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I3(1)				   i3 Manual				 I3(1)

       i3 - an improved	dynamic, tiling	window manager

       i3 [-a] [-c configfile] [-C] [-d	all] [-v] [-V]

	   Disables autostart.

	   Specifies an	alternate configuration	file path.

	   Check the configuration file	for validity and exit.

       -d all
	   Enables debug logging. The all parameter is present for historical

	   Display version number (and date of the last	commit).

	   Be verbose.

	   Use Xinerama	instead	of RandR. This option should only be used if
	   you are stuck with the old nVidia closed source driver (older than
	   302.17) which does not support RandR.

	   Retrieve the	i3 IPC socket path from	X11, print it, then exit.

       --shmlog-size <limit>
	   Limits the size of the i3 SHM log to	<limit>	bytes. Setting this to
	   0 disables SHM logging entirely. The	default	is 0 bytes.

	   Replace an existing window manager.

       i3 was created because wmii, our	favorite window	manager	at the time,
       didn't provide some features we wanted (multi-monitor done right, for
       example), had some bugs,	didn't progress	since quite some time and
       wasn't easy to hack at all (source code comments/documentation
       completely lacking). Still, we think the	wmii developers	and
       contributors did	a great	job. Thank you for inspiring us	to create i3.

       Please be aware that i3 is primarily targeted at	advanced users and

       If you are using	the nVidia binary graphics driver (also	known as blob)
       before version 302.17, you need to use the --force-xinerama flag	(in
       your ~/.xsession) when starting i3, like	so:

	   exec	i3 --force-xinerama -V >>~/.i3/i3log 2>&1

       See also	docs/multi-monitor for the full	explanation.

	   i3 keeps your layout	in a tree data structure.

	   An X11 window, like the Firefox browser window or a terminal

       Floating	Window
	   A window which "floats" on top of other windows. This style is used
	   by i3 to display X11	windows	with type "dialog", such as the
	   "Print" or "Open File" dialog boxes in many GUI applications. Use
	   of floating windows can be fine-tuned with the for_window command
	   (see	HTML userguide).

       Split container
	   A split container contains multiple other split containers or

	   Containers can be used in various layouts. The default mode is
	   called "default" and	just resizes each client equally so that it

	   A workspace is a set	of containers. Other window managers call this
	   "Virtual Desktops".

	   In i3, each workspace is assigned to	a specific virtual screen. By
	   default, screen 1 has workspace 1, screen 2 has workspace 2 and so
	   on... However, when you create a new	workspace (by simply switching
	   to it), it'll be assigned the screen	you are	currently on.

	   Using XRandR, you can have an X11 screen spanning multiple real
	   monitors. Furthermore, you can set them up in cloning mode or with
	   positions (monitor 1	is left	of monitor 2).

	   i3 uses the RandR API to query which	outputs	are available and
	   which screens are connected to these	outputs.

       Here is a short overview	of the default keybindings:

	   Open	a new terminal emulator	window.

	   Open	dmenu for starting any application by typing (part of) its

	   Direction keys (left, down, up, right). They	are on your homerow
	   (see	the mark on your "j" key). Alternatively, you can use the
	   cursor keys.

	   Focus window	in <direction>.

	   Move	window to <direction>.

	   Switch to workspace <number>.

	   Move	window to workspace <number>.

	   Toggle fullscreen mode.

	   Enable stacking layout for the current container.

	   Enable default layout for the current container.

	   Enable tabbed layout	for the	current	container.

	   Toggle tiling/floating for the current container.

	   Select the first tiling container if	the current container is
	   floating and	vice-versa.

	   Kills the current window. This is equivalent	to "clicking on	the
	   close button", meaning a polite request to the application to close
	   this	window.	For example, Firefox will save its session upon	such a
	   request. If the application does not	support	that, the window will
	   be killed and it depends on the application what happens.

	   Restarts i3 in place. Your layout will be preserved.

	   Exits i3.

   ~/.config/i3/config (or ~/.i3/config)
       When starting, i3 looks for configuration files in the following	order:

	1. ~/.config/i3/config (or $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/i3/config if set)

	2. ~/.i3/config

	3. /usr/local/etc/xdg/i3/config	(or $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/i3/config if set)

	4. /usr/local/etc/i3/config

       You can specify a custom	path using the -c option.

       Sample configuration.

	   # i3	config file (v4)

	   # Font for window titles. Will also be used by the bar unless a different font
	   # is	used in	the bar	{} block below.
	   # This font is widely installed, provides lots of unicode glyphs, right-to-left
	   # text rendering and	scalability on retina/hidpi displays (thanks to	pango).
	   font	pango:DejaVu Sans Mono 8
	   # Before i3 v4.8, we	used to	recommend this one as the default:
	   # font -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--13-120-75-75-C-70-iso10646-1
	   # The font above is very space-efficient, that is, it looks good, sharp and
	   # clear in small sizes. However, its	unicode	glyph coverage is limited, the old
	   # X core fonts rendering does not support right-to-left and this being a bitmap
	   # font, it doesn't scale on retina/hidpi displays.

