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GIT-PULL(1)			  Git Manual			   GIT-PULL(1)

NAME
       git-pull	- Fetch	from and integrate with	another	repository or a	local
       branch

SYNOPSIS
       git pull	[options] [<repository>	[<refspec>...]]

DESCRIPTION
       Incorporates changes from a remote repository into the current branch.
       In its default mode, git	pull is	shorthand for git fetch	followed by
       git merge FETCH_HEAD.

       More precisely, git pull	runs git fetch with the	given parameters and
       calls git merge to merge	the retrieved branch heads into	the current
       branch. With --rebase, it runs git rebase instead of git	merge.

       <repository> should be the name of a remote repository as passed	to
       git-fetch(1). <refspec> can name	an arbitrary remote ref	(for example,
       the name	of a tag) or even a collection of refs with corresponding
       remote-tracking branches	(e.g., refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*),
       but usually it is the name of a branch in the remote repository.

       Default values for <repository> and <branch> are	read from the "remote"
       and "merge" configuration for the current branch	as set by git-
       branch(1) --track.

       Assume the following history exists and the current branch is "master":

		     A---B---C master on origin
		    /
	       D---E---F---G master
		   ^
		   origin/master in your repository

       Then "git pull" will fetch and replay the changes from the remote
       master branch since it diverged from the	local master (i.e., E) until
       its current commit (C) on top of	master and record the result in	a new
       commit along with the names of the two parent commits and a log message
       from the	user describing	the changes.

		     A---B---C origin/master
		    /	      \
	       D---E---F---G---H master

       See git-merge(1)	for details, including how conflicts are presented and
       handled.

       In Git 1.7.0 or later, to cancel	a conflicting merge, use git reset
       --merge.	Warning: In older versions of Git, running git pull with
       uncommitted changes is discouraged: while possible, it leaves you in a
       state that may be hard to back out of in	the case of a conflict.

       If any of the remote changes overlap with local uncommitted changes,
       the merge will be automatically canceled	and the	work tree untouched.
       It is generally best to get any local changes in	working	order before
       pulling or stash	them away with git-stash(1).

OPTIONS
       -q, --quiet
	   This	is passed to both underlying git-fetch to squelch reporting of
	   during transfer, and	underlying git-merge to	squelch	output during
	   merging.

       -v, --verbose
	   Pass	--verbose to git-fetch and git-merge.

       --[no-]recurse-submodules[=yes|on-demand|no]
	   This	option controls	if new commits of all populated	submodules
	   should be fetched too (see git-config(1) and	gitmodules(5)).	That
	   might be necessary to get the data needed for merging submodule
	   commits, a feature Git learned in 1.7.3. Notice that	the result of
	   a merge will	not be checked out in the submodule, "git submodule
	   update" has to be called afterwards to bring	the work tree up to
	   date	with the merge result.

   Options related to merging
       --commit, --no-commit
	   Perform the merge and commit	the result. This option	can be used to
	   override --no-commit.

	   With	--no-commit perform the	merge but pretend the merge failed and
	   do not autocommit, to give the user a chance	to inspect and further
	   tweak the merge result before committing.

       --edit, -e, --no-edit
	   Invoke an editor before committing successful mechanical merge to
	   further edit	the auto-generated merge message, so that the user can
	   explain and justify the merge. The --no-edit	option can be used to
	   accept the auto-generated message (this is generally	discouraged).

	   Older scripts may depend on the historical behaviour	of not
	   allowing the	user to	edit the merge log message. They will see an
	   editor opened when they run git merge. To make it easier to adjust
	   such	scripts	to the updated behaviour, the environment variable
	   GIT_MERGE_AUTOEDIT can be set to no at the beginning	of them.

       --ff
	   When	the merge resolves as a	fast-forward, only update the branch
	   pointer, without creating a merge commit. This is the default
	   behavior.

       --no-ff
	   Create a merge commit even when the merge resolves as a
	   fast-forward. This is the default behaviour when merging an
	   annotated (and possibly signed) tag.

