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GIT-BRANCH(1)			  Git Manual			 GIT-BRANCH(1)

NAME
       git-branch - List, create, or delete branches

SYNOPSIS
       git branch [--color[=<when>] | --no-color] [--show-current]
	       [-v [--abbrev=<length> |	--no-abbrev]]
	       [--column[=<options>] | --no-column] [--sort=<key>]
	       [(--merged | --no-merged) [<commit>]]
	       [--contains [<commit>]] [--no-contains [<commit>]]
	       [--points-at <object>] [--format=<format>]
	       [(-r | --remotes) | (-a | --all)]
	       [--list]	[<pattern>...]
       git branch [--track | --no-track] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
       git branch (--set-upstream-to=<upstream>	| -u <upstream>) [<branchname>]
       git branch --unset-upstream [<branchname>]
       git branch (-m |	-M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
       git branch (-c |	-C) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
       git branch (-d |	-D) [-r] <branchname>...
       git branch --edit-description [<branchname>]

DESCRIPTION
       If --list is given, or if there are no non-option arguments, existing
       branches	are listed; the	current	branch will be highlighted in green
       and marked with an asterisk. Any	branches checked out in	linked
       worktrees will be highlighted in	cyan and marked	with a plus sign.
       Option -r causes	the remote-tracking branches to	be listed, and option
       -a shows	both local and remote branches.

       If a <pattern> is given,	it is used as a	shell wildcard to restrict the
       output to matching branches. If multiple	patterns are given, a branch
       is shown	if it matches any of the patterns.

       Note that when providing	a <pattern>, you must use --list; otherwise
       the command may be interpreted as branch	creation.

       With --contains,	shows only the branches	that contain the named commit
       (in other words,	the branches whose tip commits are descendants of the
       named commit), --no-contains inverts it.	With --merged, only branches
       merged into the named commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are
       reachable from the named	commit)	will be	listed.	With --no-merged only
       branches	not merged into	the named commit will be listed. If the
       <commit>	argument is missing it defaults	to HEAD	(i.e. the tip of the
       current branch).

       The command's second form creates a new branch head named <branchname>
       which points to the current HEAD, or <start-point> if given. As a
       special case, for <start-point>,	you may	use "A...B" as a shortcut for
       the merge base of A and B if there is exactly one merge base. You can
       leave out at most one of	A and B, in which case it defaults to HEAD.

       Note that this will create the new branch, but it will not switch the
       working tree to it; use "git switch <newbranch>"	to switch to the new
       branch.

       When a local branch is started off a remote-tracking branch, Git	sets
       up the branch (specifically the branch.<name>.remote and
       branch.<name>.merge configuration entries) so that git pull will
       appropriately merge from	the remote-tracking branch. This behavior may
       be changed via the global branch.autoSetupMerge configuration flag.
       That setting can	be overridden by using the --track and --no-track
       options,	and changed later using	git branch --set-upstream-to.

       With a -m or -M option, <oldbranch> will	be renamed to <newbranch>. If
       <oldbranch> had a corresponding reflog, it is renamed to	match
       <newbranch>, and	a reflog entry is created to remember the branch
       renaming. If <newbranch>	exists,	-M must	be used	to force the rename to
       happen.

       The -c and -C options have the exact same semantics as -m and -M,
       except instead of the branch being renamed it along with	its config and
       reflog will be copied to	a new name.

       With a -d or -D option, <branchname> will be deleted. You may specify
       more than one branch for	deletion. If the branch	currently has a	reflog
       then the	reflog will also be deleted.

       Use -r together with -d to delete remote-tracking branches. Note, that
       it only makes sense to delete remote-tracking branches if they no
       longer exist in the remote repository or	if git fetch was configured
       not to fetch them again.	See also the prune subcommand of git-remote(1)
       for a way to clean up all obsolete remote-tracking branches.

OPTIONS
       -d, --delete
	   Delete a branch. The	branch must be fully merged in its upstream
	   branch, or in HEAD if no upstream was set with --track or
	   --set-upstream-to.

       -D
	   Shortcut for	--delete --force.

       --create-reflog
	   Create the branch's reflog. This activates recording	of all changes
	   made	to the branch ref, enabling use	of date	based sha1 expressions
	   such	as "<branchname>@{yesterday}". Note that in non-bare
	   repositories, reflogs are usually enabled by	default	by the
	   core.logAllRefUpdates config	option.	The negated form
	   --no-create-reflog only overrides an	earlier	--create-reflog, but
	   currently does not negate the setting of core.logAllRefUpdates.

