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GIT-SVN(1)			  Git Manual			    GIT-SVN(1)

       git-svn - Bidirectional operation between a Subversion repository and

       git svn <command> [<options>] [<arguments>]

       git svn is a simple conduit for changesets between Subversion and Git.
       It provides a bidirectional flow	of changes between a Subversion	and a
       Git repository.

       git svn can track a standard Subversion repository, following the
       common "trunk/branches/tags" layout, with the --stdlayout option. It
       can also	follow branches	and tags in any	layout with the	-T/-t/-b
       options (see options to init below, and also the	clone command).

       Once tracking a Subversion repository (with any of the above methods),
       the Git repository can be updated from Subversion by the	fetch command
       and Subversion updated from Git by the dcommit command.

	   Initializes an empty	Git repository with additional metadata
	   directories for git svn. The	Subversion URL may be specified	as a
	   command-line	argument, or as	full URL arguments to -T/-t/-b.
	   Optionally, the target directory to operate on can be specified as
	   a second argument. Normally this command initializes	the current

	   -T<trunk_subdir>, --trunk=<trunk_subdir>, -t<tags_subdir>,
	   --tags=<tags_subdir>, -b<branches_subdir>,
	   --branches=<branches_subdir>, -s, --stdlayout
	       These are optional command-line options for init. Each of these
	       flags can point to a relative repository	path
	       (--tags=project/tags) or	a full url
	       (--tags= You can specify more
	       than one	--tags and/or --branches options, in case your
	       Subversion repository places tags or branches under multiple
	       paths. The option --stdlayout is	a shorthand way	of setting
	       trunk,tags,branches as the relative paths, which	is the
	       Subversion default. If any of the other options are given as
	       well, they take precedence.

	       Set the noMetadata option in the	[svn-remote] config. This
	       option is not recommended, please read the svn.noMetadata
	       section of this manpage before using this option.

	       Set the useSvmProps option in the [svn-remote] config.

	       Set the useSvnsyncProps option in the [svn-remote] config.

	       Set the rewriteRoot option in the [svn-remote] config.

	       Set the rewriteUUID option in the [svn-remote] config.

	       For transports that SVN handles authentication for (http,
	       https, and plain	svn), specify the username. For	other
	       transports (e.g.	 svn+ssh://), you must include the username in
	       the URL,	e.g.  svn+ssh://

	       This allows one to specify a prefix which is prepended to the
	       names of	remotes	if trunk/branches/tags are specified. The
	       prefix does not automatically include a trailing	slash, so be
	       sure you	include	one in the argument if that is what you	want.
	       If --branches/-b	is specified, the prefix must include a
	       trailing	slash. Setting a prefix	(with a	trailing slash)	is
	       strongly	encouraged in any case,	as your	SVN-tracking refs will
	       then be located at "refs/remotes/$prefix/", which is compatible
	       with Git's own remote-tracking ref layout
	       (refs/remotes/$remote/).	Setting	a prefix is also useful	if you
	       wish to track multiple projects that share a common repository.
	       By default, the prefix is set to	origin/.

		   Before Git v2.0, the	default	prefix was "" (no prefix).
		   This	meant that SVN-tracking	refs were put at
		   "refs/remotes/*", which is incompatible with	how Git's own
		   remote-tracking refs	are organized. If you still want the
		   old default,	you can	get it by passing --prefix "" on the
		   command line	(--prefix="" may not work if your Perl's
		   Getopt::Long	is < v2.37).

	       When passed to init or clone this regular expression will be
	       preserved as a config key. See fetch for	a description of

	       When passed to init or clone this regular expression will be
	       preserved as a config key. See fetch for	a description of

	       When passed to init or clone this regular expression will be
	       preserved as a config key. See fetch for	a description of

	       When tracking multiple directories (using --stdlayout,
	       --branches, or --tags options), git svn will attempt to connect
	       to the root (or highest allowed level) of the Subversion
	       repository. This	default	allows better tracking of history if
	       entire projects are moved within	a repository, but may cause
	       issues on repositories where read access	restrictions are in
	       place. Passing --no-minimize-url	will allow git svn to accept
	       URLs as-is without attempting to	connect	to a higher level
	       directory. This option is off by	default	when only one
	       URL/branch is tracked (it would do little good).

	   Fetch unfetched revisions from the Subversion remote	we are
	   tracking. The name of the [svn-remote "..."]	section	in the
	   $GIT_DIR/config file	may be specified as an optional	command-line

	   This	automatically updates the rev_map if needed (see
	   $GIT_DIR/svn/**/.rev_map.*  in the FILES section below for

	       Store Git commit	times in the local time	zone instead of	UTC.
	       This makes git log (even	without	--date=local) show the same
	       times that svn log would	in the local time zone.

	       This doesn't interfere with interoperating with the Subversion
	       repository you cloned from, but if you wish for your local Git
	       repository to be	able to	interoperate with someone else's local
	       Git repository, either don't use	this option or you should both
	       use it in the same local	time zone.