       --ff-only
	   Refuse to merge and exit with a non-zero status unless the current
	   HEAD	is already up-to-date or the merge can be resolved as a
	   fast-forward.

       --log[=<n>], --no-log
	   In addition to branch names,	populate the log message with one-line
	   descriptions	from at	most <n> actual	commits	that are being merged.
	   See also git-fmt-merge-msg(1).

	   With	--no-log do not	list one-line descriptions from	the actual
	   commits being merged.

       --stat, -n, --no-stat
	   Show	a diffstat at the end of the merge. The	diffstat is also
	   controlled by the configuration option merge.stat.

	   With	-n or --no-stat	do not show a diffstat at the end of the
	   merge.

       --squash, --no-squash
	   Produce the working tree and	index state as if a real merge
	   happened (except for	the merge information),	but do not actually
	   make	a commit, move the HEAD, or record $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD (to
	   cause the next git commit command to	create a merge commit).	This
	   allows you to create	a single commit	on top of the current branch
	   whose effect	is the same as merging another branch (or more in case
	   of an octopus).

	   With	--no-squash perform the	merge and commit the result. This
	   option can be used to override --squash.

       -s <strategy>, --strategy=<strategy>
	   Use the given merge strategy; can be	supplied more than once	to
	   specify them	in the order they should be tried. If there is no -s
	   option, a built-in list of strategies is used instead (git
	   merge-recursive when	merging	a single head, git merge-octopus
	   otherwise).

       -X <option>, --strategy-option=<option>
	   Pass	merge strategy specific	option through to the merge strategy.

       --verify-signatures, --no-verify-signatures
	   Verify that the tip commit of the side branch being merged is
	   signed with a valid key, i.e. a key that has	a valid	uid: in	the
	   default trust model,	this means the signing key has been signed by
	   a trusted key. If the tip commit of the side	branch is not signed
	   with	a valid	key, the merge is aborted.

       --summary, --no-summary
	   Synonyms to --stat and --no-stat; these are deprecated and will be
	   removed in the future.

       --allow-unrelated-histories
	   By default, git merge command refuses to merge histories that do
	   not share a common ancestor.	This option can	be used	to override
	   this	safety when merging histories of two projects that started
	   their lives independently. As that is a very	rare occasion, no
	   configuration variable to enable this by default exists and will
	   not be added.

       -r, --rebase[=false|true|preserve|interactive]
	   When	true, rebase the current branch	on top of the upstream branch
	   after fetching. If there is a remote-tracking branch	corresponding
	   to the upstream branch and the upstream branch was rebased since
	   last	fetched, the rebase uses that information to avoid rebasing
	   non-local changes.

	   When	set to preserve, rebase	with the --preserve-merges option
	   passed to git rebase	so that	locally	created	merge commits will not
	   be flattened.

	   When	false, merge the current branch	into the upstream branch.

	   When	interactive, enable the	interactive mode of rebase.

	   See pull.rebase, branch.<name>.rebase and branch.autoSetupRebase in
	   git-config(1) if you	want to	make git pull always use --rebase
	   instead of merging.

	       Note
	       This is a potentially dangerous mode of operation. It rewrites
	       history,	which does not bode well when you published that
	       history already.	Do not use this	option unless you have read
	       git-rebase(1) carefully.

       --no-rebase
	   Override earlier --rebase.

       --autostash, --no-autostash
	   Before starting rebase, stash local modifications away (see git-
	   stash(1)) if	needed,	and apply the stash when done.	--no-autostash
	   is useful to	override the rebase.autoStash configuration variable
	   (see	git-config(1)).

	   This	option is only valid when "--rebase" is	used.

   Options related to fetching
       --all
	   Fetch all remotes.

       -a, --append
	   Append ref names and	object names of	fetched	refs to	the existing
	   contents of .git/FETCH_HEAD.	Without	this option old	data in
	   .git/FETCH_HEAD will	be overwritten.

