mail arrives, the mailbox icon will	be highlighted.	 The
       color will indicate if the mail has been	read or	not. Hovering the
       mouse over the mailbox icon will	show a tooltip with more details.  A
       command can be also be run on new mail. Set the NewMailCommand option.
       Its environment will have these variables set by	IceWM:

	   The mailbox index number of MailBoxPath starting from 1.

	   The total number of messages	in this	mailbox.

	   The number of unread	messages in this mailbox.

       To control keyboard layouts on the task bar, define in preferences the
       option KeyboardLayouts to a comma-separated list	of your	preferred
       keyboard	layouts. For example:


       A keyboard layout can simply be a name. Usually this is a two-letter
       country code. See the directory /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols for a	list
       of available keyboard layouts for your system.  If it is	enclosed in
       double quotes, it can also be a space-separated list of command-line
       arguments to an invocation of the "setxkbmap" program.

       The first layout	is the default.	It will	be installed when icewm
       starts.	The task bar will show the current keyboard layout. If an icon
       can be found for	the first two letters of the layout, then that icon
       will be shown. Otherwise	the first two letters of the name of the
       layout will be shown.

       Click on	the current keyboard layout to cycle through all the available
       keyboard	layouts. Click with the	right mouse button to open a menu of
       all available keyboard layouts.

       It is also possible to configure	a default keyboard layout for each
       program individually in the icewm-winoptions(5) file.  Whenever such a
       program receives	input focus, icewm will	install	this configured
       keyboard	layout automatically. The keyboard status on the task bar will
       be updated to reflect this.

       Please note that	for keyboard layout switching to work, the "setxkbmap"
       program must be installed. To see your current keyboard layout
       settings, do "setxkbmap -query".

       icewm supports a	large number of	hotkeys	to activate some behaviour
       with a single key combination.  These are all configurable in the
       preferences file.  Here we give their preferences name, followed	by
       their default value in double quotes, and a short descriptions of their

       Note that all use one or	more key modifiers. Icewm supports the
       following modifiers: Alt, AltGr,	Ctrl, Hyper, Meta, Shift, Super.
       Setting ModSuperIsCtrlAlt=1 makes the Super modifier an alias for

	   Raises the window which currently has input focus.

	   Makes the active window occupy all workspaces.

	   Lowers the window which currently has input focus.

	   Closes the active window.

	   Restores the	active window to its visible state.

	   Switches focus to the next window.

	   Switches focus to the previous window.

	   Starts movement of the active window.

	   Starts resizing of the active window.

	   Iconifies the active	window.

	   Maximizes the active	window with borders.

	   Maximizes the active	window vertically.

	   Maximizes the active	window horizontally.

	   Maximizes the active	window without borders.

	   Rolls up the	active window.

	   Hides the active window.

	   Posts the window menu.

	   Moves the active window to the top left corner of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the top middle of	the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the top right of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the middle right of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the bottom right of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the bottom middle	of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the bottom left of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the middle left of the screen.

	   Moves the active window to the center of the	screen.

	   Smart place the active window.

	   Posts the system window menu.

	   Give	focus to the next window and raise it.

	   Give	focus to the previous window and raise it.

	   Opens the IceWM system dialog in the	center of the screen.

	   Activates the IceWM root menu in the	lower left corner.

	   Opens the IceWM system window list in the center of the screen.

	   Opens the address bar in the	task bar where a command can be	typed.

	   Goes	one workspace to the left.

	   Goes	one workspace to the right.

	   Goes	to the previous	workspace.

	   Takes the active window one workspace to the	left.

	   Takes the active window one workspace to the	right.

	   Takes the active window to the previous workspace.

	   Goes	to workspace 1.

	   Goes	to workspace 2.

	   Goes	to workspace 3.

	   Goes	to workspace 4.

	   Goes	to workspace 5.

	   Goes	to workspace 6.

	   Goes	to workspace 7.

	   Goes	to workspace 8.

	   Goes	to workspace 9.

	   Goes	to workspace 10.

	   Goes	to workspace 11.

	   Goes	to workspace 12.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	1.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	2.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	3.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	4.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	5.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	6.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	7.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	8.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	9.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	10.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	11.

	   Takes the active window to workspace	12.

	   Tiles all windows from left to right	maximized vertically.