	       Fetch only from the SVN parent of the current HEAD.

	       Ignore refs for branches	or tags	matching the Perl regular
	       expression. A "negative look-ahead assertion" like
	       ^refs/remotes/origin/(?!tags/wanted-tag|wanted-branch).*$ can
	       be used to allow	only certain refs.

		   config key: svn-remote.<name>.ignore-refs

	       If the ignore-refs configuration	key is set, and	the
	       command-line option is also given, both regular expressions
	       will be used.

	       This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will
	       cause skipping of all matching paths from checkout from SVN.
	       The --ignore-paths option should	match for every	fetch
	       (including automatic fetches due	to clone, dcommit, rebase,
	       etc) on a given repository.

		   config key: svn-remote.<name>.ignore-paths

	       If the ignore-paths configuration key is	set, and the
	       command-line option is also given, both regular expressions
	       will be used.


	       Skip "doc*" directory for every fetch


	       Skip "branches" and "tags" of first level directories


	       This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will
	       cause the inclusion of only matching paths from checkout	from
	       SVN. The	--include-paths	option should match for	every fetch
	       (including automatic fetches due	to clone, dcommit, rebase,
	       etc) on a given repository.  --ignore-paths takes precedence
	       over --include-paths.

		   config key: svn-remote.<name>.include-paths

	       Fetch <n> log entries per request when scanning Subversion
	       history.	The default is 100. For	very large Subversion
	       repositories, larger values may be needed for clone/fetch to
	       complete	in reasonable time. But	overly large values may	lead
	       to higher memory	usage and request timeouts.

	   Runs	init and fetch.	It will	automatically create a directory based
	   on the basename of the URL passed to	it; or if a second argument is
	   passed; it will create a directory and work within that. It accepts
	   all arguments that the init and fetch commands accept; with the
	   exception of	--fetch-all and	--parent. After	a repository is
	   cloned, the fetch command will be able to update revisions without
	   affecting the working tree; and the rebase command will be able to
	   update the working tree with	the latest changes.

	       Create a	placeholder file in the	local Git repository for each
	       empty directory fetched from Subversion.	This includes
	       directories that	become empty by	removing all entries in	the
	       Subversion repository (but not the directory itself). The
	       placeholder files are also tracked and removed when no longer

	       Set the name of placeholder files created by
	       --preserve-empty-dirs. Default: ".gitignore"

	   This	fetches	revisions from the SVN parent of the current HEAD and
	   rebases the current (uncommitted to SVN) work against it.

	   This	works similarly	to svn update or git pull except that it
	   preserves linear history with git rebase instead of git merge for
	   ease	of dcommitting with git	svn.

	   This	accepts	all options that git svn fetch and git rebase accept.
	   However, --fetch-all	only fetches from the current [svn-remote],
	   and not all [svn-remote] definitions.

	   Like	git rebase; this requires that the working tree	be clean and
	   have	no uncommitted changes.

	   This	automatically updates the rev_map if needed (see
	   $GIT_DIR/svn/**/.rev_map.*  in the FILES section below for

	   -l, --local
	       Do not fetch remotely; only run git rebase against the last
	       fetched commit from the upstream	SVN.

	   Commit each diff from the current branch directly to	the SVN
	   repository, and then	rebase or reset	(depending on whether or not
	   there is a diff between SVN and head). This will create a revision
	   in SVN for each commit in Git.

	   When	an optional Git	branch name (or	a Git commit object name) is
	   specified as	an argument, the subcommand works on the specified
	   branch, not on the current branch.

	   Use of dcommit is preferred to set-tree (below).

	       After committing, do not	rebase or reset.

	   --commit-url	<URL>
	       Commit to this SVN URL (the full	path). This is intended	to
	       allow existing git svn repositories created with	one transport
	       method (e.g.  svn:// or http:// for anonymous read) to be
	       reused if a user	is later given access to an alternate
	       transport method	(e.g.  svn+ssh:// or https://) for commit.

		   config key: svn-remote.<name>.commiturl
		   config key: svn.commiturl (overwrites all svn-remote.<name>.commiturl options)

	       Note that the SVN URL of	the commiturl config key includes the
	       SVN branch. If you rather want to set the commit	URL for	an
	       entire SVN repository use svn-remote.<name>.pushurl instead.

	       Using this option for any other purpose (don't ask) is very
	       strongly	discouraged.

	       Add the given merge information during the dcommit (e.g.
	       --mergeinfo="/branches/foo:1-10"). All svn server versions can
	       store this information (as a property), and svn clients
	       starting	from version 1.5 can make use of it. To	specify	merge
	       information from	multiple branches, use a single	space
	       character between the branches (--mergeinfo="/branches/foo:1-10

		   config key: svn.pushmergeinfo

	       This option will	cause git-svn to attempt to automatically
	       populate	the svn:mergeinfo property in the SVN repository when
	       possible. Currently, this can only be done when dcommitting
	       non-fast-forward	merges where all parents but the first have
	       already been pushed into	SVN.