       --depth=<depth>
	   Limit fetching to the specified number of commits from the tip of
	   each	remote branch history. If fetching to a	shallow	repository
	   created by git clone	with --depth=<depth> option (see git-
	   clone(1)), deepen or	shorten	the history to the specified number of
	   commits. Tags for the deepened commits are not fetched.

       --deepen=<depth>
	   Similar to --depth, except it specifies the number of commits from
	   the current shallow boundary	instead	of from	the tip	of each	remote
	   branch history.

       --shallow-since=<date>
	   Deepen or shorten the history of a shallow repository to include
	   all reachable commits after <date>.

       --shallow-exclude=<revision>
	   Deepen or shorten the history of a shallow repository to exclude
	   commits reachable from a specified remote branch or tag. This
	   option can be specified multiple times.

       --unshallow
	   If the source repository is complete, convert a shallow repository
	   to a	complete one, removing all the limitations imposed by shallow
	   repositories.

	   If the source repository is shallow,	fetch as much as possible so
	   that	the current repository has the same history as the source
	   repository.

       --update-shallow
	   By default when fetching from a shallow repository, git fetch
	   refuses refs	that require updating .git/shallow. This option
	   updates .git/shallow	and accept such	refs.

       -f, --force
	   When	git fetch is used with <rbranch>:<lbranch> refspec, it refuses
	   to update the local branch <lbranch>	unless the remote branch
	   <rbranch> it	fetches	is a descendant	of <lbranch>. This option
	   overrides that check.

       -k, --keep
	   Keep	downloaded pack.

       --no-tags
	   By default, tags that point at objects that are downloaded from the
	   remote repository are fetched and stored locally. This option
	   disables this automatic tag following. The default behavior for a
	   remote may be specified with	the remote.<name>.tagOpt setting. See
	   git-config(1).

       -u, --update-head-ok
	   By default git fetch	refuses	to update the head which corresponds
	   to the current branch. This flag disables the check.	This is	purely
	   for the internal use	for git	pull to	communicate with git fetch,
	   and unless you are implementing your	own Porcelain you are not
	   supposed to use it.

       --upload-pack <upload-pack>
	   When	given, and the repository to fetch from	is handled by git
	   fetch-pack, --exec=<upload-pack> is passed to the command to
	   specify non-default path for	the command run	on the other end.

       --progress
	   Progress status is reported on the standard error stream by default
	   when	it is attached to a terminal, unless -q	is specified. This
	   flag	forces progress	status even if the standard error stream is
	   not directed	to a terminal.

       -4, --ipv4
	   Use IPv4 addresses only, ignoring IPv6 addresses.

       -6, --ipv6
	   Use IPv6 addresses only, ignoring IPv4 addresses.

       <repository>
	   The "remote"	repository that	is the source of a fetch or pull
	   operation. This parameter can be either a URL (see the section GIT
	   URLS	below) or the name of a	remote (see the	section	REMOTES
	   below).

       <refspec>
	   Specifies which refs	to fetch and which local refs to update. When
	   no <refspec>s appear	on the command line, the refs to fetch are
	   read	from remote.<repository>.fetch variables instead (see git-
	   fetch(1)).

	   The format of a <refspec> parameter is an optional plus +, followed
	   by the source ref <src>, followed by	a colon	:, followed by the
	   destination ref <dst>. The colon can	be omitted when	<dst> is
	   empty.

	   tag <tag> means the same as refs/tags/<tag>:refs/tags/<tag>;	it
	   requests fetching everything	up to the given	tag.

	   The remote ref that matches <src> is	fetched, and if	<dst> is not
	   empty string, the local ref that matches it is fast-forwarded using
	   <src>. If the optional plus + is used, the local ref	is updated
	   even	if it does not result in a fast-forward	update.

	       Note
	       When the	remote branch you want to fetch	is known to be rewound
	       and rebased regularly, it is expected that its new tip will not
	       be descendant of	its previous tip (as stored in your
	       remote-tracking branch the last time you	fetched). You would
	       want to use the + sign to indicate non-fast-forward updates
	       will be needed for such branches. There is no way to determine
	       or declare that a branch	will be	made available in a repository
	       with this behavior; the pulling user simply must	know this is
	       the expected usage pattern for a	branch.

