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GFDL(7)				      GNU			       GFDL(7)

NAME
       gfdl - GNU Free Documentation License

DESCRIPTION
       GNU Free	Documentation License

       Version 1.2, November 2002

	       Copyright (c) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
	       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,	Boston,	MA  02110-1301,	USA

	       Everyone	is permitted to	copy and distribute verbatim copies
	       of this license document, but changing it is not	allowed.

       0.  PREAMBLE

	   The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
	   functional and useful document free in the sense of freedom:	to as-
	   sure	everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute	it,
	   with	or without modifying it, either	commercially or	noncommer-
	   cially.  Secondarily, this License preserves	for the	author and
	   publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being con-
	   sidered responsible for modifications made by others.

	   This	License	is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
	   works of the	document must themselves be free in the	same sense.
	   It complements the GNU General Public License, which	is a copyleft
	   license designed for	free software.

	   We have designed this License in order to use it for	manuals	for
	   free	software, because free software	needs free documentation: a
	   free	program	should come with manuals providing the same freedoms
	   that	the software does.  But	this License is	not limited to soft-
	   ware	manuals; it can	be used	for any	textual	work, regardless of
	   subject matter or whether it	is published as	a printed book.	 We
	   recommend this License principally for works	whose purpose is in-
	   struction or	reference.

       1.  APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS

	   This	License	applies	to any manual or other work, in	any medium,
	   that	contains a notice placed by the	copyright holder saying	it can
	   be distributed under	the terms of this License.  Such a notice
	   grants a world-wide,	royalty-free license, unlimited	in duration,
	   to use that work under the conditions stated	herein.	 The "Docu-
	   ment", below, refers	to any such manual or work.  Any member	of the
	   public is a licensee, and is	addressed as "you".  You accept	the
	   license if you copy,	modify or distribute the work in a way requir-
	   ing permission under	copyright law.

	   A "Modified Version"	of the Document	means any work containing the
	   Document or a portion of it,	either copied verbatim,	or with	modi-
	   fications and/or translated into another language.

	   A "Secondary	Section" is a named appendix or	a front-matter section
	   of the Document that	deals exclusively with the relationship	of the
	   publishers or authors of the	Document to the	Document's overall
	   subject (or to related matters) and contains	nothing	that could
	   fall	directly within	that overall subject.  (Thus, if the Document
	   is in part a	textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not
	   explain any mathematics.)  The relationship could be	a matter of
	   historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or
	   of legal, commercial, philosophical,	ethical	or political position
	   regarding them.

	   The "Invariant Sections" are	certain	Secondary Sections whose ti-
	   tles	are designated,	as being those of Invariant Sections, in the
	   notice that says that the Document is released under	this License.
	   If a	section	does not fit the above definition of Secondary then it
	   is not allowed to be	designated as Invariant.  The Document may
	   contain zero	Invariant Sections.  If	the Document does not identify
	   any Invariant Sections then there are none.

	   The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages	of text	that are
	   listed, as Front-Cover Texts	or Back-Cover Texts, in	the notice
	   that	says that the Document is released under this License.	A
	   Front-Cover Text may	be at most 5 words, and	a Back-Cover Text may
	   be at most 25 words.

	   A "Transparent" copy	of the Document	means a	machine-readable copy,
	   represented in a format whose specification is available to the
	   general public, that	is suitable for	revising the document
	   straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed
	   of pixels) generic paint programs or	(for drawings) some widely
	   available drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text
	   formatters or for automatic translation to a	variety	of formats
	   suitable for	input to text formatters.  A copy made in an otherwise
	   Transparent file format whose markup, or absence of markup, has
	   been	arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent modification by
	   readers is not Transparent.	An image format	is not Transparent if
	   used	for any	substantial amount of text.  A copy that is not
	   "Transparent" is called "Opaque".

	   Examples of suitable	formats	for Transparent	copies include plain
	   ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format,
	   @acronym{SGML} or @acronym{XML} using a publicly available @acro-
	   nym{DTD}, and standard-conforming simple @acronym{HTML}, PostScript
	   or @acronym{PDF} designed for human modification.  Examples of
	   transparent image formats include @acronym{PNG}, @acronym{XCF} and
	   @acronym{JPG}.  Opaque formats include proprietary formats that can
	   be read and edited only by proprietary word processors, @acro-
	   nym{SGML} or	@acronym{XML} for which	the @acronym{DTD} and/or pro-
	   cessing tools are not generally available, and the machine-gener-
	   ated	@acronym{HTML},	PostScript or @acronym{PDF} produced by	some
	   word	processors for output purposes only.