	   Tiles all windows from top to bottom	maximized horizontally.

	   Makes a horizontal cascade of all windows which are maximized

	   Rearranges the windows.

	   Undoes arrangement.

	   Rearranges icons.

	   Minimizes all windows.

	   Hides all windows.

	   Unmaps all windows to show the desktop.

	   Hides the task bar.

	   Switches to the next	window in the task bar.

	   Switches to the previous window in the task bar.

	   Moves the task bar button of	the current window right.

	   Moves the task bar button of	the current window left.

	   Shows the window list menu.

	   Opens the "QuickSwitch" popup (see "INPUT FOCUS") and/or moves the
	   selector in the "QuickSwitch" popup.

	   Works like "KeySysSwitchNext" but moving in the opposite direction.

	   Is like "KeySysSwitchNext" but only for windows with	the same
	   WM_CLASS property as	the currently focused window.

       You can control windows by a modified mouse button press:

	   Moves the window under the mouse over the screen.

	   Resizes the window.	Keep the key and button	pressed.  To enlarge
	   the window move the mouse button away from the center.  To shrink
	   it move towards the centre.

	   Raises the window under the mouse.

	   Lowers the window under the mouse.  If this is equal	to
	   "MouseWinRaise" and the window can be raised	then "MouseWinRaise"
	   takes preference over "MouseWinLower".

       The title frame of a window also	listens	for mouse clicks.  Left	double
       clicking	maximizes the window ("TitleBarMaximizeButton=1"). Press Shift
       to only maximize	vertically. Press Alt+Shift for	horizontally.  Middle
       double clicking rolls up	the window ("TitleBarRollupButton=2").	Also
       press Shift to maximize horizontally. If	TitleBarRollupButton is	either
       4 or 5 then the scroll wheel controls rolling up	or down.  Pressing a
       mouse button and	moving it will move the	window.	 "Alt+Pointer_Button1"
       lowers the window.

       When the	mouse is on the	window frame then a left click raises the
       window.	Dragging with the left button down resizes the window.
       Clicking	the right button pops up the context menu.  Dragging with the
       right button moves the window.

       Clicking	on the desktop activates a menu.  The middle button shows the
       window list ("DesktopWinListButton=2").	The right button shows the
       root menu ("DesktopMenuButton=3"). If you press "Ctrl+Alt" then the
       mouse wheel will	focus all applications in turn.

       icewm supports the following signals:

	   icewm will restart itself. It is a way to reload the	configuration.

	   icewm will cease to manage application windows and terminate.

	   icewm will initiate the logout procedure.  If a "LogoutCommand"
	   preferences option was configured it	will be	executed.

	   Toggle the logging of X11 events, if	"logevents" was	configured.

	   The directory for user private configuration	files.	When this
	   environment variable	is not specified, the default directory	is
	   $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/icewm when that directory exists, otherwise	the
	   default value is $HOME/.icewm.

	   The name of the X11 server.	See Xorg(1) or Xserver(1).  This value
	   can be overridden by	the --display option.

	   Gives the location of your mailbox.	If the schema is omitted the
	   local "file"	schema is assumed.  This is used by the	mailbox	applet
	   in the task bar to show the status of your mailbox.	If the
	   "MailBoxPath" option	in the preferences file	is set,	then that one
	   takes precedence.

       icewm looks for configuration files in the following directories, in
       the given order,	until it finds one:

	   Contains user-specific configurations.  When	ICEWM_PRIVCFG is
	   specified, this directory takes precedence over
	   $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/icewm and $HOME/.icewm.

	   Contains user-specific configurations.  When	this directory exists
	   it take precedence over $HOME/.icewm.

	   Contains user-specific configurations.  This	is the historical
	   default directory.

	   Contains system-wide	customized defaults.  Please note that your
	   local installation may have been configured to use a	different
	   system location.  The output	of "icewm --directories" will show
	   this	location.

	   Default local installation settings.

       env icewm-session(1) loads additional environment variables from	the
	   file	env.  Each line	is subjected to	POSIX shell expansion by
	   wordexp(3).	Comment	lines starting by a hash-sign ("#") are
	   ignored.  icewm-session(1) will load	those expanded lines which
	   contain a name, followed by an equals sign, followed	by the value
	   (which may be empty).