	       Note
	       There is	a difference between listing multiple <refspec>
	       directly	on git pull command line and having multiple
	       remote.<repository>.fetch entries in your configuration for a
	       <repository> and	running	a git pull command without any
	       explicit	<refspec> parameters. <refspec>s listed	explicitly on
	       the command line	are always merged into the current branch
	       after fetching. In other	words, if you list more	than one
	       remote ref, git pull will create	an Octopus merge. On the other
	       hand, if	you do not list	any explicit <refspec> parameter on
	       the command line, git pull will fetch all the <refspec>s	it
	       finds in	the remote.<repository>.fetch configuration and	merge
	       only the	first <refspec>	found into the current branch. This is
	       because making an Octopus from remote refs is rarely done,
	       while keeping track of multiple remote heads in one-go by
	       fetching	more than one is often useful.

GIT URLS
       In general, URLs	contain	information about the transport	protocol, the
       address of the remote server, and the path to the repository. Depending
       on the transport	protocol, some of this information may be absent.

       Git supports ssh, git, http, and	https protocols	(in addition, ftp, and
       ftps can	be used	for fetching, but this is inefficient and deprecated;
       do not use it).

       The native transport (i.e. git:// URL) does no authentication and
       should be used with caution on unsecured	networks.

       The following syntaxes may be used with them:

       o   ssh://[user@]host.xz[:port]/path/to/repo.git/

       o   git://host.xz[:port]/path/to/repo.git/

       o   http[s]://host.xz[:port]/path/to/repo.git/

       o   ftp[s]://host.xz[:port]/path/to/repo.git/

       An alternative scp-like syntax may also be used with the	ssh protocol:

       o   [user@]host.xz:path/to/repo.git/

       This syntax is only recognized if there are no slashes before the first
       colon. This helps differentiate a local path that contains a colon. For
       example the local path foo:bar could be specified as an absolute	path
       or ./foo:bar to avoid being misinterpreted as an	ssh url.

       The ssh and git protocols additionally support ~username	expansion:

       o   ssh://[user@]host.xz[:port]/~[user]/path/to/repo.git/

       o   git://host.xz[:port]/~[user]/path/to/repo.git/

       o   [user@]host.xz:/~[user]/path/to/repo.git/

       For local repositories, also supported by Git natively, the following
       syntaxes	may be used:

       o   /path/to/repo.git/

       o   file:///path/to/repo.git/

       These two syntaxes are mostly equivalent, except	when cloning, when the
       former implies --local option. See git-clone(1) for details.

       When Git	doesn't	know how to handle a certain transport protocol, it
       attempts	to use the remote-_transport_ remote helper, if	one exists. To
       explicitly request a remote helper, the following syntax	may be used:

       o   <transport>::<address>

       where <address> may be a	path, a	server and path, or an arbitrary
       URL-like	string recognized by the specific remote helper	being invoked.
       See gitremote-helpers(1)	for details.

       If there	are a large number of similarly-named remote repositories and
       you want	to use a different format for them (such that the URLs you use
       will be rewritten into URLs that	work), you can create a	configuration
       section of the form:

		   [url	"<actual url base>"]
			   insteadOf = <other url base>

       For example, with this:

		   [url	"git://git.host.xz/"]
			   insteadOf = host.xz:/path/to/
			   insteadOf = work:

       a URL like "work:repo.git" or like "host.xz:/path/to/repo.git" will be
       rewritten in any	context	that takes a URL to be
       "git://git.host.xz/repo.git".

       If you want to rewrite URLs for push only, you can create a
       configuration section of	the form:

		   [url	"<actual url base>"]
			   pushInsteadOf = <other url base>

       For example, with this:

		   [url	"ssh://example.org/"]
			   pushInsteadOf = git://example.org/

       a URL like "git://example.org/path/to/repo.git" will be rewritten to
       "ssh://example.org/path/to/repo.git" for	pushes,	but pulls will still
       use the original	URL.

