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GOPHER(1)		    General Commands Manual		     GOPHER(1)

NAME
       gopher -	connect	to gopher document server

SYNOPSIS
       gopher  [-sSbDr]	[-t title] [-p path] [-T type] [-i search term]	[host-
       nameorurl] [port]

DESCRIPTION
       The gopher client is used to talk to gopher  servers.   Once  you  have
       started	the  gopher  client, help on using it is available by pressing
       the ?  key.

       The Internet Gopher is a	distributed document delivery service.	It al-
       lows a neophyte user to access various types of data residing on	multi-
       ple hosts in a seamless fashion.	 This is  accomplished	by  presenting
       the user	a hierarchical arrangement of documents	and by using a client-
       server communications model.  The Internet Gopher Server	accepts	simple
       queries,	and responds by	sending	the client a document.

       The [hostname] of a gopher server may be	specified at startup; if omit-
       ted, the	default	server for your	site is	used.  You may also specify  a
       URL (Uniform Resource Locator) for this argument.

       The   [Port_number]  of the server host may be specified	at startup; if
       omitted you will	use the	default	port specified at your site.  The more
       or less standard	and accepted Gopher port number	on the Internet	is 70.

OPTIONS
       -b     starts the client	on the bookmark	page.

       The next	few options are	for more advanced users	who want to start at a
       location	other than the default,	or to set up special aliases or	shell-
       scripts to point	the gopher client to seperate places.

       -p path
	      specify  a specific selector string to send to the gopher	server
	      on startup.

       -T type
	      let the client know what type of object the -p option is	point-
	      ing at.

       -i search term
	      tell  the	client what to search for in the object	defined	by the
	      -p and -T	7 options.

       -t title
	      set the title of the initial screen for the gopher client.

       The last	few options aren't really of interest to  regular  users,  but
       are  provided  for  system  administrators who waht to provide a	secure
       client, or who need to debug a client.

       -s or -S
	      "secure mode" which means	that you can't save or print the files
	      that  you	 browse.  -s is	for users without an account, while -S
	      assumes the user has an account on this machine.	 One  security
	      feature  is forced on, regardless	of the state of	these options,
	      if the name of the user's	shell ends in rsh; the	'O'  (options)
	      command  is disabled so the user cannot select a shell as	an ap-
	      plication.

       -r     tells the	client that its	user is	remote.

       -D     turns on the copius debugging output

In-Session Options
       Press return or the right arrow key on the mini keypad to view a	 docu-
       ment or enter a directory.

       Press   Control/W,  Control/R, or Control/L to repaint your menu	at any
       time.

       At  any	time,  you  may	 press	?  to  see  a  help file  of  commands
       available.

BOOKMARKS
       Bookmarks  allow	 users	to  create  their own personallized menus from
       those available on the variety of Gopher	servers	 available  worldwide.
       The following list of keystrokes	aids in	developing and maintaining the
       bookmarks.

	       a : Add current item to the bookmark list.
	       A : Add current directory/search	to bookmark list.
	       v : View	bookmark list.
	       d : Delete a bookmark/directory entry.

MOVING AROUND
       Use the arrow keys to move around.

	       Use the Arrow Keys to move around.

	       Up, k ...............:  Move to previous	line.
	       Down, j .............:  Move to next line.
	       Right, Return .......:  "Enter"/Display current item.
	       Left, u	............:  "Exit" current item/Go up a level.

	       >, +, Pgdwn, space ..:  View next page.
	       <, -, Pgup, b .......:  View previous page.

	       0-9 .................:  Go to a specific	line.
	       m   .................:  Go back to the main menu.