       -f, --force
	   Reset <branchname> to <startpoint>, even if <branchname> exists
	   already. Without -f,	git branch refuses to change an	existing
	   branch. In combination with -d (or --delete), allow deleting	the
	   branch irrespective of its merged status. In	combination with -m
	   (or --move),	allow renaming the branch even if the new branch name
	   already exists, the same applies for	-c (or --copy).

       -m, --move
	   Move/rename a branch	and the	corresponding reflog.

       -M
	   Shortcut for	--move --force.

       -c, --copy
	   Copy	a branch and the corresponding reflog.

       -C
	   Shortcut for	--copy --force.

       --color[=<when>]
	   Color branches to highlight current,	local, and remote-tracking
	   branches. The value must be always (the default), never, or auto.

       --no-color
	   Turn	off branch colors, even	when the configuration file gives the
	   default to color output. Same as --color=never.

       -i, --ignore-case
	   Sorting and filtering branches are case insensitive.

       --column[=<options>], --no-column
	   Display branch listing in columns. See configuration	variable
	   column.branch for option syntax.--column and	--no-column without
	   options are equivalent to always and	never respectively.

	   This	option is only applicable in non-verbose mode.

       -r, --remotes
	   List	or delete (if used with	-d) the	remote-tracking	branches.
	   Combine with	--list to match	the optional pattern(s).

       -a, --all
	   List	both remote-tracking branches and local	branches. Combine with
	   --list to match optional pattern(s).

       -l, --list
	   List	branches. With optional	<pattern>..., e.g.  git	branch --list
	   'maint-*', list only	the branches that match	the pattern(s).

       --show-current
	   Print the name of the current branch. In detached HEAD state,
	   nothing is printed.

       -v, -vv,	--verbose
	   When	in list	mode, show sha1	and commit subject line	for each head,
	   along with relationship to upstream branch (if any).	If given
	   twice, print	the path of the	linked worktree	(if any) and the name
	   of the upstream branch, as well (see	also git remote	show
	   <remote>). Note that	the current worktree's HEAD will not have its
	   path	printed	(it will always	be your	current	directory).

       -q, --quiet
	   Be more quiet when creating or deleting a branch, suppressing
	   non-error messages.

       --abbrev=<length>
	   Alter the sha1's minimum display length in the output listing. The
	   default value is 7 and can be overridden by the core.abbrev config
	   option.

       --no-abbrev
	   Display the full sha1s in the output	listing	rather than
	   abbreviating	them.

       -t, --track
	   When	creating a new branch, set up branch.<name>.remote and
	   branch.<name>.merge configuration entries to	mark the start-point
	   branch as "upstream"	from the new branch. This configuration	will
	   tell	git to show the	relationship between the two branches in git
	   status and git branch -v. Furthermore, it directs git pull without
	   arguments to	pull from the upstream when the	new branch is checked
	   out.

	   This	behavior is the	default	when the start point is	a
	   remote-tracking branch. Set the branch.autoSetupMerge configuration
	   variable to false if	you want git switch, git checkout and git
	   branch to always behave as if --no-track were given.	Set it to
	   always if you want this behavior when the start-point is either a
	   local or remote-tracking branch.

       --no-track
	   Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even	if the
	   branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable	is true.

       --set-upstream
	   As this option had confusing	syntax,	it is no longer	supported.
	   Please use --track or --set-upstream-to instead.

       -u <upstream>, --set-upstream-to=<upstream>
	   Set up <branchname>'s tracking information so <upstream> is
	   considered <branchname>'s upstream branch. If no <branchname> is
	   specified, then it defaults to the current branch.

       --unset-upstream
	   Remove the upstream information for <branchname>. If	no branch is
	   specified it	defaults to the	current	branch.

       --edit-description
	   Open	an editor and edit the text to explain what the	branch is for,
	   to be used by various other commands	(e.g.  format-patch,
	   request-pull, and merge (if enabled)). Multi-line explanations may
	   be used.

       --contains [<commit>]
	   Only	list branches which contain the	specified commit (HEAD if not
	   specified). Implies --list.

       --no-contains [<commit>]
	   Only	list branches which don't contain the specified	commit (HEAD
	   if not specified). Implies --list.