	   # use Mouse+Mod1 to drag floating windows to	their wanted position
	   floating_modifier Mod1

	   # start a terminal
	   bindsym Mod1+Return exec /usr/local/bin/urxvt

	   # kill focused window
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+q	kill

	   # start dmenu (a program launcher)
	   bindsym Mod1+d exec /usr/local/bin/dmenu_run

	   # change focus
	   bindsym Mod1+j focus	left
	   bindsym Mod1+k focus	down
	   bindsym Mod1+l focus	up
	   bindsym Mod1+semicolon focus	right

	   # alternatively, you	can use	the cursor keys:
	   bindsym Mod1+Left focus left
	   bindsym Mod1+Down focus down
	   bindsym Mod1+Up focus up
	   bindsym Mod1+Right focus right

	   # move focused window
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+j	move left
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+k	move down
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+l	move up
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+semicolon	move right

	   # alternatively, you	can use	the cursor keys:
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+Left move	left
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+Down move	down
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+Up move up
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+Right move right

	   # split in horizontal orientation
	   bindsym Mod1+h split	h

	   # split in vertical orientation
	   bindsym Mod1+v split	v

	   # enter fullscreen mode for the focused container
	   bindsym Mod1+f fullscreen toggle

	   # change container layout (stacked, tabbed, default)
	   bindsym Mod1+s layout stacking
	   bindsym Mod1+w layout tabbed
	   bindsym Mod1+e layout default

	   # toggle tiling / floating
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+space floating toggle

	   # change focus between tiling / floating windows
	   bindsym Mod1+space focus mode_toggle

	   # focus the parent container
	   bindsym Mod1+a focus	parent

	   # focus the child container
	   #bindsym Mod1+d focus child

	   # switch to workspace
	   bindsym Mod1+1 workspace 1
	   bindsym Mod1+2 workspace 2
	   # ..

	   # move focused container to workspace
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+1	move workspace 1
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+2	move workspace 2
	   # ...

	   # reload the	configuration file
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+c	reload
	   # restart i3	inplace	(preserves your	layout/session,	can be used to upgrade i3)
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+r	restart
	   # exit i3 (logs you out of your X session)
	   bindsym Mod1+Shift+e	exit

	   # display workspace buttons plus a statusline generated by i3status
	   bar {
	       status_command i3status

       This file is where you should configure your locales and	start i3. It
       is run by your login manager (xdm, slim,	gdm, ...) as soon as you

       Sample xsession.

	   # Disable DPMS turning off the screen
	   xset	-dpms
	   xset	s off

	   # Disable bell
	   xset	-b

	   # Enable zapping (C-A-<Bksp>	kills X)
	   setxkbmap -option terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp

	   # Enforce correct locales from the beginning:
	   # LC_ALL is unset since it overwrites everything
	   # LANG=de_DE.UTF-8 is used, except for:
	   # LC_MESSAGES=C never translates program output
	   # LC_TIME=en_DK leads to yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm date/time output
	   unset LC_ALL
	   export LANG=de_DE.UTF-8
	   export LC_MESSAGES=C
	   export LC_TIME=en_DK.UTF-8

	   # Use XToolkit in java applications
	   export AWT_TOOLKIT=XToolkit

	   # Set background color
	   xsetroot -solid "#333333"

	   # Enable core dumps in case something goes wrong
	   ulimit -c unlimited

	   # Start i3 and log to ~/.i3/logfile
	   echo	"Starting at $(date)" >> ~/.i3/logfile
	   exec	/usr/local/bin/i3 -V -d	all >> ~/.i3/logfile

       This variable overwrites	the IPC	socket path (placed in
       /tmp/i3-%u.XXXXXX/ipc-socket.%p by default, where %u is replaced	with
       your UNIX username, %p is replaced with i3's PID	and XXXXXX is a	string
       of random characters from the portable filename character set (see
       mkdtemp(3))). The IPC socket is used by external	programs like
       i3-msg(1) or i3bar(1).

       There is	still lot of work to do. Please	check our bugtracker for
       up-to-date information about tasks which	are still not finished.

       You should have a copy of the userguide (featuring nice
       screenshots/graphics which is why this is not integrated	into this
       manpage), the debugging guide, and the "how to hack" guide. If you are
       building	from source, run: make -C docs

       You can also access these documents online at

       i3-input(1), i3-msg(1), i3bar(1), i3-nagbar(1), i3-config-wizard(1),

       Michael Stapelberg and contributors

i3 4.21				  11/23/2022				 I3(1)


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