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HISTORY(5)                FreeBSD File Formats Manual               HISTORY(5)

       history - record of current and recently expired Usenet articles

       The file _pathdb in inn.conf_/history keeps a record of all articles
       currently stored in the news system, as well as those that have been
       received but since expired.  In a typical production environment, this
       file will be many megabytes.

       The file consists of text lines.  Each line corresponds to one article.
       The file is normally kept sorted in the order in which articles are
       received, although this is not a requirement.  Innd(8) appends a new
       line each time it files an article, and expire(8) builds a new version
       of the file by removing old articles and purging old entries.

       Each line consists of two or three fields separated by a tab, shown
       below as \t:
              [Hash]         \t   date
              [Hash]         \t   date   \t   token

       The Hash field is the ASCII representation of the hash of the Message-
       ID header.  This is directly used for the key of the dbz(3).

       The date field consists of three sub-fields separated by a tilde.  All
       sub-fields are the text representation of the number of seconds since
       the epoch -- i.e., a time_t; see gettimeofday(2).  The first sub-field
       is the article's arrival date.  If copies of the article are still
       present then the second sub-field is either the value of the article's
       Expires header, or a hyphen if no expiration date was specified.  If an
       article has been expired then the second sub-field will be a hyphen.
       The third sub-field is the value of the article's Date header,
       recording when the article was posted.

       The token field is a token of the article.  This field is empty if the
       article has been expired.

       For example, an article whose Message-ID was
       <7q2saq$sal$>, posted on 26 Aug 1999 08:02:34 GMT and
       recieved at 26 Aug 1999 08:06:54 GMT, could have a history line (broken
       into three lines for display) like the following:
              [E6184A5BC2898A35A3140B149DE91D5C]  \t
                  935678987~-~935678821  \t

       In addition to the text file, there is a dbz(3) database associated
       with the file that uses the Message-ID field as a key to determine the
       offset in the text file where the associated line begins.  For
       historical reasons, the key includes the trailing \0 byte (which is not
       stored in the text file).

       Written by Rich $alz <> for InterNetNews.  This is
       revision 3782, dated 2000-08-17.

       dbz(3), expire(8), inn.conf(5), innd(8), makehistory(8).



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