	   The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
	   plus	such following pages as	are needed to hold, legibly, the mate-
	   rial	this License requires to appear	in the title page.  For	works
	   in formats which do not have	any title page as such,	"Title Page"
	   means the text near the most	prominent appearance of	the work's ti-
	   tle,	preceding the beginning	of the body of the text.

	   A section "Entitled XYZ" means a named subunit of the Document
	   whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses
	   following text that translates XYZ in another language.  (Here XYZ
	   stands for a	specific section name mentioned	below, such as "Ac-
	   knowledgements", "Dedications", "Endorsements", or "History".)  To
	   "Preserve the Title"	of such	a section when you modify the Document
	   means that it remains a section "Entitled XYZ" according to this
	   definition.

	   The Document	may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice
	   which states	that this License applies to the Document.  These War-
	   ranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference	in
	   this	License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other
	   implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have	is void	and
	   has no effect on the	meaning	of this	License.

       2.  VERBATIM COPYING

	   You may copy	and distribute the Document in any medium, either com-
	   mercially or	noncommercially, provided that this License, the copy-
	   right notices, and the license notice saying	this License applies
	   to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no
	   other conditions whatsoever to those	of this	License.  You may not
	   use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or	fur-
	   ther	copying	of the copies you make or distribute.  However,	you
	   may accept compensation in exchange for copies.  If you distribute
	   a large enough number of copies you must also follow	the conditions
	   in section 3.

	   You may also	lend copies, under the same conditions stated above,
	   and you may publicly	display	copies.

       3.  COPYING IN QUANTITY

	   If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly
	   have	printed	covers)	of the Document, numbering more	than 100, and
	   the Document's license notice requires Cover	Texts, you must	en-
	   close the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all
	   these Cover Texts: Front-Cover Texts	on the front cover, and	Back-
	   Cover Texts on the back cover.  Both	covers must also clearly and
	   legibly identify you	as the publisher of these copies.  The front
	   cover must present the full title with all words of the title
	   equally prominent and visible.  You may add other material on the
	   covers in addition.	Copying	with changes limited to	the covers, as
	   long	as they	preserve the title of the Document and satisfy these
	   conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in other respects.

	   If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to	fit
	   legibly, you	should put the first ones listed (as many as fit rea-
	   sonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
	   pages.

	   If you publish or distribute	Opaque copies of the Document number-
	   ing more than 100, you must either include a	machine-readable
	   Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or	with
	   each	Opaque copy a computer-network location	from which the general
	   network-using public	has access to download using public-standard
	   network protocols a complete	Transparent copy of the	Document, free
	   of added material.  If you use the latter option, you must take
	   reasonably prudent steps, when you begin distribution of Opaque
	   copies in quantity, to ensure that this Transparent copy will re-
	   main	thus accessible	at the stated location until at	least one year
	   after the last time you distribute an Opaque	copy (directly or
	   through your	agents or retailers) of	that edition to	the public.

	   It is requested, but	not required, that you contact the authors of
	   the Document	well before redistributing any large number of copies,
	   to give them	a chance to provide you	with an	updated	version	of the
	   Document.

       4.  MODIFICATIONS

	   You may copy	and distribute a Modified Version of the Document un-
	   der the conditions of sections 2 and	3 above, provided that you re-
	   lease the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the
	   Modified Version filling the	role of	the Document, thus licensing
	   distribution	and modification of the	Modified Version to whoever
	   possesses a copy of it.  In addition, you must do these things in
	   the Modified	Version:

	   A.  Use in the Title	Page (and on the covers, if any) a title dis-
	       tinct from that of the Document,	and from those of previous
	       versions	(which should, if there	were any, be listed in the
	       History section of the Document).  You may use the same title
	       as a previous version if	the original publisher of that version
	       gives permission.

