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glilypond(1)		    General Commands Manual		  glilypond(1)

       glilypond - integrate lilypond parts into groff

       glilypond [{--ly2eps|--pdf2eps}]	[-e directory] [-k] [-o	output-file]
		 [-p filename-prefix] [-t tdir]	[{-v|-V}] [-] [--] [filespec
       glilypond [{--ly2eps|--pdf2eps}]	[--eps_dir directory] [--keep_all]
		 [--output output-file]	[--prefix filename-prefix] [--temp_dir
		 tdir] [--verbose] [-] [--] [filespec ...]

       glilypond -?
       glilypond -h
       glilypond --help
       glilypond --usage

       glilypond -l
       glilypond --license

       glilypond --version

       glilypond  transforms sheet music written in the	lilypond language into
       the groff(7) language using the .PSPIC request, such that groff(1)  can
       transform  it into a format that	can be displayed directly.  .PDFPIC is
       available, but does on yet work with lilypond.

       Files in	groff language and standard input can  be  provided  as	 argu-

       Together	with .PSPIC, glilypond can work	only for troff devices without
       PDF and X devices.

       I.e., the following groff devices work, -Tps, -Tdvi, -Thtml,  and  -Tx-

       I'm not sure about the ldp and lj4 devices.

       In  groffer,  it	 is easier to use the following	device options,	either
       --ps, --div, --html, or --xhtml.

       Unfortunately, the groff	option -Tpdf does not work and the groffer de-
       fault PDF works neither.

       But  groffer has	an additional pdf mode,	not available in groff.	 It is
       based on	the ps mode in groff and  is  called  through  groffer	--pdf2

   Breaking Options
	      Print help or usage information, then leave the program.

	      Print version information.

	      Print license information.

   Options for building	EPS Files
	      Here  the	 lilypond program creates eps files directly.  This is
	      the default.

	      The program glilypond generates a	PDF file using lilypond.  Then
	      the eps file is generated	by pdf2ps and ps2epsR.

   Directories and Files
       -e|--eps_dir directory_name
	      Normally	all  EPS  files	 are  sent to the temporary directory.
	      With this	option,	you can	generate your own directory, in	 which
	      all useful EPS files are send.  So at last, the temporary	direc-
	      tory can be removed.

       -p|--prefix begin_of_name
	      Normally all temporary files get names that start	with the ly...
	      prefix.  With this option, you can freely	change this prefix.

	      Normally	all temporary files without the	eps files are deleted.
	      With this	option,	all generated files  either  by	 the  lilypond
	      program or other format transposers are kept.

       -t|--temp_dir dir
	      With  this option, you call a directory that is the base for the
	      temporary	directory.  This directory name	is used	as is  without
	      any  extensions.	If this	directory does not exist it is be cre-
	      ated.  The temporary directory is	created	by Perl's security op-
	      erations	directly  under	this directory.	 In this temporary di-
	      rectory, the temporary files are stored.

       -o|--output file_name
	      Normally all groff output	of this	program	 is  sent  to  STDOUT.
	      With  this  option, that can be changed, such that the output is
	      stored into a file named in the option argument file_name.

	      A	lot more of information	is sent	to STDERR.

   Short Option	Collections
       The argument handling of	options

       Short options are arguments that	start with a single dash -.   Such  an
       argument	can consist of arbitrary many options without option argument,
       composed	as a collection	of  option  characters	following  the	single

       Such a collection can be	terminated by an option	character that expects
       an option argument.  If this option character is	not the	last character
       of the argument,	the following final part of the	argument is the	option
       argument.  If it	is the last character of the argument, the next	 argu-
       ment is taken as	the option argument.

       This is the standard for	POSIX and GNU option management.

       For example,

       -kVe some_dir
	      is  a  collection	 of the	short options -k and -V	without	option
	      argument,	followed by the	short option -e	with  option  argument
	      that  is	the  following part of the argument some_dir.  So this
	      argument could also be written as	several	 arguments  -k	-V  -e

   Handling of Long Options
       Arguments that start with a double dash -- are so-called	long options R
       .  Each double dash argument can	only have a single long	option.

       Long options have or have not an	option argument.  An  option  argument
       can be the next argument	or can be appended with	an equal sign =	to the
       same argument as	the long option.

       --help is a long	option without an option argument.

       --eps_dir some_dir
	      is the long option --eps_dir with	the option argument some_dir.

       Moreover	the program allows abbreviations of long options, as  much  as

       The  long option	--keep_all can be abbreviated from --keep_al up	to --k
       because the program does	not have another long option whose name	starts
       with the	character k.

       On  the	other hand, the	option --version cannot	be abbreviated further
       than --vers because there is also the long option --verbose that	can be
       abbreviated up to --verb.

       An  option  argument  can  also	be appended to an abbreviation.	 So is
       --e=some_dir the	same as	--eps_dir some_dir.

       Moreover	the program allows an arbitrary	usage of upper and lower  case
       in the option name.  This is Perl style.

       For  example,  the  long	 option	 --keep_all  can as well be written as
       --Keep_All or even as an	abbreviation like --KeE.