REMOTES
       The name	of one of the following	can be used instead of a URL as
       <repository> argument:

       o   a remote in the Git configuration file: $GIT_DIR/config,

       o   a file in the $GIT_DIR/remotes directory, or

       o   a file in the $GIT_DIR/branches directory.

       All of these also allow you to omit the refspec from the	command	line
       because they each contain a refspec which git will use by default.

   Named remote	in configuration file
       You can choose to provide the name of a remote which you	had previously
       configured using	git-remote(1), git-config(1) or	even by	a manual edit
       to the $GIT_DIR/config file. The	URL of this remote will	be used	to
       access the repository. The refspec of this remote will be used by
       default when you	do not provide a refspec on the	command	line. The
       entry in	the config file	would appear like this:

		   [remote "<name>"]
			   url = <url>
			   pushurl = <pushurl>
			   push	= <refspec>
			   fetch = <refspec>

       The <pushurl> is	used for pushes	only. It is optional and defaults to
       <url>.

   Named file in $GIT_DIR/remotes
       You can choose to provide the name of a file in $GIT_DIR/remotes. The
       URL in this file	will be	used to	access the repository. The refspec in
       this file will be used as default when you do not provide a refspec on
       the command line. This file should have the following format:

		   URL:	one of the above URL format
		   Push: <refspec>
		   Pull: <refspec>

       Push: lines are used by git push	and Pull: lines	are used by git	pull
       and git fetch. Multiple Push: and Pull: lines may be specified for
       additional branch mappings.

   Named file in $GIT_DIR/branches
       You can choose to provide the name of a file in $GIT_DIR/branches. The
       URL in this file	will be	used to	access the repository. This file
       should have the following format:

		   <url>#<head>

       <url> is	required; #<head> is optional.

       Depending on the	operation, git will use	one of the following refspecs,
       if you don't provide one	on the command line. <branch> is the name of
       this file in $GIT_DIR/branches and <head> defaults to master.

       git fetch uses:

		   refs/heads/<head>:refs/heads/<branch>

       git push	uses:

		   HEAD:refs/heads/<head>

MERGE STRATEGIES
       The merge mechanism (git	merge and git pull commands) allows the
       backend merge strategies	to be chosen with -s option. Some strategies
       can also	take their own options,	which can be passed by giving
       -X<option> arguments to git merge and/or	git pull.

       resolve
	   This	can only resolve two heads (i.e. the current branch and
	   another branch you pulled from) using a 3-way merge algorithm. It
	   tries to carefully detect criss-cross merge ambiguities and is
	   considered generally	safe and fast.

       recursive
	   This	can only resolve two heads using a 3-way merge algorithm. When
	   there is more than one common ancestor that can be used for 3-way
	   merge, it creates a merged tree of the common ancestors and uses
	   that	as the reference tree for the 3-way merge. This	has been
	   reported to result in fewer merge conflicts without causing
	   mismerges by	tests done on actual merge commits taken from Linux
	   2.6 kernel development history. Additionally	this can detect	and
	   handle merges involving renames. This is the	default	merge strategy
	   when	pulling	or merging one branch.

	   The recursive strategy can take the following options:

	   ours
	       This option forces conflicting hunks to be auto-resolved
	       cleanly by favoring our version.	Changes	from the other tree
	       that do not conflict with our side are reflected	to the merge
	       result. For a binary file, the entire contents are taken	from
	       our side.