	       Ask the user to confirm that a patch set	should actually	be
	       sent to SVN. For	each patch, one	may answer "yes" (accept this
	       patch), "no" (discard this patch), "all"	(accept	all patches),
	       or "quit".

	       git svn dcommit returns immediately if answer is	"no" or
	       "quit", without committing anything to SVN.

	   Create a branch in the SVN repository.

	   -m, --message
	       Allows to specify the commit message.

	   -t, --tag
	       Create a	tag by using the tags_subdir instead of	the
	       branches_subdir specified during	git svn	init.

	   -d<path>, --destination=<path>
	       If more than one	--branches (or --tags) option was given	to the
	       init or clone command, you must provide the location of the
	       branch (or tag) you wish	to create in the SVN repository.
	       <path> specifies	which path to use to create the	branch or tag
	       and should match	the pattern on the left-hand side of one of
	       the configured branches or tags refspecs. You can see these
	       refspecs	with the commands

		   git config --get-all	svn-remote.<name>.branches
		   git config --get-all	svn-remote.<name>.tags

	       where <name> is the name	of the SVN repository as specified by
	       the -R option to	init (or "svn" by default).

	       Specify the SVN username	to perform the commit as. This option
	       overrides the username configuration property.

	       Use the specified URL to	connect	to the destination Subversion
	       repository. This	is useful in cases where the source SVN
	       repository is read-only.	This option overrides configuration
	       property	commiturl.

		   git config --get-all	svn-remote.<name>.commiturl

	       Create parent folders. This parameter is	equivalent to the
	       parameter --parents on svn cp commands and is useful for
	       non-standard repository layouts.

	   Create a tag	in the SVN repository. This is a shorthand for branch

	   This	should make it easy to look up svn log messages	when svn users
	   refer to -r/--revision numbers.

	   The following features from `svn log' are supported:

	   -r <n>[:<n>], --revision=<n>[:<n>]
	       is supported, non-numeric args are not: HEAD, NEXT, BASE, PREV,
	       etc ...

	   -v, --verbose
	       it's not	completely compatible with the --verbose output	in svn
	       log, but	reasonably close.

	       is NOT the same as --max-count, doesn't count merged/excluded


	   New features:

	       shows the Git commit sha1, as well

	       our version of --pretty=oneline

	       SVN itself only stores times in UTC and nothing else. The
	       regular svn client converts the UTC time	to the local time (or
	       based on	the TZ=	environment). This command has the same
	   Any other arguments are passed directly to git log

	   Show	what revision and author last modified each line of a file.
	   The output of this mode is format-compatible	with the output	of
	   `svn	blame' by default. Like	the SVN	blame command, local
	   uncommitted changes in the working tree are ignored;	the version of
	   the file in the HEAD	revision is annotated. Unknown arguments are
	   passed directly to git blame.

	       Produce output in the same format as git	blame, but with	SVN
	       revision	numbers	instead	of Git commit hashes. In this mode,
	       changes that haven't been committed to SVN (including local
	       working-copy edits) are shown as	revision 0.

	   When	given an SVN revision number of	the form rN, returns the
	   corresponding Git commit hash (this can optionally be followed by a
	   tree-ish to specify which branch should be searched). When given a
	   tree-ish, returns the corresponding SVN revision number.

	   -B, --before
	       Don't require an	exact match if given an	SVN revision, instead
	       find the	commit corresponding to	the state of the SVN
	       repository (on the current branch) at the specified revision.

	   -A, --after
	       Don't require an	exact match if given an	SVN revision; if there
	       is not an exact match return the	closest	match searching
	       forward in the history.

	   You should consider using dcommit instead of	this command. Commit
	   specified commit or tree objects to SVN. This relies	on your
	   imported fetch data being up	to date. This makes absolutely no
	   attempts to do patching when	committing to SVN, it simply
	   overwrites files with those specified in the	tree or	commit.	All
	   merging is assumed to have taken place independently	of git svn

	   Recursively finds the svn:ignore property on	directories and
	   creates matching .gitignore files. The resulting files are staged
	   to be committed, but	are not	committed. Use -r/--revision to	refer
	   to a	specific revision.

	   Recursively finds and lists the svn:ignore property on directories.
	   The output is suitable for appending	to the $GIT_DIR/info/exclude

	   Attempts to recreate	empty directories that core Git	cannot track
	   based on information	in $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/unhandled.log	files.
	   Empty directories are automatically recreated when using "git svn
	   clone" and "git svn rebase",	so "mkdirs" is intended	for use	after
	   commands like "git checkout"	or "git	reset".	(See the
	   svn-remote.<name>.automkdirs	config file option for more

	   Commits the diff of two tree-ish arguments from the command-line.
	   This	command	does not rely on being inside a	git svn	init-ed
	   repository. This command takes three	arguments, (a) the original
	   tree	to diff	against, (b) the new tree result, (c) the URL of the
	   target Subversion repository. The final argument (URL) may be
	   omitted if you are working from a git svn-aware repository (that
	   has been init-ed with git svn). The -r<revision> option is required
	   for this.

