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GIT-BUNDLE(1)			  Git Manual			 GIT-BUNDLE(1)

       git-bundle - Move objects and refs by archive

       git bundle create [-q | --quiet | --progress | --all-progress] [--all-progress-implied] <file> <git-rev-list-args>
       git bundle verify [-q | --quiet]	<file>
       git bundle list-heads <file> [<refname>...]
       git bundle unbundle <file> [<refname>...]

       Some workflows require that one or more branches	of development on one
       machine be replicated on	another	machine, but the two machines cannot
       be directly connected, and therefore the	interactive Git	protocols
       (git, ssh, http)	cannot be used.

       The git bundle command packages objects and references in an archive at
       the originating machine,	which can then be imported into	another
       repository using	git fetch, git pull, or	git clone, after moving	the
       archive by some means (e.g., by sneakernet).

       As no direct connection between the repositories	exists,	the user must
       specify a basis for the bundle that is held by the destination
       repository: the bundle assumes that all objects in the basis are
       already in the destination repository.

       create [options]	<file> <git-rev-list-args>
	   Used	to create a bundle named file. This requires the
	   _git-rev-list-args_ arguments to define the bundle contents.
	   options contains the	options	specific to the	git bundle create

       verify <file>
	   Used	to check that a	bundle file is valid and will apply cleanly to
	   the current repository. This	includes checks	on the bundle format
	   itself as well as checking that the prerequisite commits exist and
	   are fully linked in the current repository.	git bundle prints a
	   list	of missing commits, if any, and	exits with a non-zero status.

       list-heads <file>
	   Lists the references	defined	in the bundle. If followed by a	list
	   of references, only references matching those given are printed

       unbundle	<file>
	   Passes the objects in the bundle to git index-pack for storage in
	   the repository, then	prints the names of all	defined	references. If
	   a list of references	is given, only references matching those in
	   the list are	printed. This command is really	plumbing, intended to
	   be called only by git fetch.

	   A list of arguments,	acceptable to git rev-parse and	git rev-list
	   (and	containing a named ref,	see SPECIFYING REFERENCES below), that
	   specifies the specific objects and references to transport. For
	   example, master~10..master causes the current master	reference to
	   be packaged along with all objects added since its 10th ancestor
	   commit. There is no explicit	limit to the number of references and
	   objects that	may be packaged.

	   A list of references	used to	limit the references reported as
	   available. This is principally of use to git	fetch, which expects
	   to receive only those references asked for and not necessarily
	   everything in the pack (in this case, git bundle acts like git

	   Progress status is reported on the standard error stream by default
	   when	it is attached to a terminal, unless -q	is specified. This
	   flag	forces progress	status even if the standard error stream is
	   not directed	to a terminal.

	   When	--stdout is specified then progress report is displayed	during
	   the object count and	compression phases but inhibited during	the
	   write-out phase. The	reason is that in some cases the output	stream
	   is directly linked to another command which may wish	to display
	   progress status of its own as it processes incoming pack data. This
	   flag	is like	--progress except that it forces progress report for
	   the write-out phase as well even if --stdout	is used.

	   This	is used	to imply --all-progress	whenever progress display is
	   activated. Unlike --all-progress this flag doesn't actually force
	   any progress	display	by itself.

       -q, --quiet
	   This	flag makes the command not to report its progress on the
	   standard error stream.

       git bundle will only package references that are	shown by git show-ref:
       this includes heads, tags, and remote heads. References such as
       master~1	cannot be packaged, but	are perfectly suitable for defining
       the basis. More than one	reference may be packaged, and more than one
       basis can be specified. The objects packaged are	those not contained in
       the union of the	given bases. Each basis	can be specified explicitly
       (e.g. ^master~10), or implicitly	(e.g. master~10..master,
       --since=10.days.ago master).

       It is very important that the basis used	be held	by the destination. It
       is okay to err on the side of caution, causing the bundle file to
       contain objects already in the destination, as these are	ignored	when
       unpacking at the	destination.

       git clone can use any bundle created without negative refspecs (e.g.,
       new, but	not If you want to match git	clone --mirror,	which
       would include your refs such as refs/remotes/*, use --all. If you want
       to provide the same set of refs that a clone directly from the source
       repository would	get, use --branches --tags for the

       Assume you want to transfer the history from a repository R1 on machine
       A to another repository R2 on machine B.	For whatever reason, direct
       connection between A and	B is not allowed, but we can move data from A
       to B via	some mechanism (CD, email, etc.). We want to update R2 with
       development made	on the branch master in	R1.

       To bootstrap the	process, you can first create a	bundle that does not
       have any	basis. You can use a tag to remember up	to what	commit you
       last processed, in order	to make	it easy	to later update	the other
       repository with an incremental bundle:

	   machineA$ cd	R1
	   machineA$ git bundle	create file.bundle master
	   machineA$ git tag -f	lastR2bundle master

       Then you	transfer file.bundle to	the target machine B. Because this
       bundle does not require any existing object to be extracted, you	can
       create a	new repository on machine B by cloning from it:

	   machineB$ git clone -b master /home/me/tmp/file.bundle R2

       This will define	a remote called	"origin" in the	resulting repository
       that lets you fetch and pull from the bundle. The $GIT_DIR/config file
       in R2 will have an entry	like this:

	   [remote "origin"]
	       url = /home/me/tmp/file.bundle
	       fetch = refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*

       To update the resulting mine.git	repository, you	can fetch or pull
       after replacing the bundle stored at /home/me/tmp/file.bundle with
       incremental updates.

       After working some more in the original repository, you can create an
       incremental bundle to update the	other repository:

	   machineA$ cd	R1
	   machineA$ git bundle	create file.bundle lastR2bundle..master
	   machineA$ git tag -f	lastR2bundle master

       You then	transfer the bundle to the other machine to replace
       /home/me/tmp/file.bundle, and pull from it.

	   machineB$ cd	R2
	   machineB$ git pull

       If you know up to what commit the intended recipient repository should
       have the	necessary objects, you can use that knowledge to specify the
       basis, giving a cut-off point to	limit the revisions and	objects	that
       go in the resulting bundle. The previous	example	used the lastR2bundle
       tag for this purpose, but you can use any other options that you	would
       give to the git-log(1) command. Here are	more examples:

       You can use a tag that is present in both:

	   $ git bundle	create mybundle	v1.0.0..master

       You can use a basis based on time:

	   $ git bundle	create mybundle	--since=10.days	master

       You can use the number of commits:

	   $ git bundle	create mybundle	-10 master

       You can run git-bundle verify to	see if you can extract from a bundle
       that was	created	with a basis:

	   $ git bundle	verify mybundle

       This will list what commits you must have in order to extract from the
       bundle and will error out if you	do not have them.

       A bundle	from a recipient repository's point of view is just like a
       regular repository which	it fetches or pulls from. You can, for
       example,	map references when fetching:

	   $ git fetch mybundle	master:localRef

       You can also see	what references	it offers:

	   $ git ls-remote mybundle

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 2.28.0			  07/26/2020			 GIT-BUNDLE(1)


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