	       This should not be confused with	the ours merge strategy, which
	       does not	even look at what the other tree contains at all. It
	       discards	everything the other tree did, declaring our history
	       contains	all that happened in it.

	   theirs
	       This is the opposite of ours.

	   patience
	       With this option, merge-recursive spends	a little extra time to
	       avoid mismerges that sometimes occur due	to unimportant
	       matching	lines (e.g., braces from distinct functions). Use this
	       when the	branches to be merged have diverged wildly. See	also
	       git-diff(1)--patience.

	   diff-algorithm=[patience|minimal|histogram|myers]
	       Tells merge-recursive to	use a different	diff algorithm,	which
	       can help	avoid mismerges	that occur due to unimportant matching
	       lines (such as braces from distinct functions). See also	git-
	       diff(1)--diff-algorithm.

	   ignore-space-change,	ignore-all-space, ignore-space-at-eol
	       Treats lines with the indicated type of whitespace change as
	       unchanged for the sake of a three-way merge. Whitespace changes
	       mixed with other	changes	to a line are not ignored. See also
	       git-diff(1)-b, -w, and --ignore-space-at-eol.

	       o   If their version only introduces whitespace changes to a
		   line, our version is	used;

	       o   If our version introduces whitespace	changes	but their
		   version includes a substantial change, their	version	is
		   used;

	       o   Otherwise, the merge	proceeds in the	usual way.

	   renormalize
	       This runs a virtual check-out and check-in of all three stages
	       of a file when resolving	a three-way merge. This	option is
	       meant to	be used	when merging branches with different clean
	       filters or end-of-line normalization rules. See "Merging
	       branches	with differing checkin/checkout	attributes" in
	       gitattributes(5)	for details.

	   no-renormalize
	       Disables	the renormalize	option.	This overrides the
	       merge.renormalize configuration variable.

	   no-renames
	       Turn off	rename detection. See also git-diff(1)--no-renames.

	   find-renames[=<n>]
	       Turn on rename detection, optionally setting the	similarity
	       threshold. This is the default. See also	git-
	       diff(1)--find-renames.

	   rename-threshold=<n>
	       Deprecated synonym for find-renames=<n>.

	   subtree[=<path>]
	       This option is a	more advanced form of subtree strategy,	where
	       the strategy makes a guess on how two trees must	be shifted to
	       match with each other when merging. Instead, the	specified path
	       is prefixed (or stripped	from the beginning) to make the	shape
	       of two trees to match.

       octopus
	   This	resolves cases with more than two heads, but refuses to	do a
	   complex merge that needs manual resolution. It is primarily meant
	   to be used for bundling topic branch	heads together.	This is	the
	   default merge strategy when pulling or merging more than one
	   branch.

       ours
	   This	resolves any number of heads, but the resulting	tree of	the
	   merge is always that	of the current branch head, effectively
	   ignoring all	changes	from all other branches. It is meant to	be
	   used	to supersede old development history of	side branches. Note
	   that	this is	different from the -Xours option to the	recursive
	   merge strategy.

       subtree
	   This	is a modified recursive	strategy. When merging trees A and B,
	   if B	corresponds to a subtree of A, B is first adjusted to match
	   the tree structure of A, instead of reading the trees at the	same
	   level. This adjustment is also done to the common ancestor tree.

       With the	strategies that	use 3-way merge	(including the default,
       recursive), if a	change is made on both branches, but later reverted on
       one of the branches, that change	will be	present	in the merged result;
       some people find	this behavior confusing. It occurs because only	the
       heads and the merge base	are considered when performing a merge,	not
       the individual commits. The merge algorithm therefore considers the
       reverted	change as no change at all, and	substitutes the	changed
       version instead.

DEFAULT	BEHAVIOUR
       Often people use	git pull without giving	any parameter. Traditionally,
       this has	been equivalent	to saying git pull origin. However, when
       configuration branch.<name>.remote is present while on branch <name>,
       that value is used instead of origin.

       In order	to determine what URL to use to	fetch from, the	value of the
       configuration remote.<origin>.url is consulted and if there is not any
       such variable, the value	on the URL: line in $GIT_DIR/remotes/<origin>
       is used.