OTHER COMMANDS
	       s : Save	current	item to	a file.
	       S : Save	current	list of	items to a file.
	       D : Download a file.
	       q : Quit	with prompt.
	       Q : Quit	unconditionally	(also Control/Z).
	       r : goto	root menu of current item.
	       R : goto	root menu of current menu.
	       = : Display Technical information about current item.
	       ^ : Display technical information about current directory.
	       o : Open	a new gopher server
	       w : Open	a new gopher server or item by URL
	       O : Change options.
	       f : Connect to an anonymous FTP host
	       / : Search for an item in the menu.
	       g : "Gripe" via email to	administrator of current item.
	       n : Find	next search item.
	       $, !   :	Spawn to subprocess (use "logout" to  return  to  ses-
	      sion)
	       Ctrl-T :	Show host's local date and time.

GOPHER OBJECTS
       Menu  entries  ending with "/" are directories; additional characteris-
       tics for	files (such as binary, sound, image, and others)  are  identi-
       fied within angle brackets.

	       Item tag	   Type	     Description
	       --------------------------------------------
	       (none)	     0	     file
	       /	     1	     directory
	       <)	     s	     sound file
	       <Picture>    I,g	     image file
	       <Movie>	     ;	     movie file
	       <HQX>	     4	     BinHexed Macintosh	file
	       <Bin>	     9	     binary file
	       <PC Bin>	     5	     DOS binary	file
	       <CSO>	     2	     CSO (ph/qi) phone-book server
	       <TEL>	     8	     telnet connection
	       <3270>	     T	     telnet connection (IBM 3270 emulation)
	       <MIME>	      M	       Multi-purpose  Internet Mail Extensions
	      file
	       <HTML>	     h	     HyperText Markup Language file
	       <?>	     7	     index-search item
	       <??>	   (none)    ASK form

EXAMPLES
       gopher gopher.tc.umn.edu
	      Connect to  the  gopher  server  running	on  the	 computer  go-
	      pher.tc.umn.edu

       gopher -p "1/Information	About Gopher" gopher.tc.umn.edu	70
	      Connect  to the gopher server running on port 70 of the computer
	      gopher.tc.umn.edu	and start at the menu retrieved	with  the  se-
	      lector string 1/Information About	Gopher

       gopher	-p  7/indexes/Gopher-index/index  -T  7	 -i  FAQ  mudhoney.mi-
       cro.umn.edu
	      Connect to the  gopher  server  running  on  the	computer  mud-
	      honey.micro.umn.edu  and start at	the menu of items matching the
	      string FAQ in the	index specified	by the selector	 string	 7/in-
	      dexes/Gopher-index/index

CONFIGURATION FILE FORMAT
       The  client  gets configuration data from the system gopher.rc file and
       the user's .gopherrc files.  The	options	in these files may be  set  by
       using the O key in the client.

       See  the	 manual	page for gopherrc for more information about these op-
       tions.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       The client also checks for environment variables	for its	 configuration
       information.  The following variables can be used:

       GOPHER_TELNET:
	      The program used to connect to telnet services

       GOPHER_TN3270:
	      The program used to connect to TN3270 services

       GOPHER_HTML:
	      The program used to read HyperText Markup	Language documents.

       GOPHER_PRINTER:
	      The program used to print	from a pipe.

FILES
       $HOME/.gopherrc
	      user bookmarks and configuration information

       /usr/local/lib/gopher.rc
	      system default configuration information (default	location - may
	      be somewhere else	on your	system)

       /usr/local/lib/gopher.hlp
	      client help file displayed by the	'?' command (default  location
	      -	may be somewhere else on your system)

COPYRIGHT
       The  Internet  Gopher(tm)  software  and	documentation is copyright (c)
       1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 by the University	of Minnesota.  Gopher has lim-
       itations	 on its	use and	comes without a	warranty.  Please refer	to the
       file 'Copyright'	included in the	distribution.

								     GOPHER(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | In-Session Options | BOOKMARKS | MOVING AROUND | OTHER COMMANDS | GOPHER OBJECTS | EXAMPLES | CONFIGURATION FILE FORMAT | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | FILES | COPYRIGHT

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