       An argument that	is not an option or an option  argument	 is  called  a
       filespec	argument.

       Without any filespec argument, standard input is	read.

       Each  filespec argument must either be the name of a readable file or a
       dash - for standard input.  Each	input must be written in the  roff  or
       groff language and can include lilypond parts.

       Normally	arguments starting with	a dash - are interpreted as an option.
       But if you use an argument that consists	only of	a doubled dash -- R  ,
       all following arguments are taken as filespec argument, even if such an
       argument	starts with a dash.  This is  handled  according  to  the  GNU

   Integrated Lilypond Codes
       A lilypond part within a	structure written in the groff language	is the
       whole part between the marks
	      .lilypond	start
	      .lilypond	end

       A groff input can have several of these lilypond	parts.

       When processing such a lilypond part between .lilypond start and	.lily-
       pond end	we say that the	glilypond program is in	lilypond mode.

       These  lilypond	parts  are sent	into temporary lilypond	files with the
       file name extension .ly.	 These files are transformed later on into EPS

   Inclusion of	ly-Files
       An  additional  command	line  for  file	inclusion of lilypond files is
       given by
       .lilypond include file_name
       in groff	input.	For each such include command, one  file  of  lilypond
       code  can  be  included into the	groff code.  Arbitrarily many of these
       commands	can be included	in the groff input.

       These include commands can only be used	outside	 the  lilypond	parts.
       Within the lilypond mode, this inclusion	is not possible.  So .lilypond
       include may not be used in lilypond mode, i.e. between .lilypond	 start
       and  .lilypond  end.  These included ly-files are also transformed into
       EPS files.

       By the transformation process of	lilypond parts into EPS	 files,	 there
       are many	files generated.  By default, these files are regarded as tem-
       porary files and	as such	stored in a temporary directory.

       This process can	be changed by command-line options.

   Command Line	Options	for Directories
       The temporary directory for this	program	is  either  created  automati-
       cally or	can be named by	the option -t|--temp_dir dir.

       Moreover, the EPS files that are	later on referred by .PSPIC command in
       the final groff output can be stored in a different directory that  can
       be  set	by  the	command-line option -e|--eps_dir directory_name.  With
       this option, the	temporary directory can	be removed completely  at  the
       end of the program.

       The  beginning  of  the	names of the temporary files can be set	by the
       command-line option [-p |] begin_of_name.

       All of the temporary files except the EPS files	are  deleted  finally.
       This  can  be  changed  by  setting the command-line option [-k |] With
       this, all temporary files and directories are kept, not deleted.

       These EPS files are stored in a temporary or EPS	directory.   But  they
       cannot be deleted by the	transformation process because they are	needed
       for the display which can take a	long time.

   Mode	pdf2eps
       This mode is the	actual default and can also be chosen  by  the	option

       In  this	mode, the .ly files are	transformed by the lilypond(1) program
       into PDF	files, using
	      lilypond --pdf --output=file-name
       for each	.ly file.  The file-name must be provided without  the	exten-
       sion .pdf.  By this process, a file file-name.pdf is generated.

       The  next step is to transform these PDF	files into a PS	file.  This is
       done by the pdf2ps(1) program using
	      $	 pdf2ps	file-name .pdf file-name .ps
       The next	step creates an	EPS file from the PS file.  This  is  done  by
       the ps2eps(1) program using
	      $	ps2eps

       By  that, a file	file-name.eps is created for each lilypond part	in the
       groff file or standard input.

       The last	step to	be done	is replacing all lilypond parts	by  the	 groff
	      .PSPIC file-name.eps

   Mode	ly2eps
       In  earlier  time, this mode was	the default.  But now it does not work
       any more, so accept the new default pdf2eps.  For  testing,  this  mode
       can also	be chosen by the glilypond option --ly2eps.

       In  this	 mode,	the  .ly files are transformed by the lilypond program
       into many files of different formats, including eps files, using
	      $	lilypond --ps -dbackend=eps -dgs-load-fonts --output=file-name
       for each	.ly file.  The output file-name	must be	 provided  without  an
       extension, its directory	is temporary.

       There  are many EPS files created.  One having the complete transformed
       ly file,	named file-name.eps.

       Moreover	there are EPS files for	each page, named file-name-digit.eps.

       The last	step to	be done	is replacing all lilypond parts	by the collec-
       tion  of	 the corresponding EPS page files.  This is done by groff com-
       .PSPIC file-name-digit.eps

       The new groff(7)	structure generated by glilypond is either

       1)     sent to standard output and can there be saved into  a  file  or
	      piped into groff(1) or groffer(1)	or

       2)     stored into a file by given the option -o	 | --output file_name

       glilypond was written by	Bernd Warken <>.

	      describes	 the  usage of the groff command and contains pointers
	      to further documentation of the groff system.

	      describes	the .PSPIC request.

	      briefly describes	the lilypond command and contains pointers  to
	      further documentation.

	      transforms a PDF file into a PostScript format.

	      transforms a PS file into	an EPS format.

groff 1.22.4		       29 November 2018			  glilypond(1)


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