       In order	to determine what remote branches to fetch (and	optionally
       store in	the remote-tracking branches) when the command is run without
       any refspec parameters on the command line, values of the configuration
       variable	remote.<origin>.fetch are consulted, and if there aren't any,
       $GIT_DIR/remotes/<origin> is consulted and its Pull: lines are used. In
       addition	to the refspec formats described in the	OPTIONS	section, you
       can have	a globbing refspec that	looks like this:

	   refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*

       A globbing refspec must have a non-empty	RHS (i.e. must store what were
       fetched in remote-tracking branches), and its LHS and RHS must end with
       /*. The above specifies that all	remote branches	are tracked using
       remote-tracking branches	in refs/remotes/origin/	hierarchy under	the
       same name.

       The rule	to determine which remote branch to merge after	fetching is a
       bit involved, in	order not to break backward compatibility.

       If explicit refspecs were given on the command line of git pull,	they
       are all merged.

       When no refspec was given on the	command	line, then git pull uses the
       refspec from the	configuration or $GIT_DIR/remotes/<origin>. In such
       cases, the following rules apply:

	1. If branch.<name>.merge configuration	for the	current	branch <name>
	   exists, that	is the name of the branch at the remote	site that is
	   merged.

	2. If the refspec is a globbing	one, nothing is	merged.

	3. Otherwise the remote	branch of the first refspec is merged.

EXAMPLES
       o   Update the remote-tracking branches for the repository you cloned
	   from, then merge one	of them	into your current branch:

	       $ git pull
	       $ git pull origin

	   Normally the	branch merged in is the	HEAD of	the remote repository,
	   but the choice is determined	by the branch.<name>.remote and
	   branch.<name>.merge options;	see git-config(1) for details.

       o   Merge into the current branch the remote branch next:

	       $ git pull origin next

	   This	leaves a copy of next temporarily in FETCH_HEAD, but does not
	   update any remote-tracking branches.	Using remote-tracking
	   branches, the same can be done by invoking fetch and	merge:

	       $ git fetch origin
	       $ git merge origin/next

       If you tried a pull which resulted in complex conflicts and would want
       to start	over, you can recover with git reset.

SECURITY
       The fetch and push protocols are	not designed to	prevent	one side from
       stealing	data from the other repository that was	not intended to	be
       shared. If you have private data	that you need to protect from a
       malicious peer, your best option	is to store it in another repository.
       This applies to both clients and	servers. In particular,	namespaces on
       a server	are not	effective for read access control; you should only
       grant read access to a namespace	to clients that	you would trust	with
       read access to the entire repository.

       The known attack	vectors	are as follows:

	1. The victim sends "have" lines advertising the IDs of	objects	it has
	   that	are not	explicitly intended to be shared but can be used to
	   optimize the	transfer if the	peer also has them. The	attacker
	   chooses an object ID	X to steal and sends a ref to X, but isn't
	   required to send the	content	of X because the victim	already	has
	   it. Now the victim believes that the	attacker has X,	and it sends
	   the content of X back to the	attacker later.	(This attack is	most
	   straightforward for a client	to perform on a	server,	by creating a
	   ref to X in the namespace the client	has access to and then
	   fetching it.	The most likely	way for	a server to perform it on a
	   client is to	"merge"	X into a public	branch and hope	that the user
	   does	additional work	on this	branch and pushes it back to the
	   server without noticing the merge.)

	2. As in #1, the attacker chooses an object ID X to steal. The victim
	   sends an object Y that the attacker already has, and	the attacker
	   falsely claims to have X and	not Y, so the victim sends Y as	a
	   delta against X. The	delta reveals regions of X that	are similar to
	   Y to	the attacker.

BUGS
       Using --recurse-submodules can only fetch new commits in	already
       checked out submodules right now. When e.g. upstream added a new
       submodule in the	just fetched commits of	the superproject the submodule
       itself can not be fetched, making it impossible to check	out that
       submodule later without having to do a fetch again. This	is expected to
       be fixed	in a future Git	version.

SEE ALSO
       git-fetch(1), git-merge(1), git-config(1)

GIT
       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 2.13.2			  06/24/2017			   GIT-PULL(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | GIT URLS | REMOTES | MERGE STRATEGIES | DEFAULT BEHAVIOUR | EXAMPLES | SECURITY | BUGS | SEE ALSO | GIT

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