	   See icewm-env(5).

	   Defines the initial value for "FocusMode".  Its default value is
	   "FocusMode=1" (Click-to-focus).  This can be	changed	via the	menu.
	   icewm will save the Focus menu choice in this file.

	   See icewm-focus_mode(5).

	   Global keybindings to launch	applications, which need not be	window
	   manager related.  Each non-empty line starts	with the word "key".
	   After one or	more spaces follows a double-quoted string of the
	   bound X11 key combination like "Alt+Ctrl+Shift+X".  Then after at
	   least one space follows a shell command-line	which will be executed
	   by icewm whenever this key combination is pressed.  For example,
	   the following line creates a	hotkey to reload the icewm

	    key	"Ctrl+Shift+r"	    icesh restart

	   See icewm-keys(5).

	   A menu of applications; usually customized by the user.  icewm
	   provides the	icewm-menu-fdo(1) program to generate a	default	menu.
	   Similar programs are	xdg_menu(1), mmaker(1) (MenuMaker),
	   xde-menu(1),	xdgmenumaker(1).

	   See icewm-menu(5).

	   Contains general settings like paths, colors	and fonts, but also
	   options to control the icewm	focus behaviour	and the	applets	which
	   are started in the task bar.	 The icewm installation	will provide a
	   default preferences file, which can be copied to the	icewm user
	   configuration directory and modified.

	   See icewm-preferences(5).

	   Settings which override the settings	from a theme.  Some of the
	   icewm configuration options from the	preferences file which control
	   the look-and-feel may be overridden by the theme, if	the theme
	   designer thinks this	is desirable.  However,	this prefoverride file
	   will	again override this for	a few specific options of your
	   choosing.  It is safe to leave this file empty initially.

	   See icewm-prefoverride(5).

	   An automatically generated menu of applications.  This could	be
	   used	by wmconfig(1),	menu or	similar	programs to give easy access
	   to all the desktop applications which are installed on the system.

	   See icewm-programs(5).

	   This	file contains the name of the default theme.  On startup icewm
	   reads this file to obtain the theme name, unless icewm was started
	   with	the --theme option.  Whenever a	different theme	is selected
	   from	the icewm Menu then the	theme file is overwritten with the
	   name	of the selected	theme.	This theme file	contains the keyword
	   "Theme", followed by	an equals sign,	followed by a double-quoted
	   string with the theme name.	The theme name is the name of the
	   theme directory, followed by	a slash, followed by the theme file.
	   Usually the theme file is just default.theme, but a theme may have
	   alternatives.  Alternatives are small tweaks	of a theme.  These are
	   specified in	their own .theme file, which replaces default.theme.
	   If no theme file exists then	icewm will use the default setting of

	   See icewm-theme(5).

	   Contains names of quick to launch applications with icons for the
	   task	bar.  Each non-empty non-comment line starts with the keyword
	   prog.  After	one or more spaces follows a name, which is displayed
	   in a	tool tip whenever the mouse cursor hovers over the toolbar
	   icon.  This name may	be a double quoted string.  Then follows the
	   bare	name of	the icon to use	without	extensions.  This icon will be
	   shown in the	toolbar.  The last component is	a shell	command-line
	   which will be executed whenever the user presses the	icon in	the
	   toolbar.  For example, the following	line in	toolbar	will create a
	   button with tool tip	"Mozilla Firefox" with the firefox icon	which
	   launches firefox(1) when clicked:

	    prog  "Mozilla Firefox"  firefox  /usr/bin/firefox --private-window

	   See icewm-toolbar(5).

	   Contains settings to	control	window appearance and behaviour	which
	   are specific	to applications	or groups of applications.  Options
	   can control the border, whether it appears on the task bar, the
	   window list,	the system tray	and the	workspaces.  Also its layer,
	   geometry, whether it	can be moved, resized and closed.

	   See icewm-winoptions(5).

	   Contains commands to	be executed on icewm startup.  This is an
	   executable script with commands to tweak X11	settings and launch
	   some	applications which need	to be active whenever icewm is
	   started.  It	is run by icewm-session(1) when	icewm starts.

	   See icewm-startup(5).