	   B.  List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or en-
	       tities responsible for authorship of the	modifications in the
	       Modified	Version, together with at least	five of	the principal
	       authors of the Document (all of its principal authors, if it
	       has fewer than five), unless they release you from this re-
	       quirement.

	   C.  State on	the Title page the name	of the publisher of the	Modi-
	       fied Version, as	the publisher.

	   D.  Preserve	all the	copyright notices of the Document.

	   E.  Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications ad-
	       jacent to the other copyright notices.

	   F.  Include,	immediately after the copyright	notices, a license no-
	       tice giving the public permission to use	the Modified Version
	       under the terms of this License,	in the form shown in the Ad-
	       dendum below.

	   G.  Preserve	in that	license	notice the full	lists of Invariant
	       Sections	and required Cover Texts given in the Document's li-
	       cense notice.

	   H.  Include an unaltered copy of this License.

	   I.  Preserve	the section Entitled "History",	Preserve its Title,
	       and add to it an	item stating at	least the title, year, new au-
	       thors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on	the
	       Title Page.  If there is	no section Entitled "History" in the
	       Document, create	one stating the	title, year, authors, and pub-
	       lisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an
	       item describing the Modified Version as stated in the previous
	       sentence.

	   J.  Preserve	the network location, if any, given in the Document
	       for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document,	and
	       likewise	the network locations given in the Document for	previ-
	       ous versions it was based on.  These may	be placed in the "His-
	       tory" section.  You may omit a network location for a work that
	       was published at	least four years before	the Document itself,
	       or if the original publisher of the version it refers to	gives
	       permission.

	   K.  For any section Entitled	"Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
	       Preserve	the Title of the section, and preserve in the section
	       all the substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowl-
	       edgements and/or	dedications given therein.

	   L.  Preserve	all the	Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered
	       in their	text and in their titles.  Section numbers or the
	       equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.

	   M.  Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements".  Such a section may
	       not be included in the Modified Version.

	   N.  Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled "Endorse-
	       ments" or to conflict in	title with any Invariant Section.

	   O.  Preserve	any Warranty Disclaimers.

	   If the Modified Version includes new	front-matter sections or ap-
	   pendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material
	   copied from the Document, you may at	your option designate some or
	   all of these	sections as invariant.	To do this, add	their titles
	   to the list of Invariant Sections in	the Modified Version's license
	   notice.  These titles must be distinct from any other section ti-
	   tles.

	   You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
	   nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by	various	par-
	   ties---for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
	   been	approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of
	   a standard.

	   You may add a passage of up to five words as	a Front-Cover Text,
	   and a passage of up to 25 words as a	Back-Cover Text, to the	end of
	   the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one passage
	   of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
	   through arrangements	made by) any one entity.  If the Document al-
	   ready includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by
	   you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting	on be-
	   half	of, you	may not	add another; but you may replace the old one,
	   on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the
	   old one.

	   The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this Li-
	   cense give permission to use	their names for	publicity for or to
	   assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.

       5.  COMBINING DOCUMENTS

	   You may combine the Document	with other documents released under
	   this	License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for	modi-
	   fied	versions, provided that	you include in the combination all of
	   the Invariant Sections of all of the	original documents, unmodi-
	   fied, and list them all as Invariant	Sections of your combined work
	   in its license notice, and that you preserve	all their Warranty
	   Disclaimers.

	   The combined	work need only contain one copy	of this	License, and
	   multiple identical Invariant	Sections may be	replaced with a	single
	   copy.  If there are multiple	Invariant Sections with	the same name
	   but different contents, make	the title of each such section unique
	   by adding at	the end	of it, in parentheses, the name	of the origi-
	   nal author or publisher of that section if known, or	else a unique
	   number.  Make the same adjustment to	the section titles in the list
	   of Invariant	Sections in the	license	notice of the combined work.

	   In the combination, you must	combine	any sections Entitled "His-
	   tory" in the	various	original documents, forming one	section	Enti-
	   tled	"History"; likewise combine any	sections Entitled "Acknowl-
	   edgements", and any sections	Entitled "Dedications".	 You must
	   delete all sections Entitled	"Endorsements."