	   The commit message is supplied either directly with the -m or -F
	   option, or indirectly from the tag or commit	when the second
	   tree-ish denotes such an object, or it is requested by invoking an
	   editor (see --edit option below).

	   -m <msg>, --message=<msg>
	       Use the given msg as the	commit message.	This option disables
	       the --edit option.

	   -F <filename>, --file=<filename>
	       Take the	commit message from the	given file. This option
	       disables	the --edit option.

	   Shows information about a file or directory similar to what `svn
	   info' provides. Does	not currently support a	-r/--revision
	   argument. Use the --url option to output only the value of the URL:

	   Lists the properties	stored in the Subversion repository about a
	   given file or directory. Use	-r/--revision to refer to a specific
	   Subversion revision.

	   Gets	the Subversion property	given as the first argument, for a
	   file. A specific revision can be specified with -r/--revision.

	   Sets	the Subversion property	given as the first argument, to	the
	   value given as the second argument for the file given as the	third


	       git svn propset svn:keywords "FreeBSD=%H" devel/py-tipper/Makefile

	   This	will set the property svn:keywords to FreeBSD=%H for the file

	   Shows the Subversion	externals. Use -r/--revision to	specify	a
	   specific revision.

	   Compress $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/unhandled.log files and remove
	   $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/index	files.

	   Undoes the effects of fetch back to the specified revision. This
	   allows you to re-fetch an SVN revision. Normally the	contents of an
	   SVN revision	should never change and	reset should not be necessary.
	   However, if SVN permissions change, or if you alter your
	   --ignore-paths option, a fetch may fail with	"not found in commit"
	   (file not previously	visible) or "checksum mismatch"	(missed	a
	   modification). If the problem file cannot be	ignored	forever	(with
	   --ignore-paths) the only way	to repair the repo is to use reset.

	   Only	the rev_map and	refs/remotes/git-svn are changed (see
	   $GIT_DIR/svn/**/.rev_map.*  in the FILES section below for
	   details). Follow reset with a fetch and then	git reset or git
	   rebase to move local	branches onto the new tree.

	   -r <n>, --revision=<n>
	       Specify the most	recent revision	to keep. All later revisions
	       are discarded.

	   -p, --parent
	       Discard the specified revision as well, keeping the nearest
	       parent instead.

	       Assume you have local changes in	"master", but you need to
	       refetch "r2".

		       r1---r2---r3 remotes/git-svn
				    A---B master

	       Fix the ignore-paths or SVN permissions problem that caused
	       "r2" to be incomplete in	the first place. Then:

		   git svn reset -r2 -p
		   git svn fetch

		       r1---r2'--r3' remotes/git-svn
			  r2---r3---A---B master

	       Then fixup "master" with	git rebase. Do NOT use git merge or
	       your history will not be	compatible with	a future dcommit!

		   git rebase --onto remotes/git-svn A^	master

		       r1---r2'--r3' remotes/git-svn
				    A'--B' master

	   Only	used with the init command. These are passed directly to git

       -r <arg>, --revision <arg>
	   Used	with the fetch command.

	   This	allows revision	ranges for partial/cauterized history to be
	   supported. $NUMBER, $NUMBER1:$NUMBER2 (numeric ranges),
	   $NUMBER:HEAD, and BASE:$NUMBER are all supported.

	   This	can allow you to make partial mirrors when running fetch; but
	   is generally	not recommended	because	history	will be	skipped	and

       -, --stdin
	   Only	used with the set-tree command.

	   Read	a list of commits from stdin and commit	them in	reverse	order.
	   Only	the leading sha1 is read from each line, so git	rev-list
	   --pretty=oneline output can be used.

	   Only	used with the dcommit, set-tree	and commit-diff	commands.

	   Remove directories from the SVN tree	if there are no	files left
	   behind. SVN can version empty directories, and they are not removed
	   by default if there are no files left in them. Git cannot version
	   empty directories. Enabling this flag will make the commit to SVN
	   act like Git.

	       config key: svn.rmdir

       -e, --edit
	   Only	used with the dcommit, set-tree	and commit-diff	commands.

	   Edit	the commit message before committing to	SVN. This is off by
	   default for objects that are	commits, and forced on when committing
	   tree	objects.

	       config key: svn.edit

       -l<num>,	--find-copies-harder
	   Only	used with the dcommit, set-tree	and commit-diff	commands.