       --merged	[<commit>]
	   Only	list branches whose tips are reachable from the	specified
	   commit (HEAD	if not specified). Implies --list, incompatible	with
	   --no-merged.

       --no-merged [<commit>]
	   Only	list branches whose tips are not reachable from	the specified
	   commit (HEAD	if not specified). Implies --list, incompatible	with
	   --merged.

       <branchname>
	   The name of the branch to create or delete. The new branch name
	   must	pass all checks	defined	by git-check-ref-format(1). Some of
	   these checks	may restrict the characters allowed in a branch	name.

       <start-point>
	   The new branch head will point to this commit. It may be given as a
	   branch name,	a commit-id, or	a tag. If this option is omitted, the
	   current HEAD	will be	used instead.

       <oldbranch>
	   The name of an existing branch to rename.

       <newbranch>
	   The new name	for an existing	branch.	The same restrictions as for
	   <branchname>	apply.

       --sort=<key>
	   Sort	based on the key given.	Prefix - to sort in descending order
	   of the value. You may use the --sort=<key> option multiple times,
	   in which case the last key becomes the primary key. The keys
	   supported are the same as those in git for-each-ref.	Sort order
	   defaults to the value configured for	the branch.sort	variable if
	   exists, or to sorting based on the full refname (including refs/...
	   prefix). This lists detached	HEAD (if present) first, then local
	   branches and	finally	remote-tracking	branches. See git-config(1).

       --points-at <object>
	   Only	list branches of the given object.

       --format	<format>
	   A string that interpolates %(fieldname) from	a branch ref being
	   shown and the object	it points at. The format is the	same as	that
	   of git-for-each-ref(1).

CONFIGURATION
       pager.branch is only respected when listing branches, i.e., when	--list
       is used or implied. The default is to use a pager. See git-config(1).

EXAMPLES
       Start development from a	known tag

	       $ git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/.../linux-2.6 my2.6
	       $ cd my2.6
	       $ git branch my2.6.14 v2.6.14   (1)
	       $ git switch my2.6.14

	   1. This step	and the	next one could be combined into	a single step
	   with	"checkout -b my2.6.14 v2.6.14".

       Delete an unneeded branch

	       $ git clone git://git.kernel.org/.../git.git my.git
	       $ cd my.git
	       $ git branch -d -r origin/todo origin/html origin/man   (1)
	       $ git branch -D test				       (2)

	   1. Delete the remote-tracking branches "todo", "html" and "man".
	   The next fetch or pull will create them again unless	you configure
	   them	not to.	See git-fetch(1).
	   2. Delete the "test"	branch even if the "master" branch (or
	   whichever branch is currently checked out) does not have all
	   commits from	the test branch.

       Listing branches	from a specific	remote

	       $ git branch -r -l '<remote>/<pattern>'		       (1)
	       $ git for-each-ref 'refs/remotes/<remote>/<pattern>'    (2)

	   1. Using -a would conflate <remote> with any	local branches you
	   happen to have been prefixed	with the same <remote> pattern.
	   2. for-each-ref can take a wide range of options. See git-for-each-
	   ref(1)

       Patterns	will normally need quoting.

NOTES
       If you are creating a branch that you want to switch to immediately, it
       is easier to use	the "git switch" command with its -c option to do the
       same thing with a single	command.

       The options --contains, --no-contains, --merged and --no-merged serve
       four related but	different purposes:

       o   --contains <commit> is used to find all branches which will need
	   special attention if	<commit> were to be rebased or amended,	since
	   those branches contain the specified	<commit>.

       o   --no-contains <commit> is the inverse of that, i.e. branches	that
	   don't contain the specified <commit>.

       o   --merged is used to find all	branches which can be safely deleted,
	   since those branches	are fully contained by HEAD.

       o   --no-merged is used to find branches	which are candidates for
	   merging into	HEAD, since those branches are not fully contained by
	   HEAD.

SEE ALSO
       git-check-ref-format(1),	git-fetch(1), git-remote(1), "Understanding
       history:	What is	a branch?"[1] in the Git User's	Manual.

GIT
       Part of the git(1) suite

NOTES
	1. "Understanding history: What	is a branch?"
	   git-htmldocs/user-manual.html#what-is-a-branch

Git 2.28.0			  07/26/2020			 GIT-BRANCH(1)

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | CONFIGURATION | EXAMPLES | NOTES | SEE ALSO | GIT | NOTES

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