       6.  COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS

	   You may make	a collection consisting	of the Document	and other doc-
	   uments released under this License, and replace the individual
	   copies of this License in the various documents with	a single copy
	   that	is included in the collection, provided	that you follow	the
	   rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents
	   in all other	respects.

	   You may extract a single document from such a collection, and dis-
	   tribute it individually under this License, provided	you insert a
	   copy	of this	License	into the extracted document, and follow	this
	   License in all other	respects regarding verbatim copying of that
	   document.

       7.  AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT	WORKS

	   A compilation of the	Document or its	derivatives with other sepa-
	   rate	and independent	documents or works, in or on a volume of a
	   storage or distribution medium, is called an	"aggregate" if the
	   copyright resulting from the	compilation is not used	to limit the
	   legal rights	of the compilation's users beyond what the individual
	   works permit.  When the Document is included	in an aggregate, this
	   License does	not apply to the other works in	the aggregate which
	   are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

	   If the Cover	Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
	   copies of the Document, then	if the Document	is less	than one half
	   of the entire aggregate, the	Document's Cover Texts may be placed
	   on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or	the
	   electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic
	   form.  Otherwise they must appear on	printed	covers that bracket
	   the whole aggregate.

       8.  TRANSLATION

	   Translation is considered a kind of modification, so	you may	dis-
	   tribute translations	of the Document	under the terms	of section 4.
	   Replacing Invariant Sections	with translations requires special
	   permission from their copyright holders, but	you may	include	trans-
	   lations of some or all Invariant Sections in	addition to the	origi-
	   nal versions	of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a	trans-
	   lation of this License, and all the license notices in the Docu-
	   ment, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided	that you also include
	   the original	English	version	of this	License	and the	original ver-
	   sions of those notices and disclaimers.  In case of a disagreement
	   between the translation and the original version of this License or
	   a notice or disclaimer, the original	version	will prevail.

	   If a	section	in the Document	is Entitled "Acknowledgements",	"Dedi-
	   cations", or	"History", the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its
	   Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actual	title.

       9.  TERMINATION

	   You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document
	   except as expressly provided	for under this License.	 Any other at-
	   tempt to copy, modify, sublicense or	distribute the Document	is
	   void, and will automatically	terminate your rights under this Li-
	   cense.  However, parties who	have received copies, or rights, from
	   you under this License will not have	their licenses terminated so
	   long	as such	parties	remain in full compliance.

       10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

	   The Free Software Foundation	may publish new, revised versions of
	   the GNU Free	Documentation License from time	to time.  Such new
	   versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
	   differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See
	   <http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/>.

	   Each	version	of the License is given	a distinguishing version num-
	   ber.	 If the	Document specifies that	a particular numbered version
	   of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the
	   option of following the terms and conditions	either of that speci-
	   fied	version	or of any later	version	that has been published	(not
	   as a	draft) by the Free Software Foundation.	 If the	Document does
	   not specify a version number	of this	License, you may choose	any
	   version ever	published (not as a draft) by the Free Software	Foun-
	   dation.

       ADDENDUM: How to	use this License for your documents

       To use this License in a	document you have written, include a copy of
       the License in the document and put the following copyright and license
       notices just after the title page:

		 Copyright (C)	<year>	<your name>.
		 Permission is granted to copy,	distribute and/or modify this document
		 under the terms of the	GNU Free Documentation License,	Version	1.2
		 or any	later version published	by the Free Software Foundation;
		 with no Invariant Sections, no	Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover
		 Texts.	 A copy	of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
		 Free Documentation License".

       If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover	Texts,
       replace the "with...Texts." line	with this:

		   with	the Invariant Sections being <list their titles>, with
		   the Front-Cover Texts being <list>, and with	the Back-Cover Texts
		   being <list>.

       If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other com-
       bination	of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situa-
       tion.

       If your document	contains nontrivial examples of	program	code, we rec-
       ommend releasing	these examples in parallel under your choice of	free
       software	license, such as the GNU General Public	License, to permit
       their use in free software.

SEE ALSO
       gpl(7), fsf-funding(7).

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (c) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  51
       Franklin	Street,	Fifth Floor, Boston, MA	 02110-1301, USA

       Everyone	is permitted to	copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
       license document, but changing it is not	allowed.

gcc-4.1.0			  2006-02-28			       GFDL(7)

NAME | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

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