	   They	are both passed	directly to git	diff-tree; see git-diff-
	   tree(1) for more information.

	       config key: svn.l
	       config key: svn.findcopiesharder

       -A<filename>, --authors-file=<filename>
	   Syntax is compatible	with the file used by git cvsimport but	an
	   empty email address can be supplied with __:

		       loginname = Joe User <>

	   If this option is specified and git svn encounters an SVN committer
	   name	that does not exist in the authors-file, git svn will abort
	   operation. The user will then have to add the appropriate entry.
	   Re-running the previous git svn command after the authors-file is
	   modified should continue operation.

	       config key: svn.authorsfile

	   If this option is specified,	for each SVN committer name that does
	   not exist in	the authors file, the given file is executed with the
	   committer name as the first argument. The program is	expected to
	   return a single line	of the form "Name <email>" or "Name <>", which
	   will	be treated as if included in the authors file.

	   Due to historical reasons a relative	filename is first searched
	   relative to the current directory for init and clone	and relative
	   to the root of the working tree for fetch. If filename is not
	   found, it is	searched like any other	command	in $PATH.

	       config key: svn.authorsProg

       -q, --quiet
	   Make	git svn	less verbose. Specify a	second time to make it even
	   less	verbose.

       -m, --merge, -s<strategy>, --strategy=<strategy>, -p, --rebase-merges,
       --preserve-merges (DEPRECATED)
	   These are only used with the	dcommit	and rebase commands.

	   Passed directly to git rebase when using dcommit if a git reset
	   cannot be used (see dcommit).

       -n, --dry-run
	   This	can be used with the dcommit, rebase, branch and tag commands.

	   For dcommit,	print out the series of	Git arguments that would show
	   which diffs would be	committed to SVN.

	   For rebase, display the local branch	associated with	the upstream
	   svn repository associated with the current branch and the URL of
	   svn repository that will be fetched from.

	   For branch and tag, display the urls	that will be used for copying
	   when	creating the branch or tag.

	   When	retrieving svn commits into Git	(as part of fetch, rebase, or
	   dcommit operations),	look for the first From: or Signed-off-by:
	   line	in the log message and use that	as the author string.

	       config key: svn.useLogAuthor

	   When	committing to svn from Git (as part of set-tree	or dcommit
	   operations),	if the existing	log message doesn't already have a
	   From: or Signed-off-by: line, append	a From:	line based on the Git
	   commit's author string. If you use this, then --use-log-author will
	   retrieve a valid author string for all commits.

	       config key: svn.addAuthorFrom

       -i<GIT_SVN_ID>, --id <GIT_SVN_ID>
	   This	sets GIT_SVN_ID	(instead of using the environment). This
	   allows the user to override the default refname to fetch from when
	   tracking a single URL. The log and dcommit commands no longer
	   require this	switch as an argument.

       -R<remote name>,	--svn-remote <remote name>
	   Specify the [svn-remote "<remote name>"] section to use, this
	   allows SVN multiple repositories to be tracked. Default: "svn"

	   This	option is only relevant	if we are tracking branches (using one
	   of the repository layout options --trunk, --tags, --branches,
	   --stdlayout). For each tracked branch, try to find out where	its
	   revision was	copied from, and set a suitable	parent in the first
	   Git commit for the branch. This is especially helpful when we're
	   tracking a directory	that has been moved around within the
	   repository. If this feature is disabled, the	branches created by
	   git svn will	all be linear and not share any	history, meaning that
	   there will be no information	on where branches were branched	off or
	   merged. However, following long/convoluted histories	can take a
	   long	time, so disabling this	feature	may speed up the cloning
	   process. This feature is enabled by default,	use --no-follow-parent
	   to disable it.

	       config key: svn.followparent

       svn.noMetadata, svn-remote.<name>.noMetadata
	   This	gets rid of the	git-svn-id: lines at the end of	every commit.

	   This	option can only	be used	for one-shot imports as	git svn	will
	   not be able to fetch	again without metadata.	Additionally, if you
	   lose	your $GIT_DIR/svn/**/.rev_map.*	 files,	git svn	will not be
	   able	to rebuild them.

	   The git svn log command will	not work on repositories using this,
	   either. Using this conflicts	with the useSvmProps option for
	   (hopefully) obvious reasons.

	   This	option is NOT recommended as it	makes it difficult to track
	   down	old references to SVN revision numbers in existing
	   documentation, bug reports, and archives. If	you plan to eventually
	   migrate from	SVN to Git and are certain about dropping SVN history,
	   consider git-filter-repo[1] instead.	filter-repo also allows
	   reformatting	of metadata for	ease-of-reading	and rewriting
	   authorship info for non-"svn.authorsFile" users.

       svn.useSvmProps,	svn-remote.<name>.useSvmProps
	   This	allows git svn to re-map repository URLs and UUIDs from
	   mirrors created using SVN::Mirror (or svk) for metadata.

	   If an SVN revision has a property, "svm:headrev", it	is likely that
	   the revision	was created by SVN::Mirror (also used by SVK). The
	   property contains a repository UUID and a revision. We want to make
	   it look like	we are mirroring the original URL, so introduce	a
	   helper function that	returns	the original identity URL and UUID,
	   and use it when generating metadata in commit messages.

       svn.useSvnsyncProps, svn-remote.<name>.useSvnsyncprops
	   Similar to the useSvmProps option; this is for users	of the
	   svnsync(1) command distributed with SVN 1.4.x and later.