	   Contains commands to	be executed on icewm shutdown.	This is	an
	   executable script with commands to be executed in the last stage of
	   icewm termination.  Typically they may undo some of the effects of
	   the startup script.	It is run by icewm-session(1) when icewm

	   See icewm-shutdown(5).

	   Contains icons which	are used to identify applications.  Usually
	   these files are in the XPM format, but the PNG and SVG image
	   formats are also supported.	The names of icon files	may follow a
	   specific naming pattern, like app_32x32.xpm.	 They start with a
	   base	name, usually this is just a single word.  Then	follows	an
	   underscore, followed	by a size specification	in the format
	   "SIZExSIZE".	 This is followed by a dot and the file	extension,
	   where the extension denotes the icon	image format.  Common sizes
	   are 16, 32 and 48 for small,	large and huge icons.  This depends on
	   the respective "IconSize" preferences options.

	   Pictures of digits for the LED clock	which is displayed in the
	   bottom-right	corner of the task bar.	 These can be seen when	the
	   "TaskBarShowClock" and "TaskBarClockLeds" options are both set to

	   Icons which are used	to display different states of the mailbox
	   applet in the task bar.  There are five states and each has its own
	   icon: mail.xpm, newmail.xpm,	unreadmail.xpm,	nomail.xpm,

	   Audio files which are played	by icesound(1) on GUI events.  These
	   are:	startup.wav, shutdown.wav, restart.wav,	launchApp.wav,
	   workspaceChange.wav,	windowOpen.wav,	windowClose.wav,
	   dialogOpen.wav, dialogClose.wav, windowMax.wav, windowRestore.wav,
	   windowMin.wav, windowHide.wav, windowRollup.wav, windowMoved.wav,
	   windowSized.wav, windowLower.wav.

	   Pictures to customize the look of the task bar.  These include:
	   taskbarbg.xpm, taskbuttonactive.xpm,	taskbuttonbg.xpm,
	   taskbuttonminimized.xpm, toolbuttonbg.xpm,
	   workspacebuttonactive.xpm, workspacebuttonbg.xpm.

	   A directory to store	themes.	 Each theme is stored in its own sub-
	   directory in	the themes directory. A	theme contains at least	a
	   default.theme file, and optionally theme alternatives which are
	   additional files which have a .theme	file name extension and	which
	   contain tweaks of the default.theme file.  How to create a theme is
	   explained in	the IceWM Theme	Creation Howto.

       IceWM supports window opacity and transparency in connection with an
       external	compositor like	compton(1) or picom(1).	 If a client window
       sets the	"_NET_WM_WINDOW_OPACITY" property on its window, then icewm
       will copy this to the outer frame window, where the compositor will
       read it and adjust the opacity accordingly.

       The opacity can also be set in the icewm-winoptions(5) file.  icesh(1)
       can control the opacity level of	running	applications.

       The _NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE properties which	icewm sets on its windows are
       DIALOG, NOTIFICATION, POPUP_MENU	and TOOLTIP. The output	of "icesh
       windows"	shows their WM_CLASS values. These can be helpful to configure

       Examples	of the above configuration files can be	found in the default
       installation path or in the system-wide defaults.  See the output of
       "icewm --directories" for their locations.

       ICCCM 2.0: partial.  NetWM/EWMH:	extensive.  See	the file COMPLIANCE in
       the distribution	for full details.

       icehelp(1), icesh(1), icesound(1), icewm-env(5),	icewm-focus_mode(5),
       icewm-keys(5), icewm-menu(5), icewm-menu-fdo(1),	icewm-menu-xrandr(1),
       icewm-preferences(5), icewm-prefoverride(5), icewm-programs(5),
       icewm-session(1), icewm-set-gnomewm(1), icewm-shutdown(5),
       icewm-startup(5), icewm-theme(5), icewm-toolbar(5),
       icewm-winoptions(5), icewmbg(1),	icewmhint(1), setxkbmap(1), Xorg(1),
       Xserver(1), xinit(1), xprop(1), xwininfo(1), wmctrl(1).

       Please report bugs at <>.

       Brian Bidulock <>.

       See --copying for full copyright	notice and copying permissions.

       IceWM is	licensed under the GNU Library General Public License.	See
       the COPYING file	in the distribution or use the --copying flag to
       display copying permissions.

icewm 2.5.0			  2021-06-26			      ICEWM(1)


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