	   This	allows users to	create repositories from alternate URLs. For
	   example, an administrator could run git svn on the server locally
	   (accessing via file://) but wish to distribute the repository with
	   a public http:// or svn:// URL in the metadata so users of it will
	   see the public URL.

	   Similar to the useSvmProps option; this is for users	who need to
	   remap the UUID manually. This may be	useful in situations where the
	   original UUID is not	available via either useSvmProps or

	   Similar to Git's remote.<name>.pushurl, this	key is designed	to be
	   used	in cases where url points to an	SVN repository via a read-only
	   transport, to provide an alternate read/write transport. It is
	   assumed that	both keys point	to the same repository.	Unlike
	   commiturl, pushurl is a base	path. If either	commiturl or pushurl
	   could be used, commiturl takes precedence.

	   This	disables potentially expensive checks to workaround broken
	   symlinks checked into SVN by	broken clients.	Set this option	to
	   "false" if you track	a SVN repository with many empty blobs that
	   are not symlinks. This option may be	changed	while git svn is
	   running and take effect on the next revision	fetched. If unset, git
	   svn assumes this option to be "true".

	   This	instructs git svn to recode pathnames to a given encoding. It
	   can be used by windows users	and by those who work in non-utf8
	   locales to avoid corrupted file names with non-ASCII	characters.
	   Valid encodings are the ones	supported by Perl's Encode module.

	   Normally, the "git svn clone" and "git svn rebase" commands attempt
	   to recreate empty directories that are in the Subversion
	   repository. If this option is set to	"false", then empty
	   directories will only be created if the "git	svn mkdirs" command is
	   run explicitly. If unset, git svn assumes this option to be "true".

       Since the noMetadata, rewriteRoot, rewriteUUID, useSvnsyncProps and
       useSvmProps options all affect the metadata generated and used by git
       svn; they must be set in	the configuration file before any history is
       imported	and these settings should never	be changed once	they are set.

       Additionally, only one of these options can be used per svn-remote
       section because they affect the git-svn-id: metadata line, except for
       rewriteRoot and rewriteUUID which can be	used together.

       Tracking	and contributing to the	trunk of a Subversion-managed project
       (ignoring tags and branches):

	   # Clone a repo (like	git clone):
		   git svn clone
	   # Enter the newly cloned directory:
		   cd trunk
	   # You should	be on master branch, double-check with 'git branch'
		   git branch
	   # Do	some work and commit locally to	Git:
		   git commit ...
	   # Something is committed to SVN, rebase your	local changes against the
	   # latest changes in SVN:
		   git svn rebase
	   # Now commit	your changes (that were	committed previously using Git)	to SVN,
	   # as	well as	automatically updating your working HEAD:
		   git svn dcommit
	   # Append svn:ignore settings	to the default Git exclude file:
		   git svn show-ignore >> .git/info/exclude

       Tracking	and contributing to an entire Subversion-managed project
       (complete with a	trunk, tags and	branches):

	   # Clone a repo with standard	SVN directory layout (like git clone):
		   git svn clone	--stdlayout --prefix svn/
	   # Or, if the	repo uses a non-standard directory layout:
		   git svn clone	-T tr -b branch	-t tag --prefix	svn/
	   # View all branches and tags	you have cloned:
		   git branch -r
	   # Create a new branch in SVN
		   git svn branch waldo
	   # Reset your	master to trunk	(or any	other branch, replacing	'trunk'
	   # with the appropriate name):
		   git reset --hard svn/trunk
	   # You may only dcommit to one branch/tag/trunk at a time.  The usage
	   # of	dcommit/rebase/show-ignore should be the same as above.

       The initial git svn clone can be	quite time-consuming (especially for
       large Subversion	repositories). If multiple people (or one person with
       multiple	machines) want to use git svn to interact with the same
       Subversion repository, you can do the initial git svn clone to a
       repository on a server and have each person clone that repository with
       git clone:

	   # Do	the initial import on a	server
		   ssh server "cd /pub && git svn clone [options...]"
	   # Clone locally - make sure the refs/remotes/ space matches the server
		   mkdir project
		   cd project
		   git init
		   git remote add origin server:/pub/project
		   git config --replace-all remote.origin.fetch	'+refs/remotes/*:refs/remotes/*'
		   git fetch
	   # Prevent fetch/pull	from remote Git	server in the future,
	   # we	only want to use git svn for future updates
		   git config --remove-section remote.origin
	   # Create a local branch from	one of the branches just fetched
		   git checkout	-b master FETCH_HEAD
	   # Initialize	'git svn' locally (be sure to use the same URL and
	   # --stdlayout/-T/-b/-t/--prefix options as were used	on server)
		   git svn init [options...]
	   # Pull the latest changes from Subversion
		   git svn rebase

       Prefer to use git svn rebase or git rebase, rather than git pull	or git
       merge to	synchronize unintegrated commits with a	git svn	branch.	Doing
       so will keep the	history	of unintegrated	commits	linear with respect to
       the upstream SVN	repository and allow the use of	the preferred git svn
       dcommit subcommand to push unintegrated commits back into SVN.

       Originally, git svn recommended that developers pulled or merged	from
       the git svn branch. This	was because the	author favored git svn
       set-tree	B to commit a single head rather than the git svn set-tree
       A..B notation to	commit multiple	commits. Use of	git pull or git	merge
       with git	svn set-tree A..B will cause non-linear	history	to be
       flattened when committing into SVN and this can lead to merge commits
       unexpectedly reversing previous commits in SVN.

       While git svn can track copy history (including branches	and tags) for
       repositories adopting a standard	layout,	it cannot yet represent	merge
       history that happened inside git	back upstream to SVN users. Therefore
       it is advised that users	keep history as	linear as possible inside Git
       to ease compatibility with SVN (see the CAVEATS section below).

       If git svn is configured	to fetch branches (and --follow-branches is in
       effect),	it sometimes creates multiple Git branches for one SVN branch,
       where the additional branches have names	of the form branchname@nnn
       (with nnn an SVN	revision number). These	additional branches are
       created if git svn cannot find a	parent commit for the first commit in
       an SVN branch, to connect the branch to the history of the other

       Normally, the first commit in an	SVN branch consists of a copy
       operation. git svn will read this commit	to get the SVN revision	the
       branch was created from.	It will	then try to find the Git commit	that
       corresponds to this SVN revision, and use that as the parent of the
       branch. However,	it is possible that there is no	suitable Git commit to
       serve as	parent.	This will happen, among	other reasons, if the SVN
       branch is a copy	of a revision that was not fetched by git svn (e.g.
       because it is an	old revision that was skipped with --revision),	or if
       in SVN a	directory was copied that is not tracked by git	svn (such as a
       branch that is not tracked at all, or a subdirectory of a tracked
       branch).	In these cases,	git svn	will still create a Git	branch,	but
       instead of using	an existing Git	commit as the parent of	the branch, it
       will read the SVN history of the	directory the branch was copied	from
       and create appropriate Git commits. This	is indicated by	the message
       "Initializing parent: <branchname>".

       Additionally, it	will create a special branch named
       _branchname_@_SVN-Revision_, where <SVN-Revision> is the	SVN revision
       number the branch was copied from. This branch will point to the	newly
       created parent commit of	the branch. If in SVN the branch was deleted
       and later recreated from	a different version, there will	be multiple
       such branches with an @.

       Note that this may mean that multiple Git commits are created for a
       single SVN revision.

       An example: in an SVN repository	with a standard	trunk/tags/branches
       layout, a directory trunk/sub is	created	in r.100. In r.200, trunk/sub
       is branched by copying it to branches/. git svn clone -s	will then
       create a	branch sub. It will also create	new Git	commits	for r.100
       through r.199 and use these as the history of branch sub. Thus there
       will be two Git commits for each	revision from r.100 to r.199 (one
       containing trunk/, one containing trunk/sub/). Finally, it will create
       a branch	sub@200	pointing to the	new parent commit of branch sub	(i.e.
       the commit for r.200 and	trunk/sub/).

       For the sake of simplicity and interoperating with Subversion, it is
       recommended that	all git	svn users clone, fetch and dcommit directly
       from the	SVN server, and	avoid all git clone/pull/merge/push operations
       between Git repositories	and branches. The recommended method of
       exchanging code between Git branches and	users is git format-patch and
       git am, or just 'dcommit'ing to the SVN repository.

       Running git merge or git	pull is	NOT recommended	on a branch you	plan
       to dcommit from because Subversion users	cannot see any merges you've
       made. Furthermore, if you merge or pull from a Git branch that is a
       mirror of an SVN	branch,	dcommit	may commit to the wrong	branch.

       If you do merge,	note the following rule: git svn dcommit will attempt
       to commit on top	of the SVN commit named	in

	   git log --grep=^git-svn-id: --first-parent -1

       You must	therefore ensure that the most recent commit of	the branch you
       want to dcommit to is the first parent of the merge. Chaos will ensue
       otherwise, especially if	the first parent is an older commit on the
       same SVN	branch.

       git clone does not clone	branches under the refs/remotes/ hierarchy or
       any git svn metadata, or	config.	So repositories	created	and managed
       with using git svn should use rsync for cloning,	if cloning is to be
       done at all.

       Since dcommit uses rebase internally, any Git branches you git push to
       before dcommit on will require forcing an overwrite of the existing ref
       on the remote repository. This is generally considered bad practice,
       see the git-push(1) documentation for details.

       Do not use the --amend option of	git-commit(1) on a change you've
       already dcommitted. It is considered bad	practice to --amend commits
       you've already pushed to	a remote repository for	other users, and
       dcommit with SVN	is analogous to	that.

       When cloning an SVN repository, if none of the options for describing
       the repository layout is	used (--trunk, --tags, --branches,
       --stdlayout), git svn clone will	create a Git repository	with
       completely linear history, where	branches and tags appear as separate
       directories in the working copy.	While this is the easiest way to get a
       copy of a complete repository, for projects with	many branches it will
       lead to a working copy many times larger	than just the trunk. Thus for
       projects	using the standard directory structure (trunk/branches/tags),
       it is recommended to clone with option --stdlayout. If the project uses
       a non-standard structure, and/or	if branches and	tags are not required,
       it is easiest to	only clone one directory (typically trunk), without
       giving any repository layout options. If	the full history with branches
       and tags	is required, the options --trunk / --branches /	--tags must be

       When using multiple --branches or --tags, git svn does not
       automatically handle name collisions (for example, if two branches from
       different paths have the	same name, or if a branch and a	tag have the
       same name). In these cases, use init to set up your Git repository
       then, before your first fetch, edit the $GIT_DIR/config file so that
       the branches and	tags are associated with different name	spaces.	For

	   branches = stable/*:refs/remotes/svn/stable/*
	   branches = debug/*:refs/remotes/svn/debug/*

       We ignore all SVN properties except svn:executable. Any unhandled
       properties are logged to	$GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/unhandled.log

       Renamed and copied directories are not detected by Git and hence	not
       tracked when committing to SVN. I do not	plan on	adding support for
       this as it's quite difficult and	time-consuming to get working for all
       the possible corner cases (Git doesn't do it, either). Committing
       renamed and copied files	is fully supported if they're similar enough
       for Git to detect them.

       In SVN, it is possible (though discouraged) to commit changes to	a tag
       (because	a tag is just a	directory copy,	thus technically the same as a
       branch).	When cloning an	SVN repository,	git svn	cannot know if such a
       commit to a tag will happen in the future. Thus it acts conservatively
       and imports all SVN tags	as branches, prefixing the tag name with

       git svn stores [svn-remote] configuration information in	the repository
       $GIT_DIR/config file. It	is similar the core Git	[remote] sections
       except fetch keys do not	accept glob arguments; but they	are instead
       handled by the branches and tags	keys. Since some SVN repositories are
       oddly configured	with multiple projects glob expansions such those
       listed below are	allowed:

	   [svn-remote "project-a"]
		   url =
		   fetch = trunk/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/trunk
		   branches = branches/*/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*
		   branches = branches/release_*:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/release_*
		   branches = branches/re*se:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*
		   tags	= tags/*/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/tags/*

       Keep in mind that the * (asterisk) wildcard of the local	ref (right of
       the :) must be the farthest right path component; however the remote
       wildcard	may be anywhere	as long	as it's	an independent path component
       (surrounded by /	or EOL). This type of configuration is not
       automatically created by	init and should	be manually entered with a
       text-editor or using git	config.

       Also note that only one asterisk	is allowed per word. For example:

	   branches = branches/re*se:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*

       will match branches release, rese, re123se, however

	   branches = branches/re*s*e:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*

       will produce an error.

       It is also possible to fetch a subset of	branches or tags by using a
       comma-separated list of names within braces. For	example:

	   [svn-remote "huge-project"]
		   url =
		   fetch = trunk/src:refs/remotes/trunk
		   branches = branches/{red,green}/src:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*
		   tags	= tags/{1.0,2.0}/src:refs/remotes/project-a/tags/*

       Multiple	fetch, branches, and tags keys are supported:

	   [svn-remote "messy-repo"]
		   url =
		   fetch = trunk/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/trunk
		   fetch = branches/demos/june-project-a-demo:refs/remotes/project-a/demos/june-demo
		   branches = branches/server/*:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*
		   branches = branches/demos/2011/*:refs/remotes/project-a/2011-demos/*
		   tags	= tags/server/*:refs/remotes/project-a/tags/*

       Creating	a branch in such a configuration requires disambiguating which
       location	to use using the -d or --destination flag:

	   $ git svn branch -d branches/server release-2-3-0

       Note that git-svn keeps track of	the highest revision in	which a	branch
       or tag has appeared. If the subset of branches or tags is changed after
       fetching, then $GIT_DIR/svn/.metadata must be manually edited to	remove
       (or reset) branches-maxRev and/or tags-maxRev as	appropriate.

	   Mapping between Subversion revision numbers and Git commit names.
	   In a	repository where the noMetadata	option is not set, this	can be
	   rebuilt from	the git-svn-id:	lines that are at the end of every
	   commit (see the svn.noMetadata section above	for details).

	   git svn fetch and git svn rebase automatically update the rev_map
	   if it is missing or not up to date.	git svn	reset automatically
	   rewinds it.


       Part of the git(1) suite

	1. git-filter-repo

Git 2.28.0			  07/26/2020			    GIT-SVN(1)


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